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SubjectRe: [PATCHv4 1/2] media: docs-rst: Document memory-to-memory video decoder interface
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Le lundi 15 juillet 2019 à 14:12 +0200, Maxime Jourdan a écrit :
> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:29 AM Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl> wrote:
> > On 6/10/19 9:54 PM, Nicolas Dufresne wrote:
> > > Hi Hans,
> > >
> > > I went through it, and I think we are close to ready. Unfortunately, I
> > > believe the SOURCE_CHANGE event is still under specified. There was a
> > > post recently to try and add a new flag for changes in color space
> > > which is not included here. We are also missing a workflow for changes
> > > that don't affect the allocation but will affect the rendering on a
> > > display (like colorimetry). Userspace needs to know at which frames
> > > these parameter changes in order to signal that to the following
> > > processing block. I think we must have a plane for this.
> >
> > Yes, we need a new flag for the SOURCE_CHANGE event to indicate colorimetry
> > changes. That's actually useful for e.g. HDMI receivers as well.
> >
> > But I don't see why that should make much of a change to the spec: you still
> > have to drain the capture queue, the only difference is that you don't need
> > to reallocate buffers, you can just restart the decoder.
> >
> > My intention was to get this spec in first, then extend it once we have a new
> > colorimetry change flag.
> >
> > > Another aspect, I'd like if we could relax a bit the bits about dynamic
> > > resolutions, making some space for the "static resolution" cases.
> > > Something to keep in mind, these "static resolution" HW might not be
> > > able to inform userspace of the display size of the picture, we should
> > > check with Maxime what happens with the Amlogic.
> >
> > I've asked him about that in another email thread:
> >
> > https://www.mail-archive.com/linux-media@vger.kernel.org/msg147652.html
> >
> > Maxime, related to that: can the amlogic detect midstream colorimetry
> > changes? Or is that also impossible?
> >
>
> Hi Hans, Nicolas,
>
> The SOURCE_CHANGE limitations on amlogic are related to older
> compression standards. I'm focusing on H264, HEVC, VP9 which will all
> be able to properly report resolution changes (and probing at init).
> Currently, older codecs such as MPEG 1/2 require userspace to probe
> the coded resolution itself and set it to the driver via S_FMT, but
> there is no indication from the driver about that. See the series
> about the FIXED_RESOLUTION fmt flag for what I had in mind but isn't
> that great of a solution..
>
> When it comes to colorimetry, I don't believe I saw anything in the
> vendor SDK that relates to probing colorspace (e.g bt.709/bt.601
> etc.).
>
> @Nicolas: is this information embedded in a SEI packet or SPS/PPS when
> it comes to H264 ?

It seems it a VUI parameter, which is part of the active SPS.

>
> > > Le lundi 03 juin 2019 à 13:28 +0200, Hans Verkuil a écrit :
> > > > From: Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org>
> > > >
> > > > Due to complexity of the video decoding process, the V4L2 drivers of
> > > > stateful decoder hardware require specific sequences of V4L2 API calls
> > > > to be followed. These include capability enumeration, initialization,
> > > > decoding, seek, pause, dynamic resolution change, drain and end of
> > > > stream.
> > > >
> > > > Specifics of the above have been discussed during Media Workshops at
> > > > LinuxCon Europe 2012 in Barcelona and then later Embedded Linux
> > > > Conference Europe 2014 in Düsseldorf. The de facto Codec API that
> > > > originated at those events was later implemented by the drivers we already
> > > > have merged in mainline, such as s5p-mfc or coda.
> > > >
> > > > The only thing missing was the real specification included as a part of
> > > > Linux Media documentation. Fix it now and document the decoder part of
> > > > the Codec API.
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Hans Verkuil <hverkuil-cisco@xs4all.nl>
> > > > ---
> > > > Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-decoder.rst | 1084 +++++++++++++++++
> > > > Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-mem2mem.rst | 8 +-
> > > > Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/pixfmt-v4l2.rst | 5 +
> > > > Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/v4l2.rst | 10 +-
> > > > .../media/uapi/v4l/vidioc-decoder-cmd.rst | 41 +-
> > > > 5 files changed, 1132 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> > > > create mode 100644 Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-decoder.rst
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-decoder.rst b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-decoder.rst
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..b106f2d97c48
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-decoder.rst
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,1084 @@
> > > > +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > > +
> > > > +.. _decoder:
> > > > +
> > > > +*************************************************
> > > > +Memory-to-memory Stateful Video Decoder Interface
> > > > +*************************************************
> > > > +
> > > > +A stateful video decoder takes complete chunks of the bitstream (e.g. Annex-B
> > > > +H.264/HEVC stream, raw VP8/9 stream) and decodes them into raw video frames in
> > >
> > > (minor, may ignore)
> > > This isn't very precise, do we expect to document this per-format ? I
> > > think we should maybe say "a complete frame of the bitstream", that
> > > being said, I think stateful CODEC should be allowed to implement the
> > > per-slice/per-frame control we are adding to stateless CODEC. Maybe
> > > something like "documented complete chunks of bitstream" ?
> > >
> > > > +display order. The decoder is expected not to require any additional information
> > > > +from the client to process these buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > +Performing software parsing, processing etc. of the stream in the driver in
> > > > +order to support this interface is strongly discouraged. In case such
> > > > +operations are needed, use of the Stateless Video Decoder Interface (in
> > > > +development) is strongly advised.
> > > > +
> > > > +Conventions and notation used in this document
> > > > +==============================================
> > > > +
> > > > +1. The general V4L2 API rules apply if not specified in this document
> > > > + otherwise.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. The meaning of words "must", "may", "should", etc. is as per `RFC
> > > > + 2119 <https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119>`_.
> > > > +
> > > > +3. All steps not marked "optional" are required.
> > > > +
> > > > +4. :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_EXT_CTRLS` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_EXT_CTRLS` may be used
> > > > + interchangeably with :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_CTRL` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_CTRL`,
> > > > + unless specified otherwise.
> > > > +
> > > > +5. Single-planar API (see :ref:`planar-apis`) and applicable structures may be
> > > > + used interchangeably with multi-planar API, unless specified otherwise,
> > > > + depending on decoder capabilities and following the general V4L2 guidelines.
> > > > +
> > > > +6. i = [a..b]: sequence of integers from a to b, inclusive, i.e. i =
> > > > + [0..2]: i = 0, 1, 2.
> > > > +
> > > > +7. Given an ``OUTPUT`` buffer A, then A’ represents a buffer on the ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + queue containing data that resulted from processing buffer A.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. _decoder-glossary:
> > > > +
> > > > +Glossary
> > > > +========
> > > > +
> > > > +CAPTURE
> > > > + the destination buffer queue; for decoders, the queue of buffers containing
> > > > + decoded frames; for encoders, the queue of buffers containing an encoded
> > > > + bitstream; ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE`` or
> > > > + ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE_MPLANE``; data is captured from the hardware
> > > > + into ``CAPTURE`` buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > +client
> > > > + the application communicating with the decoder or encoder implementing
> > > > + this interface.
