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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] locking/osq: Use optimized spinning loop for arm64
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Hi Waiman,

On 2020/1/13 7:58, Waiman Long wrote:
> Arm64 has a more optimized spinning loop (atomic_cond_read_acquire)
> for spinlock that can boost performance of sibling threads by putting
> the current cpu to a shallow sleep state that is woken up only when
> the monitored variable changes or an external event happens.
>
> OSQ has a more complicated spinning loop. Besides the lock value, it
> also checks for need_resched() and vcpu_is_preempted(). The check for
> need_resched() is not a problem as it is only set by the tick interrupt
> handler. That will be detected by the spinning cpu right after iret.
>
> The vcpu_is_preempted() check, however, is a problem as changes to the
> preempt state of of previous node will not affect the sleep state. For
> ARM64, vcpu_is_preempted is not defined and so is a no-op. To guard
> against future addition of vcpu_is_preempted() to arm64, code is added
> to cause build error when vcpu_is_preempted becomes defined in arm64
> without the corresponding changes in the OSQ spinning code.

Recently, I am supporting vcpu_is_preempted() for arm64. There is a patch set which do this[1].

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/20191226135833.1052-1-yezengruan@huawei.com/

>
> On a 2-socket 56-core 224-thread ARM64 system, a kernel mutex locking
> microbenchmark was run for 10s with and without the patch. The
> performance numbers before patch were:
>
> Running locktest with mutex [runtime = 10s, load = 1]
> Threads = 224, Min/Mean/Max = 316/123,143/2,121,269
> Threads = 224, Total Rate = 2,757 kop/s; Percpu Rate = 12 kop/s
>
> After patch, the numbers were:
>
> Running locktest with mutex [runtime = 10s, load = 1]
> Threads = 224, Min/Mean/Max = 334/147,836/1,304,787
> Threads = 224, Total Rate = 3,311 kop/s; Percpu Rate = 15 kop/s
>
> So there was about 20% performance improvement.
>
> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h | 10 ++++++++++
> kernel/locking/osq_lock.c | 25 ++++++++++++-------------
> 2 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
> index 7d9cc5ec4971..8eb5f1239885 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
> @@ -152,6 +152,16 @@ do { \
> VAL; \
> })
>
> +/*
> + * In osq_lock(), smp_cond_load_relaxed() is called with a condition
> + * that includes vcpu_is_preempted(). For arm64, vcpu_is_preempted is not
> + * currently defined. So it is a no-op. If vcpu_is_preempted is defined in
> + * the future, smp_cond_load_relaxed() will not response to changes in the
> + * preempt state in a timely manner. So code changes will have to be made
> + * to address this deficiency.
> + */
> +#define vcpu_is_preempted_not_used
> +
> #define smp_cond_load_acquire(ptr, cond_expr) \
> ({ \
> typeof(ptr) __PTR = (ptr); \
> diff --git a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
> index 6ef600aa0f47..69ec5161c3cc 100644
> --- a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
> +++ b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
> @@ -13,6 +13,14 @@
> */
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct optimistic_spin_node, osq_node);
>
> +/*
> + * The optimized smp_cond_load_relaxed() spin loop should not be used with
> + * vcpu_is_preempted defined.
> + */
> +#if defined(vcpu_is_preempted) && defined(vcpu_is_preempted_not_used)
> +#error "vcpu_is_preempted() inside smp_cond_load_relaxed() may not work!"
> +#endif
> +
> /*
> * We use the value 0 to represent "no CPU", thus the encoded value
> * will be the CPU number incremented by 1.
> @@ -134,20 +142,11 @@ bool osq_lock(struct optimistic_spin_queue *lock)
> * cmpxchg in an attempt to undo our queueing.
> */
>
> - while (!READ_ONCE(node->locked)) {
> - /*
> - * If we need to reschedule bail... so we can block.
> - * Use vcpu_is_preempted() to avoid waiting for a preempted
> - * lock holder:
> - */
> - if (need_resched() || vcpu_is_preempted(node_cpu(node->prev)))
> - goto unqueue;
> -
> - cpu_relax();
> - }
> - return true;
> + if (smp_cond_load_relaxed(&node->locked, VAL || need_resched() ||
> + vcpu_is_preempted(node_cpu(node->prev))))
> + return true;
>
> -unqueue:
> + /* unqueue */
> /*
> * Step - A -- stabilize @prev
> *
>

Thanks,

Zengruan

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