lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jul]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/2] mm/page_idle: Add support for per-pid page_idle using virtual indexing
On Mon, 22 Jul 2019 17:32:04 -0400 "Joel Fernandes (Google)" <joel@joelfernandes.org> wrote:

> The page_idle tracking feature currently requires looking up the pagemap
> for a process followed by interacting with /sys/kernel/mm/page_idle.
> This is quite cumbersome and can be error-prone too. If between
> accessing the per-PID pagemap and the global page_idle bitmap, if
> something changes with the page then the information is not accurate.

Well, it's never going to be "accurate" - something could change one
nanosecond after userspace has read the data...

Presumably with this approach the data will be "more" accurate. How
big a problem has this inaccuracy proven to be in real-world usage?

> More over looking up PFN from pagemap in Android devices is not
> supported by unprivileged process and requires SYS_ADMIN and gives 0 for
> the PFN.
>
> This patch adds support to directly interact with page_idle tracking at
> the PID level by introducing a /proc/<pid>/page_idle file. This
> eliminates the need for userspace to calculate the mapping of the page.
> It follows the exact same semantics as the global
> /sys/kernel/mm/page_idle, however it is easier to use for some usecases
> where looking up PFN is not needed and also does not require SYS_ADMIN.
> It ended up simplifying userspace code, solving the security issue
> mentioned and works quite well. SELinux does not need to be turned off
> since no pagemap look up is needed.
>
> In Android, we are using this for the heap profiler (heapprofd) which
> profiles and pin points code paths which allocates and leaves memory
> idle for long periods of time.
>
> Documentation material:
> The idle page tracking API for virtual address indexing using virtual page
> frame numbers (VFN) is located at /proc/<pid>/page_idle. It is a bitmap
> that follows the same semantics as /sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap
> except that it uses virtual instead of physical frame numbers.
>
> This idle page tracking API can be simpler to use than physical address
> indexing, since the pagemap for a process does not need to be looked up
> to mark or read a page's idle bit. It is also more accurate than
> physical address indexing since in physical address indexing, address
> space changes can occur between reading the pagemap and reading the
> bitmap. In virtual address indexing, the process's mmap_sem is held for
> the duration of the access.
>
> ...
>
> --- a/mm/page_idle.c
> +++ b/mm/page_idle.c
> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
> #include <linux/page_ext.h>
> #include <linux/page_idle.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
>
> #define BITMAP_CHUNK_SIZE sizeof(u64)
> #define BITMAP_CHUNK_BITS (BITMAP_CHUNK_SIZE * BITS_PER_BYTE)
> @@ -28,15 +29,12 @@
> *
> * This function tries to get a user memory page by pfn as described above.
> */

Above comment needs updating or moving?

> -static struct page *page_idle_get_page(unsigned long pfn)
> +static struct page *page_idle_get_page(struct page *page_in)
> {
> struct page *page;
> pg_data_t *pgdat;
>
> - if (!pfn_valid(pfn))
> - return NULL;
> -
> - page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
> + page = page_in;
> if (!page || !PageLRU(page) ||
> !get_page_unless_zero(page))
> return NULL;
>
> ...
>
> +static int page_idle_get_frames(loff_t pos, size_t count, struct mm_struct *mm,
> + unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end)
> +{
> + unsigned long max_frame;
> +
> + /* If an mm is not given, assume we want physical frames */
> + max_frame = mm ? (mm->task_size >> PAGE_SHIFT) : max_pfn;
> +
> + if (pos % BITMAP_CHUNK_SIZE || count % BITMAP_CHUNK_SIZE)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + *start = pos * BITS_PER_BYTE;
> + if (*start >= max_frame)
> + return -ENXIO;

Is said to mean "The system tried to use the device represented by a
file you specified, and it couldnt find the device. This can mean that
the device file was installed incorrectly, or that the physical device
is missing or not correctly attached to the computer."

This doesn't seem appropriate in this usage and is hence possibly
misleading. Someone whose application fails with ENXIO will be
scratching their heads.

> + *end = *start + count * BITS_PER_BYTE;
> + if (*end > max_frame)
> + *end = max_frame;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static void add_page_idle_list(struct page *page,
> + unsigned long addr, struct mm_walk *walk)
> +{
> + struct page *page_get;
> + struct page_node *pn;
> + int bit;
> + unsigned long frames;
> + struct page_idle_proc_priv *priv = walk->private;
> + u64 *chunk = (u64 *)priv->buffer;
> +
> + if (priv->write) {
> + /* Find whether this page was asked to be marked */
> + frames = (addr - priv->start_addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + bit = frames % BITMAP_CHUNK_BITS;
> + chunk = &chunk[frames / BITMAP_CHUNK_BITS];
> + if (((*chunk >> bit) & 1) == 0)
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + page_get = page_idle_get_page(page);
> + if (!page_get)
> + return;
> +
> + pn = kmalloc(sizeof(*pn), GFP_ATOMIC);

I'm not liking this GFP_ATOMIC. If I'm reading the code correctly,
userspace can ask for an arbitrarily large number of GFP_ATOMIC
allocations by doing a large read. This can potentially exhaust page
reserves which things like networking Rx interrupts need and can make
this whole feature less reliable.