> > > > +
> > > > +coded format
> > > > + encoded/compressed video bitstream format (e.g. H.264, VP8, etc.); see
> > > > + also: raw format.
> > > > +
> > > > +coded height
> > > > + height for given coded resolution.
> > > > +
> > > > +coded resolution
> > > > + stream resolution in pixels aligned to codec and hardware requirements;
> > > > + typically visible resolution rounded up to full macroblocks;
> > > > + see also: visible resolution.
> > > > +
> > > > +coded width
> > > > + width for given coded resolution.
> > > > +
> > > > +decode order
> > > > + the order in which frames are decoded; may differ from display order if the
> > > > + coded format includes a feature of frame reordering; for decoders,
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` buffers must be queued by the client in decode order; for
> > > > + encoders ``CAPTURE`` buffers must be returned by the encoder in decode order.
> > > > +
> > > > +destination
> > > > + data resulting from the decode process; see ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > +display order
> > > > + the order in which frames must be displayed; for encoders, ``OUTPUT``
> > > > + buffers must be queued by the client in display order; for decoders,
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` buffers must be returned by the decoder in display order.
> > > > +
> > > > +DPB
> > > > + Decoded Picture Buffer; an H.264/HEVC term for a buffer that stores a decoded
> > > > + raw frame available for reference in further decoding steps.
> > > > +
> > > > +EOS
> > > > + end of stream.
> > > > +
> > > > +IDR
> > > > + Instantaneous Decoder Refresh; a type of a keyframe in an H.264/HEVC-encoded
> > > > + stream, which clears the list of earlier reference frames (DPBs).
> > > > +
> > > > +keyframe
> > > > + an encoded frame that does not reference frames decoded earlier, i.e.
> > > > + can be decoded fully on its own.
> > > > +
> > > > +macroblock
> > > > + a processing unit in image and video compression formats based on linear
> > > > + block transforms (e.g. H.264, VP8, VP9); codec-specific, but for most of
> > > > + popular codecs the size is 16x16 samples (pixels).
> > > > +
> > > > +OUTPUT
> > > > + the source buffer queue; for decoders, the queue of buffers containing
> > > > + an encoded bitstream; for encoders, the queue of buffers containing raw
> > > > + frames; ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT`` or
> > > > + ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT_MPLANE``; the hardware is fed with data
> > > > + from ``OUTPUT`` buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > +PPS
> > > > + Picture Parameter Set; a type of metadata entity in an H.264/HEVC bitstream.
> > > > +
> > > > +raw format
> > > > + uncompressed format containing raw pixel data (e.g. YUV, RGB formats).
> > > > +
> > > > +resume point
> > > > + a point in the bitstream from which decoding may start/continue, without
> > > > + any previous state/data present, e.g.: a keyframe (VP8/VP9) or
> > > > + SPS/PPS/IDR sequence (H.264/HEVC); a resume point is required to start decode
> > > > + of a new stream, or to resume decoding after a seek.
> > > > +
> > > > +source
> > > > + data fed to the decoder or encoder; see ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > +source height
> > > > + height in pixels for given source resolution; relevant to encoders only.
> > > > +
> > > > +source resolution
> > > > + resolution in pixels of source frames being source to the encoder and
> > > > + subject to further cropping to the bounds of visible resolution; relevant to
> > > > + encoders only.
> > > > +
> > > > +source width
> > > > + width in pixels for given source resolution; relevant to encoders only.
> > > > +
> > > > +SPS
> > > > + Sequence Parameter Set; a type of metadata entity in an H.264/HEVC bitstream.
> > > > +
> > > > +stream metadata
> > > > + additional (non-visual) information contained inside encoded bitstream;
> > > > + for example: coded resolution, visible resolution, codec profile.
> > > > +
> > > > +visible height
> > > > + height for given visible resolution; display height.
> > > > +
> > > > +visible resolution
> > > > + stream resolution of the visible picture, in pixels, to be used for
> > > > + display purposes; must be smaller or equal to coded resolution;
> > > > + display resolution.
> > > > +
> > > > +visible width
> > > > + width for given visible resolution; display width.
> > > > +
> > > > +State machine
> > > > +=============
> > > > +
> > > > +.. kernel-render:: DOT
> > > > + :alt: DOT digraph of decoder state machine
> > > > + :caption: Decoder state machine
> > > > +
> > > > + digraph decoder_state_machine {
> > > > + node [shape = doublecircle, label="Decoding"] Decoding;
> > > > +
> > > > + node [shape = circle, label="Initialization"] Initialization;
> > > > + node [shape = circle, label="Capture\nsetup"] CaptureSetup;
> > > > + node [shape = circle, label="Dynamic\nresolution\nchange"] ResChange;
> > > > + node [shape = circle, label="Stopped"] Stopped;
> > > > + node [shape = circle, label="Drain"] Drain;
> > > > + node [shape = circle, label="Seek"] Seek;
> > > > + node [shape = circle, label="End of stream"] EoS;
> > > > +
> > > > + node [shape = point]; qi
> > > > + qi -> Initialization [ label = "open()" ];
> > > > +
> > > > + Initialization -> CaptureSetup [ label = "CAPTURE\nformat\nestablished" ];
> > > > +
> > > > + CaptureSetup -> Stopped [ label = "CAPTURE\nbuffers\nready" ];
> > > > +
> > > > + Decoding -> ResChange [ label = "Stream\nresolution\nchange" ];
> > > > + Decoding -> Drain [ label = "V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP" ];
> > > > + Decoding -> EoS [ label = "EoS mark\nin the stream" ];
> > > > + Decoding -> Seek [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(OUTPUT)" ];
> > > > + Decoding -> Stopped [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(CAPTURE)" ];
> > > > + Decoding -> Decoding;
> > > > +
> > > > + ResChange -> CaptureSetup [ label = "CAPTURE\nformat\nestablished" ];
> > > > + ResChange -> Seek [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(OUTPUT)" ];
> > > > +
> > > > + EoS -> Drain [ label = "Implicit\ndrain" ];
> > > > +
> > > > + Drain -> Stopped [ label = "All CAPTURE\nbuffers dequeued\nor\nVIDIOC_STREAMOFF(CAPTURE)" ];
> > > > + Drain -> Seek [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(OUTPUT)" ];
> > > > +
> > > > + Seek -> Decoding [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMON(OUTPUT)" ];
> > > > + Seek -> Initialization [ label = "VIDIOC_REQBUFS(OUTPUT, 0)" ];
> > > > +
> > > > + Stopped -> Decoding [ label = "V4L2_DEC_CMD_START\nor\nVIDIOC_STREAMON(CAPTURE)" ];
> > > > + Stopped -> Seek [ label = "VIDIOC_STREAMOFF(OUTPUT)" ];
> > > > + }
> > > > +
> > > > +Querying capabilities
> > > > +=====================
> > > > +
> > > > +1. To enumerate the set of coded formats supported by the decoder, the
> > > > + client may call :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT` on ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * The full set of supported formats will be returned, regardless of the
> > > > + format set on ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. To enumerate the set of supported raw formats, the client may call
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT` on ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * Only the formats supported for the format currently active on ``OUTPUT``
> > > > + will be returned.
