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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/10] Hwpoison soft-offline rework
Date
I found another panic ...

This testcase is testing the corner case where hugepage migration fails
by allocation failure on destination numa node which is caused by the
condition that all remaining free hugetlb are reserved.

[ 2610.711713] ===> testcase 'page_migration/hugetlb_madv_soft_reserve_noovercommit.auto2' start
[ 2610.995836] bash (15807): drop_caches: 3
[ 2612.596154] Soft offlining pfn 0x1d000 at process virtual address 0x700000000000
[ 2612.910245] bash (15807): drop_caches: 3
[ 2613.099769] page:fffff4ba40740000 refcount:1 mapcount:-128 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0
[ 2613.102099] flags: 0xfffe000800000(hwpoison)
[ 2613.103424] raw: 000fffe000800000 ffff9c953ffd5af8 fffff4ba40e78008 0000000000000000
[ 2613.105817] raw: 0000000000000000 0000000000000009 00000001ffffff7f 0000000000000000
[ 2613.107703] page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(buddy) != 0)
[ 2613.109485] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 2613.110834] kernel BUG at mm/page_alloc.c:821!
[ 2613.112015] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
[ 2613.113245] CPU: 0 PID: 16195 Comm: sysctl Not tainted 5.3.0-rc8-v5.3-rc8-190911-1025-00010-ga436dbce8674+ #18
[ 2613.115982] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-2.fc30 04/01/2014
[ 2613.118495] RIP: 0010:free_one_page+0x5f1/0x610
[ 2613.119803] Code: 09 7e 81 49 8d b4 17 c0 00 00 00 8b 14 24 48 89 ef e8 83 75 00 00 e9 16 fe ff ff 48 c7 c6 c0 2b 0d 82 4c 89 e7 e8 9f c3 fd ff <0f> 0b 48 c7 c6 c0 2b 0d 82 e8 91 c3 fd ff 0f 0b 66 66 2e 0f 1f 84
[ 2613.124751] RSP: 0018:ffffac7442727ca8 EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 2613.126224] RAX: 000000000000003b RBX: 0000000000000009 RCX: 0000000000000006
[ 2613.128261] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffffffff820d1814
[ 2613.130299] RBP: fffff4ba40748000 R08: 0000000000000710 R09: 000000000000004a
[ 2613.132082] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: ffffac7442727b20 R12: fffff4ba40740000
[ 2613.133821] R13: 000000000001d200 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff9c953ffd5680
[ 2613.135769] FS: 00007fbf2e6cb900(0000) GS:ffff9c953da00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 2613.138077] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 2613.139721] CR2: 000055eef99d4d38 CR3: 000000007cb50000 CR4: 00000000001406f0
[ 2613.141747] Call Trace:
[ 2613.142472] __free_pages_ok+0x175/0x4e0
[ 2613.143454] free_pool_huge_page+0xec/0x100
[ 2613.144500] __nr_hugepages_store_common+0x173/0x2e0
[ 2613.145968] ? __do_proc_doulongvec_minmax+0x3ae/0x440
[ 2613.147444] hugetlb_sysctl_handler_common+0xad/0xc0
[ 2613.148867] proc_sys_call_handler+0x1a5/0x1c0
[ 2613.150104] vfs_write+0xa5/0x1a0
[ 2613.151081] ksys_write+0x59/0xd0
[ 2613.152052] do_syscall_64+0x5f/0x1a0
[ 2613.153071] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[ 2613.154327] RIP: 0033:0x7fbf2eb01ed8


