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SubjectRe: [bpf-next v2 08/10] bpf: Implement bpf_prog_test_run for perf event programs
On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 6:12 PM Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@fomichev.me> wrote:
>
> On 06/26, Krzesimir Nowak wrote:
> > On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 10:12 PM Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@fomichev.me> wrote:
> > >
> > > On 06/25, Krzesimir Nowak wrote:
> > > > As an input, test run for perf event program takes struct
> > > > bpf_perf_event_data as ctx_in and struct bpf_perf_event_value as
> > > > data_in. For an output, it basically ignores ctx_out and data_out.
> > > >
> > > > The implementation sets an instance of struct bpf_perf_event_data_kern
> > > > in such a way that the BPF program reading data from context will
> > > > receive what we passed to the bpf prog test run in ctx_in. Also BPF
> > > > program can call bpf_perf_prog_read_value to receive what was passed
> > > > in data_in.
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Krzesimir Nowak <krzesimir@kinvolk.io>
> > > > ---
> > > > kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c | 107 ++++++++++++++++++
> > > > .../bpf/verifier/perf_event_sample_period.c | 8 ++
> > > > 2 files changed, 115 insertions(+)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
> > > > index c102c240bb0b..2fa49ea8a475 100644
> > > > --- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
> > > > +++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
> > > > @@ -16,6 +16,8 @@
> > > >
> > > > #include <asm/tlb.h>
> > > >
> > > > +#include <trace/events/bpf_test_run.h>
> > > > +
> > > > #include "trace_probe.h"
> > > > #include "trace.h"
> > > >
> > > > @@ -1160,7 +1162,112 @@ const struct bpf_verifier_ops perf_event_verifier_ops = {
> > > > .convert_ctx_access = pe_prog_convert_ctx_access,
> > > > };
> > > >
> > > > +static int pe_prog_test_run(struct bpf_prog *prog,
> > > > + const union bpf_attr *kattr,
> > > > + union bpf_attr __user *uattr)
> > > > +{
> > > > + void __user *ctx_in = u64_to_user_ptr(kattr->test.ctx_in);
> > > > + void __user *data_in = u64_to_user_ptr(kattr->test.data_in);
> > > > + u32 data_size_in = kattr->test.data_size_in;
> > > > + u32 ctx_size_in = kattr->test.ctx_size_in;
> > > > + u32 repeat = kattr->test.repeat;
> > > > + u32 retval = 0, duration = 0;
> > > > + int err = -EINVAL;
> > > > + u64 time_start, time_spent = 0;
> > > > + int i;
> > > > + struct perf_sample_data sample_data = {0, };
> > > > + struct perf_event event = {0, };
> > > > + struct bpf_perf_event_data_kern real_ctx = {0, };
> > > > + struct bpf_perf_event_data fake_ctx = {0, };
> > > > + struct bpf_perf_event_value value = {0, };
> > > > +
> > > > + if (ctx_size_in != sizeof(fake_ctx))
> > > > + goto out;
> > > > + if (data_size_in != sizeof(value))
> > > > + goto out;
> > > > +
> > > > + if (copy_from_user(&fake_ctx, ctx_in, ctx_size_in)) {
> > > > + err = -EFAULT;
> > > > + goto out;
> > > > + }
> > > Move this to net/bpf/test_run.c? I have a bpf_ctx_init helper to deal
> > > with ctx input, might save you some code above wrt ctx size/etc.
> >
> > My impression about net/bpf/test_run.c was that it was a collection of
> > helpers for test runs of the network-related BPF programs, because
> > they are so similar to each other. So kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c looked
> > like an obvious place for the test_run implementation since other perf
> > trace BPF stuff was already there.
> Maybe net/bpf/test_run.c should be renamed to kernel/bpf/test_run.c?

Just sent another version of this patch series. I went with slightly
different approach - moved some functions to kernel/bpf/test_run.c and
left the network specific stuff in net/bpf/test_run.c.