> > > > +
> > > > + * In order to enumerate raw formats supported by a given coded format,
> > > > + the client must first set that coded format on ``OUTPUT`` and then
> > > > + enumerate formats on ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > +3. The client may use :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES` to detect supported
> > > > + resolutions for a given format, passing desired pixel format in
> > > > + :c:type:`v4l2_frmsizeenum` ``pixel_format``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * Values returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES` for a coded pixel
> > > > + format will include all possible coded resolutions supported by the
> > > > + decoder for given coded pixel format.
> > > > +
> > > > + * Values returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES` for a raw pixel format
> > > > + will include all possible frame buffer resolutions supported by the
> > > > + decoder for given raw pixel format and the coded format currently set on
> > > > + ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > +4. Supported profiles and levels for the coded format currently set on
> > > > + ``OUTPUT``, if applicable, may be queried using their respective controls
> > > > + via :c:func:`VIDIOC_QUERYCTRL`.
> > > > +
> > > > +Initialization
> > > > +==============
> > > > +
> > > > +1. Set the coded format on ``OUTPUT`` via :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_FMT`
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``pixelformat``
> > > > + a coded pixel format.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``width``, ``height``
> > > > + coded resolution of the stream; required only if it cannot be parsed
> > > > + from the stream for the given coded format; otherwise the decoder will
> > > > + use this resolution as a placeholder resolution that will likely change
> > > > + as soon as it can parse the actual coded resolution from the stream.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``sizeimage``
> > > > + desired size of ``OUTPUT`` buffers; the decoder may adjust it to
> > > > + match hardware requirements.
> > > > +
> > > > + other fields
> > > > + follow standard semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``sizeimage``
> > > > + adjusted size of ``OUTPUT`` buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > + * The ``CAPTURE`` format will be updated with an appropriate frame buffer
> > > > + resolution instantly based on the width and height returned by
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_FMT`.
> > > > + However, for coded formats that include stream resolution information,
> > > > + after the decoder is done parsing the information from the stream, it will
> > > > + update the ``CAPTURE`` format with new values and signal a source change
> > > > + event, regardless of whether they match the values set by the client or
> > > > + not.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. important::
> > > > +
> > > > + Changing the ``OUTPUT`` format may change the currently set ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + format. How the new ``CAPTURE`` format is determined is up to the decoder
> > > > + and the client must ensure it matches its needs afterwards.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. Allocate source (bitstream) buffers via :c:func:`VIDIOC_REQBUFS` on
> > > > + ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + requested number of buffers to allocate; greater than zero.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``memory``
> > > > + follows standard semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + the actual number of buffers allocated.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The actual number of allocated buffers may differ from the ``count``
> > > > + given. The client must check the updated value of ``count`` after the
> > > > + call returns.
> > > > +
> > > > + Alternatively, :c:func:`VIDIOC_CREATE_BUFS` on the ``OUTPUT`` queue can be
> > > > + used to have more control over buffer allocation.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + requested number of buffers to allocate; greater than zero.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``memory``
> > > > + follows standard semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``format``
> > > > + follows standard semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + adjusted to the number of allocated buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The actual number of allocated buffers may differ from the ``count``
> > > > + given. The client must check the updated value of ``count`` after the
> > > > + call returns.
> > > > +
> > > > +3. Start streaming on the ``OUTPUT`` queue via :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON`.
> > > > +
> > > > +4. **This step only applies to coded formats that contain resolution information
> > > > + in the stream.** Continue queuing/dequeuing bitstream buffers to/from the
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` queue via :c:func:`VIDIOC_QBUF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_DQBUF`. The
> > > > + buffers will be processed and returned to the client in order, until
> > > > + required metadata to configure the ``CAPTURE`` queue are found. This is
> > > > + indicated by the decoder sending a ``V4L2_EVENT_SOURCE_CHANGE`` event with
> > > > + ``changes`` set to ``V4L2_EVENT_SRC_CH_RESOLUTION``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * It is not an error if the first buffer does not contain enough data for
> > > > + this to occur. Processing of the buffers will continue as long as more
> > > > + data is needed.
> > > > +
> > > > + * If data in a buffer that triggers the event is required to decode the
> > > > + first frame, it will not be returned to the client, until the
> > > > + initialization sequence completes and the frame is decoded.
> > > > +
> > > > + * If the client has not set the coded resolution of the stream on its own,
> > > > + calling :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_FMT`, :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_FMT`,
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_TRY_FMT` or :c:func:`VIDIOC_REQBUFS` on the ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + queue will not return the real values for the stream until a
> > > > + ``V4L2_EVENT_SOURCE_CHANGE`` event is signaled.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. important::
> > > > +
> > > > + Any client query issued after the decoder queues the event will return
> > > > + values applying to the just parsed stream, including queue formats,
> > > > + selection rectangles and controls.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + A client capable of acquiring stream parameters from the bitstream on
> > > > + its own may attempt to set the width and height of the ``OUTPUT`` format
> > > > + to non-zero values matching the coded size of the stream, skip this step
> > > > + and continue with the `Capture setup` sequence. However, it must not
> > > > + rely on any driver queries regarding stream parameters, such as
> > > > + selection rectangles and controls, since the decoder has not parsed them
> > > > + from the stream yet. If the values configured by the client do not match
> > > > + those parsed by the decoder, a `Dynamic resolution change` will be
> > > > + triggered to reconfigure them.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + No decoded frames are produced during this phase.
> > > > +
> > > > +5. Continue with the `Capture setup` sequence.
> > > > +
> > > > +Capture setup
> > > > +=============
> > > > +
> > > > +1. Call :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_FMT` on the ``CAPTURE`` queue to get format for the
> > > > + destination buffers parsed/decoded from the bitstream.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``width``, ``height``
> > > > + frame buffer resolution for the decoded frames.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``pixelformat``
> > > > + pixel format for decoded frames.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``num_planes`` (for _MPLANE ``type`` only)
> > > > + number of planes for pixelformat.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``sizeimage``, ``bytesperline``
> > > > + as per standard semantics; matching frame buffer format.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + The value of ``pixelformat`` may be any pixel format supported by the
> > > > + decoder for the current stream. The decoder should choose a
> > > > + preferred/optimal format for the default configuration. For example, a
> > > > + YUV format may be preferred over an RGB format if an additional
> > > > + conversion step would be required for the latter.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. **Optional.** Acquire the visible resolution via
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_SELECTION`.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``target``
> > > > + set to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``r.left``, ``r.top``, ``r.width``, ``r.height``
> > > > + the visible rectangle; it must fit within the frame buffer resolution
> > > > + returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_FMT` on ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * The following selection targets are supported on ``CAPTURE``:
> > > > +
> > > > + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_BOUNDS``
> > > > + corresponds to the coded resolution of the stream.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_DEFAULT``
> > > > + the rectangle covering the part of the ``CAPTURE`` buffer that
> > > > + contains meaningful picture data (visible area); width and height
> > > > + will be equal to the visible resolution of the stream.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP``
> > > > + the rectangle within the coded resolution to be output to
> > > > + ``CAPTURE``; defaults to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP_DEFAULT``; read-only on
> > > > + hardware without additional compose/scaling capabilities.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_BOUNDS``
> > > > + the maximum rectangle within a ``CAPTURE`` buffer, which the cropped
> > > > + frame can be composed into; equal to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP`` if the
> > > > + hardware does not support compose/scaling.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_DEFAULT``
> > > > + equal to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_CROP``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE``
> > > > + the rectangle inside a ``CAPTURE`` buffer into which the cropped
> > > > + frame is written; defaults to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_DEFAULT``;
> > > > + read-only on hardware without additional compose/scaling capabilities.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_PADDED``
> > > > + the rectangle inside a ``CAPTURE`` buffer which is overwritten by the
> > > > + hardware; equal to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE`` if the hardware does not
> > > > + write padding pixels.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The values are guaranteed to be meaningful only after the decoder
> > > > + successfully parses the stream metadata. The client must not rely on the
> > > > + query before that happens.
