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Subject[PATCH v3] x86/vmlinux: Fix vmlinux.lds.S with pre-2.23 binutils
Date
Prior to binutils-2.23, ld treats the location counter as absolute if
used outside an output section definition. From version 2.23 onwards,
the location counter is treated as relative to an adjacent output
section (usually the previous one, unless there isn't one or the
location counter has been assigned to previously, in which case the next
one).

The result is that a symbol definition in the linker script, such as
_etext = .;
that appears outside an output section definition makes _etext an
absolute symbol prior to binutils-2.23 and a relative symbol from
version 2.23 onwards. So when using a 2.21 or 2.22 vintage linker, the
build fails with
Invalid absolute R_X86_64_32S relocation: _etext
for x86-64, and a similar message with R_386_32 for x86-32.

This can be reproduced with the official 2.21.1 and 2.22 binutils
releases.

Commit b907693883fd ("x86/vmlinux: Actually use _etext for the end of
the text segment") moved _etext out of the .text section to place it
after the exception table, however since commit f0d7ee17d57c
("x86/vmlinux: Move EXCEPTION_TABLE to RO_DATA segment") this is no
longer needed. Move _etext back inside .text to make it relative even
with older linkers.

Commit c603a309cc75 ("x86/mm: Identify the end of the kernel area to be
reserved") defines __end_of_kernel_reserve using the location counter
outside an output section definition. Use __bss_stop instead of the
location counter for the definition to make it relative with older
linkers.

Fixes: b907693883fd ("x86/vmlinux: Actually use _etext for the end of the text segment")
Fixes: c603a309cc75 ("x86/mm: Identify the end of the kernel area to be reserved")
Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>
---
v3: Modify vmlinux.lds.S instead of adding more workarounds to tools/relocs.c

arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 8 +++++---
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 3a1a819da137..bad4e22384dc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -144,10 +144,12 @@ SECTIONS
*(.text.__x86.indirect_thunk)
__indirect_thunk_end = .;
#endif
+
+ /* End of text section */
+ _etext = .;
} :text =0xcccc

- /* End of text section, which should occupy whole number of pages */
- _etext = .;
+ /* .text should occupy whole number of pages */
. = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);

X86_ALIGN_RODATA_BEGIN
@@ -372,7 +374,7 @@ SECTIONS
* explicitly reserved using memblock_reserve() or it will be discarded
* and treated as available memory.
*/
- __end_of_kernel_reserve = .;
+ __end_of_kernel_reserve = __bss_stop;

. = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);
.brk : AT(ADDR(.brk) - LOAD_OFFSET) {
--
2.24.1
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