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Subject[PATCH v5 2/9] documention: leds: Add multicolor class documentation
Date
Add the support documentation on the multicolor LED framework.
This document defines the directores and file generated by the
multicolor framework. It also documents usage.

Signed-off-by: Dan Murphy <dmurphy@ti.com>
---
Documentation/leds/index.rst | 1 +
Documentation/leds/leds-class-multicolor.rst | 149 +++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 150 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/leds/leds-class-multicolor.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/leds/index.rst b/Documentation/leds/index.rst
index 060f4e485897..bc70c6aa7138 100644
--- a/Documentation/leds/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/leds/index.rst
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ LEDs

leds-class
leds-class-flash
+ leds-class-multicolor
ledtrig-oneshot
ledtrig-transient
ledtrig-usbport
diff --git a/Documentation/leds/leds-class-multicolor.rst b/Documentation/leds/leds-class-multicolor.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0b40c85f417a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/leds/leds-class-multicolor.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,149 @@
+====================================
+Multi Color LED handling under Linux
+====================================
+
+Description
+===========
+There are varying monochrome LED colors available for application. These
+LEDs can be used as a single use case LED or can be mixed with other color
+LEDs to produce the full spectrum of color. Color LEDs that are grouped
+can be presented under a single LED node with individual color control.
+The multicolor class groups these LEDs and allows dynamically setting the value
+of a single LED or setting the intensity values of the LEDs in the group and
+updating the LEDs virtually simultaneously.
+
+Multicolor Class Control
+========================
+The multicolor class presents the LED groups under a directory called "colors".
+This directory is a child under the LED parent node created by the led_class
+framework. The led_class framework is documented in led-class.rst within this
+documentation directory.
+
+Each colored LED is given its own directory. These directories will be one of
+LED_COLOR_ID_* definitions from the header include/dt-bindings/leds/common.h.
+Under these directories the intensity and max_intensity files are presented for
+each LED.
+
+Directory Layout Example
+========================
+root:/sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds# ls -lR colors/
+colors/:
+drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 0 Jun 28 20:21 blue
+drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 0 Jun 28 20:21 green
+drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 0 Jun 28 20:21 red
+-rw------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:21 color_mix
+
+colors/blue:
+-rw------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:21 intensity
+-r-------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:27 max_intensity
+-r-------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:21 color_id
+
+colors/green:
+-rw------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:22 intensity
+-r-------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:27 max_intensity
+-r-------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:21 color_id
+
+colors/red:
+-rw------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:21 intensity
+-r-------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:27 max_intensity
+-r-------- 1 root root 4096 Jun 28 20:21 color_id
+
+Multicolor Color Mixing
+=======================
+Multicolor monochrome LEDs intensity can be modified and mixed to produce a
+varying array of colors. The color_mix file gives the user the ability to write
+all the monochrome LEDs registered in the directory with a single call.
+To create a specific color from monochrome LEDs the color_mix file needs to be
+written with each color's intensity. The order in which the monochrome LEDs
+should be written is based on the colors color_id. The LEDs brightness will be
+updated on the next call to the parent brightness file.
+
+For example:
+cat /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/red/color_id
+0
+cat /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/green/color_id
+1
+cat /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/blue/color_id
+2
+
+red - color_id = 0
+green - color_id = 1
+blue - color_id = 2
+
+These id's are the order in which to write the color_mix file.
+
+echo "<red> <green> <blue>" > color_mix
+
+echo "80 00 80" > color_mix
+
+The order of the monochrome LEDs are determined during multicolor class
+registration and will not change unless unregistered and re-registered.
+
+Other example with amber monochrome LED:
+blue - color_id = 0
+amber - color_id = 1
+
+In this example blue is at ID 0 and amber ID is 1 so the user would write
+echo "<blue> <amber>" > color_mix
+
+echo "38 80" > color_mix
+
+If a single monochrome LED needs to be modified then the user would write the
+colors/<color>/intensity file.
+
+
+Multicolor Class Brightness Control
+===================================
+The multiclor class framework will calculate each monochrome LEDs intensity.
+
+The brightness level for each LED is calculated based on the color LED
+intensity setting divided by the color LED max intensity setting multiplied by
+the requested value.
+
+led_brightness = requested_value * led_color_intensity/led_color_max_intensity
+
+Example:
+Three LEDs are present in the group as defined in "Directory Layout Example"
+within this document.
+
+A user first writes the color LED brightness file with the brightness level that
+is necessary to achieve a blueish violet output from the RGB LED group.
+
+echo 138 > /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/red/intensity
+echo 43 > /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/green/intensity
+echo 226 > /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/blue/intensity
+
+red -
+ intensity = 138
+ max_intensity = 255
+green -
+ intensity = 43
+ max_intensity = 255
+blue -
+ intensity = 226
+ max_intensity = 255
+
+The user can control the brightness of that RGB group by writing the parent
+'brightness' control. Assuming a parent max_brightness of 255 the user may want
+to dim the LED color group to half. The user would write a value of 128 to the
+parent brightness file then the values written to each LED will be adjusted
+base on this value
+
+cat /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/max_brightness
+255
+echo 128 > /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/brightness
+
+adjusted_red_value = 128 * 138/255 = 69
+adjusted_green_value = 128 * 43/255 = 21
+adjusted_blue_value = 128 * 226/255 = 113
+
+Reading the parent brightness file will return the current brightness value of
+the color LED group.
+
+cat /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/max_brightness
+255
+
+echo 128 > /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/brightness
+
+cat /sys/class/leds/rgb:grouped_leds/max_brightness
+128
--
2.22.0.214.g8dca754b1e
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