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Subject[GIT pull] x86/boot for 5.3-rc1
Linus,

please pull the latest x86-boot-for-linus git tree from:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git x86-boot-for-linus

up to: 8ff80fbe7e98: x86/kdump/64: Restrict kdump kernel reservation to <64TB

Assorted updates to kexec/kdump:

- Proper kexec support for 4/5-level paging and jumping from a 5-level to
a 4-level paging kernel.

- Make the EFI support for kexec/kdump more robust

- Enforce that the GDT is properly aligned instead of getting the
alignment by chance.

Thanks,

tglx

------------------>
Baoquan He (3):
x86/boot: Add xloadflags bits to check for 5-level paging support
x86/kexec/64: Prevent kexec from 5-level paging to a 4-level only kernel
x86/kdump/64: Restrict kdump kernel reservation to <64TB

Borislav Petkov (2):
Revert "x86/boot: Disable RSDP parsing temporarily"
x86/boot: Call get_rsdp_addr() after console_init()

Junichi Nomura (1):
x86/boot: Use efi_setup_data for searching RSDP on kexec-ed kernels

Kairui Song (2):
x86/kexec: Add the EFI system tables and ACPI tables to the ident map
x86/kexec: Add the ACPI NVS region to the ident map

Xiaoyao Li (1):
x86/boot: Make the GDT 8-byte aligned


arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c | 143 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S | 1 +
arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c | 11 ++-
arch/x86/boot/header.S | 12 ++-
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h | 2 +
arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c | 5 ++
arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 87 +++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 15 +++-
include/linux/sizes.h | 1 +
9 files changed, 234 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c
index ad84239e595e..15255f388a85 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/acpi.c
@@ -44,17 +44,109 @@ static acpi_physical_address get_acpi_rsdp(void)
return addr;
}

-/* Search EFI system tables for RSDP. */
-static acpi_physical_address efi_get_rsdp_addr(void)
+/*
+ * Search EFI system tables for RSDP. If both ACPI_20_TABLE_GUID and
+ * ACPI_TABLE_GUID are found, take the former, which has more features.
+ */
+static acpi_physical_address
+__efi_get_rsdp_addr(unsigned long config_tables, unsigned int nr_tables,
+ bool efi_64)
{
acpi_physical_address rsdp_addr = 0;

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
- unsigned long systab, systab_tables, config_tables;
+ int i;
+
+ /* Get EFI tables from systab. */
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_tables; i++) {
+ acpi_physical_address table;
+ efi_guid_t guid;
+
+ if (efi_64) {
+ efi_config_table_64_t *tbl = (efi_config_table_64_t *)config_tables + i;
+
+ guid = tbl->guid;
+ table = tbl->table;
+
+ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && table >> 32) {
+ debug_putstr("Error getting RSDP address: EFI config table located above 4GB.\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+ } else {
+ efi_config_table_32_t *tbl = (efi_config_table_32_t *)config_tables + i;
+
+ guid = tbl->guid;
+ table = tbl->table;
+ }
+
+ if (!(efi_guidcmp(guid, ACPI_TABLE_GUID)))
+ rsdp_addr = table;
+ else if (!(efi_guidcmp(guid, ACPI_20_TABLE_GUID)))
+ return table;
+ }
+#endif
+ return rsdp_addr;
+}
+
+/* EFI/kexec support is 64-bit only. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+static struct efi_setup_data *get_kexec_setup_data_addr(void)
+{
+ struct setup_data *data;
+ u64 pa_data;
+
+ pa_data = boot_params->hdr.setup_data;
+ while (pa_data) {
+ data = (struct setup_data *)pa_data;
+ if (data->type == SETUP_EFI)
+ return (struct efi_setup_data *)(pa_data + sizeof(struct setup_data));
+
+ pa_data = data->next;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static acpi_physical_address kexec_get_rsdp_addr(void)
+{
+ efi_system_table_64_t *systab;
+ struct efi_setup_data *esd;
+ struct efi_info *ei;
+ char *sig;
+
+ esd = (struct efi_setup_data *)get_kexec_setup_data_addr();
+ if (!esd)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!esd->tables) {
+ debug_putstr("Wrong kexec SETUP_EFI data.\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ ei = &boot_params->efi_info;
+ sig = (char *)&ei->efi_loader_signature;
+ if (strncmp(sig, EFI64_LOADER_SIGNATURE, 4)) {
+ debug_putstr("Wrong kexec EFI loader signature.\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Get systab from boot params. */
+ systab = (efi_system_table_64_t *) (ei->efi_systab | ((__u64)ei->efi_systab_hi << 32));
+ if (!systab)
+ error("EFI system table not found in kexec boot_params.");
+
+ return __efi_get_rsdp_addr((unsigned long)esd->tables, systab->nr_tables, true);
+}
+#else
+static acpi_physical_address kexec_get_rsdp_addr(void) { return 0; }
+#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
+
+static acpi_physical_address efi_get_rsdp_addr(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
+ unsigned long systab, config_tables;
unsigned int nr_tables;
struct efi_info *ei;
bool efi_64;
- int size, i;
char *sig;

