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Subject[PATCH] psi: annotate refault stalls from IO submission
Date
psi tracks the time tasks wait for refaulting pages to become
uptodate, but it does not track the time spent submitting the IO. The
submission part can be significant if backing storage is contended or
when cgroup throttling (io.latency) is in effect - a lot of time is
spent in submit_bio(). In that case, we underreport memory pressure.

Annotate the submit_bio() paths (or the indirection through readpage)
for refaults and swapin to get proper psi coverage of delays there.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
---
fs/btrfs/extent_io.c | 14 ++++++++++++--
fs/ext4/readpage.c | 9 +++++++++
fs/f2fs/data.c | 8 ++++++++
fs/mpage.c | 9 +++++++++
mm/filemap.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
mm/page_io.c | 11 ++++++++---
mm/readahead.c | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
7 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c b/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c
index 1eb671c16ff1..2d2b3239965a 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/prefetch.h>
#include <linux/cleancache.h>
+#include <linux/psi.h>
#include "extent_io.h"
#include "extent_map.h"
#include "ctree.h"
@@ -4267,6 +4268,9 @@ int extent_readpages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
struct extent_io_tree *tree = &BTRFS_I(mapping->host)->io_tree;
int nr = 0;
u64 prev_em_start = (u64)-1;
+ int ret = 0;
+ bool refault = false;
+ unsigned long pflags;

while (!list_empty(pages)) {
u64 contig_end = 0;
@@ -4281,6 +4285,10 @@ int extent_readpages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
put_page(page);
break;
}
+ if (PageWorkingset(page) && !refault) {
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+ refault = true;
+ }

pagepool[nr++] = page;
contig_end = page_offset(page) + PAGE_SIZE - 1;
@@ -4301,8 +4309,10 @@ int extent_readpages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
free_extent_map(em_cached);

if (bio)
- return submit_one_bio(bio, 0, bio_flags);
- return 0;
+ ret = submit_one_bio(bio, 0, bio_flags);
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
+ return ret;
}

/*
diff --git a/fs/ext4/readpage.c b/fs/ext4/readpage.c
index c916017db334..f28385900b64 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/readpage.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/readpage.c
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/cleancache.h>
+#include <linux/psi.h>

#include "ext4.h"

@@ -116,6 +117,8 @@ int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping,
int length;
unsigned relative_block = 0;
struct ext4_map_blocks map;
+ bool refault = false;
+ unsigned long pflags;

map.m_pblk = 0;
map.m_lblk = 0;
@@ -134,6 +137,10 @@ int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping,
if (add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, page->index,
readahead_gfp_mask(mapping)))
goto next_page;
+ if (PageWorkingset(page) && !refault) {
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+ refault = true;
+ }
}

if (page_has_buffers(page))
@@ -291,5 +298,7 @@ int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping,
BUG_ON(pages && !list_empty(pages));
if (bio)
submit_bio(bio);
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/data.c b/fs/f2fs/data.c
index 2d0a1a97d3fd..fe9c34247be4 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/data.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/data.c
@@ -1699,6 +1699,8 @@ static int f2fs_mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping,
sector_t last_block_in_bio = 0;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
struct f2fs_map_blocks map;
+ bool refault = false;
+ unsigned long pflags;
int ret = 0;

map.m_pblk = 0;
@@ -1720,6 +1722,10 @@ static int f2fs_mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping,
page_index(page),
readahead_gfp_mask(mapping)))
goto next_page;
+ if (PageWorkingset(page) && !refault) {
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+ refault = true;
+ }
}

ret = f2fs_read_single_page(inode, page, nr_pages, &map, &bio,
@@ -1736,6 +1742,8 @@ static int f2fs_mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping,
BUG_ON(pages && !list_empty(pages));
if (bio)
__submit_bio(F2FS_I_SB(inode), bio, DATA);
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
return pages ? 0 : ret;
}

diff --git a/fs/mpage.c b/fs/mpage.c
index 436a85260394..f4ef57f1ea06 100644
--- a/fs/mpage.c
+++ b/fs/mpage.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/cleancache.h>
+#include <linux/psi.h>
#include "internal.h"

