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Subject[RFC v3] vhost: introduce mdev based hardware vhost backend
Date
Details about this can be found here:

https://lwn.net/Articles/750770/

What's new in this version
==========================

There are three choices based on the discussion [1] in RFC v2:

> #1. We expose a VFIO device, so we can reuse the VFIO container/group
> based DMA API and potentially reuse a lot of VFIO code in QEMU.
>
> But in this case, we have two choices for the VFIO device interface
> (i.e. the interface on top of VFIO device fd):
>
> A) we may invent a new vhost protocol (as demonstrated by the code
> in this RFC) on VFIO device fd to make it work in VFIO's way,
> i.e. regions and irqs.
>
> B) Or as you proposed, instead of inventing a new vhost protocol,
> we can reuse most existing vhost ioctls on the VFIO device fd
> directly. There should be no conflicts between the VFIO ioctls
> (type is 0x3B) and VHOST ioctls (type is 0xAF) currently.
>
> #2. Instead of exposing a VFIO device, we may expose a VHOST device.
> And we will introduce a new mdev driver vhost-mdev to do this.
> It would be natural to reuse the existing kernel vhost interface
> (ioctls) on it as much as possible. But we will need to invent
> some APIs for DMA programming (reusing VHOST_SET_MEM_TABLE is a
> choice, but it's too heavy and doesn't support vIOMMU by itself).

This version is more like a quick PoC to try Jason's proposal on
reusing vhost ioctls. And the second way (#1/B) in above three
choices was chosen in this version to demonstrate the idea quickly.

Now the userspace API looks like this:

- VFIO's container/group based IOMMU API is used to do the
DMA programming.

- Vhost's existing ioctls are used to setup the device.

And the device will report device_api as "vfio-vhost".

Note that, there are dirty hacks in this version. If we decide to
go this way, some refactoring in vhost.c/vhost.h may be needed.

PS. The direct mapping of the notify registers isn't implemented
in this version.

[1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/7/9/101

Signed-off-by: Tiwei Bie <tiwei.bie@intel.com>
---
drivers/vhost/Kconfig | 9 +
drivers/vhost/Makefile | 3 +
drivers/vhost/mdev.c | 382 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/vhost_mdev.h | 58 ++++++
include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 2 +
include/uapi/linux/vhost.h | 8 +
6 files changed, 462 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/vhost/mdev.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/vhost_mdev.h

diff --git a/drivers/vhost/Kconfig b/drivers/vhost/Kconfig
index 3d03ccbd1adc..2ba54fcf43b7 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vhost/Kconfig
@@ -34,6 +34,15 @@ config VHOST_VSOCK
To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be called
vhost_vsock.

+config VHOST_MDEV
+ tristate "Hardware vhost accelerator abstraction"
+ depends on EVENTFD && VFIO && VFIO_MDEV
+ select VHOST
+ default n
+ ---help---
+ Say Y here to enable the vhost_mdev module
+ for use with hardware vhost accelerators
+
config VHOST
tristate
---help---
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/Makefile b/drivers/vhost/Makefile
index 6c6df24f770c..ad9c0f8c6d8c 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vhost/Makefile
@@ -10,4 +10,7 @@ vhost_vsock-y := vsock.o

