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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 11/11] interconnect: Add devfreq support
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Hey Saravana,

On 6/18/19 2:48 AM, Saravana Kannan wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 8:44 AM Georgi Djakov <georgi.djakov@linaro.org> wrote:
>>
>> Hi Saravana,
>>
>> On 6/14/19 07:17, Saravana Kannan wrote:
>>> Add a icc_create_devfreq() and icc_remove_devfreq() to create and remove
>>> devfreq devices for interconnect paths. A driver can create/remove devfreq
>>> devices for the interconnects needed for its device by calling these APIs.
>>> This would allow various devfreq governors to work with interconnect paths
>>> and the device driver itself doesn't have to actively manage the bandwidth
>>> votes for the interconnects.
>>
>> Thanks for the patches, but creating devfreq devices for each interconnect path
>> seems odd to me - at least for consumers that already use a governor.
>
> Each governor instance always handles one "frequency" (more like
> performance) domain at a time. So if a consumer is already using a
> governor to scale the hardware block, then using another governor to
> scale the interconnect performance points is the right way to go about
> it. In fact, that's exactly what devfreq passive governor's
> documentation even says it's meant for. That's also what cpufreq does
> for each cluster/CPU frequency domain too.
>
>> So for DDR
>> scaling for example, are you suggesting that we add a devfreq device from the
>> cpufreq driver in order to scale the interconnect between CPU<->DDR?
>
> Yes in general. Although, CPUs are a special case because CPUs don't
> go through devfreq. So passive governor as it stands today won't work.
> CPU<->DDR scaling might need a separate governor (unlikely) or some
> changes to the passive governor that I'm happy to work on once we
> settle this for general devices like GPU, etc. But the DT format for
> CPUs will be identical to GPUs or any other device.

using icc_create_devfreq from the cpufreq-hw driver on SDM845 SoC
to scale CPU<->DDR would cause a circular dependency. (i.e) with
the addition of cpufreq notifier to the passive governor as in
https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11046147/ devm_devfreq_add_device
would require the cpufreq transistion notifier register and cpu
freq_cpu_get to go through. Please add your thought on addressing this.

>
>> Also if the
>> GPU is already using devfreq, should we add a devfreq per each interconnect
>> path? What would be the benefit in this case - using different governors for
>> bandwidth scaling maybe?
>
> When saying "separate/different governors" in this email, I mean both
> different instance of the same governor logic with different tunables
> AND actually different algorithms/governor logic entirely.
>
> The heuristics to use for each interconnect path might be (more like,
> will be) different based on hardware characteristics (Eg: what voltage
> domains the interconnect is sitting on) and what interconnect
> information is available (Eg: Just busy time vs bandwidth count vs no
> information etc) -- so having separate governors for each interconnect
> path makes a lot of sense. It also allows userspace to control the
> policy for scaling each of those paths based on product use cases.
>
> For example, when the GPU is just doing simple UI rendering, userspace
> can use the max_freq sysfs file for the devfreq device to disallow high
> bandwidth OPPs on the GPU<->DDR path, but those higher OPPs could be
> allowed by userspace when the GPU is used for games. Having devfreq
> device for each interconnect path also make it easy to debug
> performance issues -- you can independently change the votes for each
> path to figure out what is causing the bottleneck, etc.
>
> Adding a devfreq device for interconnect voting with a few lines gives
> all these features "for free".
>
> This doesn't mean all users of interconnect framework NEED to use
> devfreq for interconnect. They might do it simply based on
> calculations based on the use case (Eg: display driver from display
> resolution). But if they are trying to use any kind of
> algorithm/heuristics, writing it as a devfreq governor should be
> encouraged.
>
> Also want to point out that BW OPPs also work for drivers that don't
> use devfreq at all. The interconnect-opp-table just lists the
> meaningful OPP leveld for the path and the device driver can pick one
> entry from the table based on the use case.
>
> Thanks,
> Saravana
>
>
>

--
Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc.
Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc, is a member of Code Aurora Forum,
a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project

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