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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 05/24] PM / devfreq: tegra30: Set up watermarks properly
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On 19. 7. 8. 오전 7:32, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
> The current implementation is inaccurate and results in very intensive
> interrupt activity, which neglects the whole idea of polling offload to
> hardware. The reason of the shortcoming is that watermarks are not set
> up correctly and this results in ACTMON constantly asking to change freq
> and then these requests are ignored. The end result of this patch is that
> there are few hundreds of ACTMON's interrupts instead of tens thousands
> after few minutes of a working devfreq, meanwhile the transitions activity
> stays about the same and governor becomes more reactive.
>
> Since watermarks are set precisely correct now, the boosting logic is
> changed a tad to accommodate the change. The "average sustain coefficient"
> multiplier is gone now since there is no need to compensate the improper
> watermarks and EMC frequency-bump happens once boosting hits the upper
> watermark enough times, depending on the per-device boosting threshold.
>
> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com>
> ---
> drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c | 293 +++++++++++++++++++++---------
> 1 file changed, 209 insertions(+), 84 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c b/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c
> index 4be7858c33bc..16f7e6cf3b99 100644
> --- a/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c
> +++ b/drivers/devfreq/tegra30-devfreq.c
> @@ -47,6 +47,8 @@
>
> #define ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_UPPER BIT(31)
> #define ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_LOWER BIT(30)
> +#define ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_BELOW_WMARK BIT(25)
> +#define ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_ABOVE_WMARK BIT(24)
>
> #define ACTMON_ABOVE_WMARK_WINDOW 1
> #define ACTMON_BELOW_WMARK_WINDOW 3
> @@ -63,9 +65,8 @@
> * ACTMON_AVERAGE_WINDOW_LOG2: default value for @DEV_CTRL_K_VAL, which
> * translates to 2 ^ (K_VAL + 1). ex: 2 ^ (6 + 1) = 128
> */
> -#define ACTMON_AVERAGE_WINDOW_LOG2 6
> -#define ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD 12 /* ms */
> -#define ACTMON_DEFAULT_AVG_BAND 6 /* 1/10 of % */
> +#define ACTMON_AVERAGE_WINDOW_LOG2 6
> +#define ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD 12 /* ms */
>
> #define KHZ 1000
>
> @@ -142,9 +143,6 @@ struct tegra_devfreq_device {
> * watermark breaches.
> */
> unsigned long boost_freq;
> -
> - /* Optimal frequency calculated from the stats for this device */
> - unsigned long target_freq;
> };
>
> struct tegra_devfreq {
> @@ -156,7 +154,6 @@ struct tegra_devfreq {
>
> struct clk *emc_clock;
> unsigned long max_freq;
> - unsigned long cur_freq;
> struct notifier_block rate_change_nb;
>
> struct tegra_devfreq_device devices[ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_device_configs)];
> @@ -205,42 +202,182 @@ static unsigned long do_percent(unsigned long val, unsigned int pct)
> return val * pct / 100;
> }
>
> +static unsigned long actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra)
> +{
> + struct tegra_actmon_emc_ratio *ratio = actmon_emc_ratios;
> + unsigned int cpu_freq = cpufreq_get(0);
> + unsigned int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_emc_ratios); i++, ratio++) {
> + if (cpu_freq >= ratio->cpu_freq) {
> + if (ratio->emc_freq >= tegra->max_freq)
> + return tegra->max_freq;
> + else
> + return ratio->emc_freq;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned long
> +tegra_actmon_account_cpu_freq(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> + struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev,
> + unsigned long target_freq)
> +{
> + unsigned long static_cpu_emc_freq;
> +
> + if (dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold &&
> + dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold < dev->avg_count) {
> + static_cpu_emc_freq = actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(tegra);
> + target_freq = max(target_freq, static_cpu_emc_freq);
> + }
> +
> + return target_freq;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned long tegra_actmon_lower_freq(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> + unsigned long target_freq)
> +{
> + unsigned long lower = target_freq;
> + struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
> +
> + opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_floor(tegra->devfreq->dev.parent, &lower);
> + if (IS_ERR(opp))
> + lower = 0;
> + else
> + dev_pm_opp_put(opp);
> +
> + return lower;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned long tegra_actmon_upper_freq(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> + unsigned long target_freq)
> +{
> + unsigned long upper = target_freq + 1;
> + struct dev_pm_opp *opp;
> +
> + opp = dev_pm_opp_find_freq_ceil(tegra->devfreq->dev.parent, &upper);
> + if (IS_ERR(opp))
> + upper = ULONG_MAX;
> + else
> + dev_pm_opp_put(opp);
> +
> + return upper;
> +}
> +
> +static void tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> + struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev,
> + unsigned long target_freq,
> + unsigned long *lower,
> + unsigned long *upper)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Memory frequencies are guaranteed to have 1MHz granularity
> + * and thus we need this rounding down to get a proper watermarks
> + * range in a case where target_freq falls into a range of
> + * next_possible_opp_freq - 1MHz.
