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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3 v3] ARM: dts: aspeed: Add SGPIO driver
Hello Hongwei,

Please send patches and feedback on prior iterations separately. Please send the
output of `git format-patch ...`directly; format-patch spits the patch out in email
form ready to go and can be fed straight to `git send-email`.

On Wed, 17 Jul 2019, at 06:54, Hongwei Zhang wrote:
> Add SGPIO driver support for Aspeed AST2500 SoC.
>
> Signed-off-by: Hongwei Zhang <hongweiz@ami.com>
> ---
> drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c | 487 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 487 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c b/drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..ade2cb7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,487 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Copyright 2019 American Megatrends International LLC.
> + *
> + * Author: Karthikeyan Mani <karthikeyanm@amiindia.co.in>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
> +#include <linux/gpio/aspeed.h>

linux/gpio/aspeed.h is specific to the parallel GPIO driver, please drop
this include.

> +#include <linux/hashtable.h>
> +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/clk.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/pinctrl/consumer.h>

This driver doesn't have any direct interaction with pinctrl, so I think
we can remove this header

> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +#include <linux/string.h>
> +#include <linux/gpio.h>
> +
> +#define MAX_NR_SGPIO 80
> +
> +#define ASPEED_SGPIO_CTRL 0x54
> +
> +#define ASPEED_SGPIO_PINS_MASK GENMASK(9, 6)
> +#define ASPEED_SGPIO_CLK_DIV_MASK GENMASK(31, 16)
> +#define ASPEED_SGPIO_ENABLE BIT(0)
> +
> +// default sgpio direction is input.
> +static uint32_t sgpio_dir_val[3] = {0xffffffff, 0xffffffff, 0xffffffff
> };

Why not make it a member of struct aspeed_sgpio (below)? I'd prefer
we encode the comment in the variable name as well, e.g.
sgpio_dir_in`- this way when reading the code that uses it we know
which bit state means what (set is input, clear is output).

> +
> +struct aspeed_sgpio {
> + struct gpio_chip chip;
> + struct clk *pclk;
> + spinlock_t lock;
> + void __iomem *base;
> + int irq;
> +};
> +
> +struct aspeed_sgpio_bank {
> + uint16_t val_regs;
> + uint16_t rdata_reg;
> + uint16_t irq_regs;
> + const char names[4][3];
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Note: The "value" register returns the input value sampled on the
> + * line even when the GPIO is configured as an output. Since
> + * that input goes through synchronizers, writing, then reading
> + * back may not return the written value right away.

The paragraph above is somewhat specific to the parallel GPIO driver.
It would be good to rework it for the context of the SGPIO driver.
Documenting the split of the "value" and "rdata" register is a good
thing.

