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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC tip/core/rcu 14/14] rcu/nohz: Make multi_cpu_stop() enable tick on all online CPUs
On Tue, Aug 13, 2019 at 02:30:19PM +0200, Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 04:23:16PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 11:02:33PM +0200, Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> > > On Fri, Aug 02, 2019 at 08:15:01AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > Looks like it's not the right fix but, should you ever need to set an
> > > all-CPUs (system wide) tick dependency in the future, you can use tick_set_dep().
> >
> > Indeed, I have dropped this patch, but I now do something similar in
> > RCU's CPU-hotplug notifiers. Which does have an effect, especially on
> > the system that isn't subject to the insane-latency cpu_relax().
> >
> > Plus I am having to put a similar workaround into RCU's quiescent-state
> > forcing logic.
> >
> > But how should this really be done?
> >
> > Isn't there some sort of monitoring of nohz_full CPUs for accounting
> > purposes? If so, would it make sense for this monitoring to check for
> > long-duration kernel execution and enable the tick in this case? The
> > RCU dyntick machinery can be used to remotely detect the long-duration
> > kernel execution using something like the following:
> >
> > int nohz_in_kernel_snap = rcu_dynticks_snap_cpu(cpu);
> >
> > ...
> >
> > if (rcu_dynticks_in_eqs_cpu(cpu, nohz_in_kernel_snap)
> > nohz_in_kernel_snap = rcu_dynticks_snap_cpu(cpu);
> > else
> > /* Turn on the tick! */
> >
> > I would supply rcu_dynticks_snap_cpu() and rcu_dynticks_in_eqs_cpu(),
> > which would be simple wrappers around RCU's private rcu_dynticks_snap()
> > and rcu_dynticks_in_eqs() functions.
> >
> > Would this make sense as a general solution, or am I missing a corner
> > case or three?
>
> Oh I see. Until now we considered than running into the kernel (between user/guest/idle)
> is supposed to be short but there can be specific places where it doesn't apply.
>
> I'm wondering if, more than just providing wrappers, this shouldn't be entirely
> driven by RCU using the tick_set_dep_cpu()/tick_clear_dep_cpu() at appropriate timings.
>
> I don't want to sound like I'm trying to put all the work on you :p It's just that
> the tick shouldn't know much about RCU, it's rather RCU that is a client for the tick and
> is probably better suited to determine when a CPU becomes annoying with its extended grace
> period.
>
> Arming a CPU timer could also be an alternative to tick_set_dep_cpu() for that.
>
> What do you think?

Left to itself, RCU would take action only when a given nohz_full
in-kernel CPU was delaying a grace period, which is what the (lightly
tested) patch below is supposed to help with. If that is all that is
needed, well and good!

But should we need long-running in-kernel nohz_full CPUs to turn on
their ticks when they are not blocking an RCU grace period, for example,
when RCU is idle, more will be needed. To that point, isn't there some
sort of monitoring that checks up on nohz_full CPUs ever second or so?
If so, perhaps that monitoring could periodically invoke an RCU function
that I provide for deciding when to turn the tick on. We would also need
to work out how to turn the tick off in a timely fashion once the CPU got
out of kernel mode, perhaps in rcu_user_enter() or rcu_nmi_exit_common().

If this would be called only every second or so, the separate grace-period
checking is still needed for its shorter timespan, though.

Thoughts?

Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

commit 1cb89508804f6f2fdb79a1be032b1932d52318c4
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
Date: Mon Aug 12 16:14:00 2019 -0700

rcu: Force tick on for nohz_full CPUs not reaching quiescent states

CPUs running for long time periods in the kernel in nohz_full mode
might leave the scheduling-clock interrupt disabled for then full
duration of their in-kernel execution. This can (among other things)
delay grace periods. This commit therefore forces the tick back on
for any nohz_full CPU that is failing to pass through a quiescent state
upon return from interrupt, which the resched_cpu() will induce.

Reported-by: Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 8c494a692728..8b8f5bffdc5a 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -651,6 +651,12 @@ static __always_inline void rcu_nmi_exit_common(bool irq)
*/
if (rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting != 1) {
trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("--="), rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting - 2, rdp->dynticks);
+ if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(rdp->cpu) &&
+ rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting == 2 &&
+ rdp->rcu_urgent_qs && !rdp->rcu_forced_tick) {
+ rdp->rcu_forced_tick = true;
+ tick_dep_set_cpu(rdp->cpu, TICK_DEP_MASK_RCU);
+ }
WRITE_ONCE(rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, /* No store tearing. */
rdp->dynticks_nmi_nesting - 2);
return;
@@ -886,6 +892,16 @@ void rcu_irq_enter_irqson(void)
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

