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SubjectRe: Is: Default governor regardless of cpuidle driver Was: [PATCH v2] cpuidle-haltpoll: vcpu hotplug support
On Thu, Aug 29, 2019 at 06:16:05PM +0100, Joao Martins wrote:
> On 8/29/19 4:10 PM, Joao Martins wrote:
> > When cpus != maxcpus cpuidle-haltpoll will fail to register all vcpus
> > past the online ones and thus fail to register the idle driver.
> > This is because cpuidle_add_sysfs() will return with -ENODEV as a
> > consequence from get_cpu_device() return no device for a non-existing
> > CPU.
> >
> > Instead switch to cpuidle_register_driver() and manually register each
> > of the present cpus through cpuhp_setup_state() callback and future
> > ones that get onlined. This mimmics similar logic that intel_idle does.
> >
> > Fixes: fa86ee90eb11 ("add cpuidle-haltpoll driver")
> > Signed-off-by: Joao Martins <joao.m.martins@oracle.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
> > ---
>
> While testing the above, I found out another issue on the haltpoll series.
> But I am not sure what is best suited to cpuidle framework, hence requesting
> some advise if below is a reasonable solution or something else is preferred.
>
> Essentially after haltpoll governor got introduced and regardless of the cpuidle
> driver the default governor is gonna be haltpoll for a guest (given haltpoll
> governor doesn't get registered for baremetal).

Right.

> Right now, for a KVM guest, the
> idle governors have these ratings:
>
> * ladder -> 10
> * teo -> 19
> * menu -> 20
> * haltpoll -> 21
> * ladder + nohz=off -> 25

Yes. PowerPC KVM guests crash currently due to the use of the haltpoll
governor (have a patch in my queue to fix this, but your solution
embraces more cases).

> When a guest is booted with MWAIT and intel_idle is probed and sucessfully
> registered, we will end up with a haltpoll governor being used as opposed to
> 'menu' (which used to be the default case). This would prevent IIUC that other
> C-states get used other than poll_state (state 0) and state 1.
>
> Given that haltpoll governor is largely only useful with a cpuidle-haltpoll
> it doesn't look reasonable to be the default? What about using haltpoll governor
> as default when haltpoll idle driver registers or modloads.
>
> My idea to achieve the above would be to decrease the rating to 9 (before the
> lowest rated governor) and retain old defaults before haltpoll. Then we would
> allow a cpuidle driver to define a preferred governor to switch on idle driver
> registration. Naturally all of would be ignored if overidden by
> cpuidle.governor=.
>
> The diff below the scissors line is an example of that.
>
> Thoughts?

Works for me. Rafael?

