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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 6/6] virtio-balloon: Add support for aerating memory via hinting
On Tue, Jul 16, 2019 at 08:37:06AM -0700, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 16, 2019 at 2:55 AM Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Wed, Jun 19, 2019 at 03:33:38PM -0700, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> > > From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> > >
> > > Add support for aerating memory using the hinting feature provided by
> > > virtio-balloon. Hinting differs from the regular balloon functionality in
> > > that is is much less durable than a standard memory balloon. Instead of
> > > creating a list of pages that cannot be accessed the pages are only
> > > inaccessible while they are being indicated to the virtio interface. Once
> > > the interface has acknowledged them they are placed back into their
> > > respective free lists and are once again accessible by the guest system.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/virtio/Kconfig | 1
> > > drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c | 110 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > > include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h | 1
> > > 3 files changed, 108 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
> > > index 023fc3bc01c6..9cdaccf92c3a 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
> > > +++ b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
> > > @@ -47,6 +47,7 @@ config VIRTIO_BALLOON
> > > tristate "Virtio balloon driver"
> > > depends on VIRTIO
> > > select MEMORY_BALLOON
> > > + select AERATION
> > > ---help---
> > > This driver supports increasing and decreasing the amount
> > > of memory within a KVM guest.
> > > diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> > > index 44339fc87cc7..91f1e8c9017d 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> > > @@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
> > > #include <linux/mm.h>
> > > #include <linux/mount.h>
> > > #include <linux/magic.h>
> > > +#include <linux/memory_aeration.h>
> > >
> > > /*
> > > * Balloon device works in 4K page units. So each page is pointed to by
> > > @@ -26,6 +27,7 @@
> > > */
> > > #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE (unsigned)(PAGE_SIZE >> VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT)
> > > #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX 256
> > > +#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_HINTS_MAX 32
> > > #define VIRTBALLOON_OOM_NOTIFY_PRIORITY 80
> > >
> > > #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_FREE_PAGE_ALLOC_FLAG (__GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN | \
> > > @@ -45,6 +47,7 @@ enum virtio_balloon_vq {
> > > VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_DEFLATE,
> > > VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS,
> > > VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE,
> > > + VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_HINTING,
> > > VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_MAX
> > > };
> > >
> > > @@ -54,7 +57,8 @@ enum virtio_balloon_config_read {
> > >
> > > struct virtio_balloon {
> > > struct virtio_device *vdev;
> > > - struct virtqueue *inflate_vq, *deflate_vq, *stats_vq, *free_page_vq;
> > > + struct virtqueue *inflate_vq, *deflate_vq, *stats_vq, *free_page_vq,
> > > + *hinting_vq;
> > >
> > > /* Balloon's own wq for cpu-intensive work items */
> > > struct workqueue_struct *balloon_wq;
> > > @@ -103,9 +107,21 @@ struct virtio_balloon {
> > > /* Synchronize access/update to this struct virtio_balloon elements */
> > > struct mutex balloon_lock;
> > >
> > > - /* The array of pfns we tell the Host about. */
> > > - unsigned int num_pfns;
> > > - __virtio32 pfns[VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX];
> > > +
> > > + union {
> > > + /* The array of pfns we tell the Host about. */
> > > + struct {
> > > + unsigned int num_pfns;
> > > + __virtio32 pfns[VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX];
> > > + };
> > > + /* The array of physical addresses we are hinting on */
> > > + struct {
> > > + unsigned int num_hints;
> > > + __virtio64 hints[VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_HINTS_MAX];
> > > + };
> > > + };
> > > +
> > > + struct aerator_dev_info a_dev_info;
> > >
> > > /* Memory statistics */
> > > struct virtio_balloon_stat stats[VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_NR];
> > > @@ -151,6 +167,68 @@ static void tell_host(struct virtio_balloon *vb, struct virtqueue *vq)
> > >
> > > }
> > >
> > > +static u64 page_to_hints_pa_order(struct page *page)
> > > +{
> > > + unsigned char order;
> > > + dma_addr_t pa;
> > > +
> > > + BUILD_BUG_ON((64 - VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT) >=
> > > + (1 << VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT));
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * Record physical page address combined with page order.
> > > + * Order will never exceed 64 - VIRTIO_BALLON_PFN_SHIFT
> > > + * since the size has to fit into a 64b value. So as long
> > > + * as VIRTIO_BALLOON_SHIFT is greater than this combining
> > > + * the two values should be safe.
> > > + */
> > > + pa = page_to_phys(page);
> > > + order = page_private(page) +
> > > + PAGE_SHIFT - VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT;
> > > +
> > > + return (u64)(pa | order);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +void virtballoon_aerator_react(struct aerator_dev_info *a_dev_info)
> > > +{
> > > + struct virtio_balloon *vb = container_of(a_dev_info,
> > > + struct virtio_balloon,
> > > + a_dev_info);
> > > + struct virtqueue *vq = vb->hinting_vq;
> > > + struct scatterlist sg;
> > > + unsigned int unused;
> > > + struct page *page;
> > > +
> > > + mutex_lock(&vb->balloon_lock);
> > > +
> > > + vb->num_hints = 0;
> > > +
> > > + list_for_each_entry(page, &a_dev_info->batch, lru) {
> > > + vb->hints[vb->num_hints++] =
> > > + cpu_to_virtio64(vb->vdev,
> > > + page_to_hints_pa_order(page));
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + /* We shouldn't have been called if there is nothing to process */
> > > + if (WARN_ON(vb->num_hints == 0))
> > > + goto out;
> > > +
> > > + sg_init_one(&sg, vb->hints,
> > > + sizeof(vb->hints[0]) * vb->num_hints);
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * We should always be able to add one buffer to an
> > > + * empty queue.
> > > + */
> > > + virtqueue_add_outbuf(vq, &sg, 1, vb, GFP_KERNEL);
> > > + virtqueue_kick(vq);
> > > +
> > > + /* When host has read buffer, this completes via balloon_ack */
> > > + wait_event(vb->acked, virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &unused));
