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Subject[PATCH 6/8] mm: prevent get_user_pages() from overflowing page refcount
Date
From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

commit 8fde12ca79aff9b5ba951fce1a2641901b8d8e64 upstream.

If the page refcount wraps around past zero, it will be freed while
there are still four billion references to it. One of the possible
avenues for an attacker to try to make this happen is by doing direct IO
on a page multiple times. This patch makes get_user_pages() refuse to
take a new page reference if there are already more than two billion
references to the page.

Reported-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Acked-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: stable@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
[ 4.4.y backport notes:
Ajay: Added local variable 'err' with-in follow_hugetlb_page()
from 2be7cfed995e, to resolve compilation error
Srivatsa: Replaced call to get_page_foll() with try_get_page_foll() ]
Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat (VMware) <srivatsa@csail.mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Ajay Kaher <akaher@vmware.com>
---
mm/gup.c | 43 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
mm/hugetlb.c | 16 +++++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index fae4d1e..171b460 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -126,8 +126,12 @@ retry:
}
}

- if (flags & FOLL_GET)
- get_page_foll(page);
+ if (flags & FOLL_GET) {
+ if (unlikely(!try_get_page_foll(page))) {
+ page = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
if (flags & FOLL_TOUCH) {
if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) &&
!pte_dirty(pte) && !PageDirty(page))
@@ -289,7 +293,10 @@ static int get_gate_page(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
goto unmap;
*page = pte_page(*pte);
}
- get_page(*page);
+ if (unlikely(!try_get_page(*page))) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto unmap;
+ }
out:
ret = 0;
unmap:
@@ -1053,6 +1060,20 @@ struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr)
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_RCU_GUP

+/*
+ * Return the compund head page with ref appropriately incremented,
+ * or NULL if that failed.
+ */
+static inline struct page *try_get_compound_head(struct page *page, int refs)
+{
+ struct page *head = compound_head(page);
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&head->_count) < 0))
+ return NULL;
+ if (unlikely(!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)))
+ return NULL;
+ return head;
+}
+
#ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL
static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
@@ -1082,9 +1103,9 @@ static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,

VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
page = pte_page(pte);
- head = compound_head(page);

- if (!page_cache_get_speculative(head))
+ head = try_get_compound_head(page, 1);
+ if (!head)
goto pte_unmap;

if (unlikely(pte_val(pte) != pte_val(*ptep))) {
@@ -1141,8 +1162,8 @@ static int gup_huge_pmd(pmd_t orig, pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long addr,
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);

- head = compound_head(pmd_page(orig));
- if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
+ head = try_get_compound_head(pmd_page(orig), refs);
+ if (!head) {
*nr -= refs;
return 0;
}
@@ -1187,8 +1208,8 @@ static int gup_huge_pud(pud_t orig, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);

- head = compound_head(pud_page(orig));
- if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
+ head = try_get_compound_head(pud_page(orig), refs);
+ if (!head) {
*nr -= refs;
return 0;
}
@@ -1229,8 +1250,8 @@ static int gup_huge_pgd(pgd_t orig, pgd_t *pgdp, unsigned long addr,
refs++;
} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);

- head = compound_head(pgd_page(orig));
- if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
+ head = try_get_compound_head(pgd_page(orig), refs);
+ if (!head) {
*nr -= refs;
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index fd932e7..3a1501e 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -3886,6 +3886,7 @@ long follow_hugetlb_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long vaddr = *position;
unsigned long remainder = *nr_pages;
struct hstate *h = hstate_vma(vma);
+ int err = -EFAULT;

while (vaddr < vma->vm_end && remainder) {
pte_t *pte;
@@ -3957,6 +3958,19 @@ long follow_hugetlb_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,

pfn_offset = (vaddr & ~huge_page_mask(h)) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
page = pte_page(huge_ptep_get(pte));
+
+ /*
+ * Instead of doing 'try_get_page_foll()' below in the same_page
+ * loop, just check the count once here.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(page_count(page) <= 0)) {
+ if (pages) {
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ remainder = 0;
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
same_page:
if (pages) {
pages[i] = mem_map_offset(page, pfn_offset);
@@ -3983,7 +3997,7 @@ same_page:
*nr_pages = remainder;
*position = vaddr;

- return i ? i : -EFAULT;
+ return i ? i : err;
}

unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
--
2.7.4
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