lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jun]   [9]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v1 9/9] smaples: add vfio-mdev-pci driver
Date
This patch adds sample driver named vfio-mdev-pci. It is to wrap
a PCI device as a mediated device. For a pci device, once bound
to vfio-mdev-pci driver, user space access of this device will
go through vfio mdev framework. The usage of the device follows
mdev management method. e.g. user should create a mdev before
exposing the device to user-space.

Benefit of this new driver would be acting as a sample driver
for recent changes from "vfio/mdev: IOMMU aware mediated device"
patchset. Also it could be a good experiment driver for future
device specific mdev migration support.

To use this driver:
a) build and load vfio-mdev-pci.ko module
execute "make menuconfig" and config CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_PCI
then load it with following command
> sudo modprobe vfio
> sudo modprobe vfio-pci
> sudo insmod drivers/vfio/pci/vfio-mdev-pci.ko

b) unbind original device driver
e.g. use following command to unbind its original driver
> echo $dev_bdf > /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/driver/unbind

c) bind vfio-mdev-pci driver to the physical device
> echo $vend_id $dev_id > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/vfio-mdev-pci/new_id

d) check the supported mdev instances
> ls /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/mdev_supported_types/
vfio-mdev-pci-type1
> ls /sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/mdev_supported_types/\
vfio-mdev-pci-type1/
available_instances create device_api devices name

e) create mdev on this physical device (only 1 instance)
> echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1003" > \
/sys/bus/pci/devices/$dev_bdf/mdev_supported_types/\
vfio-mdev-pci-type1/create

f) passthru the mdev to guest
add the following line in Qemu boot command
-device vfio-pci,\
sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1003

g) destroy mdev
> echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1003/\
remove

Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
Cc: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Suggested-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
---
drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile | 6 +
drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_mdev_pci.c | 403 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
samples/Kconfig | 11 ++
3 files changed, 420 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_mdev_pci.c

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
index d94317a..ac118ef 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile
@@ -5,4 +5,10 @@ vfio-pci-y := vfio_pci.o vfio_pci_common.o vfio_pci_intrs.o \
vfio-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_IGD) += vfio_pci_igd.o
vfio-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_NVLINK2) += vfio_pci_nvlink2.o

