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Subject[PATCH 03/10] keys: Add a notification facility [ver #3]
From
Date
Add a key/keyring change notification facility whereby notifications about
changes in key and keyring content and attributes can be received.

Firstly, an event queue needs to be created:

fd = open("/dev/event_queue", O_RDWR);
ioctl(fd, IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_SIZE, page_size << n);

then a notification can be set up to report notifications via that queue:

struct watch_notification_filter filter = {
.nr_filters = 1,
.filters = {
[0] = {
.type = WATCH_TYPE_KEY_NOTIFY,
.subtype_filter[0] = UINT_MAX,
},
},
};
ioctl(fd, IOC_WATCH_QUEUE_SET_FILTER, &filter);
keyctl_watch_key(KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING, fd, 0x01);

After that, records will be placed into the queue when events occur in
which keys are changed in some way. Records are of the following format:

struct key_notification {
struct watch_notification watch;
__u32 key_id;
__u32 aux;
} *n;

Where:

n->watch.type will be WATCH_TYPE_KEY_NOTIFY.

n->watch.subtype will indicate the type of event, such as
NOTIFY_KEY_REVOKED.

n->watch.info & WATCH_INFO_LENGTH will indicate the length of the
record.

n->watch.info & WATCH_INFO_ID will be the second argument to
keyctl_watch_key(), shifted.

n->key will be the ID of the affected key.

n->aux will hold subtype-dependent information, such as the key
being linked into the keyring specified by n->key in the case of
NOTIFY_KEY_LINKED.

Note that it is permissible for event records to be of variable length -
or, at least, the length may be dependent on the subtype. Note also that
the queue can be shared between multiple notifications of various types.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

Documentation/security/keys/core.rst | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/key.h | 4 ++
include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h | 1
include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h | 25 ++++++++++
security/keys/Kconfig | 10 ++++
security/keys/compat.c | 2 +
security/keys/gc.c | 5 ++
security/keys/internal.h | 30 +++++++++++-
security/keys/key.c | 37 +++++++++-----
security/keys/keyctl.c | 88 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
security/keys/keyring.c | 17 +++++--
security/keys/request_key.c | 4 +-
12 files changed, 257 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/security/keys/core.rst b/Documentation/security/keys/core.rst
index 9521c4207f01..05ef58c753f3 100644
--- a/Documentation/security/keys/core.rst
+++ b/Documentation/security/keys/core.rst
@@ -808,6 +808,7 @@ The keyctl syscall functions are:
A process must have search permission on the key for this function to be
successful.

+
* Compute a Diffie-Hellman shared secret or public key::

long keyctl(KEYCTL_DH_COMPUTE, struct keyctl_dh_params *params,
@@ -1001,6 +1002,63 @@ The keyctl syscall functions are:
written into the output buffer. Verification returns 0 on success.


+ * Watch a key or keyring for changes::
+
+ long keyctl(KEYCTL_WATCH_KEY, key_serial_t key, int queue_fd,
+ const struct watch_notification_filter *filter);
+
+ This will set or remove a watch for changes on the specified key or
+ keyring.
+
+ "key" is the ID of the key to be watched.
+
+ "queue_fd" is a file descriptor referring to an open "/dev/watch_queue"
+ which manages the buffer into which notifications will be delivered.
+
+ "filter" is either NULL to remove a watch or a filter specification to
+ indicate what events are required from the key.
+
+ See Documentation/watch_queue.rst for more information.
+
+ Note that only one watch may be emplaced for any particular { key,
+ queue_fd } combination.
+
+ Notification records look like::
+
+ struct key_notification {
+ struct watch_notification watch;
+ __u32 key_id;
+ __u32 aux;
+ };
+
+ In this, watch::type will be "WATCH_TYPE_KEY_NOTIFY" and subtype will be
+ one of::
+
+ NOTIFY_KEY_INSTANTIATED
+ NOTIFY_KEY_UPDATED
+ NOTIFY_KEY_LINKED
+ NOTIFY_KEY_UNLINKED
+ NOTIFY_KEY_CLEARED
+ NOTIFY_KEY_REVOKED
+ NOTIFY_KEY_INVALIDATED
+ NOTIFY_KEY_SETATTR
+
+ Where these indicate a key being instantiated/rejected, updated, a link
+ being made in a keyring, a link being removed from a keyring, a keyring
+ being cleared, a key being revoked, a key being invalidated or a key
+ having one of its attributes changed (user, group, perm, timeout,
+ restriction).
+
+ If a watched key is deleted, a basic watch_notification will be issued
+ with "type" set to WATCH_TYPE_META and "subtype" set to
+ watch_meta_removal_notification. The watchpoint ID will be set in the
+ "info" field.
+
+ This needs to be configured by enabling:
+
+ "Provide key/keyring change notifications" (KEY_NOTIFICATIONS)
+
+
Kernel Services
===============

