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Subject[RFC 3/7] x86/percpu: Use C for percpu accesses when possible
Date
The percpu code mostly uses inline assembly. Using segment qualifiers
allows to use C code instead, which enables the compiler to perform
various optimizations (e.g., CSE). For example, in __schedule() the
following two instructions:

mov %gs:0x7e5f1eff(%rip),%edx # 0x10350 <cpu_number>
movslq %edx,%rdx

Turn with this patch into:

movslq %gs:0x7e5f2e6e(%rip),%rax # 0x10350 <cpu_number>

In addition, operations that have no guarantee against concurrent
interrupts or preemption, such as __this_cpu_cmpxchg() can be further
optimized by the compiler when they are implemented in C, for example
in call_timer_fn().

Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h | 115 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h | 3 +-
2 files changed, 107 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
index 1fe348884477..13987f9bc82f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
@@ -439,13 +439,88 @@ do { \
*/
#define this_cpu_read_stable(var) percpu_stable_op("mov", var)

+#if USE_X86_SEG_SUPPORT
+
+#define __raw_cpu_read(qual, pcp) \
+({ \
+ *(qual __my_cpu_type(pcp) *)__my_cpu_ptr(&(pcp)); \
+})
+
+#define __raw_cpu_write(qual, pcp, val) \
+ do { \
+ *(qual __my_cpu_type(pcp) *)__my_cpu_ptr(&(pcp)) = (val); \
+ } while (0)
+
+/*
+ * Performance-wise, C operations are only more efficient than their inline
+ * assembly counterparts for non-volatile variables (__this_*) and for volatile
+ * loads and stores.
+ *
+ * Since we do not use assembly, we are free to define 64-bit operations
+ * on 32-bit architecture
+ */
+#define __raw_cpu_add(pcp, val) do { __my_cpu_var(pcp) += (val); } while (0)
+#define __raw_cpu_and(pcp, val) do { __my_cpu_var(pcp) &= (val); } while (0)
+#define __raw_cpu_or(pcp, val) do { __my_cpu_var(pcp) |= (val); } while (0)
+#define __raw_cpu_add_return(pcp, val) ({ __my_cpu_var(pcp) += (val); })
+
+#define __raw_cpu_xchg(pcp, val) \
+({ \
+ typeof(pcp) pxo_ret__ = __my_cpu_var(pcp); \
+ \
+ __my_cpu_var(pcp) = (val); \
+ pxo_ret__; \
+})
+
+#define __raw_cpu_cmpxchg(pcp, oval, nval) \
+({ \
+ __my_cpu_type(pcp) *__p = __my_cpu_ptr(&(pcp)); \
+ \
+ typeof(pcp) __ret = *__p; \
+ \
+ if (__ret == (oval)) \
+ *__p = nval; \
+ __ret; \
+})
+
+#define raw_cpu_read_1(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(, pcp)
+#define raw_cpu_read_2(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(, pcp)
+#define raw_cpu_read_4(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(, pcp)
+#define raw_cpu_write_1(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(, pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_write_2(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(, pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_write_4(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(, pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_1(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_2(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_4(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_and_1(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_and(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_and_2(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_and(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_and_4(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_and(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_or_1(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_or(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_or_2(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_or(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_or_4(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_or(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_xchg_1(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_xchg(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_xchg_2(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_xchg(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_xchg_4(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_xchg(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_return_1(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add_return(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_return_2(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add_return(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_return_4(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add_return(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_return_8(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add_return(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_1(pcp, oval, nval) __raw_cpu_cmpxchg(pcp, oval, nval)
+#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_2(pcp, oval, nval) __raw_cpu_cmpxchg(pcp, oval, nval)
+#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_4(pcp, oval, nval) __raw_cpu_cmpxchg(pcp, oval, nval)
+
+#define this_cpu_read_1(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(volatile, pcp)
+#define this_cpu_read_2(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(volatile, pcp)
+#define this_cpu_read_4(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(volatile, pcp)
+#define this_cpu_write_1(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(volatile, pcp, val)
+#define this_cpu_write_2(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(volatile, pcp, val)
+#define this_cpu_write_4(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(volatile, pcp, val)
+
+#else
#define raw_cpu_read_1(pcp) percpu_from_op(, "mov", pcp)
#define raw_cpu_read_2(pcp) percpu_from_op(, "mov", pcp)
#define raw_cpu_read_4(pcp) percpu_from_op(, "mov", pcp)