+vfio-mdev-pci-y := vfio_mdev_pci.o vfio_pci_common.o vfio_pci_intrs.o \
+ vfio_pci_rdwr.o vfio_pci_config.o
+vfio-mdev-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_IGD) += vfio_pci_igd.o
+vfio-mdev-pci-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_NVLINK2) += vfio_pci_nvlink2.o
+
obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI) += vfio-pci.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_PCI) += vfio-mdev-pci.o
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_mdev_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_mdev_pci.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..07c8067
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_mdev_pci.c
@@ -0,0 +1,403 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright © 2019 Intel Corporation.
+ * Author: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio_pci.c:
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio:
+ * Copyright 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Tom Lyon, pugs@cisco.com
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/eventfd.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/vgaarb.h>
+#include <linux/nospec.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "vfio_pci_private.h"
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>"
+#define DRIVER_DESC "VFIO Mdev PCI - Sample driver for PCI device as a mdev"
+
+#define VFIO_MDEV_PCI_NAME "vfio-mdev-pci"
+
+static char ids[1024] __initdata;
+module_param_string(ids, ids, sizeof(ids), 0);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(ids, "Initial PCI IDs to add to the vfio-mdev-pci driver, format is \"vendor:device[:subvendor[:subdevice[:class[:class_mask]]]]\" and multiple comma separated entries can be specified");
+
+static bool nointxmask;
+module_param_named(nointxmask, nointxmask, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(nointxmask,
+ "Disable support for PCI 2.3 style INTx masking. If this resolves problems for specific devices, report lspci -vvvxxx to linux-pci@vger.kernel.org so the device can be fixed automatically via the broken_intx_masking flag.");
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_VGA
+static bool disable_vga;
+module_param(disable_vga, bool, S_IRUGO);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_vga, "Disable VGA resource access through vfio-mdev-pci");
+#endif
+
+static bool disable_idle_d3;
+module_param(disable_idle_d3, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_idle_d3,
+ "Disable using the PCI D3 low power state for idle, unused devices");
+
+static struct pci_driver vfio_mdev_pci_driver;
+
+static ssize_t
+name_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s-type1\n", dev_name(dev));
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(name);
+
+static ssize_t
+available_instances_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", 1);
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(available_instances);
+
+static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", VFIO_DEVICE_API_PCI_STRING);
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
+
+static struct attribute *vfio_mdev_pci_types_attrs[] = {
+ &mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
+ &mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
+ &mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group vfio_mdev_pci_type_group1 = {
+ .name = "type1",
+ .attrs = vfio_mdev_pci_types_attrs,
+};
+
+struct attribute_group *vfio_mdev_pci_type_groups[] = {
+ &vfio_mdev_pci_type_group1,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+struct vfio_mdev_pci {
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+ struct mdev_device *mdev;
+ unsigned long handle;
+};
+
+static int vfio_mdev_pci_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct device *pdev;
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev;
+ int ret;
+
+ pdev = mdev_parent_dev(mdev);
+ vdev = dev_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ pmdev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vfio_mdev_pci), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (pmdev == NULL) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ pmdev->mdev = mdev;
+ pmdev->vdev = vdev;
+ mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, pmdev);
+ ret = mdev_set_iommu_device(mdev_dev(mdev), pdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_info("%s, failed to config iommu isolation for mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ __func__, dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(pdev));
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_mdev_pci_remove(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ kfree(pmdev);
+ pr_info("%s, succeeded for mdev: %s\n", __func__,
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vfio_mdev_pci_open(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = pmdev->vdev;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vdev->reflck->lock);
+
+ if (!vdev->refcnt) {
+ ret = vfio_pci_enable(vdev);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+
+ vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(vdev->pdev);
+ }
+ vdev->refcnt++;
+error:
+ mutex_unlock(&vdev->reflck->lock);
+ if (!ret)
+ pr_info("Succeeded to open mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(&pmdev->vdev->pdev->dev));
+ else {
+ pr_info("Failed to open mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(&pmdev->vdev->pdev->dev));
+ module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void vfio_mdev_pci_release(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = pmdev->vdev;
+
+ pr_info("Release mdev: %s on pf: %s\n",
+ dev_name(mdev_dev(mdev)), dev_name(&pmdev->vdev->pdev->dev));
+
+ mutex_lock(&vdev->reflck->lock);
+
+ if (!(--vdev->refcnt)) {
+ vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_release(vdev->pdev);
+ vfio_pci_disable(vdev);
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vdev->reflck->lock);
+
+ module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+}
+
+static long vfio_mdev_pci_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ return vfio_pci_ioctl(pmdev->vdev, cmd, arg);
+}
+