> > > > +
> > > > +3. **Optional.** Enumerate ``CAPTURE`` formats via :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT` on
> > > > + the ``CAPTURE`` queue. Once the stream information is parsed and known, the
> > > > + client may use this ioctl to discover which raw formats are supported for
> > > > + given stream and select one of them via :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_FMT`.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. important::
> > > > +
> > > > + The decoder will return only formats supported for the currently
> > > > + established coded format, as per the ``OUTPUT`` format and/or stream
> > > > + metadata parsed in this initialization sequence, even if more formats
> > > > + may be supported by the decoder in general. In other words, the set
> > > > + returned will be a subset of the initial query mentioned in the
> > > > + `Querying capabilities` section.
> > > > +
> > > > + For example, a decoder may support YUV and RGB formats for resolutions
> > > > + 1920x1088 and lower, but only YUV for higher resolutions (due to
> > > > + hardware limitations). After parsing a resolution of 1920x1088 or lower,
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT` may return a set of YUV and RGB pixel formats,
> > > > + but after parsing resolution higher than 1920x1088, the decoder will not
> > > > + return RGB, unsupported for this resolution.
> > > > +
> > > > + However, subsequent resolution change event triggered after
> > > > + discovering a resolution change within the same stream may switch
> > > > + the stream into a lower resolution and :c:func:`VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT`
> > > > + would return RGB formats again in that case.
> > > > +
> > > > +4. **Optional.** Set the ``CAPTURE`` format via :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_FMT` on the
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` queue. The client may choose a different format than
> > > > + selected/suggested by the decoder in :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_FMT`.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``pixelformat``
> > > > + a raw pixel format.
> > > > +
> > > > + * Setting the ``CAPTURE`` format will reset the compose selection rectangles
> > > > + to their default values, based on the new resolution, as described in the
> > > > + previous step.
> > > > +
> > > > +5. **Optional.** Set the compose rectangle via :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_SELECTION` on
> > > > + the ``CAPTURE`` queue if it is desired and if the decoder has compose and/or
> > > > + scaling capabilities.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``target``
> > > > + set to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``r.left``, ``r.top``, ``r.width``, ``r.height``
> > > > + the rectangle inside a ``CAPTURE`` buffer into which the cropped
> > > > + frame is written; defaults to ``V4L2_SEL_TGT_COMPOSE_DEFAULT``;
> > > > + read-only on hardware without additional compose/scaling capabilities.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``r.left``, ``r.top``, ``r.width``, ``r.height``
> > > > + the visible rectangle; it must fit within the frame buffer resolution
> > > > + returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_FMT` on ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The decoder may adjust the compose rectangle to the nearest
> > > > + supported one to meet codec and hardware requirements. The client needs
> > > > + to check the adjusted rectangle returned by :c:func:`VIDIOC_S_SELECTION`.
> > > > +
> > > > +6. If all the following conditions are met, the client may resume the decoding
> > > > + instantly:
> > > > +
> > > > + * ``sizeimage`` of the new format (determined in previous steps) is less
> > > > + than or equal to the size of currently allocated buffers,
> > > > +
> > > > + * the number of buffers currently allocated is greater than or equal to the
> > > > + minimum number of buffers acquired in previous steps. To fulfill this
> > > > + requirement, the client may use :c:func:`VIDIOC_CREATE_BUFS` to add new
> > > > + buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > + In that case, the remaining steps do not apply and the client may resume
> > > > + the decoding by one of the following actions:
> > > > +
> > > > + * if the ``CAPTURE`` queue is streaming, call :c:func:`VIDIOC_DECODER_CMD`
> > > > + with the ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_START`` command,
> > > > +
> > > > + * if the ``CAPTURE`` queue is not streaming, call :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON`
> > > > + on the ``CAPTURE`` queue.
> > > > +
> > > > + However, if the client intends to change the buffer set, to lower
> > > > + memory usage or for any other reasons, it may be achieved by following
> > > > + the steps below.
> > > > +
> > > > +7. **If the** ``CAPTURE`` **queue is streaming,** keep queuing and dequeuing
> > > > + buffers on the ``CAPTURE`` queue until a buffer marked with the
> > > > + ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` flag is dequeued.
> > > > +
> > > > +8. **If the** ``CAPTURE`` **queue is streaming,** call :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF`
> > > > + on the ``CAPTURE`` queue to stop streaming.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The ``OUTPUT`` queue must remain streaming. Calling
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` on it would abort the sequence and trigger a
> > > > + seek.
> > > > +
> > > > +9. **If the** ``CAPTURE`` **queue has buffers allocated,** free the ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + buffers using :c:func:`VIDIOC_REQBUFS`.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + set to 0.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``memory``
> > > > + follows standard semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > +10. Allocate ``CAPTURE`` buffers via :c:func:`VIDIOC_REQBUFS` on the
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` queue.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + requested number of buffers to allocate; greater than zero.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``memory``
> > > > + follows standard semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + actual number of buffers allocated.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The actual number of allocated buffers may differ from the ``count``
> > > > + given. The client must check the updated value of ``count`` after the
> > > > + call returns.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + To allocate more than the minimum number of buffers (for pipeline
> > > > + depth), the client may query the ``V4L2_CID_MIN_BUFFERS_FOR_CAPTURE``
> > > > + control to get the minimum number of buffers required, and pass the
> > > > + obtained value plus the number of additional buffers needed in the
> > > > + ``count`` field to :c:func:`VIDIOC_REQBUFS`.
> > > > +
> > > > + Alternatively, :c:func:`VIDIOC_CREATE_BUFS` on the ``CAPTURE`` queue can be
> > > > + used to have more control over buffer allocation. For example, by
> > > > + allocating buffers larger than the current ``CAPTURE`` format, future
> > > > + resolution changes can be accommodated.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + requested number of buffers to allocate; greater than zero.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``CAPTURE``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``memory``
> > > > + follows standard semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``format``
> > > > + a format representing the maximum framebuffer resolution to be
> > > > + accommodated by newly allocated buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Return fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``count``
> > > > + adjusted to the number of allocated buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The actual number of allocated buffers may differ from the ``count``
> > > > + given. The client must check the updated value of ``count`` after the
> > > > + call returns.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + To allocate buffers for a format different than parsed from the stream
> > > > + metadata, the client must proceed as follows, before the metadata
> > > > + parsing is initiated:
> > > > +
> > > > + * set width and height of the ``OUTPUT`` format to desired coded resolution to
> > > > + let the decoder configure the ``CAPTURE`` format appropriately,
> > > > +
> > > > + * query the ``CAPTURE`` format using :c:func:`VIDIOC_G_FMT` and save it
> > > > + until this step.
