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Subject[PATCH 01/11] uapi: General notification ring definitions [ver #6]
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Add UAPI definitions for the general notification ring, including the
following pieces:

(1) struct watch_notification.

This is the metadata header for each entry in the ring. It includes a
type and subtype that indicate the source of the message
(eg. WATCH_TYPE_MOUNT_NOTIFY) and the kind of the message
(eg. NOTIFY_MOUNT_NEW_MOUNT).

The header also contains an information field that conveys the
following information:

- WATCH_INFO_LENGTH. The size of the entry (entries are variable
length).

- WATCH_INFO_ID. The watch ID specified when the watchpoint was
set.

- WATCH_INFO_TYPE_INFO. (Sub)type-specific information.

- WATCH_INFO_FLAG_*. Flag bits overlain on the type-specific
information. For use by the type.

All the information in the header can be used in filtering messages at
the point of writing into the buffer.

(2) struct watch_queue_buffer.

This describes the layout of the ring. Note that the first slots in
the ring contain a special metadata entry that contains the ring
pointers. The producer in the kernel knows to skip this and it has a
proper header (WATCH_TYPE_META, WATCH_META_SKIP_NOTIFICATION) that
indicates the size so that the ring consumer can handle it the same as
any other record and just skip it.

Note that this means that ring entries can never be split over the end
of the ring, so if an entry would need to be split, a skip record is
inserted to wrap the ring first; this is also WATCH_TYPE_META,
WATCH_META_SKIP_NOTIFICATION.

(3) WATCH_INFO_NOTIFICATIONS_LOST.

This is a flag that can be set in the metadata header by the kernel to
indicate that at least one message was lost since it was last cleared
by userspace.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---

include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 67 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h b/include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..70f575099968
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_WATCH_QUEUE_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_WATCH_QUEUE_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+enum watch_notification_type {
+ WATCH_TYPE_META = 0, /* Special record */
+ WATCH_TYPE___NR = 1
+};
+
+enum watch_meta_notification_subtype {
+ WATCH_META_SKIP_NOTIFICATION = 0, /* Just skip this record */
+ WATCH_META_REMOVAL_NOTIFICATION = 1, /* Watched object was removed */
+};
+
+#define WATCH_LENGTH_GRANULARITY sizeof(__u64)
+
+/*
+ * Notification record header. This is aligned to 64-bits so that subclasses
+ * can contain __u64 fields.
+ */
+struct watch_notification {
+ __u32 type:24; /* enum watch_notification_type */
+ __u32 subtype:8; /* Type-specific subtype (filterable) */
+ __u32 info;
+#define WATCH_INFO_LENGTH 0x0000003f /* Length of record / sizeof(watch_notification) */
+#define WATCH_INFO_LENGTH__SHIFT 0
+#define WATCH_INFO_ID 0x0000ff00 /* ID of watchpoint, if type-appropriate */
+#define WATCH_INFO_ID__SHIFT 8
+#define WATCH_INFO_TYPE_INFO 0xffff0000 /* Type-specific info */
+#define WATCH_INFO_TYPE_INFO__SHIFT 16
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_0 0x00010000 /* Type-specific info, flag bit 0 */
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_1 0x00020000 /* ... */
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_2 0x00040000
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_3 0x00080000
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_4 0x00100000
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_5 0x00200000
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_6 0x00400000
+#define WATCH_INFO_FLAG_7 0x00800000
+} __attribute__((aligned(WATCH_LENGTH_GRANULARITY)));
+
+struct watch_queue_buffer {
+ union {
+ /* The first few entries are special, containing the
+ * ring management variables.
+ */
+ struct {
+ struct watch_notification watch; /* WATCH_TYPE_META */
+ __u32 head; /* Ring head index */
+ __u32 tail; /* Ring tail index */
+ __u32 mask; /* Ring index mask */
+ __u32 __reserved;
+ } meta;
+ struct watch_notification slots[0];
+ };
+};
+
+/*
+ * The Metadata pseudo-notification message uses a flag bits in the information
+ * field to convey the fact that messages have been lost. We can only use a
+ * single bit in this manner per word as some arches that support SMP
+ * (eg. parisc) have no kernel<->user atomic bit ops.
+ */
+#define WATCH_INFO_NOTIFICATIONS_LOST WATCH_INFO_FLAG_0
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_WATCH_QUEUE_H */
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