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SubjectRe: [Xen-devel] [PATCH v2] xen/pv: Fix a boot up hang revealed by int3 self test
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On 15/07/2019 07:54, Jan Beulich wrote:
> On 15.07.2019 07:05, Zhenzhong Duan wrote:
>> On 2019/7/12 22:06, Andrew Cooper wrote:
>>> On 11/07/2019 03:15, Zhenzhong Duan wrote:
>>>> Commit 7457c0da024b ("x86/alternatives: Add int3_emulate_call()
>>>> selftest") is used to ensure there is a gap setup in exception stack
>>>> which could be used for inserting call return address.
>>>>
>>>> This gap is missed in XEN PV int3 exception entry path, then below panic
>>>> triggered:
>>>>
>>>> [    0.772876] general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
>>>> [    0.772886] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.2.0+ #11
>>>> [    0.772893] RIP: e030:int3_magic+0x0/0x7
>>>> [    0.772905] RSP: 3507:ffffffff82203e98 EFLAGS: 00000246
>>>> [    0.773334] Call Trace:
>>>> [    0.773334]  alternative_instructions+0x3d/0x12e
>>>> [    0.773334]  check_bugs+0x7c9/0x887
>>>> [    0.773334]  ? __get_locked_pte+0x178/0x1f0
>>>> [    0.773334]  start_kernel+0x4ff/0x535
>>>> [    0.773334]  ? set_init_arg+0x55/0x55
>>>> [    0.773334]  xen_start_kernel+0x571/0x57a
>>>>
>>>> As xenint3 and int3 entry code are same except xenint3 doesn't generate
>>>> a gap, we can fix it by using int3 and drop useless xenint3.
>>> For 64bit PV guests, Xen's ABI enters the kernel with using SYSRET, with
>>> %rcx/%r11 on the stack.
>>>
>>> To convert back to "normal" looking exceptions, the xen thunks do `pop
>>> %rcx; pop %r11; jmp do_*`...
>> I will add this to commit message.
>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
>>>> index 0ea4831..35a66fc 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
>>>> @@ -1176,7 +1176,6 @@ idtentry stack_segment        do_stack_segment    has_error_code=1
>>>>   #ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PV
>>>>   idtentry xennmi            do_nmi            has_error_code=0
>>>>   idtentry xendebug        do_debug        has_error_code=0
>>>> -idtentry xenint3        do_int3            has_error_code=0
>>>>   #endif
>>> What is confusing is why there are 3 extra magic versions here.  At a
>>> guess, I'd say something to do with IST settings (given the vectors),
>>> but I don't see why #DB/#BP would need to be different in the first
>>> place.  (NMI sure, but that is more to do with the crazy hoops needing
>>> to be jumped through to keep native functioning safely.)
>> xenint3 will be removed in this patch safely as it don't use IST now.
>>
>> But debug and nmi need paranoid_entry which will read MSR_GS_BASE to determine
>>
>> if swapgs is needed. I guess PV guesting running in ring3 will #GP with swapgs?
> Not only that (Xen could trap and emulate swapgs if that was needed) - 64-bit
> PV kernel mode always gets entered with kernel GS base already set. Hence
> finding out whether to switch the GS base is specifically not something that
> any exception entry point would need to do (and it should actively try to
> avoid it, for performance reasons).

Indeed.  The SWAPGS PVOP is implemented as a nop for x86 PV, to simply
the entry assembly (rather than doubling up all entry vectors).

~Andrew

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