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SubjectRe: BUG: MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES too low! (2)
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Date
On 7/10/19 3:09 PM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> One thing I mentioned when Thomas did the unwinder API changes was
> trying to move lockdep over to something like stackdepot.
>
> We can't directly use stackdepot as is, because it uses locks and memory
> allocation, but we could maybe add a lower level API to it and use that
> under the graph_lock() on static storage or something.
>
> Otherwise we'll have to (re)implement something like it.
>
> I've not looked at it in detail.

Hi Peter,

Is something like the untested patch below perhaps what you had in mind?

Thanks,

Bart.

diff --git a/include/linux/lockdep.h b/include/linux/lockdep.h
index 57baa27f238c..a5c7c1813d35 100644
--- a/include/linux/lockdep.h
+++ b/include/linux/lockdep.h
@@ -66,10 +66,7 @@ struct lock_class_key {

extern struct lock_class_key __lockdep_no_validate__;

-struct lock_trace {
- unsigned int nr_entries;
- unsigned int offset;
-};
+struct lock_trace;

#define LOCKSTAT_POINTS 4

@@ -105,7 +102,7 @@ struct lock_class {
* IRQ/softirq usage tracking bits:
*/
unsigned long usage_mask;
- struct lock_trace usage_traces[XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES];
+ const struct lock_trace *usage_traces[XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES];

/*
* Generation counter, when doing certain classes of graph walking,
@@ -193,7 +190,7 @@ struct lock_list {
struct list_head entry;
struct lock_class *class;
struct lock_class *links_to;
- struct lock_trace trace;
+ const struct lock_trace *trace;
int distance;

/*
diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
index 341f52117f88..c3022367ba2a 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
@@ -449,33 +449,72 @@ static void print_lockdep_off(const char *bug_msg)
unsigned long nr_stack_trace_entries;

#if defined(CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING)
+/**
+ * struct lock_trace - single stack backtrace
+ * @hash_entry: Entry in a stack_trace_hash[] list.
+ * @hash: jhash() of @entries.
+ * @nr_entries: Number of entries in @entries.
+ * @entries: Actual stack backtrace.
+ */
+struct lock_trace {
+ struct hlist_node hash_entry;
+ u32 hash;
+ u32 nr_entries;
+ unsigned long entries[0] __aligned(sizeof(unsigned long));
+};
+#define LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS \
+ (sizeof(struct lock_trace) / sizeof(unsigned long))
/*
- * Stack-trace: tightly packed array of stack backtrace
- * addresses. Protected by the graph_lock.
+ * Stack-trace: sequence of lock_trace structures. Protected by the graph_lock.
*/
static unsigned long stack_trace[MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES];
+static struct hlist_head stack_trace_hash[STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE];
+
+static bool traces_identical(struct lock_trace *t1, struct lock_trace *t2)
+{
+ return t1->hash == t2->hash && t1->nr_entries == t2->nr_entries &&
+ memcmp(t1->entries, t2->entries,
+ t1->nr_entries * sizeof(t1->entries[0])) == 0;
+}

-static int save_trace(struct lock_trace *trace)
+static struct lock_trace *save_trace(void)
{
- unsigned long *entries = stack_trace + nr_stack_trace_entries;
+ struct lock_trace *trace, *t2;
+ struct hlist_head *hash_head;
+ u32 hash;
unsigned int max_entries;

- trace->offset = nr_stack_trace_entries;
- max_entries = MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES - nr_stack_trace_entries;
- trace->nr_entries = stack_trace_save(entries, max_entries, 3);
- nr_stack_trace_entries += trace->nr_entries;
+ BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS >= MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES);
+
+ trace = (struct lock_trace *)(stack_trace + nr_stack_trace_entries);
+ max_entries = MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES - nr_stack_trace_entries -
+ LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS;
+ trace->nr_entries = stack_trace_save(trace->entries, max_entries, 3);

- if (nr_stack_trace_entries >= MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES-1) {
+ if (nr_stack_trace_entries >= MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES -
+ LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS - 1) {
if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
- return 0;
+ return NULL;

print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES too low!");
dump_stack();