obj-$(CONFIG_VHOST_RING) += vringh.o

+obj-$(CONFIG_VHOST_MDEV) += vhost_mdev.o
+vhost_mdev-y := mdev.o
+
obj-$(CONFIG_VHOST) += vhost.o
diff --git a/drivers/vhost/mdev.c b/drivers/vhost/mdev.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6bef1d9ae2e6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vhost/mdev.c
@@ -0,0 +1,382 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2018-2019 Intel Corporation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/vhost.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+#include <linux/vhost_mdev.h>
+
+#include "vhost.h"
+
+struct vhost_mdev {
+ struct vhost_dev dev;
+ bool opened;
+ int nvqs;
+ u64 state;
+ u64 acked_features;
+ u64 features;
+ const struct vhost_mdev_device_ops *ops;
+ struct mdev_device *mdev;
+ void *private;
+ struct vhost_virtqueue vqs[];
+};
+
+static void handle_vq_kick(struct vhost_work *work)
+{
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vq = container_of(work, struct vhost_virtqueue,
+ poll.work);
+ struct vhost_mdev *vdpa = container_of(vq->dev, struct vhost_mdev, dev);
+
+ vdpa->ops->notify(vdpa, vq - vdpa->vqs);
+}
+
+static int vhost_set_state(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, u64 __user *statep)
+{
+ u64 state;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&state, statep, sizeof(state)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (state >= VHOST_MDEV_S_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (vdpa->state == state)
+ return 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vdpa->dev.mutex);
+
+ vdpa->state = state;
+
+ switch (vdpa->state) {
+ case VHOST_MDEV_S_RUNNING:
+ vdpa->ops->start(vdpa);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_MDEV_S_STOPPED:
+ vdpa->ops->stop(vdpa);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vdpa->dev.mutex);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vhost_set_features(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, u64 __user *featurep)
+{
+ u64 features;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&features, featurep, sizeof(features)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (features & ~vdpa->features)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ vdpa->acked_features = features;
+ vdpa->ops->features_changed(vdpa);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vhost_get_features(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, u64 __user *featurep)
+{
+ if (copy_to_user(featurep, &vdpa->features, sizeof(vdpa->features)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vhost_get_vring_base(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, void __user *argp)
+{
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vq;
+ u32 idx;
+ int r;
+
+ r = get_user(idx, (u32 __user *)argp);
+ if (r < 0)
+ return r;
+
+ vq = &vdpa->vqs[idx];
+ vq->last_avail_idx = vdpa->ops->get_vring_base(vdpa, idx);
+
+ return vhost_vring_ioctl(&vdpa->dev, VHOST_GET_VRING_BASE, argp);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helpers for backend to register mdev.
+ */
+
+struct vhost_mdev *vhost_mdev_alloc(struct mdev_device *mdev, void *private,
+ int nvqs)
+{
+ struct vhost_mdev *vdpa;
+ struct vhost_dev *dev;
+ struct vhost_virtqueue **vqs;
+ size_t size;
+ int i;
+
+ size = sizeof(struct vhost_mdev) + nvqs * sizeof(struct vhost_virtqueue);
+
+ vdpa = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vdpa)
+ return NULL;
+
+ vdpa->nvqs = nvqs;
+
+ vqs = kmalloc_array(nvqs, sizeof(*vqs), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vqs) {
+ kfree(vdpa);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ dev = &vdpa->dev;
+ for (i = 0; i < nvqs; i++) {
+ vqs[i] = &vdpa->vqs[i];
+ vqs[i]->handle_kick = handle_vq_kick;
+ }
+ vhost_dev_init(dev, vqs, nvqs, 0, 0, 0);
+
+ vdpa->private = private;
+ vdpa->mdev = mdev;
+
+ mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, vdpa);
+
+ return vdpa;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_alloc);
+
+void vhost_mdev_free(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa)
+{
+ struct mdev_device *mdev;
+
+ mdev = vdpa->mdev;
+ mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, NULL);
+
+ vhost_dev_stop(&vdpa->dev);
+ vhost_dev_cleanup(&vdpa->dev);
+ kfree(vdpa->dev.vqs);
+ kfree(vdpa);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_free);
+
+ssize_t vhost_mdev_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_read);
+
+
+ssize_t vhost_mdev_write(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_write);
+
+int vhost_mdev_mmap(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ // TODO
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_mmap);
+
+long vhost_mdev_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
+ struct vhost_mdev *vdpa;
+ unsigned long minsz;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!mdev)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ vdpa = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+ if (!vdpa)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case VFIO_DEVICE_GET_INFO:
