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Subject[PATCH 01/34] mm/gup: add make_dirty arg to put_user_pages_dirty_lock()
Date
From: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>

Provide more capable variation of put_user_pages_dirty_lock(),
and delete put_user_pages_dirty(). This is based on the
following:

1. Lots of call sites become simpler if a bool is passed
into put_user_page*(), instead of making the call site
choose which put_user_page*() variant to call.

2. Christoph Hellwig's observation that set_page_dirty_lock()
is usually correct, and set_page_dirty() is usually a
bug, or at least questionable, within a put_user_page*()
calling chain.

This leads to the following API choices:

* put_user_pages_dirty_lock(page, npages, make_dirty)

* There is no put_user_pages_dirty(). You have to
hand code that, in the rare case that it's
required.

Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
---
drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c | 5 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c | 5 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c | 5 +-
drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c | 5 +-
drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c | 10 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 5 +-
mm/gup.c | 115 +++++++++------------
7 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 92 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
index 08da840ed7ee..965cf9dea71a 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/core/umem.c
@@ -54,10 +54,7 @@ static void __ib_umem_release(struct ib_device *dev, struct ib_umem *umem, int d

for_each_sg_page(umem->sg_head.sgl, &sg_iter, umem->sg_nents, 0) {
page = sg_page_iter_page(&sg_iter);
- if (umem->writable && dirty)
- put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1);
- else
- put_user_page(page);
+ put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, umem->writable && dirty);
}

sg_free_table(&umem->sg_head);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
index b89a9b9aef7a..469acb961fbd 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/user_pages.c
@@ -118,10 +118,7 @@ int hfi1_acquire_user_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, size_t np
void hfi1_release_user_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, struct page **p,
size_t npages, bool dirty)
{
- if (dirty)
- put_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, npages);
- else
- put_user_pages(p, npages);
+ put_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, npages, dirty);

if (mm) { /* during close after signal, mm can be NULL */
atomic64_sub(npages, &mm->pinned_vm);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
index bfbfbb7e0ff4..6bf764e41891 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_user_pages.c
@@ -40,10 +40,7 @@
static void __qib_release_user_pages(struct page **p, size_t num_pages,
int dirty)
{
- if (dirty)
- put_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, num_pages);
- else
- put_user_pages(p, num_pages);
+ put_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, num_pages, dirty);
}

/**
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c b/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
index 0b0237d41613..62e6ffa9ad78 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/hw/usnic/usnic_uiom.c
@@ -75,10 +75,7 @@ static void usnic_uiom_put_pages(struct list_head *chunk_list, int dirty)
for_each_sg(chunk->page_list, sg, chunk->nents, i) {
page = sg_page(sg);
pa = sg_phys(sg);
- if (dirty)
- put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1);
- else
- put_user_page(page);
+ put_user_pages_dirty_lock(&page, 1, dirty);
usnic_dbg("pa: %pa\n", &pa);
}
kfree(chunk);
diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
index 67171c82b0c4..ab83a9cec562 100644
--- a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
+++ b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_mem.c
@@ -63,15 +63,7 @@ struct siw_mem *siw_mem_id2obj(struct siw_device *sdev, int stag_index)
static void siw_free_plist(struct siw_page_chunk *chunk, int num_pages,
bool dirty)
{
- struct page **p = chunk->plist;
-
- while (num_pages--) {
- if (!PageDirty(*p) && dirty)
- put_user_pages_dirty_lock(p, 1);
- else
- put_user_page(*p);
- p++;
- }
+ put_user_pages_dirty_lock(chunk->plist, num_pages, dirty);
}

void siw_umem_release(struct siw_umem *umem, bool dirty)
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 0334ca97c584..9759b6a24420 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1057,8 +1057,9 @@ static inline void put_user_page(struct page *page)
put_page(page);
}

-void put_user_pages_dirty(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages);
-void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages);
+void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
+ bool make_dirty);
+
void put_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages);

#if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP)
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 98f13ab37bac..7fefd7ab02c4 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -29,85 +29,70 @@ struct follow_page_context {
unsigned int page_mask;
};