> > > > +
> > > > + The format obtained in the query may be then used with
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_CREATE_BUFS` in this step to allocate the buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > +11. Call :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON` on the ``CAPTURE`` queue to start decoding
> > > > + frames.
> > > > +
> > > > +Decoding
> > > > +========
> > > > +
> > > > +This state is reached after the `Capture setup` sequence finishes successfully.
> > > > +In this state, the client queues and dequeues buffers to both queues via
> > > > +:c:func:`VIDIOC_QBUF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_DQBUF`, following the standard
> > > > +semantics.
> > > > +
> > > > +The content of the source ``OUTPUT`` buffers depends on the active coded pixel
> > > > +format and may be affected by codec-specific extended controls, as stated in
> > > > +the documentation of each format.
> > > > +
> > > > +Both queues operate independently, following the standard behavior of V4L2
> > > > +buffer queues and memory-to-memory devices. In addition, the order of decoded
> > > > +frames dequeued from the ``CAPTURE`` queue may differ from the order of queuing
> > > > +coded frames to the ``OUTPUT`` queue, due to properties of the selected coded
> > > > +format, e.g. frame reordering.
> > > > +
> > > > +The client must not assume any direct relationship between ``CAPTURE``
> > > > +and ``OUTPUT`` buffers and any specific timing of buffers becoming
> > > > +available to dequeue. Specifically:
> > > > +
> > > > +* a buffer queued to ``OUTPUT`` may result in no buffers being produced
> > > > + on ``CAPTURE`` (e.g. if it does not contain encoded data, or if only
> > > > + metadata syntax structures are present in it),
> > > > +
> > > > +* a buffer queued to ``OUTPUT`` may result in more than one buffer produced
> > > > + on ``CAPTURE`` (if the encoded data contained more than one frame, or if
> > > > + returning a decoded frame allowed the decoder to return a frame that
> > > > + preceded it in decode, but succeeded it in the display order),
> > > > +
> > > > +* a buffer queued to ``OUTPUT`` may result in a buffer being produced on
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` later into decode process, and/or after processing further
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` buffers, or be returned out of order, e.g. if display
> > > > + reordering is used,
> > > > +
> > > > +* buffers may become available on the ``CAPTURE`` queue without additional
> > > > + buffers queued to ``OUTPUT`` (e.g. during drain or ``EOS``), because of the
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued in the past whose decoding results are only
> > > > + available at later time, due to specifics of the decoding process.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + To allow matching decoded ``CAPTURE`` buffers with ``OUTPUT`` buffers they
> > > > + originated from, the client can set the ``timestamp`` field of the
> > > > + :c:type:`v4l2_buffer` struct when queuing an ``OUTPUT`` buffer. The
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` buffer(s), which resulted from decoding that ``OUTPUT`` buffer
> > > > + will have their ``timestamp`` field set to the same value when dequeued.
> > > > +
> > > > + In addition to the straightforward case of one ``OUTPUT`` buffer producing
> > > > + one ``CAPTURE`` buffer, the following cases are defined:
> > > > +
> > > > + * one ``OUTPUT`` buffer generates multiple ``CAPTURE`` buffers: the same
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` timestamp will be copied to multiple ``CAPTURE`` buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > + * multiple ``OUTPUT`` buffers generate one ``CAPTURE`` buffer: timestamp of
> > > > + the ``OUTPUT`` buffer queued last will be copied.
> > > > +
> > > > + * the decoding order differs from the display order (i.e. the ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + buffers are out-of-order compared to the ``OUTPUT`` buffers): ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + timestamps will not retain the order of ``OUTPUT`` timestamps.
> > > > +
> > > > +During the decoding, the decoder may initiate one of the special sequences, as
> > > > +listed below. The sequences will result in the decoder returning all the
> > > > +``CAPTURE`` buffers that originated from all the ``OUTPUT`` buffers processed
> > > > +before the sequence started. Last of the buffers will have the
> > > > +``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` flag set. To determine the sequence to follow, the client
> > > > +must check if there is any pending event and:
> > > > +
> > > > +* if a ``V4L2_EVENT_SOURCE_CHANGE`` event is pending, the `Dynamic resolution
> > > > + change` sequence needs to be followed,
> > > > +
> > > > +* if a ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS`` event is pending, the `End of stream` sequence needs
> > > > + to be followed.
> > > > +
> > > > +Some of the sequences can be intermixed with each other and need to be handled
> > > > +as they happen. The exact operation is documented for each sequence.
> > > > +
> > > > +Should a decoding error occur, it will be reported to the client with the level
> > > > +of details depending on the decoder capabilities. Specifically:
> > > > +
> > > > +* the CAPTURE buffer that contains the results of the failed decode operation
> > > > + will be returned with the V4L2_BUF_FLAG_ERROR flag set,
> > > > +
> > > > +* if the decoder is able to precisely report the OUTPUT buffer that triggered
> > > > + the error, such buffer will be returned with the V4L2_BUF_FLAG_ERROR flag
> > > > + set.
> > > > +
> > > > +In case of a fatal failure that does not allow the decoding to continue, any
> > > > +further operations on corresponding decoder file handle will return the -EIO
> > > > +error code. The client may close the file handle and open a new one, or
> > > > +alternatively reinitialize the instance by stopping streaming on both queues,
> > > > +releasing all buffers and performing the Initialization sequence again.
> > > > +
> > > > +Seek
> > > > +====
> > > > +
> > > > +Seek is controlled by the ``OUTPUT`` queue, as it is the source of coded data.
> > > > +The seek does not require any specific operation on the ``CAPTURE`` queue, but
> > > > +it may be affected as per normal decoder operation.
> > > > +
> > > > +1. Stop the ``OUTPUT`` queue to begin the seek sequence via
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF`.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * The decoder will drop all the pending ``OUTPUT`` buffers and they must be
> > > > + treated as returned to the client (following standard semantics).
> > > > +
> > > > +2. Restart the ``OUTPUT`` queue via :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON`
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``type``
> > > > + a ``V4L2_BUF_TYPE_*`` enum appropriate for ``OUTPUT``.
> > > > +
> > > > + * The decoder will start accepting new source bitstream buffers after the
> > > > + call returns.
