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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 05/24] PM / devfreq: tegra30: Set up watermarks properly
В Thu, 18 Jul 2019 19:17:17 +0900
Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com> пишет:

> On 19. 7. 8. 오전 7:32, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
> > The current implementation is inaccurate and results in very
> > intensive interrupt activity, which neglects the whole idea of
> > polling offload to hardware. The reason of the shortcoming is that
> > watermarks are not set up correctly and this results in ACTMON
> > constantly asking to change freq and then these requests are
> > ignored. The end result of this patch is that there are few
> > hundreds of ACTMON's interrupts instead of tens thousands after few
> > minutes of a working devfreq, meanwhile the transitions activity
> > stays about the same and governor becomes more reactive.
> >
> > Since watermarks are set precisely correct now, the boosting logic
> > is changed a tad to accommodate the change. The "average sustain
> > coefficient" multiplier is gone now since there is no need to
> > compensate the improper watermarks and EMC frequency-bump happens
> > once boosting hits the upper watermark enough times, depending on
> > the per-device boosting threshold.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c | 293
> > +++++++++++++++++++++--------- 1 file changed, 209 insertions(+),
> > 84 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c
> > b/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c index
> > 4be7858c33bc..16f7e6cf3b99 100644 ---
> > a/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c +++
> > b/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c @@ -47,6 +47,8 @@
> >
> > #define ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_UPPER
> > BIT(31) #define
> > ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_LOWER BIT(30)
> > +#define
> > ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_BELOW_WMARK
> > BIT(25) +#define
> > ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_ABOVE_WMARK
> > BIT(24) #define
> > ACTMON_ABOVE_WMARK_WINDOW 1 #define
> > ACTMON_BELOW_WMARK_WINDOW 3 @@ -63,9
> > +65,8 @@
> > * ACTMON_AVERAGE_WINDOW_LOG2: default value for @DEV_CTRL_K_VAL,
> > which
> > * translates to 2 ^ (K_VAL + 1). ex: 2 ^ (6 + 1) = 128
> > */
> > -#define ACTMON_AVERAGE_WINDOW_LOG2 6
> > -#define ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD
> > 12 /* ms */ -#define
> > ACTMON_DEFAULT_AVG_BAND 6 /* 1/10
> > of % */ +#define
> > ACTMON_AVERAGE_WINDOW_LOG2 6
> > +#define
> > ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD 12 /*
> > ms */ #define
> > KHZ 1000 @@
> > -142,9 +143,6 @@ struct tegra_devfreq_device {
> > * watermark breaches.
> > */
> > unsigned long boost_freq;
> > -
> > - /* Optimal frequency calculated from the stats for this
> > device */
> > - unsigned long target_freq;
> > };
> >
> > struct tegra_devfreq {
> > @@ -156,7 +154,6 @@ struct tegra_devfreq {
> >
> > struct clk *emc_clock;
> > unsigned long max_freq;
> > - unsigned long cur_freq;
> > struct notifier_block rate_change_nb;
> >
> > struct tegra_devfreq_device
> > devices[ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_device_configs)]; @@ -205,42 +202,182 @@
> > static unsigned long do_percent(unsigned long val, unsigned int
> > pct) return val * pct / 100; }
> >
> > +static unsigned long actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(struct tegra_devfreq
> > *tegra) +{
> > + struct tegra_actmon_emc_ratio *ratio = actmon_emc_ratios;
> > + unsigned int cpu_freq = cpufreq_get(0);
> > + unsigned int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_emc_ratios); i++,
> > ratio++) {
> > + if (cpu_freq >= ratio->cpu_freq) {
> > + if (ratio->emc_freq >= tegra->max_freq)
> > + return tegra->max_freq;
> > + else
> > + return ratio->emc_freq;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static unsigned long
> > +tegra_actmon_account_cpu_freq(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> > + struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev,
> > + unsigned long target_freq)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long static_cpu_emc_freq;
> > +
> > + if (dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold &&
> > + dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold <
> > dev->avg_count) {
> > + static_cpu_emc_freq =
> > actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(tegra);