> + *
> + * The "rdata" register returns the content of the write latch
> + * and thus can be used to read back what was last written
> + * reliably.
> + */
> +static const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank aspeed_sgpio_banks[] = {
> + {
> + .val_regs = 0x0000,
> + .rdata_reg = 0x0070,
> + .irq_regs = 0x0004,
> + .names = { "A", "B", "C", "D" },
> + },
> + {
> + .val_regs = 0x001C,
> + .rdata_reg = 0x0074,
> + .irq_regs = 0x0020,
> + .names = { "E", "F", "G", "H" },
> + },
> + {
> + .val_regs = 0x0038,
> + .rdata_reg = 0x0078,
> + .irq_regs = 0x003C,
> + .names = { "I", "J" },
> + },
> +};
> +
> +enum aspeed_sgpio_reg {
> + reg_val,
> + reg_rdata,
> + reg_irq_enable,
> + reg_irq_type0,
> + reg_irq_type1,
> + reg_irq_type2,
> + reg_irq_status,
> +};
> +
> +#define GPIO_VAL_VALUE 0x00
> +#define GPIO_VAL_DIR 0x04
> +#define GPIO_IRQ_ENABLE 0x00
> +#define GPIO_IRQ_TYPE0 0x04
> +#define GPIO_IRQ_TYPE1 0x08
> +#define GPIO_IRQ_TYPE2 0x0C
> +#define GPIO_IRQ_STATUS 0x10
> +
> +/* This will be resolved at compile time */
> +static inline void __iomem *bank_reg(struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio,
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank,
> + const enum aspeed_sgpio_reg reg)
> +{
> + switch (reg) {
> + case reg_val:
> + return gpio->base + bank->val_regs + GPIO_VAL_VALUE;
> + case reg_rdata:
> + return gpio->base + bank->rdata_reg;
> + case reg_irq_enable:
> + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_ENABLE;
> + case reg_irq_type0:
> + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_TYPE0;
> + case reg_irq_type1:
> + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_TYPE1;
> + case reg_irq_type2:
> + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_TYPE2;
> + case reg_irq_status:
> + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_STATUS;
> + default:
> + /* acturally if code runs to here, it's an error case */
> + BUG_ON(1);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +#define GPIO_BANK(x) ((x) >> 5)
> +#define GPIO_OFFSET(x) ((x) & 0x1f)
> +#define GPIO_BIT(x) BIT(GPIO_OFFSET(x))
> +
> +static const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *to_bank(unsigned int offset)
> +{
> + unsigned int bank = GPIO_BANK(offset);
> +
> + WARN_ON(bank >= ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks));
> + return &aspeed_sgpio_banks[bank];
> +}
> +
> +static int aspeed_sgpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int offset)
> +{
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank = to_bank(offset);
> +
> + if (sgpio_dir_val[GPIO_BANK(offset)] & GPIO_BIT(offset))
> + return !!(ioread32(bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_val)) &
> GPIO_BIT(offset));
> + else
> + return !!(ioread32(bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_rdata)) &
> GPIO_BIT(offset));

We don't need the else because we return from the body of the true case,
and this could be written in a less redundant fashion. Also we need to do
the read under gpio.lock for consistency with aspeed_sgpio_set().

enum aspeed_sgpio_reg from;
unsigned long flags;
bool input;
int rc;

...

spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
input = sgpio_dir_val[GPIO_BANK(offset)] & GPIO_BIT(offset);
from = input ? reg_val : reg_rdata;
rc = !!(ioread32(bank_reg(gpio, bank, from)) & GPIO_BIT(offset));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags);

return rc;

> +
> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_sgpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int
> offset, int val)
> +{
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank = to_bank(offset);
> + unsigned long flags;
> + void __iomem *addr;
> + u32 reg = 0;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +
> + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_val);
> +
> + if (val)
> + reg |= GPIO_BIT(offset);
> + else
> + reg &= ~GPIO_BIT(offset);
> +
> + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static int aspeed_sgpio_dir_in(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int
> offset)
> +{
> + sgpio_dir_val[GPIO_BANK(offset)] |= GPIO_BIT(offset);

Also do all manipulations of sgpio_dir_val under the spinlock.

> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int aspeed_sgpio_dir_out(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int
> offset, int val)
> +{
> + sgpio_dir_val[GPIO_BANK(offset)] &= ~GPIO_BIT(offset);

Again here.

> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int aspeed_sgpio_get_direction(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned
> int offset)
> +{
> + return sgpio_dir_val[GPIO_BANK(offset)] & GPIO_BIT(offset);

Again here.

> +
> +}
> +
> +static inline int irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(struct irq_data *d,
> + struct aspeed_sgpio **gpio,
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank **bank,
> + u32 *bit, int *offset)
> +{
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *internal;
> +
> + *offset = irqd_to_hwirq(d);
> +
> + internal = irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d);
> +
> + *gpio = internal;
> + *bank = to_bank(*offset);
> + *bit = GPIO_BIT(*offset);
> +
> + return 0;

It looks like this function could be a void function instead, and we
could eliminate error checking from the callsites. If you're feeling
paranoid you could `WARN_ON(!internal);` after the call to
`irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d)`.

> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_ack(struct irq_data *d)
> +{
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + void __iomem *status_addr;
> + int rc, offset;
> + u32 bit;
> +
> + rc = irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(d, &gpio, &bank, &bit, &offset);
> + if (rc)
> + return;
> +
> + status_addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_status);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +
> + iowrite32(bit, status_addr);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_set_mask(struct irq_data *d, bool set)
> +{
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + u32 reg, bit;
> + void __iomem *addr;
> + int rc, offset;
> +
> + rc = irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(d, &gpio, &bank, &bit, &offset);
> + if (rc)
> + return;
> +
> + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_enable);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +
> + reg = ioread32(addr);
> + if (set)
> + reg |= bit;
> + else
> + reg &= ~bit;
> +
> + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_mask(struct irq_data *d)
> +{
> + aspeed_sgpio_irq_set_mask(d, false);
> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_unmask(struct irq_data *d)
> +{
> + aspeed_sgpio_irq_set_mask(d, true);
> +}
> +
> +static int aspeed_sgpio_set_type(struct irq_data *d, unsigned int type)
> +{
> + u32 type0 = 0;
> + u32 type1 = 0;
> + u32 type2 = 0;
> + u32 bit, reg;
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> + irq_flow_handler_t handler;
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + void __iomem *addr;
> + int rc, offset;
> +
> + rc = irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(d, &gpio, &bank, &bit, &offset);
> + if (rc)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + switch (type & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK) {
> + case IRQ_TYPE_EDGE_BOTH:
> + type2 |= bit;
> + /* fall through */
> + case IRQ_TYPE_EDGE_RISING:
> + type0 |= bit;
> + /* fall through */
> + case IRQ_TYPE_EDGE_FALLING:
> + handler = handle_edge_irq;
> + break;
> + case IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH:
> + type0 |= bit;
> + /* fall through */
> + case IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_LOW:
> + type1 |= bit;
> + handler = handle_level_irq;
> + break;
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +
> + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type0);
> + reg = ioread32(addr);
> + reg = (reg & ~bit) | type0;
> + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> +
> + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type1);
> + reg = ioread32(addr);
> + reg = (reg & ~bit) | type1;
> + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> +
> + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type2);
> + reg = ioread32(addr);
> + reg = (reg & ~bit) | type2;
> + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags);
> +
> + irq_set_handler_locked(d, handler);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_handler(struct irq_desc *desc)
> +{
> + struct gpio_chip *gc = irq_desc_get_handler_data(desc);
> + struct irq_chip *ic = irq_desc_get_chip(desc);
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *data = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> + unsigned int i, p, girq;
> + unsigned long reg;
> +
> + chained_irq_enter(ic, desc);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks); i++) {
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank = &aspeed_sgpio_banks[i];
> +
> + reg = ioread32(bank_reg(data, bank, reg_irq_status));
> +
> + for_each_set_bit(p, &reg, 32) {
> + girq = irq_find_mapping(gc->irq.domain, i * 32 + p);
> + generic_handle_irq(girq);
> + }
> +
> + }
> +
> + chained_irq_exit(ic, desc);
> +}
> +
> +static struct irq_chip aspeed_sgpio_irqchip = {
> + .name = "aspeed-sgpio",
> + .irq_ack = aspeed_sgpio_irq_ack,
> + .irq_mask = aspeed_sgpio_irq_mask,
> + .irq_unmask = aspeed_sgpio_irq_unmask,
> + .irq_set_type = aspeed_sgpio_set_type,
> +};
> +
> +static int aspeed_sgpio_setup_irqs(struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio,
> + struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + int rc, i;
> + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> +
> + rc = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
> + if (rc < 0)
> + return rc;
> +
> + gpio->irq = rc;
> +
> + /* Disable IRQ and clear Interrupt status registers for all SPGIO
> Pins. */
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks); i++) {
> + bank = &aspeed_sgpio_banks[i];
> + /* disable irq enable bits */
> + iowrite32(0x00000000, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_enable));
> + /* clear status bits */
> + iowrite32(0xffffffff, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_status));
> + }
> +
> + rc = gpiochip_irqchip_add(&gpio->chip, &aspeed_sgpio_irqchip,
> + 0, handle_bad_irq, IRQ_TYPE_NONE);
> + if (rc) {
> + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Could not add irqchip\n");
> + return rc;
> + }
> +
> + gpiochip_set_chained_irqchip(&gpio->chip, &aspeed_sgpio_irqchip,
> + gpio->irq, aspeed_sgpio_irq_handler);
> +
> + /* set IRQ settings and Enable Interrupt */
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks); i++) {
> + bank = &aspeed_sgpio_banks[i];
> + /* set falling or level-low irq */
> + iowrite32(0x00000000, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type0));
> + /* trigger type is edge */
> + iowrite32(0x00000000, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type1));
> + /* dual edge trigger mode. */
> + iowrite32(0xffffffff, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type2));
> + /* enable irq */
> + iowrite32(0xffffffff, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_enable));
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id aspeed_sgpio_of_table[] = {
> + { .compatible = "aspeed,ast2400-sgpio" },
> + { .compatible = "aspeed,ast2500-sgpio" },
> + {}
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, aspeed_sgpio_of_table);
> +
> +static int __init aspeed_sgpio_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> + struct resource *res;
> + u32 nr_gpios, sgpio_freq;
> + int rc;
> + u16 sgpio_clk_div;