> > > > +
> > > > +3. Start queuing buffers containing coded data after the seek to the ``OUTPUT``
> > > > + queue until a suitable resume point is found.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + There is no requirement to begin queuing coded data starting exactly
> > > > + from a resume point (e.g. SPS or a keyframe). Any queued ``OUTPUT``
> > > > + buffers will be processed and returned to the client until a suitable
> > > > + resume point is found. While looking for a resume point, the decoder
> > > > + should not produce any decoded frames into ``CAPTURE`` buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > + Some hardware is known to mishandle seeks to a non-resume point. Such an
> > > > + operation may result in an unspecified number of corrupted decoded frames
> > > > + being made available on the ``CAPTURE`` queue. Drivers must ensure that
> > > > + no fatal decoding errors or crashes occur, and implement any necessary
> > > > + handling and workarounds for hardware issues related to seek operations.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + In case of the H.264/HEVC codec, the client must take care not to seek
> > > > + over a change of SPS/PPS. Even though the target frame could be a
> > > > + keyframe, the stale SPS/PPS inside decoder state would lead to undefined
> > > > + results when decoding. Although the decoder must handle that case without
> > > > + a crash or a fatal decode error, the client must not expect a sensible
> > > > + decode output.
> > > > +
> > > > + If the hardware can detect such corrupted decoded frames, then
> > > > + corresponding buffers will be returned to the client with the
> > > > + V4L2_BUF_FLAG_ERROR set. See the `Decoding` section for further
> > > > + description of decode error reporting.
> > > > +
> > > > +4. After a resume point is found, the decoder will start returning ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + buffers containing decoded frames.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. important::
> > > > +
> > > > + A seek may result in the `Dynamic resolution change` sequence being
> > > > + initiated, due to the seek target having decoding parameters different from
> > > > + the part of the stream decoded before the seek. The sequence must be handled
> > > > + as per normal decoder operation.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + It is not specified when the ``CAPTURE`` queue starts producing buffers
> > > > + containing decoded data from the ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued after the seek,
> > > > + as it operates independently from the ``OUTPUT`` queue.
> > > > +
> > > > + The decoder may return a number of remaining ``CAPTURE`` buffers containing
> > > > + decoded frames originating from the ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued before the
> > > > + seek sequence is performed.
> > > > +
> > > > + The ``VIDIOC_STREAMOFF`` operation discards any remaining queued
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` buffers, which means that not all of the ``OUTPUT`` buffers
> > > > + queued before the seek sequence may have matching ``CAPTURE`` buffers
> > > > + produced. For example, given the sequence of operations on the
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` queue:
> > > > +
> > > > + QBUF(A), QBUF(B), STREAMOFF(), STREAMON(), QBUF(G), QBUF(H),
> > > > +
> > > > + any of the following results on the ``CAPTURE`` queue is allowed:
> > > > +
> > > > + {A’, B’, G’, H’}, {A’, G’, H’}, {G’, H’}.
> > > > +
> > > > + To determine the CAPTURE buffer containing the first decoded frame after the
> > > > + seek, the client may observe the timestamps to match the CAPTURE and OUTPUT
> > > > + buffers or use V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP and V4L2_DEC_CMD_START to drain the
> > > > + decoder.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + To achieve instantaneous seek, the client may restart streaming on the
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` queue too to discard decoded, but not yet dequeued buffers.
> > > > +
> > > > +Dynamic resolution change
> > > > +=========================
> > > > +
> > > > +Streams that include resolution metadata in the bitstream may require switching
> > > > +to a different resolution during the decoding.
> > > > +
> > > > +The sequence starts when the decoder detects a coded frame with one or more of
> > > > +the following parameters different from those previously established (and
> > > > +reflected by corresponding queries):
> > > > +
> > > > +* coded resolution (``OUTPUT`` width and height),
> > > > +
> > > > +* visible resolution (selection rectangles),
> > > > +
> > > > +* the minimum number of buffers needed for decoding.
> > > > +
> > > > +Whenever that happens, the decoder must proceed as follows:
> > > > +
> > > > +1. After encountering a resolution change in the stream, the decoder sends a
> > > > + ``V4L2_EVENT_SOURCE_CHANGE`` event with ``changes`` set to
> > > > + ``V4L2_EVENT_SRC_CH_RESOLUTION``.
> > >
> > > What about a format changes that does now affect the resolution, like a
> > > pixel format change ? Also, what about changes that don't require a
> >
> > A pixel format change always implies a resolution change.
> >
> > > reallocation ? Like a change in the colorimetry parameters ? I don't
> > > think the spec need to initially cover it all, but we need to make sure
> > > there is a mechanism for userspace to know at which frames to read back
> > > the new format (G_FMT). Maybe we need both an event and a buffer flag
> > > to mark it ?
> >
> > After a SOURCE_CHANGE event is received, G_FMT returns the *new* format,
> > including colorimetry. This will become the active format once the drain
> > operation finished.
> >
> > If that's not clear from the spec, then I need to improve it.
> >
> > Regards,
> >
> > Hans
> >
> > > > +
> > > > + .. important::
> > > > +
> > > > + Any client query issued after the decoder queues the event will return
> > > > + values applying to the stream after the resolution change, including
> > > > + queue formats, selection rectangles and controls.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. The decoder will then process and decode all remaining buffers from before
> > > > + the resolution change point.
> > > > +
> > > > + * The last buffer from before the change must be marked with the
> > > > + ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` flag, similarly to the `Drain` sequence above.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The last buffer may be empty (with :c:type:`v4l2_buffer` ``bytesused``
> > > > + = 0) and in that case it must be ignored by the client, as it does not
> > > > + contain a decoded frame.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + Any attempt to dequeue more ``CAPTURE`` buffers beyond the buffer marked
> > > > + with ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` will result in a -EPIPE error from
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_DQBUF`.
> > > > +
> > > > +The client must continue the sequence as described below to continue the
> > > > +decoding process.
> > > > +
> > > > +1. Dequeue the source change event.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. important::
> > > > +
> > > > + A source change triggers an implicit decoder drain, similar to the
> > > > + explicit `Drain` sequence. The decoder is stopped after it completes.
> > > > + The decoding process must be resumed with either a pair of calls to
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON` on the
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` queue, or a call to :c:func:`VIDIOC_DECODER_CMD` with the
> > > > + ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_START`` command.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. Continue with the `Capture setup` sequence.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + During the resolution change sequence, the ``OUTPUT`` queue must remain
> > > > + streaming. Calling :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` on the ``OUTPUT`` queue would
> > > > + abort the sequence and initiate a seek.
> > > > +
> > > > + In principle, the ``OUTPUT`` queue operates separately from the ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + queue and this remains true for the duration of the entire resolution change
> > > > + sequence as well.
> > > > +
> > > > + The client should, for best performance and simplicity, keep queuing/dequeuing
> > > > + buffers to/from the ``OUTPUT`` queue even while processing this sequence.
> > > > +
> > > > +Drain
> > > > +=====
> > > > +
> > > > +To ensure that all queued ``OUTPUT`` buffers have been processed and related
> > > > +``CAPTURE`` buffers are given to the client, the client must follow the drain
> > > > +sequence described below. After the drain sequence ends, the client has
> > > > +received all decoded frames for all ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued before the
> > > > +sequence was started.
> > > > +
> > > > +1. Begin drain by issuing :c:func:`VIDIOC_DECODER_CMD`.