> + */
> + target_freq = round_down(target_freq, 1000000);
> +
> + /* watermarks are set at the borders of the corresponding OPPs */
> + *lower = tegra_actmon_lower_freq(tegra, target_freq);
> + *upper = tegra_actmon_upper_freq(tegra, target_freq);
> +
> + *lower /= KHZ;
> + *upper /= KHZ;
> +
> + /*
> + * The upper watermark should take into account CPU's frequency
> + * because cpu_to_emc_rate() may override the target_freq with
> + * a higher value and thus upper watermark need to be set up
> + * accordingly to avoid parasitic upper-events.
> + */
> + *upper = tegra_actmon_account_cpu_freq(tegra, dev, *upper);
> +
> + *lower *= ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> + *upper *= ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> +}
> +
> static void tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> {
> - u32 avg = dev->avg_count;
> - u32 avg_band_freq = tegra->max_freq * ACTMON_DEFAULT_AVG_BAND / KHZ;
> - u32 band = avg_band_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> + unsigned long lower, upper, freq;
>
> - device_writel(dev, avg + band, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_UPPER_WMARK);
> + freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD * KHZ;
> + tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(tegra, dev, freq, &lower, &upper);
>
> - avg = max(dev->avg_count, band);
> - device_writel(dev, avg - band, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_LOWER_WMARK);
> + /*
> + * We want to get interrupts when MCCPU client crosses the
> + * dependency threshold in order to take into / out of account
> + * the CPU's freq.
> + */
> + if (lower < dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold &&
> + upper > dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold) {
> + if (dev->avg_count < dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold)
> + upper = dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold;
> + else
> + lower = dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold;
> + }
> +
> + device_writel(dev, lower, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_LOWER_WMARK);
> + device_writel(dev, upper, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_UPPER_WMARK);
> }
>
> static void tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> - struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> + struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev,
> + unsigned long freq)
> {
> - u32 val = tegra->cur_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> + unsigned long lower, upper, delta;
> +
> + /*
> + * Boosting logic kicks-in once lower / upper watermark is hit.
> + * The watermarks are based on the updated EMC rate and the
> + * average activity.
> + *
> + * The higher watermark is set in accordance to the EMC rate
> + * because we want to set it to the highest mark here and EMC rate
> + * represents that mark. The consecutive-upper interrupts are
> + * always enabled and we don't want to receive them if they won't
> + * do anything useful, hence the upper watermark is capped to maximum.
> + * Note that the EMC rate is changed once boosting pushed the rate
> + * too high, in that case boosting-up will be stopped because
> + * upper watermark is much higher now and it is *important* to
> + * stop the unwanted interrupts.
> + */
> + tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(tegra, dev, freq - 1, &lower, &upper);
> +
> + delta = do_percent(upper - lower, dev->config->boost_up_threshold);
> + device_writel(dev, lower + delta, ACTMON_DEV_UPPER_WMARK);
>
> - device_writel(dev, do_percent(val, dev->config->boost_up_threshold),
> - ACTMON_DEV_UPPER_WMARK);
> + /*
> + * Meanwhile the lower mark is based on the average value
> + * because it is the lowest possible consecutive-mark for this
> + * device. Once that mark is hit and boosting is stopped, the
> + * interrupt is disabled by ISR.