Lets make this a u32 as it will help error detection below.

> + unsigned long apb_freq;
> +
> + gpio = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*gpio), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!gpio)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> + gpio->base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);

Please use devm_platform_ioremap_resource() here.

> + if (IS_ERR(gpio->base))
> + return PTR_ERR(gpio->base);
> +
> + rc = of_property_read_u32(pdev->dev.of_node, "nr-gpios", &nr_gpios);
> + if ((rc < 0) || (nr_gpios > MAX_NR_SGPIO))
> + nr_gpios = MAX_NR_SGPIO;

This is an error state, not something we should paper over. This should be
`return -EINVAL;`

> +
> + rc = of_property_read_u32(pdev->dev.of_node, "bus-frequency",
> &sgpio_freq);
> + if (rc < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not read bus-frequency property\n");
> + sgpio_freq = 12000000;

Again, I suggested previously that this is a required property, not optional.
As such there should not be fall-back code here. This is another case of
`return -EINVAL;`.

> + }
> +
> + gpio->pclk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
> + if (IS_ERR(gpio->pclk)) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "devm_clk_get failed\n");
> + return PTR_ERR(gpio->pclk);
> + }
> +
> + apb_freq = clk_get_rate(gpio->pclk);
> + sgpio_clk_div = 2 * ((apb_freq % sgpio_freq == 0) ?
> + (apb_freq / sgpio_freq) - 1 : (apb_freq / sgpio_freq));

This calculation seems overly complex and possibly incorrect (need to
multiply the denominator or divide the result, not multiply the result)?

From the datasheet, the SGPM clock period calculation is:

period = 1/PCLK * 2 * (GPIO254[31:16] + 1)

rearranging:

period = 2 * (GPIO254[31:16] + 1) / PCLK

Converting back to bus frequency:

frequency = 1 / (2 * (GPIO254[31:16] + 1) / PCLK)

Which rearranges to:

frequency = PCLK / (2 * (GPIO254[31:16] + 1))

Extracting GPIO254[31:16] in terms of PCLK / frequency from above:

frequency * 2 * (GPIO254[31:16] + 1) = PCLK

And so:

GPIO254[31:16] = PCLK / (frequency * 2) - 1

From that, the code should look something like:

if (sgpio_freq == 0)
return -EINVAL;

sgpio_clk_div = apb_freq / (sgpio_freq * 2) - 1;

if (sgpio_clk_div > (1 << 16) - 1)
return -EINVAL;

This seems to work at the extremes (sgpio_clk_div = 0 and
sgpio_clk_div = 65535), and we get 32766.99 on a round-trip of
the divider value 32768, which if we truncate gives an error of 0.023Hz
with an APB of 24.75MHz (value reported from one of our boards).

