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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4] drivers/base/memory.c: cache blocks in radix tree to accelerate lookup
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On 09.01.20 23:35, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> Am 09.01.2020 um 23:28 schrieb Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>:
>>
>> On Thu, 9 Jan 2020 23:17:09 +0100 David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> wrote:
>>
>>>
>>>
>>>>> Am 09.01.2020 um 23:00 schrieb Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>:
>>>>
>>>> On Thu, 9 Jan 2020 15:25:16 -0600 Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> Searching for a particular memory block by id is an O(n) operation
>>>>> because each memory block's underlying device is kept in an unsorted
>>>>> linked list on the subsystem bus.
>>>>>
>>>>> We can cut the lookup cost to O(log n) if we cache the memory blocks in
>>>>> a radix tree. With a radix tree cache in place both memory subsystem
>>>>> initialization and memory hotplug run palpably faster on systems with a
>>>>> large number of memory blocks.
>>>>>
>>>>> ...
>>>>>
>>>>> @@ -56,6 +57,13 @@ static struct bus_type memory_subsys = {
>>>>> .offline = memory_subsys_offline,
>>>>> };
>>>>>
>>>>> +/*
>>>>> + * Memory blocks are cached in a local radix tree to avoid
>>>>> + * a costly linear search for the corresponding device on
>>>>> + * the subsystem bus.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +static RADIX_TREE(memory_blocks, GFP_KERNEL);
>>>>
>>>> What protects this tree from racy accesses?
>>>
>>> I think the device hotplug lock currently (except during boot where no races can happen).
>>>
>>
>> So this?
>>
>> --- a/drivers/base/memory.c~drivers-base-memoryc-cache-blocks-in-radix-tree-to-accelerate-lookup-fix
>> +++ a/drivers/base/memory.c
>> @@ -61,6 +61,9 @@ static struct bus_type memory_subsys = {
>> * Memory blocks are cached in a local radix tree to avoid
>> * a costly linear search for the corresponding device on
>> * the subsystem bus.
>> + *
>> + * Protected by mem_hotplug_lock in mem_hotplug_begin(), and by the guaranteed
>> + * single-threadness at boot time.
>> */
>> static RADIX_TREE(memory_blocks, GFP_KERNEL);
>>
>>
>> But are we sure this is all true?
>
> I think the device hotplug lock, not the memory hotplug lock. Will double check later.

So all writers either hold the device_hotplug_lock or run during boot.
Documented e.g., for memory_dev_init(), create_memory_block_devices(),
remove_memory_block_devices().

The readers are mainly
- find_memory_block()
-> called via online_pages()/offline_pages() where we hold the
device_hotplug_lock
-> called from arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c,
where we always hold the device_hotplug_lock
- walk_memory_blocks()
-> Callers in drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c either hold the
device_hotplug_lock or are called early during boot
-> Callers in mm/memory_hotplug.c either hold the
device_hotplug_lock or are called early during boot
-> link_mem_sections() is called either early during boot or via
add_memory_resource() (whereby all callers either hold the
device_hotplug_lock or are called early during boot)
-> Callers in arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c hold the
device_hotplug_lock

So we are fine.

I suggest we document that expected behavior via

diff --git a/drivers/base/memory.c b/drivers/base/memory.c
index 799b43191dea..8c8dc081597e 100644
--- a/drivers/base/memory.c
+++ b/drivers/base/memory.c
@@ -585,6 +585,8 @@ static struct memory_block
*find_memory_block_by_id(unsigned long block_id)
* tree or something here.
*
* This could be made generic for all device subsystems.
+ *
+ * Called under device_hotplug_lock.
*/
struct memory_block *find_memory_block(struct mem_section *section)
{
@@ -837,6 +839,8 @@ void __init memory_dev_init(void)
*
* In case func() returns an error, walking is aborted and the error is
* returned.
+ *
+ * Called under device_hotplug_lock.
*/
int walk_memory_blocks(unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
void *arg, walk_memory_blocks_func_t func)

Please note that the memory hotplug lock is not safe on the reader side.
But also not on the writer side after
https://lkml.kernel.org/r/157863061737.2230556.3959730620803366776.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com


--
Thanks,

David / dhildenb

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