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SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH v10 04/10] mmu: spp: Add functions to operate SPP access bitmap
On Thu, Jan 02, 2020 at 02:13:13PM +0800, Yang Weijiang wrote:
> Create access bitmap for SPP subpages, the bitmap can
> be accessed with a gfn. The initial access bitmap for each
> physical page is 0xFFFFFFFF, meaning SPP is not enabled for the
> subpages.

Wrap changelogs at ~75 chars.

Create access bitmap for SPP subpages, the bitmap can be accessed with a
gfn. The initial access bitmap for each physical page is 0xFFFFFFFF,
meaning SPP is not enabled for the subpages.

There needs to be a *lot* more information provided in all of the changelogs
for this series. I understand the basic concepts of SPP, but nothing in the
documentation or changelogs explains how KVM generates the SPP tables based
on userspace input. Essentially, explain the design in decent detail, with
a focus on *why* KVM does what it does.

> Co-developed-by: He Chen <he.chen@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: He Chen <he.chen@linux.intel.com>
> Co-developed-by: Zhang Yi <yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi <yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Yang Weijiang <weijiang.yang@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 +
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.c | 332 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.h | 12 ++
> include/uapi/linux/kvm.h | 8 +
> 4 files changed, 354 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 9506c9d40895..f5145b86d620 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -812,6 +812,7 @@ struct kvm_lpage_info {
>
> struct kvm_arch_memory_slot {
> struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap[KVM_NR_PAGE_SIZES];
> + u32 *subpage_wp_info;
> struct kvm_lpage_info *lpage_info[KVM_NR_PAGE_SIZES - 1];
> unsigned short *gfn_track[KVM_PAGE_TRACK_MAX];
> };
> @@ -959,6 +960,7 @@ struct kvm_arch {
> struct task_struct *nx_lpage_recovery_thread;
>
> hpa_t sppt_root;
> + bool spp_active;
> };
>
> struct kvm_vm_stat {
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.c
> index 5fca08af705c..edab5ec83ef3 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,21 @@ static void shadow_spp_walk_init(struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator *iterator,
> iterator->level = PT64_ROOT_4LEVEL;
> }
>
> +u32 *gfn_to_subpage_wp_info(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + unsigned long idx;
> +
> + if (!slot->arch.subpage_wp_info)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + idx = gfn_to_index(gfn, slot->base_gfn, PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL);
> + if (idx > slot->npages - 1)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + return &slot->arch.subpage_wp_info[idx];
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gfn_to_subpage_wp_info);
> +
> static bool __rmap_open_subpage_bit(struct kvm *kvm,
> struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head)
> {
> @@ -172,6 +187,20 @@ bool is_spp_spte(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
> return sp->role.spp;
> }
>
> +static int kvm_spp_level_pages(gfn_t gfn_lower, gfn_t gfn_upper, int level)
> +{
> + int page_num = KVM_PAGES_PER_HPAGE(level);
> + gfn_t gfn_max = (gfn_lower & ~(page_num - 1)) + page_num - 1;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (gfn_upper <= gfn_max)
> + ret = gfn_upper - gfn_lower + 1;
> + else
> + ret = gfn_max - gfn_lower + 1;
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> #define SPPT_ENTRY_PHA_MASK (0xFFFFFFFFFF << 12)

There's almost certainly an existing macro for this.

>
> int kvm_spp_setup_structure(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> @@ -220,6 +249,309 @@ int kvm_spp_setup_structure(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_spp_setup_structure);
>
> +int vmx_spp_flush_sppt(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn_base, u32 npages)
> +{
> + struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator iter;
> + struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
> + gfn_t gfn = gfn_base;
> + gfn_t gfn_max = gfn_base + npages - 1;

s/gfn_max/gfn_end. "max" makes me think this is literally walking every
possible gfn.