Andrew

> + iowrite32(FIELD_PREP(ASPEED_SGPIO_CLK_DIV_MASK, sgpio_clk_div) |
> + FIELD_PREP(ASPEED_SGPIO_PINS_MASK, (nr_gpios / 8)) |
> + ASPEED_SGPIO_ENABLE,
> + gpio->base + ASPEED_SGPIO_CTRL);
> +
> + spin_lock_init(&gpio->lock);
> +
> + gpio->chip.parent = &pdev->dev;
> + gpio->chip.ngpio = nr_gpios;
> + gpio->chip.direction_input = aspeed_sgpio_dir_in;
> + gpio->chip.direction_output = aspeed_sgpio_dir_out;
> + gpio->chip.get_direction = aspeed_sgpio_get_direction;
> + gpio->chip.request = NULL;
> + gpio->chip.free = NULL;
> + gpio->chip.get = aspeed_sgpio_get;
> + gpio->chip.set = aspeed_sgpio_set;
> + gpio->chip.set_config = NULL;
> + gpio->chip.label = dev_name(&pdev->dev);
> + gpio->chip.base = ARCH_NR_GPIOS - MAX_NR_SGPIO;
> +
> + rc = devm_gpiochip_add_data(&pdev->dev, &gpio->chip, gpio);
> + if (rc < 0)
> + return rc;
> +
> + return aspeed_sgpio_setup_irqs(gpio, pdev);
> +}
> +
> +static struct platform_driver aspeed_sgpio_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
> + .of_match_table = aspeed_sgpio_of_table,
> + },
> +};
> +
> +module_platform_driver_probe(aspeed_sgpio_driver, aspeed_sgpio_probe);
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Aspeed Serial GPIO Driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> --
> 2.7.4
>
> >
>
> thanks Anrew, please review v3 at above and also inline comments at below.
>
> >
> > From: Andrew Jeffery <andrew@aj.id.au>
> > Sent: Wednesday, July 10, 2019 9:46 PM
> > To: Hongwei Zhang; Bartosz Golaszewski; Joel Stanley; Linus Walleij
> > Cc: linux-gpio@vger.kernel.org; linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org; linux-aspeed@lists.ozlabs.org;
> > linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/3 v2] ARM: dts: aspeed: Add SGPIO driver
> >
> >
> >
> > On Thu, 11 Jul 2019, at 00:56, Hongwei Zhang wrote:
> > > Add SGPIO driver support for Aspeed AST2500 SoC.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Hongwei Zhang <hongweiz@ami.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c | 450
> > > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > 1 file changed, 450 insertions(+)
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c b/drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c
> > > new file mode 100644 index 0000000..0743d22
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/drivers/gpio/sgpio-aspeed.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,450 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> > > +/*
> > > + * Copyright 2019 American Megatrends International LLC.
> > > + *
> > > + * Author: Karthikeyan Mani <karthikeyanm@amiindia.co.in> */
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
> > > +#include <linux/gpio/aspeed.h>
> > > +#include <linux/hashtable.h>
> > > +#include <linux/init.h>
> > > +#include <linux/io.h>
> > > +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > > +#include <linux/pinctrl/consumer.h>
> > > +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> > > +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> > > +#include <linux/string.h>
> > > +
> > > +#define NR_SGPIO 80
> > > +
> > > +struct aspeed_sgpio {
> > > + struct gpio_chip chip;
> > > + spinlock_t lock;
> > > + void __iomem *base;
> > > + int irq;
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +struct aspeed_sgpio_bank {
> > > + uint16_t val_regs;
> > > + uint16_t rdata_reg;
> > > + uint16_t irq_regs;
> > > + const char names[4][3];
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Note: The "value" register returns the input value sampled on the
> > > + * line even when the GPIO is configured as an output. Since
> > > + * that input goes through synchronizers, writing, then reading
> > > + * back may not return the written value right away.
> > > + *
> > > + * The "rdata" register returns the content of the write latch
> > > + * and thus can be used to read back what was last written
> > > + * reliably.
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +static const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank aspeed_sgpio_banks[] = {
> > > + {
> > > + .val_regs = 0x0000,
> > > + .rdata_reg = 0x0070,
> > > + .irq_regs = 0x0004,
> > > + .names = { "A", "B", "C", "D" },
> > > + },
> > > + {
> > > + .val_regs = 0x001C,
> > > + .rdata_reg = 0x0074,
> > > + .irq_regs = 0x0020,
> > > + .names = { "E", "F", "G", "H" },
> > > + },
> > > + {
> > > + .val_regs = 0x0038,
> > > + .rdata_reg = 0x0078,
> > > + .irq_regs = 0x003C,
> > > + .names = { "I", "J" },
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +enum aspeed_sgpio_reg {
> > > + reg_val,
