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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 12/24] erofs: introduce tagged pointer

On 2019/7/22 14:16, Amir Goldstein wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 22, 2019 at 8:02 AM Gao Xiang <> wrote:
>> Hi Amir,
>> On 2019/7/22 12:39, Amir Goldstein wrote:
>>> On Mon, Jul 22, 2019 at 5:54 AM Gao Xiang <> wrote:
>>>> Currently kernel has scattered tagged pointer usages
>>>> hacked by hand in plain code, without a unique and
>>>> portable functionset to highlight the tagged pointer
>>>> itself and wrap these hacked code in order to clean up
>>>> all over meaningless magic masks.
>>>> This patch introduces simple generic methods to fold
>>>> tags into a pointer integer. Currently it supports
>>>> the last n bits of the pointer for tags, which can be
>>>> selected by users.
>>>> In addition, it will also be used for the upcoming EROFS
>>>> filesystem, which heavily uses tagged pointer pproach
>>>> to reduce extra memory allocation.
>>>> Link:
>>> Well, it won't do much good for other kernel users in fs/erofs/ ;-)
>> Thanks for your reply and interest in this patch.... :)
>> Sigh... since I'm not sure kernel folks could have some interests in that stuffs.
>> Actually at the time once I coded EROFS I found tagged pointer had 2 main advantages:
>> 1) it saves an extra field;
>> 2) it can keep the whole stuff atomicly...
>> And I observed the current kernel uses tagged pointer all around but w/o a proper wrapper...
>> and EROFS heavily uses tagged pointer... So I made a simple tagged pointer wrapper
>> to avoid meaningless magic masks and type casts in the code...
>>> I think now would be a right time to promote this facility to
>>> include/linux as you initially proposed.
>>> I don't recall you got any objections. No ACKs either, but I think
>>> that was the good kind of silence (?)
>> Yes, no NAK no ACK...(it seems the ordinary state for all EROFS stuffs... :'( sigh...)
>> Therefore I decided to leave it in fs/erofs/ in this series...
>>> You might want to post the __fdget conversion patch [1] as a
>>> bonus patch on top of your series.
>> I am not sure if another potential users could be quite happy with my ("sane?" or not)
>> implementation...
> Well, let's ask potential users then.
> CC kernel/trace maintainers for RB_PAGE_HEAD/RB_PAGE_UPDATE
> and kernel/locking maintainers for RT_MUTEX_HAS_WAITERS
>> (Is there some use scenerios in overlayfs and fanotify?...)
> We had one in overlayfs once. It is gone now.
>> and I'm not sure Al could accept __fdget conversion (I just wanted to give a example then...)
>> Therefore, I tend to keep silence and just promote EROFS... some better ideas?...
> Writing example conversion patches to demonstrate cleaner code
> and perhaps reduce LOC seems the best way.
> Also pointing out that fixing potential bugs in one implementation is preferred
> to having to patch all copied implementations.
> I wonder if tagptr_unfold_tags() doesn't need READ_ONCE() as per:
> 1be5d4fa0af3 locking/rtmutex: Use READ_ONCE() in rt_mutex_owner()
> rb_list_head() doesn't have READ_ONCE()
> Nor does hlist_bl_first() and BPF_MAP_PTR().
> Are those all safe due to safe call sites? or potentially broken?

...Add a word (maybe not too ralated with this topic), I heard something
before from compiler guys like that the pointer type will be kept in atomic
by compilers during accessing, I personally think that makes sense
for pointer type.

However, in EROFS implementation (not in this patch) I tend to use
WRITE_ONCE / READ_ONCE in order to access once and as a hint to tell
compiler it should be access once in case of getting rare broken
generated code...

I cannot trust compiler all the time due to code optimization since
1) I have no idea it will generate in atomic for all cases...
2) I have no idea it will be accessed more than one time somewhere...

Gao Xiang

> Thanks,
> Amir.

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