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SubjectRe: [PATCH 08/15] x86/alternatives: Teach text_poke_bp() to emulate instructions
On Wed, 05 Jun 2019 15:08:01 +0200
Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:

> In preparation for static_call support, teach text_poke_bp() to
> emulate instructions, including CALL.
>
> The current text_poke_bp() takes a @handler argument which is used as
> a jump target when the temporary INT3 is hit by a different CPU.
>
> When patching CALL instructions, this doesn't work because we'd miss
> the PUSH of the return address. Instead, teach poke_int3_handler() to
> emulate an instruction, typically the instruction we're patching in.
>
> This fits almost all text_poke_bp() users, except
> arch_unoptimize_kprobe() which restores random text, and for that site
> we have to build an explicit emulate instruction.

Hm, actually it doesn't restores randome text, since the first byte
must always be int3. As the function name means, it just unoptimizes
(jump based optprobe -> int3 based kprobe).
Anyway, that is not an issue. With this patch, optprobe must still work.

>
> Cc: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@redhat.com>
> Cc: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h | 2 -
> arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c | 3 --
> arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/opt.c | 11 +++++---
> 4 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
> @@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ extern void text_poke_early(void *addr,
> extern void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
> extern void *text_poke_kgdb(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
> extern int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
> -extern void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, void *handler);
> +extern void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, const void *emulate);
> extern int after_bootmem;
> extern __ro_after_init struct mm_struct *poking_mm;
> extern __ro_after_init unsigned long poking_addr;
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
> @@ -921,19 +921,25 @@ static void do_sync_core(void *info)
> }
>
> static bool bp_patching_in_progress;
> -static void *bp_int3_handler, *bp_int3_addr;
> +static const void *bp_int3_opcode, *bp_int3_addr;
>
> int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> + long ip = regs->ip - INT3_INSN_SIZE + CALL_INSN_SIZE;
> + struct opcode {
> + u8 insn;
> + s32 rel;
> + } __packed opcode;
> +
> /*
> * Having observed our INT3 instruction, we now must observe
> * bp_patching_in_progress.
> *
> - * in_progress = TRUE INT3
> - * WMB RMB
> - * write INT3 if (in_progress)
> + * in_progress = TRUE INT3
> + * WMB RMB
> + * write INT3 if (in_progress)
> *
> - * Idem for bp_int3_handler.
> + * Idem for bp_int3_opcode.
> */
> smp_rmb();
>
> @@ -943,8 +949,21 @@ int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *re
> if (user_mode(regs) || regs->ip != (unsigned long)bp_int3_addr)
> return 0;
>
> - /* set up the specified breakpoint handler */
> - regs->ip = (unsigned long) bp_int3_handler;
> + opcode = *(struct opcode *)bp_int3_opcode;
> +
> + switch (opcode.insn) {
> + case 0xE8: /* CALL */
> + int3_emulate_call(regs, ip + opcode.rel);
> + break;
> +
> + case 0xE9: /* JMP */
> + int3_emulate_jmp(regs, ip + opcode.rel);
> + break;
> +
> + default: /* assume NOP */

Shouldn't we check whether it is actually NOP here?

> + int3_emulate_jmp(regs, ip);
> + break;
> + }

BTW, if we fix the length of patching always 5 bytes and allow user
to apply it only from/to jump/call/nop, we may be better to remove
"len" and rename it, something like "text_poke_branch" etc.

Thank you,

>
> return 1;
> }
> @@ -955,7 +974,7 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(poke_int3_handler);
> * @addr: address to patch
> * @opcode: opcode of new instruction
> * @len: length to copy
> - * @handler: address to jump to when the temporary breakpoint is hit
> + * @emulate: opcode to emulate, when NULL use @opcode
> *
> * Modify multi-byte instruction by using int3 breakpoint on SMP.
> * We completely avoid stop_machine() here, and achieve the
> @@ -970,19 +989,25 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(poke_int3_handler);
> * replacing opcode
> * - sync cores
> */
> -void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, void *handler)
> +void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, const void *emulate)
> {
> unsigned char int3 = 0xcc;
>
> - bp_int3_handler = handler;
> + bp_int3_opcode = emulate ?: opcode;
> bp_int3_addr = (u8 *)addr + sizeof(int3);
> bp_patching_in_progress = true;
>
> lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex);
>
> /*
> + * poke_int3_handler() relies on @opcode being a 5 byte instruction;
> + * notably a JMP, CALL or NOP5_ATOMIC.
> + */
> + BUG_ON(len != 5);
> +
> + /*
> * Corresponding read barrier in int3 notifier for making sure the
> - * in_progress and handler are correctly ordered wrt. patching.
> + * in_progress and opcode are correctly ordered wrt. patching.
> */
> smp_wmb();
>
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c
> @@ -87,8 +87,7 @@ static void __ref __jump_label_transform
> return;
> }
>
> - text_poke_bp((void *)jump_entry_code(entry), code, JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE,
> - (void *)jump_entry_code(entry) + JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE);
> + text_poke_bp((void *)jump_entry_code(entry), code, JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE, NULL);
> }
>
> void arch_jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry,
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/opt.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/opt.c
> @@ -437,8 +437,7 @@ void arch_optimize_kprobes(struct list_h
> insn_buff[0] = RELATIVEJUMP_OPCODE;
> *(s32 *)(&insn_buff[1]) = rel;
>
> - text_poke_bp(op->kp.addr, insn_buff, RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE,
> - op->optinsn.insn);
> + text_poke_bp(op->kp.addr, insn_buff, RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE, NULL);
>
> list_del_init(&op->list);
> }
> @@ -448,12 +447,18 @@ void arch_optimize_kprobes(struct list_h
> void arch_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op)
> {
> u8 insn_buff[RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE];
> + u8 emulate_buff[RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE];
>
> /* Set int3 to first byte for kprobes */
> insn_buff[0] = BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION;
> memcpy(insn_buff + 1, op->optinsn.copied_insn, RELATIVE_ADDR_SIZE);
> +
> + emulate_buff[0] = RELATIVEJUMP_OPCODE;
> + *(s32 *)(&emulate_buff[1]) = (s32)((long)op->optinsn.insn -
> + ((long)op->kp.addr + RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE));
> +
> text_poke_bp(op->kp.addr, insn_buff, RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE,
> - op->optinsn.insn);
> + emulate_buff);
> }
>
> /*
>
>


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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