+static int vfio_mdev_pci_mmap(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ return vfio_pci_mmap(pmdev->vdev, vma);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_mdev_pci_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ return vfio_pci_read(pmdev->vdev, buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_mdev_pci_write(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+ const char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_mdev_pci *pmdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+ return vfio_pci_write(pmdev->vdev, (char __user *)buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static const struct mdev_parent_ops vfio_mdev_pci_ops = {
+ .supported_type_groups = vfio_mdev_pci_type_groups,
+ .create = vfio_mdev_pci_create,
+ .remove = vfio_mdev_pci_remove,
+
+ .open = vfio_mdev_pci_open,
+ .release = vfio_mdev_pci_release,
+
+ .read = vfio_mdev_pci_read,
+ .write = vfio_mdev_pci_write,
+ .mmap = vfio_mdev_pci_mmap,
+ .ioctl = vfio_mdev_pci_ioctl,
+};
+
+static int vfio_mdev_pci_driver_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev,
+ const struct pci_device_id *id)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (pdev->hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_NORMAL)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Prevent binding to PFs with VFs enabled, this too easily allows
+ * userspace instance with VFs and PFs from the same device, which
+ * cannot work. Disabling SR-IOV here would initiate removing the
+ * VFs, which would unbind the driver, which is prone to blocking
+ * if that VF is also in use by vfio-pci or vfio-mdev-pci. Just
+ * reject these PFs and let the user sort it out.
+ */
+ if (pci_num_vf(pdev)) {
+ pci_warn(pdev, "Cannot bind to PF with SR-IOV enabled\n");
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ vdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*vdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vdev)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ vdev->pdev = pdev;
+ vdev->irq_type = VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS;
+ mutex_init(&vdev->igate);
+ spin_lock_init(&vdev->irqlock);
+ mutex_init(&vdev->ioeventfds_lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vdev->ioeventfds_list);
+ vdev->nointxmask = nointxmask;
+#ifdef CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_VGA
+ vdev->disable_vga = disable_vga;
+#endif
+ vdev->disable_idle_d3 = disable_idle_d3;
+
+ pci_set_drvdata(pdev, vdev);
+
+ ret = vfio_pci_reflck_attach(vdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ pci_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
+ kfree(vdev);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ if (vfio_pci_is_vga(pdev)) {
+ vga_client_register(pdev, vdev, NULL, vfio_pci_set_vga_decode);
+ vga_set_legacy_decoding(pdev,
+ vfio_pci_set_vga_decode(vdev, false));
+ }
+
+ vfio_pci_probe_power_state(vdev);
+
+ if (!vdev->disable_idle_d3) {
+ /*
+ * pci-core sets the device power state to an unknown value at
+ * bootup and after being removed from a driver. The only
+ * transition it allows from this unknown state is to D0, which
+ * typically happens when a driver calls pci_enable_device().
+ * We're not ready to enable the device yet, but we do want to
+ * be able to get to D3. Therefore first do a D0 transition
+ * before going to D3.
+ */
+ vfio_pci_set_power_state(vdev, PCI_D0);
+ vfio_pci_set_power_state(vdev, PCI_D3hot);
+ }
+
+ ret = mdev_register_device(&pdev->dev, &vfio_mdev_pci_ops);
+ if (ret)
+ pr_err("Cannot register mdev for device %s\n",
+ dev_name(&pdev->dev));
+ else
+ pr_info("Wrap device %s as a mdev\n", dev_name(&pdev->dev));
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void vfio_mdev_pci_driver_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+ struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
+
+ vdev = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ if (!vdev)
+ return;
+
+ vfio_pci_reflck_put(vdev->reflck);
+
+ kfree(vdev->region);
+ mutex_destroy(&vdev->ioeventfds_lock);
+
+ if (!disable_idle_d3)
+ vfio_pci_set_power_state(vdev, PCI_D0);
+
+ kfree(vdev->pm_save);
+
+ if (vfio_pci_is_vga(pdev)) {
+ vga_client_register(pdev, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+ vga_set_legacy_decoding(pdev,
+ VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_IO | VGA_RSRC_NORMAL_MEM |
+ VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_IO | VGA_RSRC_LEGACY_MEM);
+ }
+
+ kfree(vdev);
+}
+
+static struct pci_driver vfio_mdev_pci_driver = {
+ .name = VFIO_MDEV_PCI_NAME,
+ .id_table = NULL, /* only dynamic ids */
+ .probe = vfio_mdev_pci_driver_probe,
+ .remove = vfio_mdev_pci_driver_remove,
+ .err_handler = &vfio_err_handlers,
+};
+
+static void __exit vfio_mdev_pci_cleanup(void)
+{
+ pci_unregister_driver(&vfio_mdev_pci_driver);
+ vfio_pci_uninit_perm_bits();
+}
+
+static int __init vfio_mdev_pci_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Allocate shared config space permision data used by all devices */
+ ret = vfio_pci_init_perm_bits();
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Register and scan for devices */
+ ret = pci_register_driver(&vfio_mdev_pci_driver);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_driver;
+
+ vfio_pci_fill_ids(ids, &vfio_mdev_pci_driver);
+
+ return 0;
+out_driver:
+ vfio_pci_uninit_perm_bits();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+module_init(vfio_mdev_pci_init);
+module_exit(vfio_mdev_pci_cleanup);
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
index d63cc8a..d799ccd 100644
--- a/samples/Kconfig
+++ b/samples/Kconfig
@@ -161,4 +161,15 @@ config SAMPLE_VFS
as mount API and statx(). Note that this is restricted to the x86
arch whilst it accesses system calls that aren't yet in all arches.

+config SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_PCI
+ tristate "Sample driver for wrapping PCI device as a mdev"
+ depends on PCI && EVENTFD && VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE
+ select VFIO_VIRQFD
+ select IRQ_BYPASS_MANAGER
+ help
+ Sample driver for wrapping a PCI device as a mdev. Once bound to
+ this driver, device passthru should through mdev path.
+
+ If you don't know what to do here, say N.
+
endif # SAMPLES
--
2.7.4
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-06-09 15:39    [W:0.101 / U:3.156 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site