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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 1/8] compiler/gcc: Emit build-time warning for GCC prior to version 4.8
[+Masahiro]

On Fri, Jan 10, 2020 at 06:35:02PM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 10, 2020 at 5:56 PM Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > Prior to version 4.8, GCC may miscompile READ_ONCE() by erroneously
> > discarding the 'volatile' qualifier:
> >
> > https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=58145
> >
> > We've been working around this using some nasty hacks which make
> > READ_ONCE() both horribly complicated and also prevent us from enforcing
> > that it is only used on scalar types. Since GCC 4.8 is pretty old for
> > kernel builds now, emit a warning if we detect it during the build.
>
> No objection to recommending gcc-4.8, but I think this should either
> just warn once during the kernel build instead of for every file, or
> it should become a hard requirement.

Oops, yes, good point. I blindly followed the '< 4.6' check, but that's
actually a '#error' so it doesn't have the issue you mention. I've had a
crack at moving the check into kbuild -- see below.

Will

--->8

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
index 62afe874073e..d7ee4c6bad48 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
@@ -14,10 +14,6 @@
# error Sorry, your compiler is too old - please upgrade it.
#endif

-#if GCC_VERSION < 40800
-# warning Your compiler is old and may miscompile the kernel due to https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=58145 - please upgrade it.
-#endif
-
/* Optimization barrier */

/* The "volatile" is due to gcc bugs */
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index a34064a031a5..bdc2f1b1667b 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -10,11 +10,11 @@ config DEFCONFIG_LIST
default "arch/$(ARCH)/defconfig"

config CC_IS_GCC
- def_bool $(success,$(CC) --version | head -n 1 | grep -q gcc)
+ def_bool $(cc-is-gcc)

config GCC_VERSION
int
- default $(shell,$(srctree)/scripts/gcc-version.sh $(CC)) if CC_IS_GCC
+ default $(gcc-version) if CC_IS_GCC
default 0

config CC_IS_CLANG
diff --git a/scripts/Kconfig.include b/scripts/Kconfig.include
index d4adfbe42690..4e645a798b56 100644
--- a/scripts/Kconfig.include
+++ b/scripts/Kconfig.include
@@ -40,3 +40,9 @@ $(error-if,$(success, $(LD) -v | grep -q gold), gold linker '$(LD)' not supporte

# gcc version including patch level
gcc-version := $(shell,$(srctree)/scripts/gcc-version.sh $(CC))
+
+# Return y if the compiler is GCC, n otherwise
+cc-is-gcc := $(success,$(CC) --version | head -n 1 | grep -q gcc)
+
+# Warn if the compiler is GCC prior to 4.8
+$(warning-if,$(if-success,[ $(gcc-version) -lt 40800 ],$(cc-is-gcc),n),"Your compiler is old and may miscompile the kernel due to https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=58145 - please upgrade it.")
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