> > + target_freq = max(target_freq,
> > static_cpu_emc_freq);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return target_freq;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static unsigned long tegra_actmon_lower_freq(struct tegra_devfreq
> > *tegra,
> > + unsigned long
> > target_freq) +{
> > + unsigned long lower = target_freq;
> > + struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
> > +
> > + opp =
> > dev_pm_opp_find_freq_floor(tegra->devfreq->dev.parent, &lower);
> > + if (IS_ERR(opp))
> > + lower = 0;
> > + else
> > + dev_pm_opp_put(opp);
> > +
> > + return lower;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static unsigned long tegra_actmon_upper_freq(struct tegra_devfreq
> > *tegra,
> > + unsigned long
> > target_freq) +{
> > + unsigned long upper = target_freq + 1;
> > + struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
> > +
> > + opp =
> > dev_pm_opp_find_freq_ceil(tegra->devfreq->dev.parent, &upper);
> > + if (IS_ERR(opp))
> > + upper = ULONG_MAX;
> > + else
> > + dev_pm_opp_put(opp);
> > +
> > + return upper;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(struct tegra_devfreq
> > *tegra,
> > + struct
> > tegra_devfreq_device *dev,
> > + unsigned long target_freq,
> > + unsigned long *lower,
> > + unsigned long *upper)
> > +{
> > + /*
> > + * Memory frequencies are guaranteed to have 1MHz
> > granularity
> > + * and thus we need this rounding down to get a proper
> > watermarks
> > + * range in a case where target_freq falls into a range of
> > + * next_possible_opp_freq - 1MHz.
> > + */
> > + target_freq = round_down(target_freq, 1000000);
> > +
> > + /* watermarks are set at the borders of the corresponding
> > OPPs */
> > + *lower = tegra_actmon_lower_freq(tegra, target_freq);
> > + *upper = tegra_actmon_upper_freq(tegra, target_freq);
> > +
> > + *lower /= KHZ;
> > + *upper /= KHZ;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * The upper watermark should take into account CPU's
> > frequency
> > + * because cpu_to_emc_rate() may override the target_freq
> > with
> > + * a higher value and thus upper watermark need to be set
> > up
> > + * accordingly to avoid parasitic upper-events.
> > + */
> > + *upper = tegra_actmon_account_cpu_freq(tegra, dev, *upper);
> > +
> > + *lower *= ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> > + *upper *= ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> > +}
> > +
> > static void tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(struct tegra_devfreq
> > *tegra, struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> > {
> > - u32 avg = dev->avg_count;
> > - u32 avg_band_freq = tegra->max_freq *
> > ACTMON_DEFAULT_AVG_BAND / KHZ;
> > - u32 band = avg_band_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> > + unsigned long lower, upper, freq;
> >
> > - device_writel(dev, avg + band, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_UPPER_WMARK);
> > + freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD * KHZ;
> > + tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(tegra, dev, freq, &lower,
> > &upper);
> > - avg = max(dev->avg_count, band);
> > - device_writel(dev, avg - band, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_LOWER_WMARK);
> > + /*
> > + * We want to get interrupts when MCCPU client crosses the
> > + * dependency threshold in order to take into / out of
> > account
> > + * the CPU's freq.
> > + */
> > + if (lower < dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold &&
> > + upper > dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold) {
> > + if (dev->avg_count <
> > dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold)
> > + upper =
> > dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold;
> > + else
> > + lower =
> > dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold;
> > + }
> > +
> > + device_writel(dev, lower, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_LOWER_WMARK);
> > + device_writel(dev, upper, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_UPPER_WMARK);
> > }
> >
> > static void tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> > - struct tegra_devfreq_device
> > *dev)
> > + struct tegra_devfreq_device
> > *dev,
> > + unsigned long freq)
> > {
> > - u32 val = tegra->cur_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> > + unsigned long lower, upper, delta;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Boosting logic kicks-in once lower / upper watermark is
> > hit.