+/*
+ * If the scheduler-clock interrupt was enabled on a nohz_full CPU
+ * in order to get to a quiescent state, disable it.
+ */
+void rcu_disable_tick_upon_qs(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ if (tick_nohz_full_cpu(rdp->cpu) && rdp->rcu_forced_tick)
+ tick_dep_clear_cpu(rdp->cpu, TICK_DEP_MASK_RCU);
+}
+
/**
* rcu_is_watching - see if RCU thinks that the current CPU is not idle
*
@@ -1980,6 +1996,7 @@ rcu_report_qs_rdp(int cpu, struct rcu_data *rdp)
if (!offloaded)
needwake = rcu_accelerate_cbs(rnp, rdp);

+ rcu_disable_tick_upon_qs(rdp);
rcu_report_qs_rnp(mask, rnp, rnp->gp_seq, flags);
/* ^^^ Released rnp->lock */
if (needwake)
@@ -2269,6 +2286,7 @@ static void force_qs_rnp(int (*f)(struct rcu_data *rdp))
int cpu;
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long mask;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
struct rcu_node *rnp;

rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rnp) {
@@ -2293,8 +2311,11 @@ static void force_qs_rnp(int (*f)(struct rcu_data *rdp))
for_each_leaf_node_possible_cpu(rnp, cpu) {
unsigned long bit = leaf_node_cpu_bit(rnp, cpu);
if ((rnp->qsmask & bit) != 0) {
- if (f(per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu)))
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(&rcu_data, cpu);
+ if (f(rdp)) {
mask |= bit;
+ rcu_disable_tick_upon_qs(rdp);
+ }
}
}
if (mask != 0) {
@@ -2322,7 +2343,7 @@ void rcu_force_quiescent_state(void)
rnp = __this_cpu_read(rcu_data.mynode);
for (; rnp != NULL; rnp = rnp->parent) {
ret = (READ_ONCE(rcu_state.gp_flags) & RCU_GP_FLAG_FQS) ||
- !raw_spin_trylock(&rnp->fqslock);
+ !raw_spin_trylock(&rnp->fqslock);
if (rnp_old != NULL)
raw_spin_unlock(&rnp_old->fqslock);
if (ret)
@@ -2855,7 +2876,7 @@ static void rcu_barrier_callback(struct rcu_head *rhp)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rcu_state.barrier_cpu_count)) {
rcu_barrier_trace(TPS("LastCB"), -1,
- rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
+ rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
complete(&rcu_state.barrier_completion);
} else {
rcu_barrier_trace(TPS("CB"), -1, rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
@@ -2879,7 +2900,7 @@ static void rcu_barrier_func(void *unused)
} else {
debug_rcu_head_unqueue(&rdp->barrier_head);
rcu_barrier_trace(TPS("IRQNQ"), -1,
- rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
+ rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
}
rcu_nocb_unlock(rdp);
}
@@ -2906,7 +2927,7 @@ void rcu_barrier(void)
/* Did someone else do our work for us? */
if (rcu_seq_done(&rcu_state.barrier_sequence, s)) {
rcu_barrier_trace(TPS("EarlyExit"), -1,
- rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
+ rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
smp_mb(); /* caller's subsequent code after above check. */
mutex_unlock(&rcu_state.barrier_mutex);
return;
@@ -2938,11 +2959,11 @@ void rcu_barrier(void)
continue;
if (rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist)) {
rcu_barrier_trace(TPS("OnlineQ"), cpu,
- rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
+ rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
smp_call_function_single(cpu, rcu_barrier_func, NULL, 1);
} else {
rcu_barrier_trace(TPS("OnlineNQ"), cpu,
- rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
+ rcu_state.barrier_sequence);
}
}
put_online_cpus();
@@ -3168,6 +3189,7 @@ void rcu_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
rdp->rcu_onl_gp_seq = READ_ONCE(rcu_state.gp_seq);
rdp->rcu_onl_gp_flags = READ_ONCE(rcu_state.gp_flags);
if (rnp->qsmask & mask) { /* RCU waiting on incoming CPU? */
+ rcu_disable_tick_upon_qs(rdp);
/* Report QS -after- changing ->qsmaskinitnext! */
rcu_report_qs_rnp(mask, rnp, rnp->gp_seq, flags);
} else {
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.h b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
index c612f306fe89..055c31781d3a 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
@@ -181,6 +181,7 @@ struct rcu_data {
atomic_t dynticks; /* Even value for idle, else odd. */
bool rcu_need_heavy_qs; /* GP old, so heavy quiescent state! */
bool rcu_urgent_qs; /* GP old need light quiescent state. */
+ bool rcu_forced_tick; /* Forced tick to provide QS. */
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
bool all_lazy; /* All CPU's CBs lazy at idle start? */
unsigned long last_accelerate; /* Last jiffy CBs were accelerated. */
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