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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.19 31/68] driver core: Fix use-after-free and double free on glue directory
Date
From: Muchun Song <smuchun@gmail.com>

[ Upstream commit ac43432cb1f5c2950408534987e57c2071e24d8f ]

There is a race condition between removing glue directory and adding a new
device under the glue dir. It can be reproduced in following test:

CPU1: CPU2:

device_add()
get_device_parent()
class_dir_create_and_add()
kobject_add_internal()
create_dir() // create glue_dir

device_add()
get_device_parent()
kobject_get() // get glue_dir

device_del()
cleanup_glue_dir()
kobject_del(glue_dir)

kobject_add()
kobject_add_internal()
create_dir() // in glue_dir
sysfs_create_dir_ns()
kernfs_create_dir_ns(sd)

sysfs_remove_dir() // glue_dir->sd=NULL
sysfs_put() // free glue_dir->sd

// sd is freed
kernfs_new_node(sd)
kernfs_get(glue_dir)
kernfs_add_one()
kernfs_put()

Before CPU1 remove last child device under glue dir, if CPU2 add a new
device under glue dir, the glue_dir kobject reference count will be
increase to 2 via kobject_get() in get_device_parent(). And CPU2 has
been called kernfs_create_dir_ns(), but not call kernfs_new_node().
Meanwhile, CPU1 call sysfs_remove_dir() and sysfs_put(). This result in
glue_dir->sd is freed and it's reference count will be 0. Then CPU2 call
kernfs_get(glue_dir) will trigger a warning in kernfs_get() and increase
it's reference count to 1. Because glue_dir->sd is freed by CPU1, the next
call kernfs_add_one() by CPU2 will fail(This is also use-after-free)
and call kernfs_put() to decrease reference count. Because the reference
count is decremented to 0, it will also call kmem_cache_free() to free
the glue_dir->sd again. This will result in double free.

In order to avoid this happening, we also should make sure that kernfs_node
for glue_dir is released in CPU1 only when refcount for glue_dir kobj is
1 to fix this race.

The following calltrace is captured in kernel 4.14 with the following patch
applied:

commit 726e41097920 ("drivers: core: Remove glue dirs from sysfs earlier")

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
[ 3.633703] WARNING: CPU: 4 PID: 513 at .../fs/kernfs/dir.c:494
Here is WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&kn->count) in kernfs_get().
....
[ 3.633986] Call trace:
[ 3.633991] kernfs_create_dir_ns+0xa8/0xb0
[ 3.633994] sysfs_create_dir_ns+0x54/0xe8
[ 3.634001] kobject_add_internal+0x22c/0x3f0
[ 3.634005] kobject_add+0xe4/0x118
[ 3.634011] device_add+0x200/0x870
[ 3.634017] _request_firmware+0x958/0xc38
[ 3.634020] request_firmware_into_buf+0x4c/0x70
....
[ 3.634064] kernel BUG at .../mm/slub.c:294!
Here is BUG_ON(object == fp) in set_freepointer().
....
[ 3.634346] Call trace:
[ 3.634351] kmem_cache_free+0x504/0x6b8
[ 3.634355] kernfs_put+0x14c/0x1d8
[ 3.634359] kernfs_create_dir_ns+0x88/0xb0
[ 3.634362] sysfs_create_dir_ns+0x54/0xe8
[ 3.634366] kobject_add_internal+0x22c/0x3f0
[ 3.634370] kobject_add+0xe4/0x118
[ 3.634374] device_add+0x200/0x870
[ 3.634378] _request_firmware+0x958/0xc38
[ 3.634381] request_firmware_into_buf+0x4c/0x70
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fixes: 726e41097920 ("drivers: core: Remove glue dirs from sysfs earlier")
Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <smuchun@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Mukesh Ojha <mojha@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Prateek Sood <prsood@codeaurora.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20190727032122.24639-1-smuchun@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
drivers/base/core.c | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 52 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/core.c b/drivers/base/core.c
index e1a8d5c06f65e..fcda6313e7def 100644
--- a/drivers/base/core.c
+++ b/drivers/base/core.c
@@ -1648,12 +1648,63 @@ static inline struct kobject *get_glue_dir(struct device *dev)
*/
static void cleanup_glue_dir(struct device *dev, struct kobject *glue_dir)
{
+ unsigned int ref;
+
/* see if we live in a "glue" directory */
if (!live_in_glue_dir(glue_dir, dev))
return;

mutex_lock(&gdp_mutex);
- if (!kobject_has_children(glue_dir))
+ /**
+ * There is a race condition between removing glue directory
+ * and adding a new device under the glue directory.
+ *
+ * CPU1: CPU2:
+ *
+ * device_add()
+ * get_device_parent()
+ * class_dir_create_and_add()
+ * kobject_add_internal()
+ * create_dir() // create glue_dir
+ *
+ * device_add()
+ * get_device_parent()
+ * kobject_get() // get glue_dir
+ *
+ * device_del()
+ * cleanup_glue_dir()
+ * kobject_del(glue_dir)
+ *
+ * kobject_add()
+ * kobject_add_internal()
+ * create_dir() // in glue_dir
+ * sysfs_create_dir_ns()
+ * kernfs_create_dir_ns(sd)
+ *
+ * sysfs_remove_dir() // glue_dir->sd=NULL
+ * sysfs_put() // free glue_dir->sd
+ *
+ * // sd is freed
+ * kernfs_new_node(sd)
+ * kernfs_get(glue_dir)
+ * kernfs_add_one()
+ * kernfs_put()
+ *
+ * Before CPU1 remove last child device under glue dir, if CPU2 add
+ * a new device under glue dir, the glue_dir kobject reference count
+ * will be increase to 2 in kobject_get(k). And CPU2 has been called
+ * kernfs_create_dir_ns(). Meanwhile, CPU1 call sysfs_remove_dir()
+ * and sysfs_put(). This result in glue_dir->sd is freed.
+ *
+ * Then the CPU2 will see a stale "empty" but still potentially used
+ * glue dir around in kernfs_new_node().
+ *
+ * In order to avoid this happening, we also should make sure that
+ * kernfs_node for glue_dir is released in CPU1 only when refcount
+ * for glue_dir kobj is 1.
+ */
+ ref = kref_read(&glue_dir->kref);
+ if (!kobject_has_children(glue_dir) && !--ref)
kobject_del(glue_dir);
kobject_put(glue_dir);
mutex_unlock(&gdp_mutex);
--
2.20.1
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