> > + * The watermarks are based on the updated EMC rate and the
> > + * average activity.
> > + *
> > + * The higher watermark is set in accordance to the EMC
> > rate
> > + * because we want to set it to the highest mark here and
> > EMC rate
> > + * represents that mark. The consecutive-upper interrupts
> > are
> > + * always enabled and we don't want to receive them if
> > they won't
> > + * do anything useful, hence the upper watermark is capped
> > to maximum.
> > + * Note that the EMC rate is changed once boosting pushed
> > the rate
> > + * too high, in that case boosting-up will be stopped
> > because
> > + * upper watermark is much higher now and it is
> > *important* to
> > + * stop the unwanted interrupts.
> > + */
> > + tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(tegra, dev, freq - 1, &lower,
> > &upper); +
> > + delta = do_percent(upper - lower,
> > dev->config->boost_up_threshold);
> > + device_writel(dev, lower + delta, ACTMON_DEV_UPPER_WMARK);
> >
> > - device_writel(dev, do_percent(val,
> > dev->config->boost_up_threshold),
> > - ACTMON_DEV_UPPER_WMARK);
> > + /*
> > + * Meanwhile the lower mark is based on the average value
> > + * because it is the lowest possible consecutive-mark for
> > this
> > + * device. Once that mark is hit and boosting is stopped,
> > the
> > + * interrupt is disabled by ISR.
> > + */
> > + freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD * KHZ;
> > + tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(tegra, dev, freq, &lower,
> > &upper);
> > - device_writel(dev, do_percent(val,
> > dev->config->boost_down_threshold),
> > - ACTMON_DEV_LOWER_WMARK);
> > + delta = do_percent(upper - lower,
> > dev->config->boost_down_threshold);
> > + device_writel(dev, lower + delta, ACTMON_DEV_LOWER_WMARK);
> > }
> >
> > static void actmon_isr_device(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> > struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> > {
> > - u32 intr_status, dev_ctrl;
> > + u32 intr_status, dev_ctrl, avg_intr_mask;
> >
> > dev->avg_count = device_readl(dev, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_COUNT);
> > - tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> > -
> > intr_status = device_readl(dev, ACTMON_DEV_INTR_STATUS);
> > dev_ctrl = device_readl(dev, ACTMON_DEV_CTRL);
> >
> > + avg_intr_mask = ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_BELOW_WMARK |
> > + ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_ABOVE_WMARK;
> > +
> > + if (intr_status & avg_intr_mask)
> > + tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> > +
> > if (intr_status & ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_UPPER) {
> > /*
> > * new_boost = min(old_boost * up_coef + step,
> > max_freq) @@ -253,8 +390,6 @@ static void actmon_isr_device(struct
> > tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> > if (dev->boost_freq >= tegra->max_freq)
> > dev->boost_freq = tegra->max_freq;
> > - else
> > - dev_ctrl |=
> > ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_ABOVE_WMARK_EN; } else if (intr_status
> > & ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_LOWER) { /*
> > * new_boost = old_boost * down_coef
> > @@ -263,63 +398,37 @@ static void actmon_isr_device(struct
> > tegra_devfreq *tegra, dev->boost_freq = do_percent(dev->boost_freq,
> > dev->config->boost_down_coeff);
> >
> > - dev_ctrl |=
> > ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_ABOVE_WMARK_EN; -
> > if (dev->boost_freq < (ACTMON_BOOST_FREQ_STEP >>
> > 1)) dev->boost_freq = 0;
> > - else
> > - dev_ctrl |=
> > ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN; }
> >
> > - if (dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold) {
> > - if (dev->avg_count >=
> > dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold)
> > - dev_ctrl |=
> > ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN;
> > - else if (dev->boost_freq == 0)
> > - dev_ctrl &=
> > ~ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN;
> > + if (intr_status & avg_intr_mask) {
> > + /*
> > + * Once average watermark is hit, it means that
> > the memory
> > + * activity changed significantly and thus
> > boosting-up shall
> > + * be reset because EMC clock rate will be changed
> > and
> > + * boosting will restart in this case.