> > > + reg_rdata,
> > > + reg_irq_enable,
> > > + reg_irq_type0,
> > > + reg_irq_type1,
> > > + reg_irq_type2,
> > > + reg_irq_status,
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +#define GPIO_VAL_VALUE 0x00
> > > +#define GPIO_VAL_DIR 0x04
> > > +#define GPIO_IRQ_ENABLE 0x00
> > > +#define GPIO_IRQ_TYPE0 0x04
> > > +#define GPIO_IRQ_TYPE1 0x08
> > > +#define GPIO_IRQ_TYPE2 0x0C
> > > +#define GPIO_IRQ_STATUS 0x10
> > > +
> > > +/* This will be resolved at compile time */ static inline void
> > > +__iomem *bank_reg(struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio,
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank,
> > > + const enum aspeed_sgpio_reg reg) {
> > > + switch (reg) {
> > > + case reg_val:
> > > + return gpio->base + bank->val_regs + GPIO_VAL_VALUE;
> > > + case reg_rdata:
> > > + return gpio->base + bank->rdata_reg;
> > > + case reg_irq_enable:
> > > + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_ENABLE;
> > > + case reg_irq_type0:
> > > + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_TYPE0;
> > > + case reg_irq_type1:
> > > + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_TYPE1;
> > > + case reg_irq_type2:
> > > + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_TYPE2;
> > > + case reg_irq_status:
> > > + return gpio->base + bank->irq_regs + GPIO_IRQ_STATUS;
> > > + default:
> > > + /* acturally if code runs to here, it's an error case */
> > > + WARN_ON(reg);
> > > + return gpio->base;
> > > + }
> > > +}
> > > +
> updated to use BUG_ON(1), please see v3.
>
> > > +#define GPIO_BANK(x) ((x) >> 5)
> > > +#define GPIO_OFFSET(x) ((x) & 0x1f)
> > > +#define GPIO_BIT(x) BIT(GPIO_OFFSET(x))
> > > +
> > > +static const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *to_bank(unsigned int offset) {
> > > + unsigned int bank = GPIO_BANK(offset);
> > > +
> > > + WARN_ON(bank >= ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks));
> > > + return &aspeed_sgpio_banks[bank];
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int aspeed_sgpio_get(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int
> > > +offset) {
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank = to_bank(offset);
> > > +
> > > + return !!(ioread32(bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_val)) &
> > > +GPIO_BIT(offset)); }
> > > +
> > > +static void aspeed_sgpio_set(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int
> > > offset, int val)
> > > +{
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank = to_bank(offset);
> > > + unsigned long flags;
> > > + void __iomem *addr;
> > > + u32 reg = 0;
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_val);
> > > +
> > > + if (val)
> > > + reg |= GPIO_BIT(offset);
> > > + else
> > > + reg &= ~GPIO_BIT(offset);
> > > +
> > > + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags); }
> > > +
> > > +static int aspeed_sgpio_dir_in(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int
> > > offset)
> > > +{
> > > + /* By default all SGPIO Pins are input */
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int aspeed_sgpio_dir_out(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned int
> > > offset, int val)
> > > +{
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int aspeed_sgpio_get_direction(struct gpio_chip *gc, unsigned
> > > int offset)
> > > +{
> > > + /* By default all SGPIO Pins are input */
> > > + return 1;
> > > +
> > > +}
> >
> > Please see my follow-up reply on v1 that helps clarify what we should do with the
> > dir_in()/dir_out()/get_direction() implementations. The implementation here will confuse everything in
> > the stack above it.
> >
>
> updated, please see v3.
>
> > > +
> > > +static inline int irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(struct irq_data *d,
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio **gpio,
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank **bank,
> > > + u32 *bit, int *offset)
> > > +{
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *internal;
> > > +
> > > + *offset = irqd_to_hwirq(d);
> > > +
> > > + internal = irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d);
> > > +
> > > + *gpio = internal;
> > > + *bank = to_bank(*offset);
> > > + *bit = GPIO_BIT(*offset);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_ack(struct irq_data *d) {
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> > > + unsigned long flags;
> > > + void __iomem *status_addr;
> > > + int rc, offset;
> > > + u32 bit;
> > > +
> > > + rc = irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(d, &gpio, &bank, &bit, &offset);
