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SubjectRe: [PATCH] locking/rwsem: use read_acquire in read_slowpath exit when queue is empty
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On 7/16/19 12:04 PM, Jan Stancek wrote:
> LTP mtest06 has been observed to rarely hit "still mapped when deleted"
> and following BUG_ON on arm64:
> page:ffff7e02fa37e480 refcount:3 mapcount:1 mapping:ffff80be3d678ab0 index:0x0
> xfs_address_space_operations [xfs]
> flags: 0xbfffe000000037(locked|referenced|uptodate|lru|active)
> page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapped(page))
> ------------[ cut here ]------------
> kernel BUG at mm/filemap.c:171!
> Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] SMP
> CPU: 220 PID: 154292 Comm: mmap1 Not tainted 5.2.0-0ecfebd.cki #1
> Hardware name: HPE Apollo 70 /C01_APACHE_MB , BIOS L50_5.13_1.10 05/17/2019
> pstate: 40400089 (nZcv daIf +PAN -UAO)
> pc : unaccount_page_cache_page+0x17c/0x1a0
> lr : unaccount_page_cache_page+0x17c/0x1a0
> Call trace:
> unaccount_page_cache_page+0x17c/0x1a0
> delete_from_page_cache_batch+0xa0/0x300
> truncate_inode_pages_range+0x1b8/0x640
> truncate_inode_pages_final+0x88/0xa8
> evict+0x1a0/0x1d8
> iput+0x150/0x240
> dentry_unlink_inode+0x120/0x130
> __dentry_kill+0xd8/0x1d0
> dentry_kill+0x88/0x248
> dput+0x168/0x1b8
> __fput+0xe8/0x208
> ____fput+0x20/0x30
> task_work_run+0xc0/0xf0
> do_notify_resume+0x2b0/0x328
> work_pending+0x8/0x10
>
> The extra mapcount originated from pagefault handler, which handled
> pagefault for vma that has already been detached. vma is detached
> under mmap_sem write lock by detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(), which
> also invalidates vmacache.
>
> When pagefault handler (under mmap_sem read lock) called find_vma(),
> vmacache_valid() wrongly reported vmacache as valid.
>
> After rwsem down_read() returns via 'queue empty' path (as of v5.2),
> it does so without issuing read_acquire on sem->count:
> down_read
> __down_read
> rwsem_down_read_failed
> __rwsem_down_read_failed_common
> raw_spin_lock_irq(&sem->wait_lock);
> if (list_empty(&sem->wait_list)) {
> if (atomic_long_read(&sem->count) >= 0) {
> raw_spin_unlock_irq(&sem->wait_lock);
> return sem;
>
> Suspected problem here is that last *_acquire on down_read() side
> happens before write side issues *_release:
> 1. writer: has the lock
> 2. reader: down_read() issues *read_acquire on entry
> 3. writer: mm->vmacache_seqnum++; downgrades lock (*fetch_add_release)
> 4. reader: __rwsem_down_read_failed_common() finds it can take lock and returns
> 5. reader: observes stale mm->vmacache_seqnum
>
> I can reproduce the problem by running LTP mtest06 in a loop and building
> kernel (-j $NCPUS) in parallel. It does reproduce since v4.20 up to v5.2
> on arm64 HPE Apollo 70 (224 CPUs, 256GB RAM, 2 nodes). It triggers reliably
> within ~hour. Patched kernel ran fine for 5+ hours with clean dmesg.
> Tests were done against v5.2, since commit cf69482d62d9 ("locking/rwsem:
> Enable readers spinning on writer") makes it much harder to reproduce.
The explanation makes sense to me. Thanks for the investigation.
>
> Related: https://github.com/linux-test-project/ltp/blob/master/testcases/kernel/mem/mtest06/mmap1.c
> Related: commit dd2283f2605e ("mm: mmap: zap pages with read mmap_sem in munmap")
> Fixes: 4b486b535c33 ("locking/rwsem: Exit read lock slowpath if queue empty & no writer")
>
> Signed-off-by: Jan Stancek <jstancek@redhat.com>
> Cc: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> ---
> kernel/locking/rwsem.c | 2 +-
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/locking/rwsem.c b/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
> index 37524a47f002..757b198d7a5b 100644
> --- a/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
> +++ b/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
> @@ -1030,7 +1030,7 @@ static inline bool rwsem_reader_phase_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem,
> * exit the slowpath and return immediately as its
> * RWSEM_READER_BIAS has already been set in the count.
> */
> - if (adjustment && !(atomic_long_read(&sem->count) &
> + if (adjustment && !(atomic_long_read_acquire(&sem->count) &
> (RWSEM_WRITER_MASK | RWSEM_FLAG_HANDOFF))) {
> raw_spin_unlock_irq(&sem->wait_lock);
> rwsem_set_reader_owned(sem);

The chance of taking this path is not that high. So instead of
increasing the cost of the test by adding an acquire barrier, how about
just adding smp_mb__after_spinlock() before spin_unlock_irq(). This
should have the same effect of making sure that no stale data will be
used in the read-lock critical section.

-Longman

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