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SubjectRe: [PATCH] driver core: Remove device link creation limitation
On Thu, Jul 11, 2019 at 12:06 AM Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Jul 10, 2019 at 3:19 AM Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> >
> > From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> >
> > If device_link_add() is called for a consumer/supplier pair with an
> > existing device link between them and the existing link's type is
> > not in agreement with the flags passed to that function by its
> > caller, NULL will be returned. That is seriously inconvenient,
> > because it forces the callers of device_link_add() to worry about
> > what others may or may not do even if that is not relevant to them
> > for any other reasons.
> >
> > It turns out, however, that this limitation can be made go away
> > relatively easily.
> >
> > The underlying observation is that if DL_FLAG_STATELESS has been
> > passed to device_link_add() in flags for the given consumer/supplier
> > pair at least once, calling either device_link_del() or
> > device_link_remove() to release the link returned by it should work,
> > but there are no other requirements associated with that flag. In
> > turn, if at least one of the callers of device_link_add() for the
> > given consumer/supplier pair has not passed DL_FLAG_STATELESS to it
> > in flags, the driver core should track the status of the link and act
> > on it as appropriate (ie. the link should be treated as "managed").
> > This means that DL_FLAG_STATELESS needs to be set for managed device
> > links and it should be valid to call device_link_del() or
> > device_link_remove() to drop references to them in certain
> > sutiations.
> >
> > To allow that to happen, introduce a new (internal) device link flag
> > called DL_FLAG_MANAGED and make device_link_add() set it automatically
> > whenever DL_FLAG_STATELESS is not passed to it. Also make it take
> > additional references to existing device links that were previously
> > stateless (that is, with DL_FLAG_STATELESS set and DL_FLAG_MANAGED
> > unset) and will need to be managed going forward and initialize
> > their status (which has been DL_STATE_NONE so far).
> >
> > Accordingly, when a managed device link is dropped automatically
> > by the driver core, make it clear DL_FLAG_MANAGED, reset the link's
> > status back to DL_STATE_NONE and drop the reference to it associated
> > with DL_FLAG_MANAGED instead of just deleting it right away (to
> > allow it to stay around in case it still needs to be released
> > explicitly by someone).
> >
> > With that, since setting DL_FLAG_STATELESS doesn't mean that the
> > device link in question is not managed any more, replace all of the
> > status-tracking checks against DL_FLAG_STATELESS with analogous
> > checks against DL_FLAG_MANAGED and update the documentation to
> > reflect these changes.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > ---
> > Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst | 4
> > drivers/base/core.c | 169 +++++++++++++++++--------------
> > drivers/base/power/runtime.c | 4
> > include/linux/device.h | 4
> > 4 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)
> >
> > Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/core.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/core.c
> > +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/core.c
> > @@ -124,6 +124,50 @@ static int device_is_dependent(struct de
> > return ret;
> > }
> >
> > +static void device_link_init_status(struct device_link *link,
> > + struct device *consumer,
> > + struct device *supplier)
> > +{
> > + switch (supplier->links.status) {
> > + case DL_DEV_PROBING:
> > + switch (consumer->links.status) {
> > + case DL_DEV_PROBING:
> > + /*
> > + * A consumer driver can create a link to a supplier
> > + * that has not completed its probing yet as long as it
> > + * knows that the supplier is already functional (for
> > + * example, it has just acquired some resources from the
> > + * supplier).
> > + */
> > + link->status = DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE;
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + link->status = DL_STATE_DORMANT;
> > + break;
> > + }
> > + break;
> > + case DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND:
> > + switch (consumer->links.status) {
> > + case DL_DEV_PROBING:
> > + link->status = DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE;
> > + break;
> > + case DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND:
> > + link->status = DL_STATE_ACTIVE;
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + link->status = DL_STATE_AVAILABLE;
> > + break;
> > + }
> > + break;
> > + case DL_DEV_UNBINDING:
> > + link->status = DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND;
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + link->status = DL_STATE_DORMANT;
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > static int device_reorder_to_tail(struct device *dev, void *not_used)
> > {
> > struct device_link *link;
> > @@ -179,9 +223,9 @@ void device_pm_move_to_tail(struct devic
> > * of the link. If DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME is not set, DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE will be
> > * ignored.
> > *
> > - * If DL_FLAG_STATELESS is set in @flags, the link is not going to be managed by
> > - * the driver core and, in particular, the caller of this function is expected
> > - * to drop the reference to the link acquired by it directly.
> > + * If DL_FLAG_STATELESS is set in @flags, the caller of this function is
> > + * expected to release the link returned by it directly with the help of either
> > + * device_link_del() or device_link_remove().
> > *
> > * If that flag is not set, however, the caller of this function is handing the
> > * management of the link over to the driver core entirely and its return value
> > @@ -201,9 +245,16 @@ void device_pm_move_to_tail(struct devic
> > * be used to request the driver core to automaticall probe for a consmer
> > * driver after successfully binding a driver to the supplier device.
> > *
> > - * The combination of DL_FLAG_STATELESS and either DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER
> > - * or DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER set in @flags at the same time is invalid and
> > - * will cause NULL to be returned upfront.
> > + * The combination of DL_FLAG_STATELESS and one of DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER,
> > + * DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER, or DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER set in @flags at
> > + * the same time is invalid and will cause NULL to be returned upfront.
> > + * However, if a device link between the given @consumer and @supplier pair
> > + * exists already when this function is called for them, the existing link will
> > + * be returned regardless of its current type and status (the link's flags may
> > + * be modified then). The caller of this function is then expected to treat
> > + * the link as though it has just been created, so (in particular) if
> > + * DL_FLAG_STATELESS was passed in @flags, the link needs to be released
> > + * explicitly when not needed any more (as stated above).
> > *
> > * A side effect of the link creation is re-ordering of dpm_list and the
> > * devices_kset list by moving the consumer device and all devices depending
> > @@ -223,7 +274,8 @@ struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
> > (flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS &&
> > flags & (DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER |
> > DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER |
> > - DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER)) ||
> > + DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER |
> > + DL_FLAG_MANAGED)) ||
> > (flags & DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER &&
> > flags & (DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER |
> > DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER)))
>
> If DL_FLAG_MANAGED is meant to be an internal flag (as in caller
> shouldn't use it), maybe it'll be better to just check for it in flags
> and reject it? Because looks like you are setting it anyway if
> STATELESS isn't set.

