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Subject[PATCH] vhost: introduce mdev based hardware backend
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This patch introduces a mdev based hardware vhost backend.
This backend is built on top of the same abstraction used
in virtio-mdev and provides a generic vhost interface for
userspace to accelerate the virtio devices in guest.

This backend is implemented as a mdev device driver on top
of the same mdev device ops used in virtio-mdev but using
a different mdev class id, and it will register the device
as a VFIO device for userspace to use. Userspace can setup
the IOMMU with the existing VFIO container/group APIs and
then get the device fd with the device name. After getting
the device fd of this device, userspace can use vhost ioctls
to setup the backend.

Signed-off-by: Tiwei Bie <tiwei.bie@intel.com>
---
This patch depends on below series:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/9/24/357

RFC v4 -> v1:
- Implement vhost-mdev as a mdev device driver directly and
connect it to VFIO container/group. (Jason);
- Pass ring addresses as GPAs/IOVAs in vhost-mdev to avoid
meaningless HVA->GPA translations (Jason);

RFC v3 -> RFC v4:
- Build vhost-mdev on top of the same abstraction used by
virtio-mdev (Jason);
- Introduce vhost fd and pass VFIO fd via SET_BACKEND ioctl (MST);

RFC v2 -> RFC v3:
- Reuse vhost's ioctls instead of inventing a VFIO regions/irqs
based vhost protocol on top of vfio-mdev (Jason);

RFC v1 -> RFC v2:
- Introduce a new VFIO device type to build a vhost protocol
on top of vfio-mdev;

drivers/vhost/Kconfig | 9 +
drivers/vhost/Makefile | 3 +
drivers/vhost/mdev.c | 381 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/vhost.h | 8 +
4 files changed, 401 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/vhost/mdev.c

diff --git a/drivers/vhost/Kconfig b/drivers/vhost/Kconfig
index 3d03ccbd1adc..decf0be8efe9 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vhost/Kconfig
@@ -34,6 +34,15 @@ config VHOST_VSOCK
To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called
vhost_vsock.

+config VHOST_MDEV
+ tristate "Vhost driver for Mediated devices"
+ depends on EVENTFD && VFIO && VFIO_MDEV
+ select VHOST
+ default n
+ ---help---
+ Say M here to enable the vhost_mdev module for use with
+ the mediated device based hardware vhost accelerators
+
config VHOST
tristate
---help---
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/Makefile b/drivers/vhost/Makefile
index 6c6df24f770c..ad9c0f8c6d8c 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vhost/Makefile
@@ -10,4 +10,7 @@ vhost_vsock-y := vsock.o