> + u64 spde;
> + int count;
> + bool flush = false;
> +
> + vcpu = kvm_get_vcpu(kvm, 0);
> + if (!VALID_PAGE(vcpu->kvm->arch.sppt_root))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + for (; gfn <= gfn_max; gfn++) {
> + for_each_shadow_spp_entry(vcpu, (u64)gfn << PAGE_SHIFT, iter) {
> + if (!is_shadow_present_pte(*iter.sptep))
> + break;
> +
> + if (iter.level == PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL) {
> + spde = *iter.sptep;
> + spde &= ~PT_PRESENT_MASK;
> + spp_spte_set(iter.sptep, spde);
> + count = kvm_spp_level_pages(gfn,
> + gfn_max,
> + PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL);
> + flush = true;
> + if (count >= npages)
> + goto out;
> + gfn += count;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +out:
> + if (flush)
> + kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmx_spp_flush_sppt);
> +
> +static int kvm_spp_create_bitmaps(struct kvm *kvm)
> +{
> + struct kvm_memslots *slots;
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot;
> + int i, j, ret;
> + u32 *buff;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < KVM_ADDRESS_SPACE_NUM; i++) {
> + slots = __kvm_memslots(kvm, i);
> + kvm_for_each_memslot(memslot, slots) {
> + buff = kvzalloc(memslot->npages *
> + sizeof(*memslot->arch.subpage_wp_info),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + if (!buff) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out_free;
> + }
> + memslot->arch.subpage_wp_info = buff;
> +
> + for (j = 0; j < memslot->npages; j++)
> + buff[j] = FULL_SPP_ACCESS;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +out_free:
> + for (i = 0; i < KVM_ADDRESS_SPACE_NUM; i++) {
> + slots = __kvm_memslots(kvm, i);
> + kvm_for_each_memslot(memslot, slots) {
> + if (memslot->arch.subpage_wp_info) {
> + kvfree(memslot->arch.subpage_wp_info);
> + memslot->arch.subpage_wp_info = NULL;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +int vmx_spp_init(struct kvm *kvm)
> +{
> + int i, ret;
> + struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
> + int root_level;
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *ssp_sp;
> + bool first_root = true;
> +
> + /* SPP feature is exclusive with nested VM.*/
> + if (kvm_x86_ops->get_nested_state)
> + return -EPERM;
> +
> + if (kvm->arch.spp_active)
> + return 0;
> +
> + ret = kvm_spp_create_bitmaps(kvm);
> +
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm) {
> + if (first_root) {
> + /* prepare caches for SPP setup.*/
> + mmu_topup_memory_caches(vcpu);
> + root_level = vcpu->arch.mmu->shadow_root_level;
> + ssp_sp = kvm_spp_get_page(vcpu, 0, root_level);
> + first_root = false;
> + vcpu->kvm->arch.sppt_root = __pa(ssp_sp->spt);
> + }
> + ++ssp_sp->root_count;
> + kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_LOAD_CR3, vcpu);
> + }
> +
> + kvm->arch.spp_active = true;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmx_spp_init);
> +
> +int kvm_spp_get_permission(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn, u32 npages,
> + u32 *access_map)
> +{
> + u32 *access;
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
> + int i;
> +
> + if (!kvm->arch.spp_active)
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < npages; i++, gfn++) {
> + slot = gfn_to_memslot(kvm, gfn);
> + if (!slot)
> + return -EFAULT;
> + access = gfn_to_subpage_wp_info(slot, gfn);
> + if (!access)
> + return -EFAULT;
> + access_map[i] = *access;
> + }
> +
> + return i;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_spp_get_permission);
> +
> +static void kvm_spp_zap_pte(struct kvm *kvm, u64 *spte, int level)
> +{
> + u64 pte;
> +
> + pte = *spte;
> + if (is_shadow_present_pte(pte) && is_last_spte(pte, level)) {
> + drop_spte(kvm, spte);
> + if (is_large_pte(pte))
> + --kvm->stat.lpages;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static bool kvm_spp_flush_rmap(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn_min, u64 gfn_max)
> +{
> + u64 *sptep;
> + struct rmap_iterator iter;
> + struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
> + int level;
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
> + bool flush = false;
> +
> + slot = gfn_to_memslot(kvm, gfn_min);
> + if (!slot)
> + return false;
> +
> + for (; gfn_min <= gfn_max; gfn_min++) {
> + for (level = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL;
> + level <= PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL; level++) {
> + rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(gfn_min, level, slot);
> + for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep) {
> + pte_list_remove(rmap_head, sptep);
> + flush = true;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return flush;
> +}
> +
> +int kvm_spp_set_permission(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn, u32 npages,
> + u32 *access_map)
> +{
> + gfn_t old_gfn = gfn;
> + u32 *access;
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
> + struct kvm_shadow_walk_iterator iterator;
> + struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
> + gfn_t gfn_max;
> + int i, count, level;
> + bool flush = false;
> +
> + if (!kvm->arch.spp_active)
