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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ARM: Emit __gnu_mcount_nc when using Clang 10.0.0 or newer
On 2019-08-29 21:34, Nathan Chancellor wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 29, 2019 at 10:55:28AM -0700, Nick Desaulniers wrote:
>> On Wed, Aug 28, 2019 at 11:27 PM Nathan Chancellor
>> <natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
>> >
>> > Currently, multi_v7_defconfig + CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER fails to build
>> > with clang:
>> >
>> > arm-linux-gnueabi-ld: kernel/softirq.o: in function `_local_bh_enable':
>> > softirq.c:(.text+0x504): undefined reference to `mcount'
>> > arm-linux-gnueabi-ld: kernel/softirq.o: in function `__local_bh_enable_ip':
>> > softirq.c:(.text+0x58c): undefined reference to `mcount'
>> > arm-linux-gnueabi-ld: kernel/softirq.o: in function `do_softirq':
>> > softirq.c:(.text+0x6c8): undefined reference to `mcount'
>> > arm-linux-gnueabi-ld: kernel/softirq.o: in function `irq_enter':
>> > softirq.c:(.text+0x75c): undefined reference to `mcount'
>> > arm-linux-gnueabi-ld: kernel/softirq.o: in function `irq_exit':
>> > softirq.c:(.text+0x840): undefined reference to `mcount'
>> > arm-linux-gnueabi-ld: kernel/softirq.o:softirq.c:(.text+0xa50): more undefined references to `mcount' follow
>> >
>> > clang can emit a working mcount symbol, __gnu_mcount_nc, when
>> > '-meabi gnu' is passed to it. Until r369147 in LLVM, this was
>> > broken and caused the kernel not to boot because the calling
>> > convention was not correct. Now that it is fixed, add this to
>> > the command line when clang is 10.0.0 or newer so everything
>> > works properly.
>> >
>> > Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/35
>> > Link: https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=33845
>> > Link: https://github.com/llvm/llvm-project/commit/16fa8b09702378bacfa3d07081afe6b353b99e60
>> > Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
>> > ---
>> > arch/arm/Makefile | 6 ++++++
>> > 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/arch/arm/Makefile b/arch/arm/Makefile
>> > index c3624ca6c0bc..7b5a26a866fc 100644
>> > --- a/arch/arm/Makefile
>> > +++ b/arch/arm/Makefile
>> > @@ -112,6 +112,12 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARM_UNWIND),y)
>> > CFLAGS_ABI +=-funwind-tables
>> > endif
>> >
>> > +ifeq ($(CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG),y)
>> > +ifeq ($(shell test $(CONFIG_CLANG_VERSION) -ge 100000; echo $$?),0)
>> > +CFLAGS_ABI +=-meabi gnu
>> > +endif
>> > +endif
>> > +
>>
>> Thanks for the patch! I think this is one of the final issues w/ 32b
>> ARM configs when building w/ Clang.
>>
>> I'm not super enthused about the version check. The flag is indeed
>> not recognized by GCC, but I think it would actually be more concise
>> with $(cc-option) and no compiler or version check.
>>
>> Further, I think that the working __gnu_mcount_nc in Clang would
>> better be represented as marking the arch/arm/KConfig option for
>> CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER for dependent on a version of Clang greater
>> than or equal to Clang 10, not conditionally adding this flag. (We
>> should always add the flag when supported, IMO. __gnu_mcount_nc's
>> calling convention being broken is orthogonal to the choice of
>> __gnu_mcount_nc vs mcount, and it's the former's that should be
>> checked, not the latter as in this patch.
>
> I will test with or without CONFIG_AEABI like Matthias asked and I will
> implement your Kconfig suggestion if it passes all of my tests. The
> reason that I did it this way is because I didn't want a user to end up
> with a non-booting kernel since -meabi gnu works with older versions of
> clang at build time, the issue happens at boot time but the Kconfig
> suggestion + cc-option should fix that.

I agree with Nathan here, I'd rather prefer the build system to fail
building rather than runtime error.

If we decide we want to have it building despite it not building a
functional kernel, we should at least add a #warning...

--
Stefan

>
> I should have a v2 out this evening.
>
> Cheers,
> Nathan

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