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Subject[GIT pull] x86/kdump for 5.3-rc1
Linus,

please pull the latest x86-kdump-for-linus git tree from:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git x86-kdump-for-linus

up to: 4eb5fec31e61: fs/proc/vmcore: Enable dumping of encrypted memory when SEV was active

Yet more kexec/kdump updates:

- Properly support kexec when AMD's memory encryption (SME) is enabled

- Pass reserved e820 ranges to the kexec kernel so both PCI and SME can
work.



Thanks,

tglx

------------------>
Lianbo Jiang (6):
x86/e820, ioport: Add a new I/O resource descriptor IORES_DESC_RESERVED
x86/mm: Rework ioremap resource mapping determination
x86/crash: Add e820 reserved ranges to kdump kernel's e820 table
x86/kexec: Do not map kexec area as decrypted when SEV is active
x86/kexec: Set the C-bit in the identity map page table when SEV is active
fs/proc/vmcore: Enable dumping of encrypted memory when SEV was active

Thomas Lendacky (2):
x86/mm: Identify the end of the kernel area to be reserved
x86/mm: Create a workarea in the kernel for SME early encryption


arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/kernel/crash.c | 6 ++++
arch/x86/kernel/e820.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 31 +++++++++++++++--
arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 8 ++++-
arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 34 +++++++++++++++++-
arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c | 71 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c | 22 ++++++++++--
fs/proc/vmcore.c | 6 ++--
include/linux/ioport.h | 10 ++++++
10 files changed, 155 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h
index 8ea1cfdbeabc..71b32f2570ab 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h
@@ -13,4 +13,6 @@ extern char __end_rodata_aligned[];
extern char __end_rodata_hpage_align[];
#endif

+extern char __end_of_kernel_reserve[];
+
#endif /* _ASM_X86_SECTIONS_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c b/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
index 576b2e1bfc12..32c956705b8e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
@@ -381,6 +381,12 @@ int crash_setup_memmap_entries(struct kimage *image, struct boot_params *params)
walk_iomem_res_desc(IORES_DESC_ACPI_NV_STORAGE, flags, 0, -1, &cmd,
memmap_entry_callback);

+ /* Add e820 reserved ranges */
+ cmd.type = E820_TYPE_RESERVED;
+ flags = IORESOURCE_MEM;
+ walk_iomem_res_desc(IORES_DESC_RESERVED, flags, 0, -1, &cmd,
+ memmap_entry_callback);
+
/* Add crashk_low_res region */
if (crashk_low_res.end) {
ei.addr = crashk_low_res.start;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
index 8f32e705a980..e69408bf664b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
@@ -1063,10 +1063,10 @@ static unsigned long __init e820_type_to_iores_desc(struct e820_entry *entry)
case E820_TYPE_NVS: return IORES_DESC_ACPI_NV_STORAGE;
case E820_TYPE_PMEM: return IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY;
case E820_TYPE_PRAM: return IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY_LEGACY;
+ case E820_TYPE_RESERVED: return IORES_DESC_RESERVED;
case E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN: /* Fall-through: */
case E820_TYPE_RAM: /* Fall-through: */
case E820_TYPE_UNUSABLE: /* Fall-through: */
- case E820_TYPE_RESERVED: /* Fall-through: */
default: return IORES_DESC_NONE;
}
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
index ceba408ea982..16c37fe489bc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
@@ -50,12 +50,13 @@ static void free_transition_pgtable(struct kimage *image)

static int init_transition_pgtable(struct kimage *image, pgd_t *pgd)
{
+ pgprot_t prot = PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC_NOENC;
+ unsigned long vaddr, paddr;
+ int result = -ENOMEM;
p4d_t *p4d;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *pte;
- unsigned long vaddr, paddr;
- int result = -ENOMEM;

vaddr = (unsigned long)relocate_kernel;
paddr = __pa(page_address(image->control_code_page)+PAGE_SIZE);
@@ -92,7 +93,11 @@ static int init_transition_pgtable(struct kimage *image, pgd_t *pgd)
set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _KERNPG_TABLE));
}
pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr);
- set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC_NOENC));
+
+ if (sev_active())
+ prot = PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC;
+
+ set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot));
return 0;
err:
return result;
@@ -129,6 +134,11 @@ static int init_pgtable(struct kimage *image, unsigned long start_pgtable)
level4p = (pgd_t *)__va(start_pgtable);
clear_page(level4p);

