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Subject[PATCH RFC v2] ubi: ubi_wl_get_peb: Increase the number of attempts while getting PEB
Running stress test io_paral (A pressure ubi test in mtd-utils) on an
UBI device with fewer PEBs (fastmap enabled) may cause ENOSPC errors and
make UBI device read-only, but there are still free PEBs on the UBI
device. This problem can be easily reproduced by performing the following
steps on a 2-core machine:
$ modprobe nandsim first_id_byte=0x20 second_id_byte=0x33 parts=80
$ modprobe ubi mtd="0,0" fm_autoconvert
$ ./io_paral /dev/ubi0

We may see the following verbose:
[io_paral] update_volume():108: failed to write 380 bytes at offset
95920 of volume 2
[io_paral] update_volume():109: update: 97088 bytes
[io_paral] write_thread():227: function pwrite() failed with error 28
(No space left on device)
[io_paral] write_thread():229: cannot write 15872 bytes to offs 31744,
wrote -1
ubi0 error: ubi_wl_get_peb [ubi]: Unable to get a free PEB from user WL
ubi0 warning: ubi_eba_write_leb [ubi]: switch to read-only mode
CPU: 0 PID: 2027 Comm: io_paral Not tainted 5.3.0-rc2-00001-g5986cd0 #9
ubi0 warning: try_write_vid_and_data [ubi]: failed to write VID header
to LEB 2:5, PEB 18
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.12.0 04/01/2014
Call Trace:
ubi_eba_write_leb+0xa1e/0xa40 [ubi]
vol_cdev_write+0x307/0x520 [ubi]

In function ubi_wl_get_peb, the operation of filling the pool
(ubi_update_fastmap) with free PEBs and fetching a free PEB from the pool
is not atomic. After thread A filling the pool with free PEB, free PEB may
be taken away by thread B. When thread A checks the expression again, the
condition is still unsatisfactory. At this time, there may still be free
PEBs on UBI that can be filled into the pool.

This patch increases the number of attempts to obtain PEB. An extreme
case (No free PEBs left after creating test volumes) has been tested on
different type of machines for 100 times. The biggest number of attempts
are shown below:

x86_64 arm64
2-core 4 4
4-core 8 4
8-core 4 4

Signed-off-by: Zhihao Cheng <>
drivers/mtd/ubi/fastmap-wl.c | 6 +++---
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/ubi/fastmap-wl.c b/drivers/mtd/ubi/fastmap-wl.c
index d9e2e3a..c44c847 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/ubi/fastmap-wl.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/ubi/fastmap-wl.c
@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ static int produce_free_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi)
int ubi_wl_get_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi)
- int ret, retried = 0;
+ int ret, attempts = 0;
struct ubi_fm_pool *pool = &ubi->fm_pool;
struct ubi_fm_pool *wl_pool = &ubi->fm_wl_pool;

@@ -221,12 +221,12 @@ int ubi_wl_get_peb(struct ubi_device *ubi)

if (pool->used == pool->size) {
- if (retried) {
+ attempts++;
+ if (attempts == 10) {
ubi_err(ubi, "Unable to get a free PEB from user WL pool");
ret = -ENOSPC;
goto out;
- retried = 1;
ret = produce_free_peb(ubi);
if (ret < 0) {
 \ /
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