On Wed, Sep 11, 2019 at 05:29:56AM +0000, Horiguchi Naoya(堀口 直也) wrote:
> Hi Oscar,
>
> Thank you for your working on this.
>
> My testing shows the following error:
>
> [ 1926.932435] ===> testcase 'mce_ksm_soft-offline_avoid_access.auto2' start
> [ 1927.155321] bash (15853): drop_caches: 3
> [ 1929.019094] page:ffffe5c384c4cd40 refcount:1 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000003 index:0x700000001
> [ 1929.021586] anon
> [ 1929.021588] flags: 0x57ffe00088000e(referenced|uptodate|dirty|swapbacked|hwpoison)
> [ 1929.024289] raw: 0057ffe00088000e dead000000000100 dead000000000122 0000000000000003
> [ 1929.026611] raw: 0000000700000001 0000000000000000 00000000ffffffff 0000000000000000
> [ 1929.028760] page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page))
> [ 1929.030559] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 1929.031684] kernel BUG at mm/internal.h:73!
> [ 1929.032738] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
> [ 1929.033941] CPU: 3 PID: 16052 Comm: mceinj.sh Not tainted 5.3.0-rc8-v5.3-rc8-190911-1025-00010-ga436dbce8674+ #18
> [ 1929.037137] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-2.fc30 04/01/2014
> [ 1929.040066] RIP: 0010:page_set_poison+0xf9/0x160
> [ 1929.041665] Code: 63 02 7f 31 c0 5b 5d 41 5c c3 48 c7 c6 d0 d1 0c b0 48 89 df e8 88 bb f8 ff 0f 0b 48 c7 c6 f0 2a 0d b0 48 89 df e8 77 bb f8 ff <0f> 0b 48 8b 45 00 48 c1 e8 33 83 e0 07 83 f8 04 75 89 48 8b 45 08
> [ 1929.047773] RSP: 0018:ffffb4fb8a73bde0 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [ 1929.049511] RAX: 0000000000000039 RBX: ffffe5c384c4cd40 RCX: 0000000000000000
> [ 1929.051870] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffffffffb00d1814
> [ 1929.054238] RBP: ffffe5c384c4cd40 R08: 0000000000000596 R09: 0000000000000048
> [ 1929.056599] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: ffffb4fb8a73bc58 R12: 0000000000000000
> [ 1929.058986] R13: ffffb4fb8a73be10 R14: 0000000000131335 R15: 0000000000000001
> [ 1929.061366] FS: 00007fc9e208d740(0000) GS:ffff9fa9bdb00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 1929.063842] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 1929.065429] CR2: 000055946c05d192 CR3: 00000001365f2000 CR4: 00000000001406e0
> [ 1929.067373] Call Trace:
> [ 1929.068094] soft_offline_page+0x2be/0x600
> [ 1929.069246] soft_offline_page_store+0xdf/0x110
> [ 1929.070510] kernfs_fop_write+0x116/0x190
> [ 1929.071618] vfs_write+0xa5/0x1a0
> [ 1929.072614] ksys_write+0x59/0xd0
> [ 1929.073548] do_syscall_64+0x5f/0x1a0
> [ 1929.074554] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [ 1929.075957] RIP: 0033:0x7fc9e217ded8
>
> It seems that soft-offlining on ksm pages is affected by this changeset.
> Could you try to handle this?
>
> - Naoya
>
> On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 12:30:06PM +0200, Oscar Salvador wrote:
> >
> > This patchset was based on Naoya's hwpoison rework [1], so thanks to him
> > for the initial work.
> >
> > This patchset aims to fix some issues laying in soft-offline handling,
> > but it also takes the chance and takes some further steps to perform
> > cleanups and some refactoring as well.
> >
> > - Motivation:
> >
> > A customer and I were facing an issue where poisoned pages we returned
> > back to user-space after having offlined them properly.
> > This was only seend under some memory stress + soft offlining pages.
> > After some anaylsis, it became clear that the problem was that
> > when kcompactd kicked in to migrate pages over, compaction_alloc
> > callback was handing poisoned pages to the migrate routine.
> > Once this page was later on fault in, __do_page_fault returned
> > VM_FAULT_HWPOISON making the process being killed.
> >
> > All this could happen because isolate_freepages_block and
> > fast_isolate_freepages just check for the page to be PageBuddy,
> > and since 1) poisoned pages can be part of a higher order page
> > and 2) poisoned pages are also Page Buddy, they can sneak in easily.
> >
> > I also saw some problem with swap pages, but I suspected to be the
> > same sort of problem, so I did not follow that trace.
> >
> > The full explanation can be see in [2].
> >
> > - Approach:
> >
> > The taken approach is to not let poisoned pages hit neither
> > pcplists nor buddy freelists.
> > This is achieved by:
> >
> > In-use pages:
> >
> > * Normal pages
> >
> > 1) do not release the last reference count after the
> > invalidation/migration of the page.
> > 2) the page is being handed to page_set_poison, which does:
> > 2a) sets PageHWPoison flag
> > 2b) calls put_page (only to be able to call __page_cache_release)
> > Since poisoned pages are skipped in free_pages_prepare,
> > this put_page is safe.
> > 2c) Sets the refcount to 1
> >
> > * Hugetlb pages
> >
> > 1) Hand the page to page_set_poison after migration
> > 2) page_set_poison does:
> > 2a) Calls dissolve_free_huge_page
> > 2b) If ranged to be dissolved contains poisoned pages,
> > we free the rangeas order-0 pages (as we do with gigantic hugetlb page),
> > so free_pages_prepare will skip them accordingly.
> > 2c) Sets the refcount to 1
> >
> > Free pages:
> >
> > * Normal pages:
> >
> > 1) Take the page off the buddy freelist
> > 2) Set PageHWPoison flag and set refcount to 1
> >
> > * Hugetlb pages
> >
> > 1) Try to allocate a new hugetlb page to the pool
> > 2) Take off the pool the poisoned hugetlb
> >
> >
> > With this patchset, I no longer see the issues I faced before.
> >
> > Note:
> > I presented this as RFC to open discussion of the taken aproach.
> > I think that furthers cleanups and refactors could be made, but I would
> > like to get some insight of the taken approach before touching more
> > code.
> >
> > Thanks
> >
> > [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/1541746035-13408-1-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com/
> > [2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20190826104144.GA7849@linux/T/#u
> >
> > Naoya Horiguchi (5):
> > mm,hwpoison: cleanup unused PageHuge() check
> > mm,madvise: call soft_offline_page() without MF_COUNT_INCREASED
> > mm,hwpoison-inject: don't pin for hwpoison_filter
> > mm,hwpoison: remove MF_COUNT_INCREASED
> > mm: remove flag argument from soft offline functions
> >
> > Oscar Salvador (5):
> > mm,hwpoison: Unify THP handling for hard and soft offline
> > mm,hwpoison: Rework soft offline for in-use pages
> > mm,hwpoison: Refactor soft_offline_huge_page and __soft_offline_page
> > mm,hwpoison: Rework soft offline for free pages
> > mm,hwpoison: Use hugetlb_replace_page to replace free hugetlb pages
> >
> > drivers/base/memory.c | 2 +-
> > include/linux/mm.h | 9 +-
> > include/linux/page-flags.h | 5 -
> > mm/hugetlb.c | 51 +++++++-
> > mm/hwpoison-inject.c | 18 +--
> > mm/madvise.c | 25 ++--
> > mm/memory-failure.c | 319 +++++++++++++++++++++------------------------
> > mm/migrate.c | 11 +-
> > mm/page_alloc.c | 62 +++++++--
> > 9 files changed, 267 insertions(+), 235 deletions(-)
> >
> > --
> > 2.12.3
> >
> >
>

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