+ if (sev_active()) {
+ info.page_flag |= _PAGE_ENC;
+ info.kernpg_flag |= _PAGE_ENC;
+ }
+
if (direct_gbpages)
info.direct_gbpages = true;

@@ -559,8 +569,20 @@ void arch_kexec_unprotect_crashkres(void)
kexec_mark_crashkres(false);
}

+/*
+ * During a traditional boot under SME, SME will encrypt the kernel,
+ * so the SME kexec kernel also needs to be un-encrypted in order to
+ * replicate a normal SME boot.
+ *
+ * During a traditional boot under SEV, the kernel has already been
+ * loaded encrypted, so the SEV kexec kernel needs to be encrypted in
+ * order to replicate a normal SEV boot.
+ */
int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp)
{
+ if (sev_active())
+ return 0;
+
/*
* If SME is active we need to be sure that kexec pages are
* not encrypted because when we boot to the new kernel the
@@ -571,6 +593,9 @@ int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp)

void arch_kexec_pre_free_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages)
{
+ if (sev_active())
+ return;
+
/*
* If SME is active we need to reset the pages back to being
* an encrypted mapping before freeing them.
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index 08a5f4a131f5..dac60ad37e5e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -827,8 +827,14 @@ dump_kernel_offset(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long v, void *p)

void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
{
+ /*
+ * Reserve the memory occupied by the kernel between _text and
+ * __end_of_kernel_reserve symbols. Any kernel sections after the
+ * __end_of_kernel_reserve symbol must be explicitly reserved with a
+ * separate memblock_reserve() or they will be discarded.
+ */
memblock_reserve(__pa_symbol(_text),
- (unsigned long)__bss_stop - (unsigned long)_text);
+ (unsigned long)__end_of_kernel_reserve - (unsigned long)_text);

/*
* Make sure page 0 is always reserved because on systems with
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 0850b5149345..147cd020516a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -368,6 +368,14 @@ SECTIONS
__bss_stop = .;
}

+ /*
+ * The memory occupied from _text to here, __end_of_kernel_reserve, is
+ * automatically reserved in setup_arch(). Anything after here must be
+ * explicitly reserved using memblock_reserve() or it will be discarded
+ * and treated as available memory.
+ */
+ __end_of_kernel_reserve = .;
+
. = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);
.brk : AT(ADDR(.brk) - LOAD_OFFSET) {
__brk_base = .;
@@ -379,10 +387,34 @@ SECTIONS
. = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE); /* keep VO_INIT_SIZE page aligned */
_end = .;

+#ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
+ /*
+ * Early scratch/workarea section: Lives outside of the kernel proper
+ * (_text - _end).
+ *
+ * Resides after _end because even though the .brk section is after
+ * __end_of_kernel_reserve, the .brk section is later reserved as a
+ * part of the kernel. Since it is located after __end_of_kernel_reserve
+ * it will be discarded and become part of the available memory. As
+ * such, it can only be used by very early boot code and must not be
+ * needed afterwards.
+ *
+ * Currently used by SME for performing in-place encryption of the
+ * kernel during boot. Resides on a 2MB boundary to simplify the
+ * pagetable setup used for SME in-place encryption.
+ */
+ . = ALIGN(HPAGE_SIZE);
+ .init.scratch : AT(ADDR(.init.scratch) - LOAD_OFFSET) {
+ __init_scratch_begin = .;
+ *(.init.scratch)
+ . = ALIGN(HPAGE_SIZE);
+ __init_scratch_end = .;
+ }
+#endif
+
STABS_DEBUG
DWARF_DEBUG

- /* Sections to be discarded */
DISCARDS
/DISCARD/ : {
*(.eh_frame)
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c b/arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c
index 4b6423e7bd21..e500f1df1140 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c
@@ -28,9 +28,11 @@

#include "physaddr.h"

-struct ioremap_mem_flags {
- bool system_ram;
- bool desc_other;
+/*
+ * Descriptor controlling ioremap() behavior.
+ */
+struct ioremap_desc {
+ unsigned int flags;
};