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + vcpu = kvm_get_vcpu(kvm, 0);
> + if (!VALID_PAGE(vcpu->kvm->arch.sppt_root))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < npages; i++, gfn++) {
> + slot = gfn_to_memslot(kvm, gfn);
> + if (!slot)
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + access = gfn_to_subpage_wp_info(slot, gfn);
> + if (!access)
> + return -EFAULT;
> + *access = access_map[i];
> + }
> +
> + gfn = old_gfn;
> + gfn_max = gfn + npages - 1;
> + vcpu = kvm_get_vcpu(kvm, 0);
> +
> + if (!vcpu || (vcpu && !VALID_PAGE(vcpu->arch.mmu->root_hpa)))
> + goto out;
> +
> + flush = kvm_spp_flush_rmap(kvm, gfn, gfn_max);
> +
> + for (i = 0; gfn <= gfn_max; i++, gfn++) {
> + for_each_shadow_entry(vcpu, (u64)gfn << PAGE_SHIFT, iterator) {
> + if (!is_shadow_present_pte(*iterator.sptep))
> + break;
> +
> + if (iterator.level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL) {
> + if (kvm_spp_mark_protection(kvm,
> + gfn,
> + access_map[i]) < 0)
> + return -EFAULT;
> + break;
> + } else if (is_large_pte(*iterator.sptep)) {
> + level = iterator.level;
> + if (access_map[i] == FULL_SPP_ACCESS)
> + break;
> + count = kvm_spp_level_pages(gfn,
> + gfn_max,
> + level);
> + kvm_spp_zap_pte(kvm, iterator.sptep, level);
> + flush = true;
> + if (count >= npages)
> + goto out;
> + gfn += count - 1;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +out:
> + if (flush)
> + kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
> + return npages;
> +}
> +
> +int kvm_spp_mark_protection(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn, u32 access)
> +{
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
> + struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (!kvm->arch.spp_active)
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + slot = gfn_to_memslot(kvm, gfn);
> + if (!slot)
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + /*
> + * check whether the target 4KB page exists in EPT leaf
> + * entry.If it's there, just flag SPP bit of the entry,
> + * defer the setup to SPPT miss induced vm-exit handler.
> + */
> + rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(gfn, PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL, slot);
> +
> + if (rmap_head->val) {
> + /*
> + * if all subpages are not writable, open SPP bit in
> + * EPT leaf entry to enable SPP protection for
> + * corresponding page.
> + */
> + if (access != FULL_SPP_ACCESS) {
> + ret = kvm_spp_open_write_protect(kvm, slot, gfn);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + } else {
> + ret = kvm_spp_clear_write_protect(kvm, slot, gfn);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_spp_free_memslot(struct kvm_memory_slot *free,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *dont)
> +{
> + if (!dont || free->arch.subpage_wp_info !=
> + dont->arch.subpage_wp_info) {
> + kvfree(free->arch.subpage_wp_info);
> + free->arch.subpage_wp_info = NULL;
> + }
> +}
> +
> inline u64 construct_spptp(unsigned long root_hpa)
> {
> return root_hpa & PAGE_MASK;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.h b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.h
> index 8ef94b7a2057..99d93fdc74b5 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/spp.h
> @@ -2,9 +2,21 @@
> #ifndef __KVM_X86_VMX_SPP_H
> #define __KVM_X86_VMX_SPP_H
>
> +#define FULL_SPP_ACCESS ((u32)((1ULL << 32) - 1))
> +
> +int kvm_spp_get_permission(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn, u32 npages,
> + u32 *access_map);
> +int kvm_spp_set_permission(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn, u32 npages,
> + u32 *access_map);
> +int kvm_spp_mark_protection(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn, u32 access);
> bool is_spp_spte(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp);
> u64 construct_spptp(unsigned long root_hpa);
> int kvm_spp_setup_structure(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> u32 access_map, gfn_t gfn);
> +int vmx_spp_flush_sppt(struct kvm *kvm, u64 gfn_base, u32 npages);
> +void kvm_spp_free_memslot(struct kvm_memory_slot *free,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *dont);
> +int vmx_spp_init(struct kvm *kvm);
> +u32 *gfn_to_subpage_wp_info(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn);
>
> #endif /* __KVM_X86_VMX_SPP_H */
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> index f0a16b4adbbd..eabd55ec5af7 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> @@ -102,6 +102,14 @@ struct kvm_userspace_memory_region {
> __u64 userspace_addr; /* start of the userspace allocated memory */
> };
>
> +/* for KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS and KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS */
> +struct kvm_subpage {
> + __u64 gfn_base; /* the first page gfn of the contiguous pages */
> + __u32 npages; /* number of 4K pages */
> + __u32 flags; /* reserved to 0 now */
> + __u32 access_map[0]; /* start place of bitmap array */
> +};
> +
> /*
> * The bit 0 ~ bit 15 of kvm_memory_region::flags are visible for userspace,
> * other bits are reserved for kvm internal use which are defined in
> --
> 2.17.2
>

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