>
> ---------------------------------- >8 --------------------------------
>
> From: Joao Martins <joao.m.martins@oracle.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] cpuidle: switch to prefered governor on registration
>
> Signed-off-by: Joao Martins <joao.m.martins@oracle.com>
> ---
> drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-haltpoll.c | 1 +
> drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h | 1 +
> drivers/cpuidle/driver.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/cpuidle/governor.c | 6 +++---
> drivers/cpuidle/governors/haltpoll.c | 2 +-
> include/linux/cpuidle.h | 3 +++
> 6 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-haltpoll.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-haltpoll.c
> index 8baade23f8d0..88a38c3c35e4 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-haltpoll.c
> +++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-haltpoll.c
> @@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ static int default_enter_idle(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
>
> static struct cpuidle_driver haltpoll_driver = {
> .name = "haltpoll",
> + .governor = "haltpoll",
> .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> .states = {
> { /* entry 0 is for polling */ },
> diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h
> index d6613101af92..c046f49c1920 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h
> +++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.h
> @@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ extern void cpuidle_install_idle_handler(void);
> extern void cpuidle_uninstall_idle_handler(void);
>
> /* governors */
> +extern struct cpuidle_governor *cpuidle_find_governor(const char *str);
> extern int cpuidle_switch_governor(struct cpuidle_governor *gov);
>
> /* sysfs */
> diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/driver.c b/drivers/cpuidle/driver.c
> index dc32f34e68d9..8b8b9d89ce58 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpuidle/driver.c
> +++ b/drivers/cpuidle/driver.c
> @@ -87,6 +87,7 @@ static inline int __cpuidle_set_driver(struct cpuidle_driver *drv)
> #else
>
> static struct cpuidle_driver *cpuidle_curr_driver;
> +static struct cpuidle_governor *cpuidle_default_governor = NULL;
>
> /**
> * __cpuidle_get_cpu_driver - return the global cpuidle driver pointer.
> @@ -254,12 +255,25 @@ static void __cpuidle_unregister_driver(struct
> cpuidle_driver *drv)
> */
> int cpuidle_register_driver(struct cpuidle_driver *drv)
> {
> + struct cpuidle_governor *gov;
> int ret;
>
> spin_lock(&cpuidle_driver_lock);
> ret = __cpuidle_register_driver(drv);
> spin_unlock(&cpuidle_driver_lock);
>
> + if (!ret && !strlen(param_governor) && drv->governor &&
> + (cpuidle_get_driver() == drv)) {
> + mutex_lock(&cpuidle_lock);
> + gov = cpuidle_find_governor(drv->governor);
> + if (gov) {
> + cpuidle_default_governor = cpuidle_curr_governor;
> + if (cpuidle_switch_governor(gov) < 0)
> + cpuidle_default_governor = NULL;
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&cpuidle_lock);
> + }
> +
> return ret;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpuidle_register_driver);
> @@ -274,9 +288,21 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpuidle_register_driver);
> */
> void cpuidle_unregister_driver(struct cpuidle_driver *drv)
> {
> + bool enabled = (cpuidle_get_driver() == drv);
> +
> spin_lock(&cpuidle_driver_lock);
> __cpuidle_unregister_driver(drv);
> spin_unlock(&cpuidle_driver_lock);
> +
> + if (!enabled)
> + return;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&cpuidle_lock);
> + if (cpuidle_default_governor) {
> + if (!cpuidle_switch_governor(cpuidle_default_governor))
> + cpuidle_default_governor = NULL;
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&cpuidle_lock);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpuidle_unregister_driver);
>
> diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/governor.c b/drivers/cpuidle/governor.c
> index 2e3e14192bee..e93c11dc8304 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpuidle/governor.c
> +++ b/drivers/cpuidle/governor.c
> @@ -22,12 +22,12 @@ LIST_HEAD(cpuidle_governors);
> struct cpuidle_governor *cpuidle_curr_governor;
>
> /**
> - * __cpuidle_find_governor - finds a governor of the specified name
> + * cpuidle_find_governor - finds a governor of the specified name
> * @str: the name
> *
> * Must be called with cpuidle_lock acquired.
> */
> -static struct cpuidle_governor * __cpuidle_find_governor(const char *str)
> +struct cpuidle_governor * cpuidle_find_governor(const char *str)
> {
> struct cpuidle_governor *gov;
>
> @@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ int cpuidle_register_governor(struct cpuidle_governor *gov)
> return -ENODEV;
>
> mutex_lock(&cpuidle_lock);
> - if (__cpuidle_find_governor(gov->name) == NULL) {
> + if (cpuidle_find_governor(gov->name) == NULL) {
> ret = 0;
> list_add_tail(&gov->governor_list, &cpuidle_governors);
> if (!cpuidle_curr_governor ||
> diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/governors/haltpoll.c
> b/drivers/cpuidle/governors/haltpoll.c
> index 797477bda486..7a703d2e0064 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpuidle/governors/haltpoll.c
> +++ b/drivers/cpuidle/governors/haltpoll.c
> @@ -133,7 +133,7 @@ static int haltpoll_enable_device(struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
>
> static struct cpuidle_governor haltpoll_governor = {
> .name = "haltpoll",
> - .rating = 21,
> + .rating = 9,
> .enable = haltpoll_enable_device,
> .select = haltpoll_select,
> .reflect = haltpoll_reflect,
> diff --git a/include/linux/cpuidle.h b/include/linux/cpuidle.h
> index 1a9f54eb3aa1..2dc4c6b19c25 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cpuidle.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cpuidle.h
> @@ -121,6 +121,9 @@ struct cpuidle_driver {
>
> /* the driver handles the cpus in cpumask */
> struct cpumask *cpumask;
> +
> + /* preferred governor to switch at register time */
> + const char *governor;
> };
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_IDLE
> --
> 2.17.1

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