ei = &boot_params->efi_info;
@@ -88,49 +180,20 @@ static acpi_physical_address efi_get_rsdp_addr(void)

config_tables = stbl->tables;
nr_tables = stbl->nr_tables;
- size = sizeof(efi_config_table_64_t);
} else {
efi_system_table_32_t *stbl = (efi_system_table_32_t *)systab;

config_tables = stbl->tables;
nr_tables = stbl->nr_tables;
- size = sizeof(efi_config_table_32_t);
}

if (!config_tables)
error("EFI config tables not found.");

- /* Get EFI tables from systab. */
- for (i = 0; i < nr_tables; i++) {
- acpi_physical_address table;
- efi_guid_t guid;
-
- config_tables += size;
-
- if (efi_64) {
- efi_config_table_64_t *tbl = (efi_config_table_64_t *)config_tables;
-
- guid = tbl->guid;
- table = tbl->table;
-
- if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_64) && table >> 32) {
- debug_putstr("Error getting RSDP address: EFI config table located above 4GB.\n");
- return 0;
- }
- } else {
- efi_config_table_32_t *tbl = (efi_config_table_32_t *)config_tables;
-
- guid = tbl->guid;
- table = tbl->table;
- }
-
- if (!(efi_guidcmp(guid, ACPI_TABLE_GUID)))
- rsdp_addr = table;
- else if (!(efi_guidcmp(guid, ACPI_20_TABLE_GUID)))
- return table;
- }
+ return __efi_get_rsdp_addr(config_tables, nr_tables, efi_64);
+#else
+ return 0;
#endif
- return rsdp_addr;
}

static u8 compute_checksum(u8 *buffer, u32 length)
@@ -220,6 +283,14 @@ acpi_physical_address get_rsdp_addr(void)
if (!pa)
pa = boot_params->acpi_rsdp_addr;

+ /*
+ * Try to get EFI data from setup_data. This can happen when we're a
+ * kexec'ed kernel and kexec(1) has passed all the required EFI info to
+ * us.
+ */
+ if (!pa)
+ pa = kexec_get_rsdp_addr();
+
if (!pa)
pa = efi_get_rsdp_addr();

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
index fafb75c6c592..6233ae35d0d9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
@@ -659,6 +659,7 @@ no_longmode:
gdt64:
.word gdt_end - gdt
.quad 0
+ .balign 8
gdt:
.word gdt_end - gdt
.long gdt
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
index 5a237e8dbf8d..24e65a0f756d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -351,9 +351,6 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *extract_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
/* Clear flags intended for solely in-kernel use. */
boot_params->hdr.loadflags &= ~KASLR_FLAG;

- /* Save RSDP address for later use. */
- /* boot_params->acpi_rsdp_addr = get_rsdp_addr(); */
-
sanitize_boot_params(boot_params);

if (boot_params->screen_info.orig_video_mode == 7) {
@@ -368,6 +365,14 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *extract_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
cols = boot_params->screen_info.orig_video_cols;

console_init();
+
+ /*
+ * Save RSDP address for later use. Have this after console_init()
+ * so that early debugging output from the RSDP parsing code can be
+ * collected.
+ */
+ boot_params->acpi_rsdp_addr = get_rsdp_addr();
+
debug_putstr("early console in extract_kernel\n");

free_mem_ptr = heap; /* Heap */
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/header.S b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
index 850b8762e889..be19f4199727 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/header.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
@@ -419,7 +419,17 @@ xloadflags:
# define XLF4 0
#endif

- .word XLF0 | XLF1 | XLF23 | XLF4
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL
+#define XLF56 (XLF_5LEVEL|XLF_5LEVEL_ENABLED)
+#else
+#define XLF56 XLF_5LEVEL
+#endif
+#else
+#define XLF56 0
+#endif
+
+ .word XLF0 | XLF1 | XLF23 | XLF4 | XLF56

cmdline_size: .long COMMAND_LINE_SIZE-1 #length of the command line,
#added with boot protocol
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
index 60733f137e9a..c895df5482c5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
@@ -29,6 +29,8 @@
#define XLF_EFI_HANDOVER_32 (1<<2)
#define XLF_EFI_HANDOVER_64 (1<<3)
#define XLF_EFI_KEXEC (1<<4)
+#define XLF_5LEVEL (1<<5)
+#define XLF_5LEVEL_ENABLED (1<<6)