> > > + if (rc)
> > > + return;
> > > +
> > > + status_addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_status);
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + iowrite32(bit, status_addr);
> > > +
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags); }
> > > +
> > > +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_set_mask(struct irq_data *d, bool set) {
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> > > + unsigned long flags;
> > > + u32 reg, bit;
> > > + void __iomem *addr;
> > > + int rc, offset;
> > > +
> > > + rc = irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(d, &gpio, &bank, &bit, &offset);
> > > + if (rc)
> > > + return;
> > > +
> > > + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_enable);
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + reg = ioread32(addr);
> > > + if (set)
> > > + reg |= bit;
> > > + else
> > > + reg &= ~bit;
> > > +
> > > + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> > > +
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags); }
> > > +
> > > +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_mask(struct irq_data *d) {
> > > + aspeed_sgpio_irq_set_mask(d, false); }
> > > +
> > > +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_unmask(struct irq_data *d) {
> > > + aspeed_sgpio_irq_set_mask(d, true);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int aspeed_sgpio_set_type(struct irq_data *d, unsigned int
> > > +type) {
> > > + u32 type0 = 0;
> > > + u32 type1 = 0;
> > > + u32 type2 = 0;
> > > + u32 bit, reg;
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> > > + irq_flow_handler_t handler;
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> > > + unsigned long flags;
> > > + void __iomem *addr;
> > > + int rc, offset;
> > > +
> > > + rc = irqd_to_aspeed_sgpio_data(d, &gpio, &bank, &bit, &offset);
> > > + if (rc)
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > +
> > > + switch (type & IRQ_TYPE_SENSE_MASK) {
> > > + case IRQ_TYPE_EDGE_BOTH:
> > > + type2 |= bit;
> > > + /* fall through */
> > > + case IRQ_TYPE_EDGE_RISING:
> > > + type0 |= bit;
> > > + /* fall through */
> > > + case IRQ_TYPE_EDGE_FALLING:
> > > + handler = handle_edge_irq;
> > > + break;
> > > + case IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH:
> > > + type0 |= bit;
> > > + /* fall through */
> > > + case IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_LOW:
> > > + type1 |= bit;
> > > + handler = handle_level_irq;
> > > + break;
> > > + default:
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_irqsave(&gpio->lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type0);
> > > + reg = ioread32(addr);
> > > + reg = (reg & ~bit) | type0;
> > > + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> > > +
> > > + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type1);
> > > + reg = ioread32(addr);
> > > + reg = (reg & ~bit) | type1;
> > > + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> > > +
> > > + addr = bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type2);
> > > + reg = ioread32(addr);
> > > + reg = (reg & ~bit) | type2;
> > > + iowrite32(reg, addr);
> > > +
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio->lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + irq_set_handler_locked(d, handler);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void aspeed_sgpio_irq_handler(struct irq_desc *desc) {
> > > + struct gpio_chip *gc = irq_desc_get_handler_data(desc);
> > > + struct irq_chip *ic = irq_desc_get_chip(desc);
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *data = gpiochip_get_data(gc);
> > > + unsigned int i, p, girq;
> > > + unsigned long reg;
> > > +
> > > + chained_irq_enter(ic, desc);
> > > +
> > > + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks); i++) {
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank = &aspeed_sgpio_banks[i];
> > > +
> > > + reg = ioread32(bank_reg(data, bank, reg_irq_status));
> > > +
> > > + for_each_set_bit(p, &reg, 32) {
> > > + girq = irq_find_mapping(gc->irq.domain, i * 32 + p);
> > > + generic_handle_irq(girq);
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + chained_irq_exit(ic, desc);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static struct irq_chip aspeed_sgpio_irqchip = {
> > > + .name = "aspeed-sgpio",
> > > + .irq_ack = aspeed_sgpio_irq_ack,
> > > + .irq_mask = aspeed_sgpio_irq_mask,
> > > + .irq_unmask = aspeed_sgpio_irq_unmask,
> > > + .irq_set_type = aspeed_sgpio_set_type,