obj-$(CONFIG_VHOST_RING) += vringh.o

+obj-$(CONFIG_VHOST_MDEV) += vhost_mdev.o
+vhost_mdev-y := mdev.o
+
obj-$(CONFIG_VHOST) += vhost.o
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/mdev.c b/drivers/vhost/mdev.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1c12a25b86a2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vhost/mdev.c
@@ -0,0 +1,381 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2018-2019 Intel Corporation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/vhost.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_mdev.h>
+
+#include "vhost.h"
+
+struct vhost_mdev {
+ /* The lock is to protect this structure. */
+ struct mutex mutex;
+ struct vhost_dev dev;
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vqs;
+ int nvqs;
+ u64 state;
+ u64 features;
+ u64 acked_features;
+ bool opened;
+ struct mdev_device *mdev;
+};
+
+static u8 mdev_get_status(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ const struct virtio_mdev_device_ops *ops = mdev_get_dev_ops(mdev);
+
+ return ops->get_status(mdev);
+}
+
+static void mdev_set_status(struct mdev_device *mdev, u8 status)
+{
+ const struct virtio_mdev_device_ops *ops = mdev_get_dev_ops(mdev);
+
+ return ops->set_status(mdev, status);
+}
+
+static void mdev_add_status(struct mdev_device *mdev, u8 status)
+{
+ status |= mdev_get_status(mdev);
+ mdev_set_status(mdev, status);
+}
+
+static void mdev_reset(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ mdev_set_status(mdev, 0);
+}
+
+static void handle_vq_kick(struct vhost_work *work)
+{
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vq = container_of(work, struct vhost_virtqueue,
+ poll.work);
+ struct vhost_mdev *m = container_of(vq->dev, struct vhost_mdev, dev);
+ const struct virtio_mdev_device_ops *ops = mdev_get_dev_ops(m->mdev);
+
+ ops->kick_vq(m->mdev, vq - m->vqs);
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t vhost_mdev_virtqueue_cb(void *private)
+{
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vq = private;
+ struct eventfd_ctx *call_ctx = vq->call_ctx;
+
+ if (call_ctx)
+ eventfd_signal(call_ctx, 1);
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static long vhost_mdev_reset(struct vhost_mdev *m)
+{
+ struct mdev_device *mdev = m->mdev;
+
+ mdev_reset(mdev);
+ mdev_add_status(mdev, VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_ACKNOWLEDGE);
+ mdev_add_status(mdev, VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long vhost_mdev_start(struct vhost_mdev *m)
+{
+ struct mdev_device *mdev = m->mdev;
+ const struct virtio_mdev_device_ops *ops = mdev_get_dev_ops(mdev);
+ struct virtio_mdev_callback cb;
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vq;
+ int idx;
+
+ ops->set_features(mdev, m->acked_features);
+
+ mdev_add_status(mdev, VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK);
+ if (!(mdev_get_status(mdev) & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK))
+ goto reset;
+
+ for (idx = 0; idx < m->nvqs; idx++) {
+ vq = &m->vqs[idx];
+
+ if (!vq->desc || !vq->avail || !vq->used)
+ break;
+
+ if (ops->set_vq_state(mdev, idx, vq->last_avail_idx))
+ goto reset;
+
+ /*
+ * In vhost-mdev, userspace should pass ring addresses
+ * in guest physical addresses when IOMMU is disabled or
+ * IOVAs when IOMMU is enabled.
+ */
+ if (ops->set_vq_address(mdev, idx, (u64)vq->desc,
+ (u64)vq->avail, (u64)vq->used))
+ goto reset;
+
+ ops->set_vq_num(mdev, idx, vq->num);
+
+ cb.callback = vhost_mdev_virtqueue_cb;
+ cb.private = vq;
+ ops->set_vq_cb(mdev, idx, &cb);
+
+ ops->set_vq_ready(mdev, idx, 1);
+ }
+
+ mdev_add_status(mdev, VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK);
+ if (mdev_get_status(mdev) & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_NEEDS_RESET)
+ goto reset;
+ return 0;
+
+reset:
+ vhost_mdev_reset(m);
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static long vhost_set_state(struct vhost_mdev *m, u64 __user *statep)
+{
+ u64 state;
+ long r;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&state, statep, sizeof(state)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (state >= VHOST_MDEV_S_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (m->state == state)
+ return 0;
+
+ m->state = state;
+
+ switch (m->state) {
+ case VHOST_MDEV_S_RUNNING:
+ r = vhost_mdev_start(m);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_MDEV_S_STOPPED:
+ r = vhost_mdev_reset(m);
+ break;
+ default:
+ r = -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return r;
+}
+
+static long vhost_get_features(struct vhost_mdev *m, u64 __user *featurep)
+{
+ if (copy_to_user(featurep, &m->features, sizeof(m->features)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long vhost_set_features(struct vhost_mdev *m, u64 __user *featurep)
+{
+ u64 features;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&features, featurep, sizeof(features)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (features & ~m->features)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ m->acked_features = features;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long vhost_get_vring_base(struct vhost_mdev *m, void __user *argp)
+{
+ const struct virtio_mdev_device_ops *ops = mdev_get_dev_ops(m->mdev);
