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SubjectRE: [PATCH v5 0/9] Use 1st-level for IOVA translation
Date
> From: Lu Baolu [mailto:baolu.lu@linux.intel.com]
> Sent: Thursday, January 2, 2020 7:38 AM
> To: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>; David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>;
> Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 0/9] Use 1st-level for IOVA translation
>
> On 12/24/19 3:44 PM, Lu Baolu wrote:
> > Intel VT-d in scalable mode supports two types of page tables for DMA
> > translation: the first level page table and the second level page
> > table. The first level page table uses the same format as the CPU page
> > table, while the second level page table keeps compatible with
> > previous formats. The software is able to choose any one of them for
> > DMA remapping according to the use case.
> >
> > This patchset aims to move IOVA (I/O Virtual Address) translation to
> > 1st-level page table in scalable mode. This will simplify vIOMMU
> > (IOMMU simulated by VM hypervisor) design by using the two-stage
> > translation, a.k.a. nested mode translation.
> >
> > As Intel VT-d architecture offers caching mode, guest IOVA (GIOVA)
> > support is currently implemented in a shadow page manner. The device
> > simulation software, like QEMU, has to figure out GIOVA->GPA mappings
> > and write them to a shadowed page table, which will be used by the
> > physical IOMMU. Each time when mappings are created or destroyed in
> > vIOMMU, the simulation software has to intervene. Hence, the changes
> > on GIOVA->GPA could be shadowed to host.
> >
> >
> > .-----------.
> > | vIOMMU |
> > |-----------| .--------------------.
> > | |IOTLB flush trap | QEMU |
> > .-----------. (map/unmap) |--------------------|
> > |GIOVA->GPA |---------------->| .------------. |
> > '-----------' | | GIOVA->HPA | |
> > | | | '------------' |
> > '-----------' | |
> > | |
> > '--------------------'
> > |
> > <------------------------------------
> > |
> > v VFIO/IOMMU API
> > .-----------.
> > | pIOMMU |
> > |-----------|
> > | |
> > .-----------.
> > |GIOVA->HPA |
> > '-----------'
> > | |
> > '-----------'
> >
> > In VT-d 3.0, scalable mode is introduced, which offers two-level
> > translation page tables and nested translation mode. Regards to GIOVA
> > support, it can be simplified by 1) moving the GIOVA support over
> > 1st-level page table to store GIOVA->GPA mapping in vIOMMU,
> > 2) binding vIOMMU 1st level page table to the pIOMMU, 3) using pIOMMU
> > second level for GPA->HPA translation, and 4) enable nested (a.k.a.
> > dual-stage) translation in host. Compared with current shadow GIOVA
> > support, the new approach makes the vIOMMU design simpler and more
> > efficient as we only need to flush the pIOMMU IOTLB and possible
> > device-IOTLB when an IOVA mapping in vIOMMU is torn down.
> >
> > .-----------.
> > | vIOMMU |
> > |-----------| .-----------.
> > | |IOTLB flush trap | QEMU |
> > .-----------. (unmap) |-----------|
> > |GIOVA->GPA |---------------->| |
> > '-----------' '-----------'
> > | | |
> > '-----------' |
> > <------------------------------
> > | VFIO/IOMMU
> > | cache invalidation and
> > | guest gpd bind interfaces
> > v
> > .-----------.
> > | pIOMMU |
> > |-----------|
> > .-----------.
> > |GIOVA->GPA |<---First level
> > '-----------'
> > | GPA->HPA |<---Scond level
> > '-----------'
> > '-----------'
> >
> > This patch applies the first level page table for IOVA translation
> > unless the DOMAIN_ATTR_NESTING domain attribution has been set.
> > Setting of this attribution means the second level will be used to map
> > gPA (guest physical address) to hPA (host physical address), and the
> > mappings between gVA (guest virtual address) and gPA will be
> > maintained by the guest with the page table address binding to host's
> > first level.
> >
> > Based-on-idea-by: Ashok Raj<ashok.raj@intel.com>
> > Based-on-idea-by: Kevin Tian<kevin.tian@intel.com>
> > Based-on-idea-by: Liu Yi L<yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> > Based-on-idea-by: Jacob Pan<jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Based-on-idea-by: Sanjay Kumar<sanjay.k.kumar@intel.com>
> > Based-on-idea-by: Lu Baolu<baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
>
> Queued all patches for v5.6.

Reviewed-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>

Aha, looks like I forgot to give my Reviewed-by after offline review..
Yeah, this patchset looks good to me.

Regards,
Yi Liu

> Thanks,
> -baolu
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