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static int aspeed_sgpio_setup_irqs(struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio,
> > > + struct platform_device *pdev)
> > > +{
> > > + int rc, i;
> > > + const struct aspeed_sgpio_bank *bank;
> > > +
> > > + rc = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
> > > + if (rc < 0)
> > > + return rc;
> > > +
> > > + gpio->irq = rc;
> > > +
> > > + /* Disable IRQ and clear Interrupt status registers for all SPGIO
> > > Pins. */
> > > + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks); i++) {
> > > + bank = &aspeed_sgpio_banks[i];
> > > + /* disable irq enable bits */
> > > + iowrite32(0x00000000, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_enable));
> > > + /* clear status bits */
> > > + iowrite32(0xffffffff, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_status));
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + rc = gpiochip_irqchip_add(&gpio->chip, &aspeed_sgpio_irqchip,
> > > + 0, handle_bad_irq, IRQ_TYPE_NONE);
> > > + if (rc) {
> > > + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Could not add irqchip\n");
> > > + return rc;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + gpiochip_set_chained_irqchip(&gpio->chip, &aspeed_sgpio_irqchip,
> > > + gpio->irq, aspeed_sgpio_irq_handler);
> > > +
> > > + /* set IRQ settings and Enable Interrupt */
> > > + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(aspeed_sgpio_banks); i++) {
> > > + bank = &aspeed_sgpio_banks[i];
> > > + /* set falling or level-low irq */
> > > + iowrite32(0x00000000, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type0));
> > > + /* trigger type is edge */
> > > + iowrite32(0x00000000, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type1));
> > > + /* dual edge trigger mode. */
> > > + iowrite32(0xffffffff, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_type2));
> > > + /* enable irq */
> > > + iowrite32(0xffffffff, bank_reg(gpio, bank, reg_irq_enable));
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int aspeed_sgpio_request(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int
> > > offset)
> > > +{
> > > + return (offset < NR_SGPIO);
> > > +}
> >
> > I don't think this request() implementation is helpful, especially as it stands in the face of needing to pull
> > the number of GPIOs to serialise from the devicetree.
> >
> > request() is an optional callback, lets just drop it.
> >
>
> updated, please see v3.
>
> > > +
> > > +static const struct of_device_id aspeed_sgpio_of_table[] = {
> > > + { .compatible = "aspeed,ast2400-sgpio" },
> > > + { .compatible = "aspeed,ast2500-sgpio" },
> > > + {}
> > > +};
> > > +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, aspeed_sgpio_of_table);
> > > +
> > > +static int __init aspeed_sgpio_probe(struct platform_device *pdev) {
> > > + struct aspeed_sgpio *gpio;
> > > + struct resource *res;
> > > + int rc;
> > > +
> > > + gpio = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*gpio), GFP_KERNEL);
> > > + if (!gpio)
> > > + return -ENOMEM;
> > > +
> > > + res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> > > + gpio->base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
> > > + if (IS_ERR(gpio->base))
> > > + return PTR_ERR(gpio->base);
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_init(&gpio->lock);
> > > +
> > > + gpio->chip.parent = &pdev->dev;
> > > + gpio->chip.ngpio = NR_SGPIO;
> > > + gpio->chip.direction_input = aspeed_sgpio_dir_in;
> > > + gpio->chip.direction_output = aspeed_sgpio_dir_out;
> > > + gpio->chip.get_direction = aspeed_sgpio_get_direction;
> > > + gpio->chip.request = aspeed_sgpio_request;
> > > + gpio->chip.free = NULL;
> > > + gpio->chip.get = aspeed_sgpio_get;
> > > + gpio->chip.set = aspeed_sgpio_set;
> > > + gpio->chip.set_config = NULL;
> > > + gpio->chip.label = dev_name(&pdev->dev);
> > > + gpio->chip.base = -1;
> > > +
> > > + rc = devm_gpiochip_add_data(&pdev->dev, &gpio->chip, gpio);
> > > + if (rc < 0)
> > > + return rc;
> > > +
> > > + return aspeed_sgpio_setup_irqs(gpio, pdev); }
> > > +
> > > +static struct platform_driver aspeed_sgpio_driver = {
> > > + .driver = {
> > > + .name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
> > > + .of_match_table = aspeed_sgpio_of_table,
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +module_platform_driver_probe(aspeed_sgpio_driver,
> > > +aspeed_sgpio_probe); MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Aspeed Serial GPIO Driver");
> > > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> > > --
> > > 2.7.4
> > >
> > >
>

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