/*
@@ -389,6 +390,8 @@ mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
.get_block = get_block,
.is_readahead = true,
};
+ bool refault = false;
+ unsigned long pflags;
unsigned page_idx;

for (page_idx = 0; page_idx < nr_pages; page_idx++) {
@@ -404,10 +407,16 @@ mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
args.bio = do_mpage_readpage(&args);
}
put_page(page);
+ if (PageWorkingset(page) && !refault) {
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+ refault = true;
+ }
}
BUG_ON(!list_empty(pages));
if (args.bio)
mpage_bio_submit(REQ_OP_READ, REQ_RAHEAD, args.bio);
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mpage_readpages);
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 8129eaa5f257..667fbd3f7eb2 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -2009,6 +2009,8 @@ static ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb,
pgoff_t end_index;
loff_t isize;
unsigned long nr, ret;
+ unsigned long pflags;
+ bool refault;

cond_resched();
find_page:
@@ -2157,9 +2159,17 @@ static ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb,
* PG_error will be set again if readpage fails.
*/
ClearPageError(page);
+
+ refault = PageWorkingset(page);
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+
/* Start the actual read. The read will unlock the page. */
error = mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page);

+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
+
if (unlikely(error)) {
if (error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE) {
put_page(page);
@@ -2753,11 +2763,14 @@ static struct page *do_read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
void *data,
gfp_t gfp)
{
+ bool refault = false;
struct page *page;
int err;
repeat:
page = find_get_page(mapping, index);
if (!page) {
+ unsigned long pflags;
+
page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp);
if (!page)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
@@ -2770,12 +2783,19 @@ static struct page *do_read_cache_page(struct address_space *mapping,
return ERR_PTR(err);
}

+ refault = PageWorkingset(page);
filler:
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+
if (filler)
err = filler(data, page);
else
err = mapping->a_ops->readpage(data, page);

+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
+
if (err < 0) {
put_page(page);
return ERR_PTR(err);
diff --git a/mm/page_io.c b/mm/page_io.c
index 24ee600f9131..e878e9559015 100644
--- a/mm/page_io.c
+++ b/mm/page_io.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
+#include <linux/psi.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>

static struct bio *get_swap_bio(gfp_t gfp_flags,
@@ -354,10 +355,14 @@ int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool synchronous)
struct swap_info_struct *sis = page_swap_info(page);
blk_qc_t qc;
struct gendisk *disk;
+ unsigned long pflags;

VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSwapCache(page) && !synchronous, page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageUptodate(page), page);
+
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+
if (frontswap_load(page) == 0) {
SetPageUptodate(page);
unlock_page(page);
@@ -371,7 +376,7 @@ int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool synchronous)
ret = mapping->a_ops->readpage(swap_file, page);
if (!ret)
count_vm_event(PSWPIN);
- return ret;
+ goto out;
}

ret = bdev_read_page(sis->bdev, swap_page_sector(page), page);
@@ -382,7 +387,7 @@ int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool synchronous)
}

count_vm_event(PSWPIN);
- return 0;
+ goto out;
}

ret = 0;
@@ -416,8 +421,8 @@ int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool synchronous)
}
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
bio_put(bio);
-
out:
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
return ret;
}

diff --git a/mm/readahead.c b/mm/readahead.c
index 2fe72cd29b47..a89522a053ce 100644
--- a/mm/readahead.c
+++ b/mm/readahead.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <linux/mm_inline.h>
#include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
#include <linux/fadvise.h>
+#include <linux/psi.h>

#include "internal.h"

@@ -92,6 +93,9 @@ int read_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
int ret = 0;

while (!list_empty(pages)) {
+ unsigned long pflags;
+ bool refault;
+
page = lru_to_page(pages);
list_del(&page->lru);
if (add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, page->index,
@@ -101,7 +105,15 @@ int read_cache_pages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
}
put_page(page);

+ refault = PageWorkingset(page);
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+
ret = filler(data, page);
+
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
+
if (unlikely(ret)) {
read_cache_pages_invalidate_pages(mapping, pages);
break;
@@ -132,8 +144,18 @@ static int read_pages(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *filp,
for (page_idx = 0; page_idx < nr_pages; page_idx++) {
struct page *page = lru_to_page(pages);
list_del(&page->lru);
- if (!add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, page->index, gfp))
+ if (!add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mapping, page->index, gfp)) {
+ bool refault = PageWorkingset(page);
+ unsigned long pflags;
+
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
+
mapping->a_ops->readpage(filp, page);
+
+ if (refault)
+ psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
+ }
put_page(page);
}
ret = 0;
--
2.22.0
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