-#define raw_cpu_write_1(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(, "mov", (pcp), val)
-#define raw_cpu_write_2(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(, "mov", (pcp), val)
-#define raw_cpu_write_4(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(, "mov", (pcp), val)
#define raw_cpu_add_1(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(, (pcp), val)
#define raw_cpu_add_2(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(, (pcp), val)
#define raw_cpu_add_4(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(, (pcp), val)
@@ -477,6 +552,14 @@ do { \
#define this_cpu_write_1(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(volatile, "mov", (pcp), val)
#define this_cpu_write_2(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(volatile, "mov", (pcp), val)
#define this_cpu_write_4(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(volatile, "mov", (pcp), val)
+
+#define raw_cpu_add_return_1(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(, pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_return_2(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(, pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_return_4(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(, pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_1(pcp, oval, nval) percpu_cmpxchg_op(, pcp, oval, nval)
+#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_2(pcp, oval, nval) percpu_cmpxchg_op(, pcp, oval, nval)
+#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_4(pcp, oval, nval) percpu_cmpxchg_op(, pcp, oval, nval)
+#endif
#define this_cpu_add_1(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(volatile, (pcp), val)
#define this_cpu_add_2(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(volatile, (pcp), val)
#define this_cpu_add_4(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(volatile, (pcp), val)
@@ -490,13 +573,6 @@ do { \
#define this_cpu_xchg_2(pcp, nval) percpu_xchg_op(volatile, pcp, nval)
#define this_cpu_xchg_4(pcp, nval) percpu_xchg_op(volatile, pcp, nval)

-#define raw_cpu_add_return_1(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(, pcp, val)
-#define raw_cpu_add_return_2(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(, pcp, val)
-#define raw_cpu_add_return_4(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(, pcp, val)
-#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_1(pcp, oval, nval) percpu_cmpxchg_op(, pcp, oval, nval)
-#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_2(pcp, oval, nval) percpu_cmpxchg_op(, pcp, oval, nval)
-#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_4(pcp, oval, nval) percpu_cmpxchg_op(, pcp, oval, nval)
-
#define this_cpu_add_return_1(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(volatile, pcp, val)
#define this_cpu_add_return_2(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(volatile, pcp, val)
#define this_cpu_add_return_4(pcp, val) percpu_add_return_op(volatile, pcp, val)
@@ -527,6 +603,22 @@ do { \
* 32 bit must fall back to generic operations.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+
+#if USE_X86_SEG_SUPPORT
+
+#define raw_cpu_read_8(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(, pcp)
+#define raw_cpu_write_8(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(, pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_add_8(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_add(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_and_8(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_and(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_or_8(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_or(pcp, val)
+#define raw_cpu_xchg_8(pcp, nval) __raw_cpu_xchg(pcp, nval)
+#define raw_cpu_cmpxchg_8(pcp, oval, nval) __raw_cpu_cmpxchg(pcp, oval, nval)
+
+#define this_cpu_read_8(pcp) __raw_cpu_read(volatile, pcp)
+#define this_cpu_write_8(pcp, val) __raw_cpu_write(volatile, pcp, val)
+
+#else
+
#define raw_cpu_read_8(pcp) percpu_from_op(, "mov", pcp)
#define raw_cpu_write_8(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(, "mov", (pcp), val)
#define raw_cpu_add_8(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(, (pcp), val)
@@ -538,6 +630,9 @@ do { \

#define this_cpu_read_8(pcp) percpu_from_op(volatile, "mov", pcp)
#define this_cpu_write_8(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(volatile, "mov", (pcp), val)
+
+#endif
+
#define this_cpu_add_8(pcp, val) percpu_add_op(volatile, (pcp), val)
#define this_cpu_and_8(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(volatile, "and", (pcp), val)
#define this_cpu_or_8(pcp, val) percpu_to_op(volatile, "or", (pcp), val)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
index 99a7fa9ab0a3..60f97b288004 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
@@ -91,7 +91,8 @@ static __always_inline void __preempt_count_sub(int val)
*/
static __always_inline bool __preempt_count_dec_and_test(void)
{
- return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc("decl", __preempt_count, e, __percpu_arg([var]));
+ return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc("decl", __my_cpu_var(__preempt_count), e,
+ __percpu_arg([var]));
}

/*
--
2.17.1
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