> > + */
> > + dev->boost_freq = 0;
> > }
> >
> > - device_writel(dev, dev_ctrl, ACTMON_DEV_CTRL);
> > + /* no boosting => no need for consecutive-down interrupt */
> > + if (dev->boost_freq == 0)
> > + dev_ctrl &=
> > ~ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN;
> > + device_writel(dev, dev_ctrl, ACTMON_DEV_CTRL);
> > device_writel(dev, ACTMON_INTR_STATUS_CLEAR,
> > ACTMON_DEV_INTR_STATUS); }
> >
> > -static unsigned long actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(struct tegra_devfreq
> > *tegra,
> > - unsigned long cpu_freq)
> > -{
> > - unsigned int i;
> > - struct tegra_actmon_emc_ratio *ratio = actmon_emc_ratios;
> > -
> > - for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_emc_ratios); i++,
> > ratio++) {
> > - if (cpu_freq >= ratio->cpu_freq) {
> > - if (ratio->emc_freq >= tegra->max_freq)
> > - return tegra->max_freq;
> > - else
> > - return ratio->emc_freq;
> > - }
> > - }
> > -
> > - return 0;
> > -}
> > -
> > -static void actmon_update_target(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> > - struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> > +static unsigned long actmon_update_target(struct tegra_devfreq
> > *tegra,
> > + struct
> > tegra_devfreq_device *dev) {
> > - unsigned long cpu_freq = 0;
> > - unsigned long static_cpu_emc_freq = 0;
> > - unsigned int avg_sustain_coef;
> > -
> > - if (dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold) {
> > - cpu_freq = cpufreq_get(0);
> > - static_cpu_emc_freq =
> > actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(tegra, cpu_freq);
> > - }
> > + unsigned long target_freq;
> >
> > - dev->target_freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> > - avg_sustain_coef = 100 * 100 /
> > dev->config->boost_up_threshold;
> > - dev->target_freq = do_percent(dev->target_freq,
> > avg_sustain_coef);
> > - dev->target_freq += dev->boost_freq;
> > + target_freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD +
> > dev->boost_freq;
> > + target_freq = tegra_actmon_account_cpu_freq(tegra, dev,
> > target_freq);
> > - if (dev->avg_count >=
> > dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold)
> > - dev->target_freq = max(dev->target_freq,
> > static_cpu_emc_freq);
> > + return target_freq;
> > }
> >
> > static irqreturn_t actmon_thread_isr(int irq, void *data)
> > @@ -351,8 +460,8 @@ static int tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb(struct
> > notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action, void *ptr)
> > {
> > struct clk_notifier_data *data = ptr;
> > - struct tegra_devfreq *tegra;
> > struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev;
> > + struct tegra_devfreq *tegra;
> > unsigned int i;
> >
> > if (action != POST_RATE_CHANGE)
> > @@ -360,12 +469,28 @@ static int tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb(struct
> > notifier_block *nb,
> > tegra = container_of(nb, struct tegra_devfreq,
> > rate_change_nb);
> > - tegra->cur_freq = data->new_rate / KHZ;
> > -
> > + /*
> > + * EMC rate could change due to three reasons:
> > + *
> > + * 1. Average watermark hit
> > + * 2. Boosting overflow
> > + * 3. CPU freq change
> > + *
> > + * Once rate is changed, the consecutive watermarks need
> > to be
> > + * updated in order for boosting to work properly and to
> > avoid
> > + * unnecessary interrupts. Note that the consecutive range
> > is set for
> > + * all of devices using the same rate, hence if CPU is
> > doing much
> > + * less than the other memory clients, then its upper
> > watermark will
> > + * be very high in comparison to the actual activity
> > (lower watermark)
> > + * and thus unnecessary upper-interrupts will be
> > suppressed.
> > + *
> > + * The average watermarks also should be updated because
> > of 3.
