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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 0/1] mount: universally disallow mounting over symlinks
On Fri, Jan 03, 2020 at 01:49:01AM +0000, Al Viro wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 02, 2020 at 02:59:20PM +1100, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> > On 2020-01-01, Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> wrote:
> > > On Thu, Jan 02, 2020 at 01:44:07AM +1100, Aleksa Sarai wrote:
> > >
> > > > Thanks, this fixes the issue for me (and also fixes another reproducer I
> > > > found -- mounting a symlink on top of itself then trying to umount it).
> > > >
> > > > Reported-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> > > > Tested-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> > >
> > > Pushed into #fixes.
> >
> > Thanks. One other thing I noticed is that umount applies to the
> > underlying symlink rather than the mountpoint on top. So, for example
> > (using the same scripts I posted in the thread):
> >
> > # ln -s /tmp/foo link
> > # ./mount_to_symlink /etc/passwd link
> > # umount -l link # will attempt to unmount "/tmp/foo"
> >
> > Is that intentional?
>
> It's a mess, again in mountpoint_last(). FWIW, at some point I proposed
> to have nd_jump_link() to fail with -ELOOP if the target was a symlink;
> Linus asked for reasons deeper than my dislike of the semantics, I looked
> around and hadn't spotted anything. And there hadn't been at the time,
> but when four months later umount_lookup_last() went in I failed to look
> for that source of potential problems in it ;-/

FWIW, since Ian appears to agree that we want ->d_manage() on the mount
crossing at the end of umount(2) lookup, here's a much simpler solution -
kill mountpoint_last() and switch to using lookup_last(). As a side
benefit, LOOKUP_NO_REVAL also goes away. It's possible to trim the
things even more (path_mountpoint() is very similar to path_lookupat()
at that point, and it's not hard to make the differences conditional on
something like LOOKUP_UMOUNT); I would rather do that part in the
cleanups series - the one below is easier to backport.

Aleksa, Ian - could you see if the patch below works for you?

commit e56b43b971a7c08762fceab330a52b7245041dbc
Author: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Date: Fri Jan 10 17:17:19 2020 -0500

reimplement path_mountpoint() with less magic

... and get rid of a bunch of bugs in it. Background:
the reason for path_mountpoint() is that umount() really doesn't
want attempts to revalidate the root of what it's trying to umount.
The thing we want to avoid actually happen from complete_walk();
solution was to do something parallel to normal path_lookupat()
and it both went overboard and got the boilerplate subtly
(and not so subtly) wrong.

A better solution is to do pretty much what the normal path_lookupat()
does, but instead of complete_walk() do unlazy_walk(). All it takes
to avoid that ->d_weak_revalidate() call... mountpoint_last() goes
away, along with everything it got wrong, and so does the magic around
LOOKUP_NO_REVAL.

Another source of bugs is that when we traverse mounts at the final
location (and we need to do that - umount . expects to get whatever's
overmounting ., if any, out of the lookup) we really ought to take
care of ->d_manage() - as it is, manual umount of autofs automount
in progress can lead to unpleasant surprises for the daemon. Easily
solved by using handle_lookup_down() instead of follow_mount().

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
index d6c91d1e88cb..1793661c3342 100644
--- a/fs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/namei.c
@@ -1649,17 +1649,15 @@ static struct dentry *__lookup_slow(const struct qstr *name,
if (IS_ERR(dentry))
return dentry;
if (unlikely(!d_in_lookup(dentry))) {
- if (!(flags & LOOKUP_NO_REVAL)) {
- int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags);
- if (unlikely(error <= 0)) {
- if (!error) {
- d_invalidate(dentry);
- dput(dentry);
- goto again;
- }
+ int error = d_revalidate(dentry, flags);
+ if (unlikely(error <= 0)) {
+ if (!error) {
+ d_invalidate(dentry);
dput(dentry);
- dentry = ERR_PTR(error);
+ goto again;
}
+ dput(dentry);
+ dentry = ERR_PTR(error);
}
} else {
old = inode->i_op->lookup(inode, dentry, flags);
@@ -2618,72 +2616,6 @@ int user_path_at_empty(int dfd, const char __user *name, unsigned flags,
EXPORT_SYMBOL(user_path_at_empty);

