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Subject[PATCH 3/5] Btrfs: only associate the locked page with one async_cow struct
Date
From: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com>

The btrfs writepages function collects a large range of pages flagged
for delayed allocation, and then sends them down through the COW code
for processing. When compression is on, we allocate one async_cow
structure for every 512K, and then run those pages through the
compression code for IO submission.

writepages starts all of this off with a single page, locked by
the original call to extent_write_cache_pages(), and it's important to
keep track of this page because it has already been through
clear_page_dirty_for_io().

The btrfs async_cow struct has a pointer to the locked_page, and when
we're redirtying the page because compression had to fallback to
uncompressed IO, we use page->index to decide if a given async_cow
struct really owns that page.

But, this is racey. If a given delalloc range is broken up into two
async_cows (cow_A and cow_B), we can end up with something like this:

compress_file_range(cowA)
submit_compress_extents(cowA)
submit compressed bios(cowA)
put_page(locked_page)

compress_file_range(cowB)
...

The end result is that cowA is completed and cleaned up before cowB even
starts processing. This means we can free locked_page() and reuse it
elsewhere. If we get really lucky, it'll have the same page->index in
its new home as it did before.

While we're processing cowB, we might decide we need to fall back to
uncompressed IO, and so compress_file_range() will call
__set_page_dirty_nobufers() on cowB->locked_page.

Without cgroups in use, this creates as a phantom dirty page, which
isn't great but isn't the end of the world. With cgroups in use, we
might crash in the accounting code because page->mapping->i_wb isn't
set.

[ 8308.523110] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000000000000d0
[ 8308.531084] IP: percpu_counter_add_batch+0x11/0x70
[ 8308.538371] PGD 66534e067 P4D 66534e067 PUD 66534f067 PMD 0
[ 8308.541750] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
[ 8308.551948] CPU: 16 PID: 2172 Comm: rm Not tainted
[ 8308.566883] RIP: 0010:percpu_counter_add_batch+0x11/0x70
[ 8308.567891] RSP: 0018:ffffc9000a97bbe0 EFLAGS: 00010286
[ 8308.568986] RAX: 0000000000000005 RBX: 0000000000000090 RCX: 0000000000026115
[ 8308.570734] RDX: 0000000000000030 RSI: ffffffffffffffff RDI: 0000000000000090
[ 8308.572543] RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: fffffffffffffff5 R09: 0000000000000000
[ 8308.573856] R10: 00000000000260c0 R11: ffff881037fc26c0 R12: ffffffffffffffff
[ 8308.580099] R13: ffff880fe4111548 R14: ffffc9000a97bc90 R15: 0000000000000001
[ 8308.582520] FS: 00007f5503ced480(0000) GS:ffff880ff7200000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 8308.585440] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 8308.587951] CR2: 00000000000000d0 CR3: 00000001e0459005 CR4: 0000000000360ee0
[ 8308.590707] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 8308.592865] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 8308.594469] Call Trace:
[ 8308.595149] account_page_cleaned+0x15b/0x1f0
[ 8308.596340] __cancel_dirty_page+0x146/0x200
[ 8308.599395] truncate_cleanup_page+0x92/0xb0
[ 8308.600480] truncate_inode_pages_range+0x202/0x7d0
[ 8308.617392] btrfs_evict_inode+0x92/0x5a0
[ 8308.619108] evict+0xc1/0x190
[ 8308.620023] do_unlinkat+0x176/0x280
[ 8308.621202] do_syscall_64+0x63/0x1a0
[ 8308.623451] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x42/0xb7

The fix here is to make asyc_cow->locked_page NULL everywhere but the
one async_cow struct that's allowed to do things to the locked page.

Signed-off-by: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com>
Fixes: 771ed689d2cd ("Btrfs: Optimize compressed writeback and reads")
Reviewed-by: Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com>
---
fs/btrfs/extent_io.c | 2 +-
fs/btrfs/inode.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++----
2 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c b/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c
index 5106008f5e28..a31574df06aa 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/extent_io.c
@@ -1838,7 +1838,7 @@ static int __process_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping,
if (page_ops & PAGE_SET_PRIVATE2)
SetPagePrivate2(pages[i]);

- if (pages[i] == locked_page) {
+ if (locked_page && pages[i] == locked_page) {
put_page(pages[i]);
pages_locked++;
continue;
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/inode.c b/fs/btrfs/inode.c
index 6e6df0eab324..a81e9860ee1f 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/inode.c
@@ -666,10 +666,12 @@ static noinline void compress_file_range(struct async_chunk *async_chunk,
* to our extent and set things up for the async work queue to run
* cow_file_range to do the normal delalloc dance.
*/
- if (page_offset(async_chunk->locked_page) >= start &&
- page_offset(async_chunk->locked_page) <= end)
+ if (async_chunk->locked_page &&
+ (page_offset(async_chunk->locked_page) >= start &&
+ page_offset(async_chunk->locked_page)) <= end) {
__set_page_dirty_nobuffers(async_chunk->locked_page);
/* unlocked later on in the async handlers */
+ }

if (redirty)
extent_range_redirty_for_io(inode, start, end);
@@ -759,7 +761,7 @@ static noinline void submit_compressed_extents(struct async_chunk *async_chunk)
async_extent->start +
async_extent->ram_size - 1,
WB_SYNC_ALL);
- else if (ret)
+ else if (ret && async_chunk->locked_page)
unlock_page(async_chunk->locked_page);
kfree(async_extent);
cond_resched();
@@ -1236,10 +1238,25 @@ static int cow_file_range_async(struct inode *inode, struct page *locked_page,
async_chunk[i].inode = inode;
async_chunk[i].start = start;
async_chunk[i].end = cur_end;
- async_chunk[i].locked_page = locked_page;
async_chunk[i].write_flags = write_flags;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&async_chunk[i].extents);

+ /*
+ * The locked_page comes all the way from writepage and its
+ * the original page we were actually given. As we spread
+ * this large delalloc region across multiple async_cow
+ * structs, only the first struct needs a pointer to locked_page
+ *
+ * This way we don't need racey decisions about who is supposed
+ * to unlock it.
+ */
+ if (locked_page) {
+ async_chunk[i].locked_page = locked_page;
+ locked_page = NULL;
+ } else {
+ async_chunk[i].locked_page = NULL;
+ }
+
btrfs_init_work(&async_chunk[i].work,
btrfs_delalloc_helper,
async_cow_start, async_cow_submit,
--
2.17.1
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