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Subject[PATCH 2/7] module: swap the order of symbol.namespace
Date
Currently, EXPORT_SYMBOL_NS(_GPL) constructs the kernel symbol as
follows:

__ksymtab_SYMBOL.NAMESPACE

The sym_extract_namespace() in modpost allocates memory for the part
SYMBOL.NAMESPACE when '.' is contained. One problem is that the pointer
returned by strdup() is lost because the symbol name will be copied to
malloc'ed memory by alloc_symbol(). No one will keep track of the
pointer of strdup'ed memory.

sym->namespace still points to the NAMESPACE part. So, if you like,
you can free it with complicated code like this:

free(sym->namespace - strlen(sym->name) - 1);

I would not say it is fatal since we seldom bother to manually free
memory in host programs. But, I can fix it in an elegant way.

I swapped the order of the symbol and the namespace as follows:

__ksymtab_NAMESPACE.SYMBOL

then, simplified sym_extract_namespace() so that it allocates memory
only for the NAMESPACE part.

I prefer this order because it is intuitive and also matches to major
languages. For example, NAMESPACE::NAME in C++, MODULE.NAME in Python.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
---

include/linux/export.h | 4 ++--
scripts/mod/modpost.c | 16 +++++++---------
2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
index 95f55b7f83a0..0695d4e847d9 100644
--- a/include/linux/export.h
+++ b/include/linux/export.h
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
__ADDRESSABLE(sym) \
asm(" .section \"___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym "\", \"a\" \n" \
" .balign 4 \n" \
- "__ksymtab_" #sym NS_SEPARATOR #ns ": \n" \
+ "__ksymtab_" #ns NS_SEPARATOR #sym ": \n" \
" .long " #sym "- . \n" \
" .long __kstrtab_" #sym "- . \n" \
" .long __kstrtab_ns_" #sym "- . \n" \
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ struct kernel_symbol {
#else
#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY_NS(sym, sec, ns) \
static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym##__##ns \
- asm("__ksymtab_" #sym NS_SEPARATOR #ns) \
+ asm("__ksymtab_" #ns NS_SEPARATOR #sym) \
__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used)) \
__aligned(sizeof(void *)) \
= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym, __kstrtab_ns_##sym }
diff --git a/scripts/mod/modpost.c b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
index 5c628a7d80f7..d171b0cffb05 100644
--- a/scripts/mod/modpost.c
+++ b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
@@ -350,18 +350,16 @@ static enum export export_from_sec(struct elf_info *elf, unsigned int sec)

static const char *sym_extract_namespace(const char **symname)
{
- size_t n;
- char *dupsymname;
+ char *namespace = NULL;
+ char *ns_separator;

- n = strcspn(*symname, ".");
- if (n < strlen(*symname) - 1) {
- dupsymname = NOFAIL(strdup(*symname));
- dupsymname[n] = '\0';
- *symname = dupsymname;
- return dupsymname + n + 1;
+ ns_separator = strchr(*symname, '.');
+ if (ns_separator) {
+ namespace = NOFAIL(strndup(*symname, ns_separator - *symname));
+ *symname = ns_separator + 1;
}

- return NULL;
+ return namespace;
}

/**
--
2.17.1
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