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Subject[PATCH 2/4] bdi: Add bdi->id
Date
There currently is no way to universally identify and lookup a bdi
without holding a reference and pointer to it. This patch adds an
non-recycling bdi->id and implements bdi_get_by_id() which looks up
bdis by their ids. This will be used by memcg foreign inode flushing.

I left bdi_list alone for simplicity and because while rb_tree does
support rcu assignment it doesn't seem to guarantee lossless walk when
walk is racing aginst tree rebalance operations.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
---
include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h | 2 +
include/linux/backing-dev.h | 1 +
mm/backing-dev.c | 65 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 66 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h b/include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h
index 8fb740178d5d..1075f2552cfc 100644
--- a/include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h
+++ b/include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h
@@ -185,6 +185,8 @@ struct bdi_writeback {
};

struct backing_dev_info {
+ u64 id;
+ struct rb_node rb_node; /* keyed by ->id */
struct list_head bdi_list;
unsigned long ra_pages; /* max readahead in PAGE_SIZE units */
unsigned long io_pages; /* max allowed IO size */
diff --git a/include/linux/backing-dev.h b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
index 02650b1253a2..84cdcfbc763f 100644
--- a/include/linux/backing-dev.h
+++ b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ static inline struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
return bdi;
}

+struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get_by_id(u64 id);
void bdi_put(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);

__printf(2, 3)
diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
index e8e89158adec..4a8816e0b8d4 100644
--- a/mm/backing-dev.c
+++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only

#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
@@ -22,10 +23,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(noop_backing_dev_info);
static struct class *bdi_class;

/*
- * bdi_lock protects updates to bdi_list. bdi_list has RCU reader side
- * locking.
+ * bdi_lock protects bdi_tree and updates to bdi_list. bdi_list has RCU
+ * reader side locking.
*/
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bdi_lock);
+static u64 bdi_id_cursor;
+static struct rb_root bdi_tree = RB_ROOT;
LIST_HEAD(bdi_list);

/* bdi_wq serves all asynchronous writeback tasks */
@@ -859,9 +862,58 @@ struct backing_dev_info *bdi_alloc_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_alloc_node);

+struct rb_node **bdi_lookup_rb_node(u64 id, struct rb_node **parentp)
+{
+ struct rb_node **p = &bdi_tree.rb_node;
+ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
+
+ lockdep_assert_held(&bdi_lock);
+
+ while (*p) {
+ parent = *p;
+ bdi = rb_entry(parent, struct backing_dev_info, rb_node);
+
+ if (bdi->id > id)
+ p = &(*p)->rb_left;
+ else if (bdi->id < id)
+ p = &(*p)->rb_right;
+ else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (parentp)
+ *parentp = parent;
+ return p;
+}
+
+/**
+ * bdi_get_by_id - lookup and get bdi from its id
+ * @id: bdi id to lookup
+ *
+ * Find bdi matching @id and get it. Returns NULL if the matching bdi
+ * doesn't exist or is already unregistered.
+ */
+struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get_by_id(u64 id)
+{
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = NULL;
+ struct rb_node **p;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&bdi_lock);
+ p = bdi_lookup_rb_node(id, NULL);
+ if (*p) {
+ bdi = rb_entry(*p, struct backing_dev_info, rb_node);
+ bdi_get(bdi);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irq(&bdi_lock);
+
+ return bdi;
+}
+
int bdi_register_va(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
struct device *dev;
+ struct rb_node *parent, **p;

if (bdi->dev) /* The driver needs to use separate queues per device */
return 0;
@@ -877,7 +929,15 @@ int bdi_register_va(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, va_list args)
set_bit(WB_registered, &bdi->wb.state);

spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
+
+ bdi->id = ++bdi_id_cursor;
+
+ p = bdi_lookup_rb_node(bdi->id, &parent);
+ rb_link_node(&bdi->rb_node, parent, p);
+ rb_insert_color(&bdi->rb_node, &bdi_tree);
+
list_add_tail_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
+
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);

trace_writeback_bdi_register(bdi);
@@ -918,6 +978,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register_owner);
static void bdi_remove_from_list(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
spin_lock_bh(&bdi_lock);
+ rb_erase(&bdi->rb_node, &bdi_tree);
list_del_rcu(&bdi->bdi_list);
spin_unlock_bh(&bdi_lock);

--
2.17.1
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