> + */
> + freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD * KHZ;
> + tegra_actmon_get_lower_upper(tegra, dev, freq, &lower, &upper);
>
> - device_writel(dev, do_percent(val, dev->config->boost_down_threshold),
> - ACTMON_DEV_LOWER_WMARK);
> + delta = do_percent(upper - lower, dev->config->boost_down_threshold);
> + device_writel(dev, lower + delta, ACTMON_DEV_LOWER_WMARK);
> }
>
> static void actmon_isr_device(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> {
> - u32 intr_status, dev_ctrl;
> + u32 intr_status, dev_ctrl, avg_intr_mask;
>
> dev->avg_count = device_readl(dev, ACTMON_DEV_AVG_COUNT);
> - tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> -
> intr_status = device_readl(dev, ACTMON_DEV_INTR_STATUS);
> dev_ctrl = device_readl(dev, ACTMON_DEV_CTRL);
>
> + avg_intr_mask = ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_BELOW_WMARK |
> + ACTMON_DEV_INTR_AVG_ABOVE_WMARK;
> +
> + if (intr_status & avg_intr_mask)
> + tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> +
> if (intr_status & ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_UPPER) {
> /*
> * new_boost = min(old_boost * up_coef + step, max_freq)
> @@ -253,8 +390,6 @@ static void actmon_isr_device(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
>
> if (dev->boost_freq >= tegra->max_freq)
> dev->boost_freq = tegra->max_freq;
> - else
> - dev_ctrl |= ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_ABOVE_WMARK_EN;
> } else if (intr_status & ACTMON_DEV_INTR_CONSECUTIVE_LOWER) {
> /*
> * new_boost = old_boost * down_coef
> @@ -263,63 +398,37 @@ static void actmon_isr_device(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> dev->boost_freq = do_percent(dev->boost_freq,
> dev->config->boost_down_coeff);
>
> - dev_ctrl |= ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_ABOVE_WMARK_EN;
> -
> if (dev->boost_freq < (ACTMON_BOOST_FREQ_STEP >> 1))
> dev->boost_freq = 0;
> - else
> - dev_ctrl |= ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN;
> }
>
> - if (dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold) {
> - if (dev->avg_count >= dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold)
> - dev_ctrl |= ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN;
> - else if (dev->boost_freq == 0)
> - dev_ctrl &= ~ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN;
> + if (intr_status & avg_intr_mask) {
> + /*
> + * Once average watermark is hit, it means that the memory
> + * activity changed significantly and thus boosting-up shall
> + * be reset because EMC clock rate will be changed and
> + * boosting will restart in this case.
> + */
> + dev->boost_freq = 0;
> }
>
> - device_writel(dev, dev_ctrl, ACTMON_DEV_CTRL);
> + /* no boosting => no need for consecutive-down interrupt */
> + if (dev->boost_freq == 0)
> + dev_ctrl &= ~ACTMON_DEV_CTRL_CONSECUTIVE_BELOW_WMARK_EN;
>
> + device_writel(dev, dev_ctrl, ACTMON_DEV_CTRL);
> device_writel(dev, ACTMON_INTR_STATUS_CLEAR, ACTMON_DEV_INTR_STATUS);
> }
>
> -static unsigned long actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> - unsigned long cpu_freq)
> -{
> - unsigned int i;
> - struct tegra_actmon_emc_ratio *ratio = actmon_emc_ratios;
> -
> - for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_emc_ratios); i++, ratio++) {
> - if (cpu_freq >= ratio->cpu_freq) {
> - if (ratio->emc_freq >= tegra->max_freq)
> - return tegra->max_freq;
> - else
> - return ratio->emc_freq;
> - }
> - }
> -
> - return 0;
> -}
> -
> -static void actmon_update_target(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> - struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> +static unsigned long actmon_update_target(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> + struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> {
> - unsigned long cpu_freq = 0;
> - unsigned long static_cpu_emc_freq = 0;
> - unsigned int avg_sustain_coef;
> -
> - if (dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold) {
> - cpu_freq = cpufreq_get(0);
> - static_cpu_emc_freq = actmon_cpu_to_emc_rate(tegra, cpu_freq);
> - }
> + unsigned long target_freq;
>
> - dev->target_freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> - avg_sustain_coef = 100 * 100 / dev->config->boost_up_threshold;
> - dev->target_freq = do_percent(dev->target_freq, avg_sustain_coef);
> - dev->target_freq += dev->boost_freq;
> + target_freq = dev->avg_count / ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD + dev->boost_freq;
> + target_freq = tegra_actmon_account_cpu_freq(tegra, dev, target_freq);
>
> - if (dev->avg_count >= dev->config->avg_dependency_threshold)
> - dev->target_freq = max(dev->target_freq, static_cpu_emc_freq);
> + return target_freq;
> }
>
> static irqreturn_t actmon_thread_isr(int irq, void *data)
> @@ -351,8 +460,8 @@ static int tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
> unsigned long action, void *ptr)
> {
> struct clk_notifier_data *data = ptr;
> - struct tegra_devfreq *tegra;
> struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev;
> + struct tegra_devfreq *tegra;
> unsigned int i;
>
> if (action != POST_RATE_CHANGE)
> @@ -360,12 +469,28 @@ static int tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
>
> tegra = container_of(nb, struct tegra_devfreq, rate_change_nb);
>
> - tegra->cur_freq = data->new_rate / KHZ;
> -
> + /*
> + * EMC rate could change due to three reasons:
> + *
> + * 1. Average watermark hit
> + * 2. Boosting overflow
> + * 3. CPU freq change
> + *
> + * Once rate is changed, the consecutive watermarks need to be
> + * updated in order for boosting to work properly and to avoid
> + * unnecessary interrupts. Note that the consecutive range is set for
> + * all of devices using the same rate, hence if CPU is doing much
> + * less than the other memory clients, then its upper watermark will
> + * be very high in comparison to the actual activity (lower watermark)
> + * and thus unnecessary upper-interrupts will be suppressed.