>
> > And about bpf_ctx_init - looks useful as it seems to me that it
> > handles the scenario where the size of the ctx struct grows, but still
> > allows passing older version of the struct (thus smaller) from
> > userspace for compatibility. Maybe that checking and copying part of
> > the function could be moved into some non-static helper function, so I
> > could use it and still skip the need for allocating memory for the
> > context?
> You can always make bpf_ctx_init non-static and export it.
> But, again, consider adding your stuff to the net/bpf/test_run.c
> and exporting only pe_prog_test_run. That way you can reuse
> bpf_ctx_init and bpf_test_run.
>
> Why do you care about memory allocation though? It's a one time
> operation and doesn't affect the performance measurements.
>
> > > > + if (copy_from_user(&value, data_in, data_size_in)) {
> > > > + err = -EFAULT;
> > > > + goto out;
> > > > + }
> > > > +
> > > > + real_ctx.regs = &fake_ctx.regs;
> > > > + real_ctx.data = &sample_data;
> > > > + real_ctx.event = &event;
> > > > + perf_sample_data_init(&sample_data, fake_ctx.addr,
> > > > + fake_ctx.sample_period);
> > > > + event.cpu = smp_processor_id();
> > > > + event.oncpu = -1;
> > > > + event.state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF;
> > > > + local64_set(&event.count, value.counter);
> > > > + event.total_time_enabled = value.enabled;
> > > > + event.total_time_running = value.running;
> > > > + /* make self as a leader - it is used only for checking the
> > > > + * state field
> > > > + */
> > > > + event.group_leader = &event;
> > > > +
> > > > + /* slightly changed copy pasta from bpf_test_run() in
> > > > + * net/bpf/test_run.c
> > > > + */
> > > > + if (!repeat)
> > > > + repeat = 1;
> > > > +
> > > > + rcu_read_lock();
> > > > + preempt_disable();
> > > > + time_start = ktime_get_ns();
> > > > + for (i = 0; i < repeat; i++) {
> > > Any reason for not using bpf_test_run?
> >
> > Two, mostly. One was that it is a static function and my code was
> > elsewhere. Second was that it does some cgroup storage setup and I'm
> > not sure if the perf event BPF program needs that.
> You can always make it non-static.
>
> Regarding cgroup storage: do we care? If you can see it affecting
> your performance numbers, then yes, but you can try to measure to see
> if it gives you any noticeable overhead. Maybe add an argument to
> bpf_test_run to skip cgroup storage stuff?
>
> > > > + retval = BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, &real_ctx);
> > > > +
> > > > + if (signal_pending(current)) {
> > > > + err = -EINTR;
> > > > + preempt_enable();
> > > > + rcu_read_unlock();
> > > > + goto out;
> > > > + }
> > > > +
> > > > + if (need_resched()) {
> > > > + time_spent += ktime_get_ns() - time_start;
> > > > + preempt_enable();
> > > > + rcu_read_unlock();
> > > > +
> > > > + cond_resched();
> > > > +
> > > > + rcu_read_lock();
> > > > + preempt_disable();
> > > > + time_start = ktime_get_ns();
> > > > + }
> > > > + }
> > > > + time_spent += ktime_get_ns() - time_start;
> > > > + preempt_enable();
> > > > + rcu_read_unlock();
> > > > +
> > > > + do_div(time_spent, repeat);
> > > > + duration = time_spent > U32_MAX ? U32_MAX : (u32)time_spent;
> > > > + /* end of slightly changed copy pasta from bpf_test_run() in
> > > > + * net/bpf/test_run.c
> > > > + */
> > > > +
> > > > + if (copy_to_user(&uattr->test.retval, &retval, sizeof(retval))) {
> > > > + err = -EFAULT;
> > > > + goto out;
> > > > + }
> > > > + if (copy_to_user(&uattr->test.duration, &duration, sizeof(duration))) {
> > > > + err = -EFAULT;
> > > > + goto out;
> > > > + }
> > > Can BPF program modify fake_ctx? Do we need/want to copy it back?
> >
> > Reading the pe_prog_is_valid_access function tells me that it's not
> > possible - the only type of valid access is read. So maybe I should be
> > stricter about the requirements for the data_out and ctx_out sizes
> > (should be zero or return -EINVAL).
> Yes, better to explicitly prohibit anything that we don't support.
>
> > > > + err = 0;
> > > > +out:
> > > > + trace_bpf_test_finish(&err);
> > > > + return err;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > const struct bpf_prog_ops perf_event_prog_ops = {
> > > > + .test_run = pe_prog_test_run,
> > > > };
> > > >
> > > > static DEFINE_MUTEX(bpf_event_mutex);
> > > > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/perf_event_sample_period.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/perf_event_sample_period.c
> > > > index 471c1a5950d8..16e9e5824d14 100644
> > > > --- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/perf_event_sample_period.c
> > > > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/verifier/perf_event_sample_period.c
> > > This should probably go in another patch.
> >
> > Yeah, I was wondering about it. These changes are here to avoid
> > breaking the tests, since perf event program can actually be run now
> > and the test_run for perf event required certain sizes for ctx and
> > data.
> You need to make sure the context is optional, that way you don't break
> any existing tests out in the wild and can move those changes to
> another patch.
>
> > So, I will either move them to a separate patch or rework the test_run
> > for perf event to accept the size between 0 and sizeof(struct
> > something), so the changes in tests maybe will not be necessary.
> >
> > >
> > > > @@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
> > > > },
> > > > .result = ACCEPT,
> > > > .prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT,
> > > > + .ctx_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_data),
> > > > + .data_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_value),
> > > > },
> > > > {
> > > > "check bpf_perf_event_data->sample_period half load permitted",
> > > > @@ -29,6 +31,8 @@
> > > > },
> > > > .result = ACCEPT,
> > > > .prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT,
> > > > + .ctx_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_data),
> > > > + .data_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_value),
> > > > },
> > > > {
> > > > "check bpf_perf_event_data->sample_period word load permitted",
> > > > @@ -45,6 +49,8 @@
> > > > },
> > > > .result = ACCEPT,
> > > > .prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT,
> > > > + .ctx_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_data),
> > > > + .data_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_value),
> > > > },
> > > > {
> > > > "check bpf_perf_event_data->sample_period dword load permitted",
> > > > @@ -56,4 +62,6 @@
> > > > },
> > > > .result = ACCEPT,
> > > > .prog_type = BPF_PROG_TYPE_PERF_EVENT,
> > > > + .ctx_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_data),
> > > > + .data_len = sizeof(struct bpf_perf_event_value),
> > > > },
> > > > --
> > > > 2.20.1
> > > >
> >
> >
> >
> > --
> > Kinvolk GmbH | Adalbertstr.6a, 10999 Berlin | tel: +491755589364
> > Geschäftsführer/Directors: Alban Crequy, Chris Kühl, Iago López Galeiras
> > Registergericht/Court of registration: Amtsgericht Charlottenburg
> > Registernummer/Registration number: HRB 171414 B
> > Ust-ID-Nummer/VAT ID number: DE302207000



--
Kinvolk GmbH | Adalbertstr.6a, 10999 Berlin | tel: +491755589364
Geschäftsführer/Directors: Alban Crequy, Chris Kühl, Iago López Galeiras
Registergericht/Court of registration: Amtsgericht Charlottenburg
Registernummer/Registration number: HRB 171414 B
Ust-ID-Nummer/VAT ID number: DE302207000
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