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vq;
+ u32 idx;
+ long r;
+
+ r = get_user(idx, (u32 __user *)argp);
+ if (r < 0)
+ return r;
+ if (idx >= m->nvqs)
+ return -ENOBUFS;
+
+ vq = &m->vqs[idx];
+ vq->last_avail_idx = ops->get_vq_state(m->mdev, idx);
+
+ return vhost_vring_ioctl(&m->dev, VHOST_GET_VRING_BASE, argp);
+}
+
+static int vhost_mdev_open(void *device_data)
+{
+ struct vhost_mdev *m = device_data;
+ struct vhost_dev *dev;
+ struct vhost_virtqueue **vqs;
+ int nvqs, i, r;
+
+ if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ mutex_lock(&m->mutex);
+
+ if (m->opened) {
+ r = -EBUSY;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ nvqs = m->nvqs;
+ vhost_mdev_reset(m);
+
+ memset(&m->dev, 0, sizeof(m->dev));
+ memset(m->vqs, 0, nvqs * sizeof(struct vhost_virtqueue));
+
+ vqs = kmalloc_array(nvqs, sizeof(*vqs), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vqs) {
+ r = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ dev = &m->dev;
+ for (i = 0; i < nvqs; i++) {
+ vqs[i] = &m->vqs[i];
+ vqs[i]->handle_kick = handle_vq_kick;
+ }
+ vhost_dev_init(dev, vqs, nvqs, 0, 0, 0);
+ m->opened = true;
+ mutex_unlock(&m->mutex);
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ mutex_unlock(&m->mutex);
+ module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+ return r;
+}
+
+static void vhost_mdev_release(void *device_data)
+{
+ struct vhost_mdev *m = device_data;
+
+ mutex_lock(&m->mutex);
+ vhost_mdev_reset(m);
+ vhost_dev_stop(&m->dev);
+ vhost_dev_cleanup(&m->dev);
+
+ kfree(m->dev.vqs);
+ m->opened = false;
+ mutex_unlock(&m->mutex);
+ module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+}
+
+static long vhost_mdev_unlocked_ioctl(void *device_data,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vhost_mdev *m = device_data;
+ void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
+ long r;
+
+ mutex_lock(&m->mutex);
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case VHOST_MDEV_SET_STATE:
+ r = vhost_set_state(m, argp);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_GET_FEATURES:
+ r = vhost_get_features(m, argp);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_SET_FEATURES:
+ r = vhost_set_features(m, argp);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_GET_VRING_BASE:
+ r = vhost_get_vring_base(m, argp);
+ break;
+ default:
+ r = vhost_dev_ioctl(&m->dev, cmd, argp);
+ if (r == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
+ r = vhost_vring_ioctl(&m->dev, cmd, argp);
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&m->mutex);
+ return r;
+}
+
+static const struct vfio_device_ops vfio_vhost_mdev_dev_ops = {
+ .name = "vfio-vhost-mdev",
+ .open = vhost_mdev_open,
+ .release = vhost_mdev_release,
+ .ioctl = vhost_mdev_unlocked_ioctl,
+};
+
+static int vhost_mdev_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct mdev_device *mdev = mdev_from_dev(dev);
+ const struct virtio_mdev_device_ops *ops = mdev_get_dev_ops(mdev);
+ struct vhost_mdev *m;
+ int nvqs, r;
+
+ m = kzalloc(sizeof(*m), GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL);
+ if (!m)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ mutex_init(&m->mutex);
+
+ nvqs = ops->get_queue_max(mdev);
+ m->nvqs = nvqs;
+
+ m->vqs = kmalloc_array(nvqs, sizeof(struct vhost_virtqueue),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!m->vqs) {
+ r = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ r = vfio_add_group_dev(dev, &vfio_vhost_mdev_dev_ops, m);
+ if (r)
+ goto err;
+
+ m->features = ops->get_features(mdev);
+ m->mdev = mdev;
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ kfree(m->vqs);
+ kfree(m);
+ return r;
+}
+
+static void vhost_mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct vhost_mdev *m;
+
+ m = vfio_del_group_dev(dev);
+ mutex_destroy(&m->mutex);
+ kfree(m->vqs);
+ kfree(m);
+}
+
+static struct mdev_class_id id_table[] = {
+ { MDEV_ID_VHOST },
+ { 0 },
+};
+
+static struct mdev_driver vhost_mdev_driver = {
+ .name = "vhost_mdev",
+ .probe = vhost_mdev_probe,
+ .remove = vhost_mdev_remove,
+ .id_table = id_table,
+};
+
+static int __init vhost_mdev_init(void)
+{
+ return mdev_register_driver(&vhost_mdev_driver, THIS_MODULE);
+}
+module_init(vhost_mdev_init);
+
+static void __exit vhost_mdev_exit(void)
+{
+ mdev_unregister_driver(&vhost_mdev_driver);
+}
+module_exit(vhost_mdev_exit);
+
+MODULE_VERSION("0.0.1");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Mediated device based accelerator for virtio");
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h b/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h
index 40d028eed645..5afbc2f08fa3 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h
@@ -116,4 +116,12 @@
#define VHOST_VSOCK_SET_GUEST_CID _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x60, __u64)
#define VHOST_VSOCK_SET_RUNNING _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x61, int)

+/* VHOST_MDEV specific defines */
+
+#define VHOST_MDEV_SET_STATE _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x70, __u64)
+
+#define VHOST_MDEV_S_STOPPED 0
+#define VHOST_MDEV_S_RUNNING 1
+#define VHOST_MDEV_S_MAX 2
+
#endif
--
2.17.1
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