- return 0;
+ return NULL;
}

- return 1;
+ hash = jhash(trace->entries, trace->nr_entries *
+ sizeof(trace->entries[0]), 0);
+ trace->hash = hash;
+ hash_head = stack_trace_hash + (hash & (STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE - 1));
+ hlist_for_each_entry(t2, hash_head, hash_entry) {
+ if (traces_identical(trace, t2))
+ return t2;
+ }
+ nr_stack_trace_entries += LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS + trace->nr_entries;
+ hlist_add_head(&trace->hash_entry, hash_head);
+
+ return trace;
}
#endif

@@ -1235,7 +1274,7 @@ static struct lock_list *alloc_list_entry(void)
static int add_lock_to_list(struct lock_class *this,
struct lock_class *links_to, struct list_head *head,
unsigned long ip, int distance,
- struct lock_trace *trace)
+ const struct lock_trace *trace)
{
struct lock_list *entry;
/*
@@ -1249,7 +1288,7 @@ static int add_lock_to_list(struct lock_class *this,
entry->class = this;
entry->links_to = links_to;
entry->distance = distance;
- entry->trace = *trace;
+ entry->trace = trace;
/*
* Both allocation and removal are done under the graph lock; but
* iteration is under RCU-sched; see look_up_lock_class() and
@@ -1470,11 +1509,10 @@ static inline int __bfs_backwards(struct lock_list *src_entry,

}

-static void print_lock_trace(struct lock_trace *trace, unsigned int spaces)
+static void print_lock_trace(const struct lock_trace *trace,
+ unsigned int spaces)
{
- unsigned long *entries = stack_trace + trace->offset;
-
- stack_trace_print(entries, trace->nr_entries, spaces);
+ stack_trace_print(trace->entries, trace->nr_entries, spaces);
}

/*
@@ -1489,7 +1527,7 @@ print_circular_bug_entry(struct lock_list *target, int depth)
printk("\n-> #%u", depth);
print_lock_name(target->class);
printk(KERN_CONT ":\n");
- print_lock_trace(&target->trace, 6);
+ print_lock_trace(target->trace, 6);
}

static void
@@ -1592,7 +1630,8 @@ static noinline void print_circular_bug(struct lock_list *this,
if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
return;

- if (!save_trace(&this->trace))
+ this->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!this->trace)
return;

depth = get_lock_depth(target);
@@ -1715,7 +1754,7 @@ check_path(struct lock_class *target, struct lock_list *src_entry,
*/
static noinline int
check_noncircular(struct held_lock *src, struct held_lock *target,
- struct lock_trace *trace)
+ struct lock_trace **const trace)
{
int ret;
struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
@@ -1729,13 +1768,13 @@ check_noncircular(struct held_lock *src, struct held_lock *target,
ret = check_path(hlock_class(target), &src_entry, &target_entry);

if (unlikely(!ret)) {
- if (!trace->nr_entries) {
+ if (!*trace) {
/*
* If save_trace fails here, the printing might
* trigger a WARN but because of the !nr_entries it
* should not do bad things.
*/
- save_trace(trace);
+ *trace = save_trace();
}

print_circular_bug(&src_entry, target_entry, src, target);
@@ -1859,7 +1898,7 @@ static void print_lock_class_header(struct lock_class *class, int depth)

len += printk("%*s %s", depth, "", usage_str[bit]);
len += printk(KERN_CONT " at:\n");
- print_lock_trace(class->usage_traces + bit, len);
+ print_lock_trace(class->usage_traces[bit], len);
}
}
printk("%*s }\n", depth, "");
@@ -1884,7 +1923,7 @@ print_shortest_lock_dependencies(struct lock_list *leaf,
do {
print_lock_class_header(entry->class, depth);
printk("%*s ... acquired at:\n", depth, "");
- print_lock_trace(&entry->trace, 2);
+ print_lock_trace(entry->trace, 2);
printk("\n");

if (depth == 0 && (entry != root)) {
@@ -1995,14 +2034,14 @@ print_bad_irq_dependency(struct task_struct *curr,
print_lock_name(backwards_entry->class);
pr_warn("\n... which became %s-irq-safe at:\n", irqclass);

- print_lock_trace(backwards_entry->class->usage_traces + bit1, 1);
+ print_lock_trace(backwards_entry->class->usage_traces[bit1], 1);

pr_warn("\nto a %s-irq-unsafe lock:\n", irqclass);
print_lock_name(forwards_entry->class);
pr_warn("\n... which became %s-irq-unsafe at:\n", irqclass);
pr_warn("...");