> > > > +
> > > > + * **Required fields:**
> > > > +
> > > > + ``cmd``
> > > > + set to ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP``.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``flags``
> > > > + set to 0.
> > > > +
> > > > + ``pts``
> > > > + set to 0.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The sequence can be only initiated if both ``OUTPUT`` and ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + queues are streaming. For compatibility reasons, the call to
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_DECODER_CMD` will not fail even if any of the queues is
> > > > + not streaming, but at the same time it will not initiate the `Drain`
> > > > + sequence and so the steps described below would not be applicable.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. Any ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued by the client before the
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_DECODER_CMD` was issued will be processed and decoded as
> > > > + normal. The client must continue to handle both queues independently,
> > > > + similarly to normal decode operation. This includes:
> > > > +
> > > > + * handling any operations triggered as a result of processing those buffers,
> > > > + such as the `Dynamic resolution change` sequence, before continuing with
> > > > + the drain sequence,
> > > > +
> > > > + * queuing and dequeuing ``CAPTURE`` buffers, until a buffer marked with the
> > > > + ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` flag is dequeued,
> > > > +
> > > > + .. warning::
> > > > +
> > > > + The last buffer may be empty (with :c:type:`v4l2_buffer`
> > > > + ``bytesused`` = 0) and in that case it must be ignored by the client,
> > > > + as it does not contain a decoded frame.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + Any attempt to dequeue more ``CAPTURE`` buffers beyond the buffer
> > > > + marked with ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` will result in a -EPIPE error from
> > > > + :c:func:`VIDIOC_DQBUF`.
> > > > +
> > > > + * dequeuing processed ``OUTPUT`` buffers, until all the buffers queued
> > > > + before the ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP`` command are dequeued,
> > > > +
> > > > + * dequeuing the ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS`` event, if the client subscribed to it.
> > > > +
> > > > + .. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + For backwards compatibility, the decoder will signal a ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS``
> > > > + event when the last frame has been decoded and all frames are ready to be
> > > > + dequeued. It is a deprecated behavior and the client must not rely on it.
> > > > + The ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` buffer flag should be used instead.
> > > > +
> > > > +3. Once all the ``OUTPUT`` buffers queued before the ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP`` call
> > > > + are dequeued and the last ``CAPTURE`` buffer is dequeued, the decoder is
> > > > + stopped and it will accept, but not process, any newly queued ``OUTPUT``
> > > > + buffers until the client issues any of the following operations:
> > > > +
> > > > + * ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_START`` - the decoder will not be reset and will resume
> > > > + operation normally, with all the state from before the drain,
> > > > +
> > > > + * a pair of :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON` on the
> > > > + ``CAPTURE`` queue - the decoder will resume the operation normally,
> > > > + however any ``CAPTURE`` buffers still in the queue will be returned to the
> > > > + client,
> > > > +
> > > > + * a pair of :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` and :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMON` on the
> > > > + ``OUTPUT`` queue - any pending source buffers will be returned to the
> > > > + client and the `Seek` sequence will be triggered.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. note::
> > > > +
> > > > + Once the drain sequence is initiated, the client needs to drive it to
> > > > + completion, as described by the steps above, unless it aborts the process by
> > > > + issuing :c:func:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF` on any of the ``OUTPUT`` or ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + queues. The client is not allowed to issue ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_START`` or
> > > > + ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP`` again while the drain sequence is in progress and they
> > > > + will fail with -EBUSY error code if attempted.
> > > > +
> > > > + Although mandatory, the availability of decoder commands may be queried
> > > > + using :c:func:`VIDIOC_TRY_DECODER_CMD`.
> > > > +
> > > > +End of stream
> > > > +=============
> > > > +
> > > > +If the decoder encounters an end of stream marking in the stream, the decoder
> > > > +will initiate the `Drain` sequence, which the client must handle as described
> > > > +above, skipping the initial :c:func:`VIDIOC_DECODER_CMD`.
> > > > +
> > > > +Commit points
> > > > +=============
> > > > +
> > > > +Setting formats and allocating buffers trigger changes in the behavior of the
> > > > +decoder.
> > > > +
> > > > +1. Setting the format on the ``OUTPUT`` queue may change the set of formats
> > > > + supported/advertised on the ``CAPTURE`` queue. In particular, it also means
> > > > + that the ``CAPTURE`` format may be reset and the client must not rely on the
> > > > + previously set format being preserved.
> > > > +
> > > > +2. Enumerating formats on the ``CAPTURE`` queue always returns only formats
> > > > + supported for the current ``OUTPUT`` format.
> > > > +
> > > > +3. Setting the format on the ``CAPTURE`` queue does not change the list of
> > > > + formats available on the ``OUTPUT`` queue. An attempt to set a ``CAPTURE``
> > > > + format that is not supported for the currently selected ``OUTPUT`` format
> > > > + will result in the decoder adjusting the requested ``CAPTURE`` format to a
> > > > + supported one.
> > > > +
> > > > +4. Enumerating formats on the ``OUTPUT`` queue always returns the full set of
> > > > + supported coded formats, irrespectively of the current ``CAPTURE`` format.
> > > > +
> > > > +5. While buffers are allocated on any of the ``OUTPUT`` or ``CAPTURE`` queues,
> > > > + the client must not change the format on the ``OUTPUT`` queue. Drivers will
> > > > + return the -EBUSY error code for any such format change attempt.
> > > > +
> > > > +To summarize, setting formats and allocation must always start with the
> > > > +``OUTPUT`` queue and the ``OUTPUT`` queue is the master that governs the
> > > > +set of supported formats for the ``CAPTURE`` queue.
> > > > diff --git a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-mem2mem.rst b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-mem2mem.rst
> > > > index 67a980818dc8..caa05f5f6380 100644
> > > > --- a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-mem2mem.rst
> > > > +++ b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/dev-mem2mem.rst
> > > > @@ -39,4 +39,10 @@ file handle is visible through another file handle).
> > > > One of the most common memory-to-memory device is the codec. Codecs
> > > > are more complicated than most and require additional setup for
> > > > their codec parameters. This is done through codec controls.
> > > > -See :ref:`mpeg-controls`.
> > > > +See :ref:`mpeg-controls`. More details on how to use codec memory-to-memory
> > > > +devices are given in the following sections.
> > > > +
> > > > +.. toctree::
> > > > + :maxdepth: 1
> > > > +
> > > > + dev-decoder
> > > > diff --git a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/pixfmt-v4l2.rst b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/pixfmt-v4l2.rst
> > > > index 71eebfc6d853..caf14e440447 100644
> > > > --- a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/pixfmt-v4l2.rst
> > > > +++ b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/pixfmt-v4l2.rst
> > > > @@ -39,6 +39,11 @@ Single-planar format structure
> > > > to a multiple of the scale factor of any smaller planes. For
> > > > example when the image format is YUV 4:2:0, ``width`` and
> > > > ``height`` must be multiples of two.