Well, to be honest, I was kind of divided here, because passing
MANAGED if STATELESS is not passed is technically not a bug and
returning NULL in that case seemed a bit awkward to me.

That said, the function doesn't reject flags with unused bits set
anyway and arguably it should, so I'll add that check and that'll
cover MANAGED too.

>
> > @@ -236,6 +288,9 @@ struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
> > }
> > }
> >
> > + if (!(flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS))
> > + flags |= DL_FLAG_MANAGED;
> > +
> > device_links_write_lock();
> > device_pm_lock();
> >
> > @@ -262,15 +317,6 @@ struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
> > if (link->consumer != consumer)
> > continue;
> >
> > - /*
> > - * Don't return a stateless link if the caller wants a stateful
> > - * one and vice versa.
> > - */
> > - if (WARN_ON((flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS) != (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS))) {
> > - link = NULL;
> > - goto out;
> > - }
> > -
> > if (flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME) {
> > if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME)) {
> > pm_runtime_new_link(consumer);
> > @@ -281,6 +327,7 @@ struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
> > }
> >
> > if (flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS) {
> > + link->flags |= DL_FLAG_STATELESS;
> > kref_get(&link->kref);
> > goto out;
> > }
> > @@ -299,6 +346,11 @@ struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
> > link->flags &= ~(DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER |
> > DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER);
> > }
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED)) {
> > + kref_get(&link->kref);
> > + link->flags |= DL_FLAG_MANAGED;
> > + device_link_init_status(link, consumer, supplier);
> > + }
> > goto out;
> > }
> >
> > @@ -325,48 +377,10 @@ struct device_link *device_link_add(stru
> > kref_init(&link->kref);
> >
> > /* Determine the initial link state. */
> > - if (flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS) {
> > + if (flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > link->status = DL_STATE_NONE;
> > - } else {
> > - switch (supplier->links.status) {
> > - case DL_DEV_PROBING:
> > - switch (consumer->links.status) {
> > - case DL_DEV_PROBING:
> > - /*
> > - * A consumer driver can create a link to a
> > - * supplier that has not completed its probing
> > - * yet as long as it knows that the supplier is
> > - * already functional (for example, it has just
> > - * acquired some resources from the supplier).
> > - */
> > - link->status = DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE;
> > - break;
> > - default:
> > - link->status = DL_STATE_DORMANT;
> > - break;
> > - }
> > - break;
> > - case DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND:
> > - switch (consumer->links.status) {
> > - case DL_DEV_PROBING:
> > - link->status = DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE;
> > - break;
> > - case DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND:
> > - link->status = DL_STATE_ACTIVE;
> > - break;
> > - default:
> > - link->status = DL_STATE_AVAILABLE;
> > - break;
> > - }
> > - break;
> > - case DL_DEV_UNBINDING:
> > - link->status = DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND;
> > - break;
> > - default:
> > - link->status = DL_STATE_DORMANT;
> > - break;
> > - }
> > - }
> > + else
> > + device_link_init_status(link, consumer, supplier);
> >
> > /*
> > * Some callers expect the link creation during consumer driver probe to
> > @@ -528,7 +542,7 @@ static void device_links_missing_supplie
> > * mark the link as "consumer probe in progress" to make the supplier removal
> > * wait for us to complete (or bad things may happen).
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > */
>
> Nitpick. It might be easier to read if you removed the double
> negative. So something like:
> Links without the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag set are ignored.