> > > +out:
> > > + mutex_unlock(&vb->balloon_lock);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > static void set_page_pfns(struct virtio_balloon *vb,
> > > __virtio32 pfns[], struct page *page)
> > > {
> > > @@ -475,6 +553,7 @@ static int init_vqs(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
> > > names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_DEFLATE] = "deflate";
> > > names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS] = NULL;
> > > names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE] = NULL;
> > > + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_HINTING] = NULL;
> > >
> > > if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ)) {
> > > names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS] = "stats";
> > > @@ -486,11 +565,19 @@ static int init_vqs(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
> > > callbacks[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE] = NULL;
> > > }
> > >
> > > + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_HINTING)) {
> > > + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_HINTING] = "hinting_vq";
> > > + callbacks[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_HINTING] = balloon_ack;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > err = vb->vdev->config->find_vqs(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_MAX,
> > > vqs, callbacks, names, NULL, NULL);
> > > if (err)
> > > return err;
> > >
> > > + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_HINTING))
> > > + vb->hinting_vq = vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_HINTING];
> > > +
> > > vb->inflate_vq = vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_INFLATE];
> > > vb->deflate_vq = vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_DEFLATE];
> > > if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ)) {
> > > @@ -929,12 +1016,24 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> > > if (err)
> > > goto out_del_balloon_wq;
> > > }
> > > +
> > > + vb->a_dev_info.react = virtballoon_aerator_react;
> > > + vb->a_dev_info.capacity = VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_HINTS_MAX;
> > > + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_HINTING)) {
> > > + err = aerator_startup(&vb->a_dev_info);
> > > + if (err)
> > > + goto out_unregister_shrinker;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > virtio_device_ready(vdev);
> > >
> > > if (towards_target(vb))
> > > virtballoon_changed(vdev);
> > > return 0;
> > >
> > > +out_unregister_shrinker:
> > > + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM))
> > > + virtio_balloon_unregister_shrinker(vb);
> > > out_del_balloon_wq:
> > > if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT))
> > > destroy_workqueue(vb->balloon_wq);
> > > @@ -963,6 +1062,8 @@ static void virtballoon_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> > > {
> > > struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
> > >
> > > + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_HINTING))
> > > + aerator_shutdown();
> > > if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM))
> > > virtio_balloon_unregister_shrinker(vb);
> > > spin_lock_irq(&vb->stop_update_lock);
> > > @@ -1032,6 +1133,7 @@ static int virtballoon_validate(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> > > VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM,
> > > VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT,
> > > VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_PAGE_POISON,
> > > + VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_HINTING,
> > > };
> > >
> > > static struct virtio_driver virtio_balloon_driver = {
> > > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h
> > > index a1966cd7b677..2b0f62814e22 100644
> > > --- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h
> > > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h
> > > @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
> > > #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM 2 /* Deflate balloon on OOM */
> > > #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT 3 /* VQ to report free pages */
> > > #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_PAGE_POISON 4 /* Guest is using page poisoning */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_HINTING 5 /* Page hinting virtqueue */
> > >
> > > /* Size of a PFN in the balloon interface. */
> > > #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT 12
> >
> >
> >
> > The approach here is very close to what on-demand hinting that is
> > already upstream does.
> >
> > This should have resulted in a most of the code being shared
> > but this does not seem to happen here.
> >
> > Can we unify the code in some way?
> > It can still use a separate feature flag, but there are things
> > I like very much about current hinting code, such as
> > using s/g instead of passing PFNs in a buffer.
> >
> > If this doesn't work could you elaborate on why?
>
> As far as sending a scatter gather that shouldn't be too much of an
> issue, however I need to double check that I will still be able to
> keep the completions as a single block.
>
> One significant spot where the "VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT" code
> and my code differs. My code is processing a fixed discreet block of
> pages at a time, whereas the FREE_PAGE_HINT code is slurping up all
> available high-order memory and stuffing it into a giant balloon and
> has more of a streaming setup as it doesn't return things until either
> forced to by the shrinker or once it has processed all available
> memory.

This is what I am saying. Having watched that patchset being developed,
I think that's simply because processing blocks required mm core
changes, which Wei was not up to pushing through.


If we did

while (1) {
alloc_pages
add_buf
get_buf
free_pages
}

We'd end up passing the same page to balloon again and again.

So we end up reserving lots of memory with alloc_pages instead.

What I am saying is that now that you are developing
infrastructure to iterate over free pages,
FREE_PAGE_HINT should be able to use it too.
Whether that's possible might be a good indication of
whether the new mm APIs make sense.

> The basic idea with the bubble hinting was to essentially create mini
> balloons. As such I had based the code off of the balloon inflation
> code. The only spot where it really differs is that I needed the
> ability to pass higher order pages so I tweaked thinks and passed
> "hints" instead of "pfns".

And that is fine. But there isn't really such a big difference with
FREE_PAGE_HINT except FREE_PAGE_HINT triggers upon host request and not
in response to guest load.

--
MST

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