> + *
> + * The average watermarks also should be updated because of 3.
> + */
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(tegra->devices); i++) {
> dev = &tegra->devices[i];
>
> - tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev);
> + tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> + tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev, data->new_rate);
> }
>
> return NOTIFY_OK;
> @@ -374,15 +499,14 @@ static int tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb(struct notifier_block *nb,
> static void tegra_actmon_configure_device(struct tegra_devfreq *tegra,
> struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev)
> {
> - u32 val = 0;
> -
> - dev->target_freq = tegra->cur_freq;
> + u32 val = 0, target_freq;
>
> - dev->avg_count = tegra->cur_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> + target_freq = clk_get_rate(tegra->emc_clock) / KHZ;
> + dev->avg_count = target_freq * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
> device_writel(dev, dev->avg_count, ACTMON_DEV_INIT_AVG);
>
> tegra_devfreq_update_avg_wmark(tegra, dev);
> - tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev);
> + tegra_devfreq_update_wmark(tegra, dev, target_freq);
>
> device_writel(dev, ACTMON_COUNT_WEIGHT, ACTMON_DEV_COUNT_WEIGHT);
> device_writel(dev, ACTMON_INTR_STATUS_CLEAR, ACTMON_DEV_INTR_STATUS);
> @@ -469,13 +593,13 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_get_dev_status(struct device *dev,
> struct tegra_devfreq_device *actmon_dev;
> unsigned long cur_freq;
>
> - cur_freq = READ_ONCE(tegra->cur_freq);
> + cur_freq = clk_get_rate(tegra->emc_clock);
>
> /* To be used by the tegra governor */
> stat->private_data = tegra;
>
> /* The below are to be used by the other governors */
> - stat->current_frequency = cur_freq * KHZ;
> + stat->current_frequency = cur_freq;
>
> actmon_dev = &tegra->devices[MCALL];
>
> @@ -486,7 +610,7 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_get_dev_status(struct device *dev,
> stat->busy_time *= 100 / BUS_SATURATION_RATIO;
>
> /* Number of cycles in a sampling period */
> - stat->total_time = ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD * cur_freq;
> + stat->total_time = cur_freq / KHZ * ACTMON_SAMPLING_PERIOD;
>
> stat->busy_time = min(stat->busy_time, stat->total_time);
>
> @@ -505,6 +629,7 @@ static int tegra_governor_get_target(struct devfreq *devfreq,
> struct devfreq_dev_status *stat;
> struct tegra_devfreq *tegra;
> struct tegra_devfreq_device *dev;
> + unsigned long dev_target_freq;
> unsigned long target_freq = 0;
> unsigned int i;
> int err;
> @@ -520,9 +645,9 @@ static int tegra_governor_get_target(struct devfreq *devfreq,
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(tegra->devices); i++) {
> dev = &tegra->devices[i];
>
> - actmon_update_target(tegra, dev);
> + dev_target_freq = actmon_update_target(tegra, dev);
>
> - target_freq = max(target_freq, dev->target_freq);
> + target_freq = max(target_freq, dev_target_freq);
> }
>
> *freq = target_freq * KHZ;
> @@ -642,7 +767,6 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> return rate;
> }
>
> - tegra->cur_freq = clk_get_rate(tegra->emc_clock) / KHZ;
> tegra->max_freq = rate / KHZ;
>
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(actmon_device_configs); i++) {
> @@ -671,7 +795,8 @@ static int tegra_devfreq_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> platform_set_drvdata(pdev, tegra);
>
> tegra->rate_change_nb.notifier_call = tegra_actmon_rate_notify_cb;
> - err = clk_notifier_register(tegra->emc_clock, &tegra->rate_change_nb);
> + err = clk_notifier_register(tegra->emc_clock,
> + &tegra->rate_change_nb);
> if (err) {
> dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> "Failed to register rate change notifier\n");
>


Maybe, it is possible to merge patch4/patch19/patch20 to one patch.


--
Best Regards,
Chanwoo Choi
Samsung Electronics

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