+ {
+ struct vfio_device_info info;
+
+ minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_device_info, num_irqs);
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz)) {
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (info.argsz < minsz) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ info.flags = VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_VHOST;
+ info.num_regions = 0;
+ info.num_irqs = 0;
+
+ if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz)) {
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ break;
+ }
+ case VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO:
+ case VFIO_DEVICE_GET_IRQ_INFO:
+ case VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS:
+ case VFIO_DEVICE_RESET:
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ break;
+
+ case VHOST_MDEV_SET_STATE:
+ ret = vhost_set_state(vdpa, argp);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_GET_FEATURES:
+ ret = vhost_get_features(vdpa, argp);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_SET_FEATURES:
+ ret = vhost_set_features(vdpa, argp);
+ break;
+ case VHOST_GET_VRING_BASE:
+ ret = vhost_get_vring_base(vdpa, argp);
+ break;
+ default:
+ ret = vhost_dev_ioctl(&vdpa->dev, cmd, argp);
+ if (ret == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
+ ret = vhost_vring_ioctl(&vdpa->dev, cmd, argp);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_ioctl);
+
+int vhost_mdev_open(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct vhost_mdev *vdpa;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ vdpa = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+ if (!vdpa)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vdpa->dev.mutex);
+
+ if (vdpa->opened)
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ else
+ vdpa->opened = true;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vdpa->dev.mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_open);
+
+void vhost_mdev_close(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct vhost_mdev *vdpa;
+
+ vdpa = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ mutex_lock(&vdpa->dev.mutex);
+
+ vhost_dev_stop(&vdpa->dev);
+ vhost_dev_cleanup(&vdpa->dev);
+
+ vdpa->opened = false;
+ mutex_unlock(&vdpa->dev.mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_close);
+
+/*
+ * Helpers for backend to set/get information.
+ */
+
+int vhost_mdev_set_device_ops(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa,
+ const struct vhost_mdev_device_ops *ops)
+{
+ vdpa->ops = ops;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_set_device_ops);
+
+int vhost_mdev_set_features(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, u64 features)
+{
+ vdpa->features = features;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_set_features);
+
+struct eventfd_ctx *
+vhost_mdev_get_call_ctx(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id)
+{
+ return vdpa->vqs[queue_id].call_ctx;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_call_ctx);
+
+int vhost_mdev_get_acked_features(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, u64 *features)
+{
+ *features = vdpa->acked_features;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_acked_features);
+
+int vhost_mdev_get_vring_num(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id, u16 *num)
+{
+ *num = vdpa->vqs[queue_id].num;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_vring_num);
+
+int vhost_mdev_get_vring_base(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id, u16 *base)
+{
+ *base = vdpa->vqs[queue_id].last_avail_idx;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_vring_base);
+
+int vhost_mdev_get_vring_addr(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id,
+ struct vhost_vring_addr *addr)
+{
+ struct vhost_virtqueue *vq = &vdpa->vqs[queue_id];
+
+ /*
+ * XXX: we need userspace to pass guest physical address or
+ * IOVA directly.
+ */
+ addr->flags = vq->log_used ? (0x1 << VHOST_VRING_F_LOG) : 0;
+ addr->desc_user_addr = (__u64)vq->desc;
+ addr->avail_user_addr = (__u64)vq->avail;
+ addr->used_user_addr = (__u64)vq->used;
+ addr->log_guest_addr = (__u64)vq->log_addr;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_vring_addr);
+
+int vhost_mdev_get_log_base(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id,
+ void **log_base, u64 *log_size)
+{
+ // TODO
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_log_base);
+
+struct mdev_device *vhost_mdev_get_mdev(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa)
+{
+ return vdpa->mdev;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_mdev);
+
+void *vhost_mdev_get_private(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa)
+{
+ return vdpa->private;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vhost_mdev_get_private);
+