> > + */
> > for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(tegra->devices); i++) {
> > dev = &tegra->devices[i];
> >
> > - tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev);
> > + tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> > + tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev,
> > data->new_rate); }
> >
> > return NOTIFY_OK;
> > @@ -374,15 +499,14 @@ static int tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb(struct
> > notifier_block *nb, static void
> > tegra_actmon_configure_device(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra, struct
> > tegra_devfreq_device *dev) {
> > - u32 val = 0;
> > -
> > - dev->target_freq = tegra->cur_freq;
> > + u32 val = 0, target_freq;
> >
> > - dev->avg_count = tegra->cur_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> > + target_freq = clk_get_rate(tegra->emc_clock) / KHZ;
> > + dev->avg_count = target_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> > device_writel(dev, dev->avg_count, ACTMON_DEV_INIT_AVG);
> >
> > tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> > - tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev);
> > + tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev, target_freq);
> >
> > device_writel(dev, ACTMON_COUNT_WEIGHT,
> > ACTMON_DEV_COUNT_WEIGHT); device_writel(dev,
> > ACTMON_INTR_STATUS_CLEAR, ACTMON_DEV_INTR_STATUS); @@ -469,13
> > +593,13 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_get_dev_status(struct device
> > *dev, struct tegra_devfreq_device *actmon_dev; unsigned long
> > cur_freq;
> > - cur_freq = READ_ONCE(tegra->cur_freq);
> > + cur_freq = clk_get_rate(tegra->emc_clock);
> >
> > /* To be used by the tegra governor */
> > stat->private_data = tegra;
> >
> > /* The below are to be used by the other governors */
> > - stat->current_frequency = cur_freq * KHZ;
> > + stat->current_frequency = cur_freq;
> >
> > actmon_dev = &tegra->devices[MCALL];
> >
> > @@ -486,7 +610,7 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_get_dev_status(struct
> > device *dev, stat->busy_time *= 100 / BUS_SATURATION_RATIO;
> >
> > /* Number of cycles in a sampling period */
> > - stat->total_time = ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD * cur_freq;
> > + stat->total_time = cur_freq / KHZ * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> >
> > stat->busy_time = min(stat->busy_time, stat->total_time);
> >
> > @@ -505,6 +629,7 @@ static int tegra_governor_get_target(struct
> > devfreq *devfreq, struct devfreq_dev_status *stat;
> > struct tegra_devfreq *tegra;
> > struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev;
> > + unsigned long dev_target_freq;
> > unsigned long target_freq = 0;
> > unsigned int i;
> > int err;
> > @@ -520,9 +645,9 @@ static int tegra_governor_get_target(struct
> > devfreq *devfreq, for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(tegra->devices); i++) {
> > dev = &tegra->devices[i];
> >
> > - actmon_update_target(tegra, dev);
> > + dev_target_freq = actmon_update_target(tegra, dev);
> >
> > - target_freq = max(target_freq, dev->target_freq);
> > + target_freq = max(target_freq, dev_target_freq);
> > }
> >
> > *freq = target_freq * KHZ;
> > @@ -642,7 +767,6 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_probe(struct
> > platform_device *pdev) return rate;
> > }
> >
> > - tegra->cur_freq = clk_get_rate(tegra->emc_clock) / KHZ;
> > tegra->max_freq = rate / KHZ;
> >
> > for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_device_configs); i++) {
> > @@ -671,7 +795,8 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_probe(struct
> > platform_device *pdev) platform_set_drvdata(pdev, tegra);
> >
> > tegra->rate_change_nb.notifier_call =
> > tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb;
> > - err = clk_notifier_register(tegra->emc_clock,
> > &tegra->rate_change_nb);
> > + err = clk_notifier_register(tegra->emc_clock,
> > + &tegra->rate_change_nb);
> > if (err) {
> > dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> > "Failed to register rate change
> > notifier\n");
>
>
> Maybe, it is possible to merge patch4/patch19/patch20 to one patch.

All these three patches are completely separate changes, thus they
should be kept separate.

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