-typedef int (*set_dirty_func_t)(struct page *page);
-
-static void __put_user_pages_dirty(struct page **pages,
- unsigned long npages,
- set_dirty_func_t sdf)
-{
- unsigned long index;
-
- for (index = 0; index < npages; index++) {
- struct page *page = compound_head(pages[index]);
-
- /*
- * Checking PageDirty at this point may race with
- * clear_page_dirty_for_io(), but that's OK. Two key cases:
- *
- * 1) This code sees the page as already dirty, so it skips
- * the call to sdf(). That could happen because
- * clear_page_dirty_for_io() called page_mkclean(),
- * followed by set_page_dirty(). However, now the page is
- * going to get written back, which meets the original
- * intention of setting it dirty, so all is well:
- * clear_page_dirty_for_io() goes on to call
- * TestClearPageDirty(), and write the page back.
- *
- * 2) This code sees the page as clean, so it calls sdf().
- * The page stays dirty, despite being written back, so it
- * gets written back again in the next writeback cycle.
- * This is harmless.
- */
- if (!PageDirty(page))
- sdf(page);
-
- put_user_page(page);
- }
-}
-
/**
- * put_user_pages_dirty() - release and dirty an array of gup-pinned pages
- * @pages: array of pages to be marked dirty and released.
+ * put_user_pages_dirty_lock() - release and optionally dirty gup-pinned pages
+ * @pages: array of pages to be maybe marked dirty, and definitely released.
* @npages: number of pages in the @pages array.
+ * @make_dirty: whether to mark the pages dirty
*
* "gup-pinned page" refers to a page that has had one of the get_user_pages()
* variants called on that page.
*
* For each page in the @pages array, make that page (or its head page, if a
- * compound page) dirty, if it was previously listed as clean. Then, release
- * the page using put_user_page().
+ * compound page) dirty, if @make_dirty is true, and if the page was previously
+ * listed as clean. In any case, releases all pages using put_user_page(),
+ * possibly via put_user_pages(), for the non-dirty case.
*
* Please see the put_user_page() documentation for details.
*
- * set_page_dirty(), which does not lock the page, is used here.
- * Therefore, it is the caller's responsibility to ensure that this is
- * safe. If not, then put_user_pages_dirty_lock() should be called instead.
+ * set_page_dirty_lock() is used internally. If instead, set_page_dirty() is
+ * required, then the caller should a) verify that this is really correct,
+ * because _lock() is usually required, and b) hand code it:
+ * set_page_dirty_lock(), put_user_page().
*
*/
-void put_user_pages_dirty(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages)
+void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages,
+ bool make_dirty)
{
- __put_user_pages_dirty(pages, npages, set_page_dirty);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_user_pages_dirty);
+ unsigned long index;

-/**
- * put_user_pages_dirty_lock() - release and dirty an array of gup-pinned pages
- * @pages: array of pages to be marked dirty and released.
- * @npages: number of pages in the @pages array.
- *
- * For each page in the @pages array, make that page (or its head page, if a
- * compound page) dirty, if it was previously listed as clean. Then, release
- * the page using put_user_page().
- *
- * Please see the put_user_page() documentation for details.
- *
- * This is just like put_user_pages_dirty(), except that it invokes
- * set_page_dirty_lock(), instead of set_page_dirty().
- *
- */
-void put_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages)
-{
- __put_user_pages_dirty(pages, npages, set_page_dirty_lock);
+ /*
+ * TODO: this can be optimized for huge pages: if a series of pages is
+ * physically contiguous and part of the same compound page, then a
+ * single operation to the head page should suffice.
+ */
+
+ if (!make_dirty) {
+ put_user_pages(pages, npages);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ for (index = 0; index < npages; index++) {
+ struct page *page = compound_head(pages[index]);
+ /*
+ * Checking PageDirty at this point may race with
+ * clear_page_dirty_for_io(), but that's OK. Two key
+ * cases:
+ *
+ * 1) This code sees the page as already dirty, so it
+ * skips the call to set_page_dirty(). That could happen
+ * because clear_page_dirty_for_io() called
+ * page_mkclean(), followed by set_page_dirty().
+ * However, now the page is going to get written back,
+ * which meets the original intention of setting it
+ * dirty, so all is well: clear_page_dirty_for_io() goes
+ * on to call TestClearPageDirty(), and write the page
+ * back.
+ *
+ * 2) This code sees the page as clean, so it calls
+ * set_page_dirty(). The page stays dirty, despite being
+ * written back, so it gets written back again in the
+ * next writeback cycle. This is harmless.
+ */
+ if (!PageDirty(page))
+ set_page_dirty_lock(page);
+ put_user_page(page);
+ }
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_user_pages_dirty_lock);

--
2.22.0
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