+MODULE_VERSION("0.0.0");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Hardware vhost accelerator abstraction");
diff --git a/include/linux/vhost_mdev.h b/include/linux/vhost_mdev.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..070787ce6b36
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/vhost_mdev.h
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2018-2019 Intel Corporation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _VHOST_MDEV_H
+#define _VHOST_MDEV_H
+
+struct mdev_device;
+struct vhost_mdev;
+
+typedef int (*vhost_mdev_start_device_t)(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa);
+typedef int (*vhost_mdev_stop_device_t)(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa);
+typedef int (*vhost_mdev_set_features_t)(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa);
+typedef void (*vhost_mdev_notify_device_t)(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id);
+typedef u64 (*vhost_mdev_get_notify_addr_t)(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id);
+typedef u16 (*vhost_mdev_get_vring_base_t)(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id);
+typedef void (*vhost_mdev_features_changed_t)(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa);
+
+struct vhost_mdev_device_ops {
+ vhost_mdev_start_device_t start;
+ vhost_mdev_stop_device_t stop;
+ vhost_mdev_notify_device_t notify;
+ vhost_mdev_get_notify_addr_t get_notify_addr;
+ vhost_mdev_get_vring_base_t get_vring_base;
+ vhost_mdev_features_changed_t features_changed;
+};
+
+struct vhost_mdev *vhost_mdev_alloc(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+ void *private, int nvqs);
+void vhost_mdev_free(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa);
+
+ssize_t vhost_mdev_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
+ssize_t vhost_mdev_write(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
+long vhost_mdev_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg);
+int vhost_mdev_mmap(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+int vhost_mdev_open(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+void vhost_mdev_close(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+
+int vhost_mdev_set_device_ops(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa,
+ const struct vhost_mdev_device_ops *ops);
+int vhost_mdev_set_features(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, u64 features);
+struct eventfd_ctx *vhost_mdev_get_call_ctx(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa,
+ int queue_id);
+int vhost_mdev_get_acked_features(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, u64 *features);
+int vhost_mdev_get_vring_num(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id, u16 *num);
+int vhost_mdev_get_vring_base(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id, u16 *base);
+int vhost_mdev_get_vring_addr(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id,
+ struct vhost_vring_addr *addr);
+int vhost_mdev_get_log_base(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa, int queue_id,
+ void **log_base, u64 *log_size);
+struct mdev_device *vhost_mdev_get_mdev(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa);
+void *vhost_mdev_get_private(struct vhost_mdev *vdpa);
+
+#endif /* _VHOST_MDEV_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
index 8f10748dac79..0300d6831cc5 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
@@ -201,6 +201,7 @@ struct vfio_device_info {
#define VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_AMBA (1 << 3) /* vfio-amba device */
#define VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_CCW (1 << 4) /* vfio-ccw device */
#define VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_AP (1 << 5) /* vfio-ap device */
+#define VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_VHOST (1 << 6) /* vfio-vhost device */
__u32 num_regions; /* Max region index + 1 */
__u32 num_irqs; /* Max IRQ index + 1 */
};
@@ -217,6 +218,7 @@ struct vfio_device_info {
#define VFIO_DEVICE_API_AMBA_STRING "vfio-amba"
#define VFIO_DEVICE_API_CCW_STRING "vfio-ccw"
#define VFIO_DEVICE_API_AP_STRING "vfio-ap"
+#define VFIO_DEVICE_API_VHOST_STRING "vfio-vhost"

/**
* VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO - _IOWR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 8,
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h b/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h
index 40d028eed645..5afbc2f08fa3 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/vhost.h
@@ -116,4 +116,12 @@
#define VHOST_VSOCK_SET_GUEST_CID _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x60, __u64)
#define VHOST_VSOCK_SET_RUNNING _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x61, int)

+/* VHOST_MDEV specific defines */
+
+#define VHOST_MDEV_SET_STATE _IOW(VHOST_VIRTIO, 0x70, __u64)
+
+#define VHOST_MDEV_S_STOPPED 0
+#define VHOST_MDEV_S_RUNNING 1
+#define VHOST_MDEV_S_MAX 2
+
#endif
--
2.17.1
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