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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm: vmscan: do not share cgroup iteration between reclaimers
On Tue, Aug 13, 2019 at 6:29 AM Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon 12-08-19 15:23:16, Johannes Weiner wrote:
> > One of our services observed a high rate of cgroup OOM kills in the
> > presence of large amounts of clean cache. Debugging showed that the
> > culprit is the shared cgroup iteration in page reclaim.
> >
> > Under high allocation concurrency, multiple threads enter reclaim at
> > the same time. Fearing overreclaim when we first switched from the
> > single global LRU to cgrouped LRU lists, we introduced a shared
> > iteration state for reclaim invocations - whether 1 or 20 reclaimers
> > are active concurrently, we only walk the cgroup tree once: the 1st
> > reclaimer reclaims the first cgroup, the second the second one etc.
> > With more reclaimers than cgroups, we start another walk from the top.
> >
> > This sounded reasonable at the time, but the problem is that reclaim
> > concurrency doesn't scale with allocation concurrency. As reclaim
> > concurrency increases, the amount of memory individual reclaimers get
> > to scan gets smaller and smaller. Individual reclaimers may only see
> > one cgroup per cycle, and that may not have much reclaimable
> > memory. We see individual reclaimers declare OOM when there is plenty
> > of reclaimable memory available in cgroups they didn't visit.
> >
> > This patch does away with the shared iterator, and every reclaimer is
> > allowed to scan the full cgroup tree and see all of reclaimable
> > memory, just like it would on a non-cgrouped system. This way, when
> > OOM is declared, we know that the reclaimer actually had a chance.
> >
> > To still maintain fairness in reclaim pressure, disallow cgroup
> > reclaim from bailing out of the tree walk early. Kswapd and regular
> > direct reclaim already don't bail, so it's not clear why limit reclaim
> > would have to, especially since it only walks subtrees to begin with.
>
> The code does bail out on any direct reclaim - be it limit or page
> allocator triggered. Check the !current_is_kswapd part of the condition.

Yes, please see commit 2bb0f34fe3c1 ("mm: vmscan: do not iterate all
mem cgroups for global direct reclaim")

>
> > This change completely eliminates the OOM kills on our service, while
> > showing no signs of overreclaim - no increased scan rates, %sys time,
> > or abrupt free memory spikes. I tested across 100 machines that have
> > 64G of RAM and host about 300 cgroups each.
>
> What is the usual direct reclaim involvement on those machines?
>
> > [ It's possible overreclaim never was a *practical* issue to begin
> > with - it was simply a concern we had on the mailing lists at the
> > time, with no real data to back it up. But we have also added more
> > bail-out conditions deeper inside reclaim (e.g. the proportional
> > exit in shrink_node_memcg) since. Regardless, now we have data that
> > suggests full walks are more reliable and scale just fine. ]
>
> I do not see how shrink_node_memcg bail out helps here. We do scan up-to
> SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX pages for each LRU at least once. So we are getting to
> nr_memcgs_with_pages multiplier with the patch applied in the worst case.
>
> How much that matters is another question and it depends on the
> number of cgroups and the rate the direct reclaim happens. I do not
> remember exact numbers but even walking a very large memcg tree was
> noticeable.

I'm concerned by this too. It might be ok to cgroup v2, but v1 still
dominates. And, considering offline memcgs it might be not unusual to
have quite large memcg tree.

>
> For the over reclaim part SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX is a relatively small number
> so even hundreds of memcgs on a "reasonably" sized system shouldn't be
> really observable (we are talking about 7MB per reclaim per reclaimer on
> 1k memcgs with pages). This would get worse with many reclaimers. Maybe
> we will need something like the regular direct reclaim throttling of
> mmemcg limit reclaim as well in the future.
>
> That being said, I do agree that the oom side of the coin is causing
> real troubles and it is a real problem to be addressed first. Especially with
> cgroup v2 where we have likely more memcgs without any pages because
> inner nodes do not have any tasks and direct charges which makes some
> reclaimers hit memcgs without pages more likely.
>
> Let's see whether we see regression due to over-reclaim.
>
> > Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
>
> With the direct reclaim bail out reference fixed - unless I am wrong
> there of course
>
> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>
> It is sad to see this piece of fun not being used after that many years
> of bugs here and there and all the lockless fun but this is the life
> ;)
>
> > ---
> > mm/vmscan.c | 22 ++--------------------
> > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> > index dbdc46a84f63..b2f10fa49c88 100644
> > --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> > +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> > @@ -2667,10 +2667,6 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc)
> >
> > do {
> > struct mem_cgroup *root = sc->target_mem_cgroup;
> > - struct mem_cgroup_reclaim_cookie reclaim = {
> > - .pgdat = pgdat,
> > - .priority = sc->priority,
> > - };
> > unsigned long node_lru_pages = 0;
> > struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
> >
> > @@ -2679,7 +2675,7 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc)
> > nr_reclaimed = sc->nr_reclaimed;
> > nr_scanned = sc->nr_scanned;
> >
> > - memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(root, NULL, &reclaim);
> > + memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(root, NULL, NULL);
> > do {
> > unsigned long lru_pages;
> > unsigned long reclaimed;
> > @@ -2724,21 +2720,7 @@ static bool shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc)
> > sc->nr_scanned - scanned,
> > sc->nr_reclaimed - reclaimed);
> >
> > - /*
> > - * Kswapd have to scan all memory cgroups to fulfill
> > - * the overall scan target for the node.
> > - *
> > - * Limit reclaim, on the other hand, only cares about
> > - * nr_to_reclaim pages to be reclaimed and it will
> > - * retry with decreasing priority if one round over the
> > - * whole hierarchy is not sufficient.
> > - */
> > - if (!current_is_kswapd() &&
> > - sc->nr_reclaimed >= sc->nr_to_reclaim) {
> > - mem_cgroup_iter_break(root, memcg);
> > - break;
> > - }
> > - } while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(root, memcg, &reclaim)));
> > + } while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(root, memcg, NULL)));
> >
> > if (reclaim_state) {
> > sc->nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab;
> > --
> > 2.22.0
>
> --
> Michal Hocko
> SUSE Labs
>

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