> > > > +
> > > > + For compressed formats that contain the resolution information encoded
> > > > + inside the stream, when fed to a stateful mem2mem decoder, the fields
> > > > + may be zero to rely on the decoder to detect the right values. For more
> > > > + details see :ref:`decoder` and format descriptions.
> > > > * - __u32
> > > > - ``pixelformat``
> > > > - The pixel format or type of compression, set by the application.
> > > > diff --git a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/v4l2.rst b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/v4l2.rst
> > > > index 004ec00db6bd..97015b9b40b8 100644
> > > > --- a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/v4l2.rst
> > > > +++ b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/v4l2.rst
> > > > @@ -60,6 +60,10 @@ Authors, in alphabetical order:
> > > >
> > > > - Original author of the V4L2 API and documentation.
> > > >
> > > > +- Figa, Tomasz <tfiga@chromium.org>
> > > > +
> > > > + - Documented the memory-to-memory decoder interface.
> > > > +
> > > > - H Schimek, Michael <mschimek@gmx.at>
> > > >
> > > > - Original author of the V4L2 API and documentation.
> > > > @@ -68,6 +72,10 @@ Authors, in alphabetical order:
> > > >
> > > > - Documented the Digital Video timings API.
> > > >
> > > > +- Osciak, Pawel <posciak@chromium.org>
> > > > +
> > > > + - Documented the memory-to-memory decoder interface.
> > > > +
> > > > - Osciak, Pawel <pawel@osciak.com>
> > > >
> > > > - Designed and documented the multi-planar API.
> > > > @@ -92,7 +100,7 @@ Authors, in alphabetical order:
> > > >
> > > > - Designed and documented the VIDIOC_LOG_STATUS ioctl, the extended control ioctls, major parts of the sliced VBI API, the MPEG encoder and decoder APIs and the DV Timings API.
> > > >
> > > > -**Copyright** |copy| 1999-2016: Bill Dirks, Michael H. Schimek, Hans Verkuil, Martin Rubli, Andy Walls, Muralidharan Karicheri, Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Pawel Osciak, Sakari Ailus & Antti Palosaari.
> > > > +**Copyright** |copy| 1999-2018: Bill Dirks, Michael H. Schimek, Hans Verkuil, Martin Rubli, Andy Walls, Muralidharan Karicheri, Mauro Carvalho Chehab, Pawel Osciak, Sakari Ailus & Antti Palosaari, Tomasz Figa
> > > >
> > > > Except when explicitly stated as GPL, programming examples within this
> > > > part can be used and distributed without restrictions.
> > > > diff --git a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/vidioc-decoder-cmd.rst b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/vidioc-decoder-cmd.rst
> > > > index ccf83b05afa7..57f0066f4cff 100644
> > > > --- a/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/vidioc-decoder-cmd.rst
> > > > +++ b/Documentation/media/uapi/v4l/vidioc-decoder-cmd.rst
> > > > @@ -56,14 +56,16 @@ The ``cmd`` field must contain the command code. Some commands use the
> > > >
> > > > A :ref:`write() <func-write>` or :ref:`VIDIOC_STREAMON`
> > > > call sends an implicit START command to the decoder if it has not been
> > > > -started yet.
> > > > +started yet. Applies to both queues of mem2mem decoders.
> > > >
> > > > A :ref:`close() <func-close>` or :ref:`VIDIOC_STREAMOFF <VIDIOC_STREAMON>`
> > > > call of a streaming file descriptor sends an implicit immediate STOP
> > > > -command to the decoder, and all buffered data is discarded.
> > > > +command to the decoder, and all buffered data is discarded. Applies to both
> > > > +queues of mem2mem decoders.
> > > >
> > > > -These ioctls are optional, not all drivers may support them. They were
> > > > -introduced in Linux 3.3.
> > > > +In principle, these ioctls are optional, not all drivers may support them. They were
> > > > +introduced in Linux 3.3. They are, however, mandatory for stateful mem2mem decoders
> > > > +(as further documented in :ref:`decoder`).
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > .. tabularcolumns:: |p{1.1cm}|p{2.4cm}|p{1.2cm}|p{1.6cm}|p{10.6cm}|
> > > > @@ -167,26 +169,32 @@ introduced in Linux 3.3.
> > > > ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_RESUME`` for that. This command has one flag:
> > > > ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_START_MUTE_AUDIO``. If set, then audio will be
> > > > muted when playing back at a non-standard speed.
> > > > +
> > > > + For a device implementing the :ref:`decoder`, once the drain sequence
> > > > + is initiated with the ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP`` command, it must be driven
> > > > + to completion before this command can be invoked. Any attempt to
> > > > + invoke the command while the drain sequence is in progress will trigger
> > > > + an ``EBUSY`` error code. The command may be also used to restart the
> > > > + decoder in case of an implicit stop initiated by the decoder itself,
> > > > + without the ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP`` being called explicitly. See
> > > > + :ref:`decoder` for more details.
> > > > * - ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP``
> > > > - 1
> > > > - Stop the decoder. When the decoder is already stopped, this
> > > > command does nothing. This command has two flags: if
> > > > ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP_TO_BLACK`` is set, then the decoder will set
> > > > the picture to black after it stopped decoding. Otherwise the last
> > > > - image will repeat. mem2mem decoders will stop producing new frames
> > > > - altogether. They will send a ``V4L2_EVENT_EOS`` event when the
> > > > - last frame has been decoded and all frames are ready to be
> > > > - dequeued and will set the ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` buffer flag on
> > > > - the last buffer of the capture queue to indicate there will be no
> > > > - new buffers produced to dequeue. This buffer may be empty,
> > > > - indicated by the driver setting the ``bytesused`` field to 0. Once
> > > > - the ``V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST`` flag was set, the
> > > > - :ref:`VIDIOC_DQBUF <VIDIOC_QBUF>` ioctl will not block anymore,
> > > > - but return an ``EPIPE`` error code. If
> > > > + image will repeat. If
> > > > ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_STOP_IMMEDIATELY`` is set, then the decoder stops
> > > > immediately (ignoring the ``pts`` value), otherwise it will keep
> > > > decoding until timestamp >= pts or until the last of the pending
> > > > data from its internal buffers was decoded.
> > > > +
> > > > + For a device implementing the :ref:`decoder`, the command will initiate
> > > > + the drain sequence as documented in :ref:`decoder`. No flags or other
> > > > + arguments are accepted in this case. Any attempt to invoke the command
> > > > + again before the sequence completes will trigger an ``EBUSY`` error
> > > > + code.
> > > > * - ``V4L2_DEC_CMD_PAUSE``
> > > > - 2
> > > > - Pause the decoder. When the decoder has not been started yet, the
> > > > @@ -209,6 +217,11 @@ On success 0 is returned, on error -1 and the ``errno`` variable is set
> > > > appropriately. The generic error codes are described at the
> > > > :ref:`Generic Error Codes <gen-errors>` chapter.
> > > >
> > > > +EBUSY
> > > > + A drain sequence of a device implementing the :ref:`decoder` is still in
> > > > + progress. It is not allowed to issue another decoder command until it
> > > > + completes.
> > > > +
> > > > EINVAL
> > > > The ``cmd`` field is invalid.
> > > >
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