Fair enough.

> > int device_links_check_suppliers(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > @@ -538,7 +552,7 @@ int device_links_check_suppliers(struct
> > device_links_write_lock();
> >
> > list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links.suppliers, c_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > if (link->status != DL_STATE_AVAILABLE) {
> > @@ -563,7 +577,7 @@ int device_links_check_suppliers(struct
> > *
> > * Also change the status of @dev's links to suppliers to "active".
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > */
> > void device_links_driver_bound(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > @@ -572,7 +586,7 @@ void device_links_driver_bound(struct de
> > device_links_write_lock();
> >
> > list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links.consumers, s_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -593,7 +607,7 @@ void device_links_driver_bound(struct de
> > }
> >
> > list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links.suppliers, c_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > WARN_ON(link->status != DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE);
> > @@ -605,6 +619,13 @@ void device_links_driver_bound(struct de
> > device_links_write_unlock();
> > }
> >
> > +static void device_link_drop_managed(struct device_link *link)
> > +{
> > + link->flags &= ~DL_FLAG_MANAGED;
> > + WRITE_ONCE(link->status, DL_STATE_NONE);
> > + kref_put(&link->kref, __device_link_del);
> > +}
> > +
> > /**
> > * __device_links_no_driver - Update links of a device without a driver.
> > * @dev: Device without a drvier.
> > @@ -615,18 +636,18 @@ void device_links_driver_bound(struct de
> > * unless they already are in the "supplier unbind in progress" state in which
> > * case they need not be updated.
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > */
> > static void __device_links_no_driver(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > struct device_link *link, *ln;
> >
> > list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(link, ln, &dev->links.suppliers, c_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER)
> > - __device_link_del(&link->kref);
> > + device_link_drop_managed(link);
> > else if (link->status == DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE ||
> > link->status == DL_STATE_ACTIVE)
> > WRITE_ONCE(link->status, DL_STATE_AVAILABLE);
> > @@ -643,7 +664,7 @@ static void __device_links_no_driver(str
> > * %__device_links_no_driver() to update links to suppliers for it as
> > * appropriate.
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > */
> > void device_links_no_driver(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > @@ -652,7 +673,7 @@ void device_links_no_driver(struct devic
> > device_links_write_lock();
> >
> > list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links.consumers, s_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -680,7 +701,7 @@ void device_links_no_driver(struct devic
> > * invoke %__device_links_no_driver() to update links to suppliers for it as
> > * appropriate.
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > */
> > void device_links_driver_cleanup(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > @@ -689,7 +710,7 @@ void device_links_driver_cleanup(struct
> > device_links_write_lock();
> >
> > list_for_each_entry_safe(link, ln, &dev->links.consumers, s_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > WARN_ON(link->flags & DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER);
> > @@ -702,7 +723,7 @@ void device_links_driver_cleanup(struct
> > */
> > if (link->status == DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND &&
> > link->flags & DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER)
> > - __device_link_del(&link->kref);
> > + device_link_drop_managed(link);
> >
> > WRITE_ONCE(link->status, DL_STATE_DORMANT);
> > }
> > @@ -724,7 +745,7 @@ void device_links_driver_cleanup(struct
> > *
> > * Return 'false' if there are no probing or active consumers.
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > */
> > bool device_links_busy(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > @@ -734,7 +755,7 @@ bool device_links_busy(struct device *de