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c
index 22f60dd26460..7f439739ea3d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c
@@ -321,6 +321,11 @@ static int bzImage64_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len)
return ret;
}

+ if (!(header->xloadflags & XLF_5LEVEL) && pgtable_l5_enabled()) {
+ pr_err("bzImage cannot handle 5-level paging mode.\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
/* I've got a bzImage */
pr_debug("It's a relocatable bzImage64\n");
ret = 0;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
index ceba408ea982..b2b88dcaaf88 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/efi.h>

#include <asm/init.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -29,6 +30,55 @@
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/set_memory.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
+/*
+ * Used while adding mapping for ACPI tables.
+ * Can be reused when other iomem regions need be mapped
+ */
+struct init_pgtable_data {
+ struct x86_mapping_info *info;
+ pgd_t *level4p;
+};
+
+static int mem_region_callback(struct resource *res, void *arg)
+{
+ struct init_pgtable_data *data = arg;
+ unsigned long mstart, mend;
+
+ mstart = res->start;
+ mend = mstart + resource_size(res) - 1;
+
+ return kernel_ident_mapping_init(data->info, data->level4p, mstart, mend);
+}
+
+static int
+map_acpi_tables(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *level4p)
+{
+ struct init_pgtable_data data;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int ret;
+
+ data.info = info;
+ data.level4p = level4p;
+ flags = IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_BUSY;
+
+ ret = walk_iomem_res_desc(IORES_DESC_ACPI_TABLES, flags, 0, -1,
+ &data, mem_region_callback);
+ if (ret && ret != -EINVAL)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* ACPI tables could be located in ACPI Non-volatile Storage region */
+ ret = walk_iomem_res_desc(IORES_DESC_ACPI_NV_STORAGE, flags, 0, -1,
+ &data, mem_region_callback);
+ if (ret && ret != -EINVAL)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+#else
+static int map_acpi_tables(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *level4p) { return 0; }
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE
const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[] = {
&kexec_bzImage64_ops,
@@ -36,6 +86,31 @@ const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[] = {
};
#endif

+static int
+map_efi_systab(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *level4p)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
+ unsigned long mstart, mend;
+
+ if (!efi_enabled(EFI_BOOT))
+ return 0;
+
+ mstart = (boot_params.efi_info.efi_systab |
+ ((u64)boot_params.efi_info.efi_systab_hi<<32));
+
+ if (efi_enabled(EFI_64BIT))
+ mend = mstart + sizeof(efi_system_table_64_t);
+ else
+ mend = mstart + sizeof(efi_system_table_32_t);
+
+ if (!mstart)
+ return 0;
+
+ return kernel_ident_mapping_init(info, level4p, mstart, mend);
+#endif
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void free_transition_pgtable(struct kimage *image)
{
free_page((unsigned long)image->arch.p4d);
@@ -159,6 +234,18 @@ static int init_pgtable(struct kimage *image, unsigned long start_pgtable)
return result;
}

+ /*
+ * Prepare EFI systab and ACPI tables for kexec kernel since they are
+ * not covered by pfn_mapped.
+ */
+ result = map_efi_systab(&info, level4p);
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+
+ result = map_acpi_tables(&info, level4p);
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+
return init_transition_pgtable(image, level4p);
}

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index 08a5f4a131f5..dcbdf54fb5c1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -453,15 +453,24 @@ static void __init memblock_x86_reserve_range_setup_data(void)
#define CRASH_ALIGN SZ_16M

/*
- * Keep the crash kernel below this limit. On 32 bits earlier kernels
- * would limit the kernel to the low 512 MiB due to mapping restrictions.
+ * Keep the crash kernel below this limit.
+ *
+ * On 32 bits earlier kernels would limit the kernel to the low 512 MiB
+ * due to mapping restrictions.
+ *
+ * On 64bit, kdump kernel need be restricted to be under 64TB, which is
+ * the upper limit of system RAM in 4-level paing mode. Since the kdump
+ * jumping could be from 5-level to 4-level, the jumping will fail if
+ * kernel is put above 64TB, and there's no way to detect the paging mode
+ * of the kernel which will be loaded for dumping during the 1st kernel
+ * bootup.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
# define CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX SZ_512M
# define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX SZ_512M
#else
# define CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX SZ_4G
-# define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX MAXMEM
+# define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX SZ_64T
#endif

static int __init reserve_crashkernel_low(void)
diff --git a/include/linux/sizes.h b/include/linux/sizes.h
index fbde0bc7e882..8651269cb46c 100644
--- a/include/linux/sizes.h
+++ b/include/linux/sizes.h
@@ -47,5 +47,6 @@
#define SZ_2G 0x80000000

#define SZ_4G _AC(0x100000000, ULL)
+#define SZ_64T _AC(0x400000000000, ULL)

#endif /* __LINUX_SIZES_H__ */
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