/*
@@ -62,13 +64,14 @@ int ioremap_change_attr(unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long size,
return err;
}

-static bool __ioremap_check_ram(struct resource *res)
+/* Does the range (or a subset of) contain normal RAM? */
+static unsigned int __ioremap_check_ram(struct resource *res)
{
unsigned long start_pfn, stop_pfn;
unsigned long i;

if ((res->flags & IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM) != IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM)
- return false;
+ return 0;

start_pfn = (res->start + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
stop_pfn = (res->end + 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
@@ -76,28 +79,44 @@ static bool __ioremap_check_ram(struct resource *res)
for (i = 0; i < (stop_pfn - start_pfn); ++i)
if (pfn_valid(start_pfn + i) &&
!PageReserved(pfn_to_page(start_pfn + i)))
- return true;
+ return IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM;
}

- return false;
+ return 0;
}

-static int __ioremap_check_desc_other(struct resource *res)
+/*
+ * In a SEV guest, NONE and RESERVED should not be mapped encrypted because
+ * there the whole memory is already encrypted.
+ */
+static unsigned int __ioremap_check_encrypted(struct resource *res)
{
- return (res->desc != IORES_DESC_NONE);
+ if (!sev_active())
+ return 0;
+
+ switch (res->desc) {
+ case IORES_DESC_NONE:
+ case IORES_DESC_RESERVED:
+ break;
+ default:
+ return IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
}

-static int __ioremap_res_check(struct resource *res, void *arg)
+static int __ioremap_collect_map_flags(struct resource *res, void *arg)
{
- struct ioremap_mem_flags *flags = arg;
+ struct ioremap_desc *desc = arg;

- if (!flags->system_ram)
- flags->system_ram = __ioremap_check_ram(res);
+ if (!(desc->flags & IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM))
+ desc->flags |= __ioremap_check_ram(res);

- if (!flags->desc_other)
- flags->desc_other = __ioremap_check_desc_other(res);
+ if (!(desc->flags & IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED))
+ desc->flags |= __ioremap_check_encrypted(res);

- return flags->system_ram && flags->desc_other;
+ return ((desc->flags & (IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM | IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED)) ==
+ (IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM | IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED));
}

/*
@@ -106,15 +125,15 @@ static int __ioremap_res_check(struct resource *res, void *arg)
* resource described not as IORES_DESC_NONE (e.g. IORES_DESC_ACPI_TABLES).
*/
static void __ioremap_check_mem(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size,
- struct ioremap_mem_flags *flags)
+ struct ioremap_desc *desc)
{
u64 start, end;

start = (u64)addr;
end = start + size - 1;
- memset(flags, 0, sizeof(*flags));
+ memset(desc, 0, sizeof(struct ioremap_desc));

- walk_mem_res(start, end, flags, __ioremap_res_check);
+ walk_mem_res(start, end, desc, __ioremap_collect_map_flags);
}

/*
@@ -131,15 +150,15 @@ static void __ioremap_check_mem(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size,
* have to convert them into an offset in a page-aligned mapping, but the
* caller shouldn't need to know that small detail.
*/
-static void __iomem *__ioremap_caller(resource_size_t phys_addr,
- unsigned long size, enum page_cache_mode pcm,
- void *caller, bool encrypted)
+static void __iomem *
+__ioremap_caller(resource_size_t phys_addr, unsigned long size,
+ enum page_cache_mode pcm, void *caller, bool encrypted)
{
unsigned long offset, vaddr;
resource_size_t last_addr;
const resource_size_t unaligned_phys_addr = phys_addr;
const unsigned long unaligned_size = size;
- struct ioremap_mem_flags mem_flags;
+ struct ioremap_desc io_desc;
struct vm_struct *area;
enum page_cache_mode new_pcm;
pgprot_t prot;
@@ -158,12 +177,12 @@ static void __iomem *__ioremap_caller(resource_size_t phys_addr,
return NULL;
}

- __ioremap_check_mem(phys_addr, size, &mem_flags);
+ __ioremap_check_mem(phys_addr, size, &io_desc);