> > device_links_write_lock();
> >
> > list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links.consumers, s_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > if (link->status == DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE
> > @@ -764,7 +785,7 @@ bool device_links_busy(struct device *de
> > * driver to unbind and start over (the consumer will not re-probe as we have
> > * changed the state of the link already).
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > */
> > void device_links_unbind_consumers(struct device *dev)
> > {
> > @@ -776,7 +797,7 @@ void device_links_unbind_consumers(struc
> > list_for_each_entry(link, &dev->links.consumers, s_node) {
> > enum device_link_state status;
> >
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > status = link->status;
> > Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
> > +++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
> > @@ -1624,7 +1624,7 @@ void pm_runtime_remove(struct device *de
> > * runtime PM references to the device, drop the usage counter of the device
> > * (as many times as needed).
> > *
> > - * Links with the DL_FLAG_STATELESS flag set are ignored.
> > + * Links with the DL_FLAG_MANAGED flag unset are ignored.
> > *
> > * Since the device is guaranteed to be runtime-active at the point this is
> > * called, nothing else needs to be done here.
> > @@ -1641,7 +1641,7 @@ void pm_runtime_clean_up_links(struct de
> > idx = device_links_read_lock();
> >
> > list_for_each_entry_rcu(link, &dev->links.consumers, s_node) {
> > - if (link->flags & DL_FLAG_STATELESS)
> > + if (!(link->flags & DL_FLAG_MANAGED))
> > continue;
> >
> > while (refcount_dec_not_one(&link->rpm_active))
> > Index: linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/device.h
> > +++ linux-pm/include/linux/device.h
> > @@ -829,12 +829,13 @@ enum device_link_state {
> > /*
> > * Device link flags.
> > *
> > - * STATELESS: The core won't track the presence of supplier/consumer drivers.
> > + * STATELESS: The core will not remove this link automatically.
> > * AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER: Remove the link automatically on consumer driver unbind.
> > * PM_RUNTIME: If set, the runtime PM framework will use this link.
> > * RPM_ACTIVE: Run pm_runtime_get_sync() on the supplier during link creation.
> > * AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER: Remove the link automatically on supplier driver unbind.
> > * AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER: Probe consumer driver automatically after supplier binds.
> > + * MANAGED: The core tracks presence of supplier/consumer drivers (internal).
> > */
> > #define DL_FLAG_STATELESS BIT(0)
> > #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER BIT(1)
> > @@ -842,6 +843,7 @@ enum device_link_state {
> > #define DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE BIT(3)
> > #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER BIT(4)
> > #define DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER BIT(5)
> > +#define DL_FLAG_MANAGED BIT(6)
> >
> > /**
> > * struct device_link - Device link representation.
> > Index: linux-pm/Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst
> > +++ linux-pm/Documentation/driver-api/device_link.rst
> > @@ -78,8 +78,8 @@ typically deleted in its ``->remove`` ca
> > driver is compiled as a module, the device link is added on module load and
> > orderly deleted on unload. The same restrictions that apply to device link
> > addition (e.g. exclusion of a parallel suspend/resume transition) apply equally
> > -to deletion. Device links with ``DL_FLAG_STATELESS`` unset (i.e. managed
> > -device links) are deleted automatically by the driver core.
> > +to deletion. Device links managed by the driver core are deleted automatically
> > +by it.
> >
> > Several flags may be specified on device link addition, two of which
> > have already been mentioned above: ``DL_FLAG_STATELESS`` to express that no
> >
>
> Other than those 2 minor comments, this looks good to me.
>
> Reviewed-by: Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>

Thanks!

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