/**
- * mountpoint_last - look up last component for umount
- * @nd: pathwalk nameidata - currently pointing at parent directory of "last"
- *
- * This is a special lookup_last function just for umount. In this case, we
- * need to resolve the path without doing any revalidation.
- *
- * The nameidata should be the result of doing a LOOKUP_PARENT pathwalk. Since
- * mountpoints are always pinned in the dcache, their ancestors are too. Thus,
- * in almost all cases, this lookup will be served out of the dcache. The only
- * cases where it won't are if nd->last refers to a symlink or the path is
- * bogus and it doesn't exist.
- *
- * Returns:
- * -error: if there was an error during lookup. This includes -ENOENT if the
- * lookup found a negative dentry.
- *
- * 0: if we successfully resolved nd->last and found it to not to be a
- * symlink that needs to be followed.
- *
- * 1: if we successfully resolved nd->last and found it to be a symlink
- * that needs to be followed.
- */
-static int
-mountpoint_last(struct nameidata *nd)
-{
- int error = 0;
- struct dentry *dir = nd->path.dentry;
- struct path path;
-
- /* If we're in rcuwalk, drop out of it to handle last component */
- if (nd->flags & LOOKUP_RCU) {
- if (unlazy_walk(nd))
- return -ECHILD;
- }
-
- nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT;
-
- if (unlikely(nd->last_type != LAST_NORM)) {
- error = handle_dots(nd, nd->last_type);
- if (error)
- return error;
- path.dentry = dget(nd->path.dentry);
- } else {
- path.dentry = d_lookup(dir, &nd->last);
- if (!path.dentry) {
- /*
- * No cached dentry. Mounted dentries are pinned in the
- * cache, so that means that this dentry is probably
- * a symlink or the path doesn't actually point
- * to a mounted dentry.
- */
- path.dentry = lookup_slow(&nd->last, dir,
- nd->flags | LOOKUP_NO_REVAL);
- if (IS_ERR(path.dentry))
- return PTR_ERR(path.dentry);
- }
- }
- if (d_flags_negative(smp_load_acquire(&path.dentry->d_flags))) {
- dput(path.dentry);
- return -ENOENT;
- }
- path.mnt = nd->path.mnt;
- return step_into(nd, &path, 0, d_backing_inode(path.dentry), 0);
-}
-
-/**
* path_mountpoint - look up a path to be umounted
* @nd: lookup context
* @flags: lookup flags
@@ -2699,14 +2631,17 @@ path_mountpoint(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags, struct path *path)
int err;

while (!(err = link_path_walk(s, nd)) &&
- (err = mountpoint_last(nd)) > 0) {
+ (err = lookup_last(nd)) > 0) {
s = trailing_symlink(nd);
}
+ if (!err)
+ err = unlazy_walk(nd);
+ if (!err)
+ err = handle_lookup_down(nd);
if (!err) {
*path = nd->path;
nd->path.mnt = NULL;
nd->path.dentry = NULL;
- follow_mount(path);
}
terminate_walk(nd);
return err;
diff --git a/fs/nfs/nfstrace.h b/fs/nfs/nfstrace.h
index f64a33d2a1d1..2a82dcce5fc1 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/nfstrace.h
+++ b/fs/nfs/nfstrace.h
@@ -206,7 +206,6 @@ TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT);
TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_PARENT);
TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_REVAL);
TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_RCU);
-TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_NO_REVAL);
TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_OPEN);
TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_CREATE);
TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_EXCL);
@@ -224,7 +223,6 @@ TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(LOOKUP_DOWN);
{ LOOKUP_PARENT, "PARENT" }, \
{ LOOKUP_REVAL, "REVAL" }, \
{ LOOKUP_RCU, "RCU" }, \
- { LOOKUP_NO_REVAL, "NO_REVAL" }, \
{ LOOKUP_OPEN, "OPEN" }, \
{ LOOKUP_CREATE, "CREATE" }, \
{ LOOKUP_EXCL, "EXCL" }, \
diff --git a/include/linux/namei.h b/include/linux/namei.h
index 7fe7b87a3ded..07bfb0874033 100644
--- a/include/linux/namei.h
+++ b/include/linux/namei.h
@@ -34,7 +34,6 @@ enum {LAST_NORM, LAST_ROOT, LAST_DOT, LAST_DOTDOT, LAST_BIND};

/* internal use only */
#define LOOKUP_PARENT 0x0010
-#define LOOKUP_NO_REVAL 0x0080
#define LOOKUP_JUMPED 0x1000
#define LOOKUP_ROOT 0x2000
#define LOOKUP_ROOT_GRABBED 0x0008
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