/*
* Don't allow anybody to remap normal RAM that we're using..
*/
- if (mem_flags.system_ram) {
+ if (io_desc.flags & IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM) {
WARN_ONCE(1, "ioremap on RAM at %pa - %pa\n",
&phys_addr, &last_addr);
return NULL;
@@ -201,7 +220,7 @@ static void __iomem *__ioremap_caller(resource_size_t phys_addr,
* resulting mapping.
*/
prot = PAGE_KERNEL_IO;
- if ((sev_active() && mem_flags.desc_other) || encrypted)
+ if ((io_desc.flags & IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED) || encrypted)
prot = pgprot_encrypted(prot);

switch (pcm) {
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c
index 4aa9b1480866..6a8dd483f7d9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt_identity.c
@@ -73,6 +73,19 @@ struct sme_populate_pgd_data {
unsigned long vaddr_end;
};

+/*
+ * This work area lives in the .init.scratch section, which lives outside of
+ * the kernel proper. It is sized to hold the intermediate copy buffer and
+ * more than enough pagetable pages.
+ *
+ * By using this section, the kernel can be encrypted in place and it
+ * avoids any possibility of boot parameters or initramfs images being
+ * placed such that the in-place encryption logic overwrites them. This
+ * section is 2MB aligned to allow for simple pagetable setup using only
+ * PMD entries (see vmlinux.lds.S).
+ */
+static char sme_workarea[2 * PMD_PAGE_SIZE] __section(.init.scratch);
+
static char sme_cmdline_arg[] __initdata = "mem_encrypt";
static char sme_cmdline_on[] __initdata = "on";
static char sme_cmdline_off[] __initdata = "off";
@@ -314,8 +327,13 @@ void __init sme_encrypt_kernel(struct boot_params *bp)
}
#endif

- /* Set the encryption workarea to be immediately after the kernel */
- workarea_start = kernel_end;
+ /*
+ * We're running identity mapped, so we must obtain the address to the
+ * SME encryption workarea using rip-relative addressing.
+ */
+ asm ("lea sme_workarea(%%rip), %0"
+ : "=r" (workarea_start)
+ : "p" (sme_workarea));

/*
* Calculate required number of workarea bytes needed:
diff --git a/fs/proc/vmcore.c b/fs/proc/vmcore.c
index 7bb96fdd38ad..57957c91c6df 100644
--- a/fs/proc/vmcore.c
+++ b/fs/proc/vmcore.c
@@ -166,7 +166,7 @@ void __weak elfcorehdr_free(unsigned long long addr)
*/
ssize_t __weak elfcorehdr_read(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos)
{
- return read_from_oldmem(buf, count, ppos, 0, false);
+ return read_from_oldmem(buf, count, ppos, 0, sev_active());
}

/*
@@ -174,7 +174,7 @@ ssize_t __weak elfcorehdr_read(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos)
*/
ssize_t __weak elfcorehdr_read_notes(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos)
{
- return read_from_oldmem(buf, count, ppos, 0, sme_active());
+ return read_from_oldmem(buf, count, ppos, 0, mem_encrypt_active());
}

/*
@@ -374,7 +374,7 @@ static ssize_t __read_vmcore(char *buffer, size_t buflen, loff_t *fpos,
buflen);
start = m->paddr + *fpos - m->offset;
tmp = read_from_oldmem(buffer, tsz, &start,
- userbuf, sme_active());
+ userbuf, mem_encrypt_active());
if (tmp < 0)
return tmp;
buflen -= tsz;
diff --git a/include/linux/ioport.h b/include/linux/ioport.h
index da0ebaec25f0..5db386cfc2d4 100644
--- a/include/linux/ioport.h
+++ b/include/linux/ioport.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/bits.h>
/*
* Resources are tree-like, allowing
* nesting etc..
@@ -133,6 +134,15 @@ enum {
IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY_LEGACY = 5,
IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PRIVATE_MEMORY = 6,
IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PUBLIC_MEMORY = 7,
+ IORES_DESC_RESERVED = 8,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Flags controlling ioremap() behavior.
+ */
+enum {
+ IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM = BIT(0),
+ IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED = BIT(1),
};

/* helpers to define resources */
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