> + if (!pn)
> + return;
> +
> + pn->page = page_get;
> + pn->addr = addr;
> + list_add(&pn->list, &idle_page_list);
> +}
> +
> +static int pte_page_idle_proc_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
> + unsigned long end,
> + struct mm_walk *walk)
> +{
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma;
> + pte_t *pte;
> + spinlock_t *ptl;
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma);
> + if (ptl) {
> + if (pmd_present(*pmd)) {
> + page = follow_trans_huge_pmd(vma, addr, pmd,
> + FOLL_DUMP|FOLL_WRITE);
> + if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(page))
> + add_page_idle_list(page, addr, walk);
> + }
> + spin_unlock(ptl);
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd))
> + return 0;
> +
> + pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
> + for (; addr != end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
> + if (!pte_present(*pte))
> + continue;
> +
> + page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, *pte);
> + if (page)
> + add_page_idle_list(page, addr, walk);
> + }
> +
> + pte_unmap_unlock(pte - 1, ptl);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +ssize_t page_idle_proc_generic(struct file *file, char __user *ubuff,
> + size_t count, loff_t *pos,
> + struct task_struct *tsk, int write)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + char *buffer;
> + u64 *out;
> + unsigned long start_addr, end_addr, start_frame, end_frame;
> + struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
> + struct mm_walk walk = { .pmd_entry = pte_page_idle_proc_range, };
> + struct page_node *cur, *next;
> + struct page_idle_proc_priv priv;
> + bool walk_error = false;
> +
> + if (!mm || !mmget_not_zero(mm))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (count > PAGE_SIZE)
> + count = PAGE_SIZE;
> +
> + buffer = kzalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!buffer) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out_mmput;
> + }
> + out = (u64 *)buffer;
> +
> + if (write && copy_from_user(buffer, ubuff, count)) {
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ret = page_idle_get_frames(*pos, count, mm, &start_frame, &end_frame);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> +
> + start_addr = (start_frame << PAGE_SHIFT);
> + end_addr = (end_frame << PAGE_SHIFT);
> + priv.buffer = buffer;
> + priv.start_addr = start_addr;
> + priv.write = write;
> + walk.private = &priv;
> + walk.mm = mm;
> +
> + down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> + /*
> + * Protects the idle_page_list which is needed because
> + * walk_page_vma() holds ptlock which deadlocks with
> + * page_idle_clear_pte_refs(). So we have to collect all
> + * pages first, and then call page_idle_clear_pte_refs().
> + */
> + spin_lock(&idle_page_list_lock);
> + ret = walk_page_range(start_addr, end_addr, &walk);
> + if (ret)
> + walk_error = true;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(cur, next, &idle_page_list, list) {
> + int bit, index;
> + unsigned long off;
> + struct page *page = cur->page;
> +
> + if (unlikely(walk_error))
> + goto remove_page;
> +
> + if (write) {
> + page_idle_clear_pte_refs(page);
> + set_page_idle(page);
> + } else {
> + if (page_really_idle(page)) {
> + off = ((cur->addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT) - start_frame;
> + bit = off % BITMAP_CHUNK_BITS;
> + index = off / BITMAP_CHUNK_BITS;
> + out[index] |= 1ULL << bit;
> + }
> + }
> +remove_page:
> + put_page(page);
> + list_del(&cur->list);
> + kfree(cur);
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&idle_page_list_lock);
> +
> + if (!write && !walk_error)
> + ret = copy_to_user(ubuff, buffer, count);
> +
> + up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +out:
> + kfree(buffer);
> +out_mmput:
> + mmput(mm);
> + if (!ret)
> + ret = count;
> + return ret;
> +
> +}
> +
> +ssize_t page_idle_proc_read(struct file *file, char __user *ubuff,
> + size_t count, loff_t *pos, struct task_struct *tsk)
> +{
> + return page_idle_proc_generic(file, ubuff, count, pos, tsk, 0);
> +}
> +
> +ssize_t page_idle_proc_write(struct file *file, char __user *ubuff,
> + size_t count, loff_t *pos, struct task_struct *tsk)
> +{
> + return page_idle_proc_generic(file, ubuff, count, pos, tsk, 1);
> +}
> +
> static int __init page_idle_init(void)
> {
> int err;
>
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&idle_page_list);
> +
> err = sysfs_create_group(mm_kobj, &page_idle_attr_group);
> if (err) {
> pr_err("page_idle: register sysfs failed\n");
> --
>
> ...
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-07-23 00:06    [W:0.143 / U:4.828 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site