- print_lock_trace(forwards_entry->class->usage_traces + bit2, 1);
+ print_lock_trace(forwards_entry->class->usage_traces[bit2], 1);

pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n\n");
print_irq_lock_scenario(backwards_entry, forwards_entry,
@@ -2011,13 +2050,15 @@ print_bad_irq_dependency(struct task_struct *curr,
lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);

pr_warn("\nthe dependencies between %s-irq-safe lock and the holding lock:\n", irqclass);
- if (!save_trace(&prev_root->trace))
+ prev_root->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!prev_root->trace)
return;
print_shortest_lock_dependencies(backwards_entry, prev_root);

pr_warn("\nthe dependencies between the lock to be acquired");
pr_warn(" and %s-irq-unsafe lock:\n", irqclass);
- if (!save_trace(&next_root->trace))
+ next_root->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!next_root->trace)
return;
print_shortest_lock_dependencies(forwards_entry, next_root);

@@ -2369,7 +2410,8 @@ check_deadlock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
*/
static int
check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
- struct held_lock *next, int distance, struct lock_trace *trace)
+ struct held_lock *next, int distance,
+ struct lock_trace **const trace)
{
struct lock_list *entry;
int ret;
@@ -2444,8 +2486,11 @@ check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
return ret;
#endif

- if (!trace->nr_entries && !save_trace(trace))
- return 0;
+ if (!*trace) {
+ *trace = save_trace();
+ if (!*trace)
+ return 0;
+ }

/*
* Ok, all validations passed, add the new lock
@@ -2453,14 +2498,14 @@ check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
*/
ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(next), hlock_class(prev),
&hlock_class(prev)->locks_after,
- next->acquire_ip, distance, trace);
+ next->acquire_ip, distance, *trace);

if (!ret)
return 0;

ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(prev), hlock_class(next),
&hlock_class(next)->locks_before,
- next->acquire_ip, distance, trace);
+ next->acquire_ip, distance, *trace);
if (!ret)
return 0;

@@ -2476,7 +2521,7 @@ check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
static int
check_prevs_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
{
- struct lock_trace trace = { .nr_entries = 0 };
+ struct lock_trace *trace = NULL;
int depth = curr->lockdep_depth;
struct held_lock *hlock;

@@ -3015,7 +3060,7 @@ print_usage_bug(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
print_lock(this);

pr_warn("{%s} state was registered at:\n", usage_str[prev_bit]);
- print_lock_trace(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces + prev_bit, 1);
+ print_lock_trace(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[prev_bit], 1);

print_irqtrace_events(curr);
pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
@@ -3096,7 +3141,8 @@ print_irq_inversion_bug(struct task_struct *curr,
lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);

pr_warn("\nthe shortest dependencies between 2nd lock and 1st lock:\n");
- if (!save_trace(&root->trace))
+ root->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!root->trace)
return;
print_shortest_lock_dependencies(other, root);

@@ -3580,7 +3626,7 @@ static int mark_lock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,

hlock_class(this)->usage_mask |= new_mask;

- if (!save_trace(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces + new_bit))
+ if (!(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[new_bit] = save_trace()))
return 0;

switch (new_bit) {
@@ -5158,6 +5204,12 @@ void __init lockdep_init(void)
) / 1024
);

+#if defined(CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING)
+ printk(" memory used for stack traces: %zu kB\n",
+ (sizeof(stack_trace) + sizeof(stack_trace_hash)) / 1024
+ );
+#endif
+
printk(" per task-struct memory footprint: %zu bytes\n",
sizeof(((struct task_struct *)NULL)->held_locks));
}
diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h b/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h
index cc83568d5012..92c472fb838f 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ static const unsigned long LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_READ =
#define MAX_LOCKDEP_ENTRIES 16384UL
#define MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS_BITS 15
#define MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES 262144UL
+#define STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE 8192
#else
#define MAX_LOCKDEP_ENTRIES 32768UL

@@ -102,6 +103,7 @@ static const unsigned long LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_READ =
* addresses. Protected by the hash_lock.
*/
#define MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES 524288UL
+#define STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE 16384
#endif

#define MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS (1UL << MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS_BITS)
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