diff --git a/include/linux/key.h b/include/linux/key.h
index 7099985e35a9..f1c43852c0c6 100644
--- a/include/linux/key.h
+++ b/include/linux/key.h
@@ -159,6 +159,9 @@ struct key {
struct list_head graveyard_link;
struct rb_node serial_node;
};
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS
+ struct watch_list *watchers; /* Entities watching this key for changes */
+#endif
struct rw_semaphore sem; /* change vs change sem */
struct key_user *user; /* owner of this key */
void *security; /* security data for this key */
@@ -193,6 +196,7 @@ struct key {
#define KEY_FLAG_ROOT_CAN_INVAL 7 /* set if key can be invalidated by root without permission */
#define KEY_FLAG_KEEP 8 /* set if key should not be removed */
#define KEY_FLAG_UID_KEYRING 9 /* set if key is a user or user session keyring */
+#define KEY_FLAG_SET_WATCH_PROXY 10 /* Set if watch_proxy should be set on added keys */

/* the key type and key description string
* - the desc is used to match a key against search criteria
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h
index f45ee0f69c0c..e9e7da849619 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h
@@ -67,6 +67,7 @@
#define KEYCTL_PKEY_SIGN 27 /* Create a public key signature */
#define KEYCTL_PKEY_VERIFY 28 /* Verify a public key signature */
#define KEYCTL_RESTRICT_KEYRING 29 /* Restrict keys allowed to link to a keyring */
+#define KEYCTL_WATCH_KEY 30 /* Watch a key or ring of keys for changes */

/* keyctl structures */
struct keyctl_dh_params {
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h b/include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h
index 0e3e5672aa09..32177bcf85f1 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h
@@ -80,4 +80,29 @@ struct watch_notification_filter {
struct watch_notification_type_filter filters[];
};

+/*
+ * Type of key/keyring change notification.
+ */
+enum key_notification_subtype {
+ NOTIFY_KEY_INSTANTIATED = 0, /* Key was instantiated (aux is error code) */
+ NOTIFY_KEY_UPDATED = 1, /* Key was updated */
+ NOTIFY_KEY_LINKED = 2, /* Key (aux) was added to watched keyring */
+ NOTIFY_KEY_UNLINKED = 3, /* Key (aux) was removed from watched keyring */
+ NOTIFY_KEY_CLEARED = 4, /* Keyring was cleared */
+ NOTIFY_KEY_REVOKED = 5, /* Key was revoked */
+ NOTIFY_KEY_INVALIDATED = 6, /* Key was invalidated */
+ NOTIFY_KEY_SETATTR = 7, /* Key's attributes got changed */
+};
+
+/*
+ * Key/keyring notification record.
+ * - watch.type = WATCH_TYPE_KEY_NOTIFY
+ * - watch.subtype = enum key_notification_type
+ */
+struct key_notification {
+ struct watch_notification watch;
+ __u32 key_id; /* The key/keyring affected */
+ __u32 aux; /* Per-type auxiliary data */
+};
+
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_WATCH_QUEUE_H */
diff --git a/security/keys/Kconfig b/security/keys/Kconfig
index 6462e6654ccf..fbe064fa0a17 100644
--- a/security/keys/Kconfig
+++ b/security/keys/Kconfig
@@ -101,3 +101,13 @@ config KEY_DH_OPERATIONS
in the kernel.

If you are unsure as to whether this is required, answer N.
+
+config KEY_NOTIFICATIONS
+ bool "Provide key/keyring change notifications"
+ depends on KEYS
+ select WATCH_QUEUE
+ help
+ This option provides support for getting change notifications on keys
+ and keyrings on which the caller has View permission. This makes use
+ of the /dev/watch_queue misc device to handle the notification
+ buffer and provides KEYCTL_WATCH_KEY to enable/disable watches.
diff --git a/security/keys/compat.c b/security/keys/compat.c
index 9482df601dc3..021d8e1c9233 100644
--- a/security/keys/compat.c
+++ b/security/keys/compat.c
@@ -158,6 +158,8 @@ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(keyctl, u32, option,
case KEYCTL_PKEY_VERIFY:
return keyctl_pkey_verify(compat_ptr(arg2), compat_ptr(arg3),
compat_ptr(arg4), compat_ptr(arg5));
+ case KEYCTL_WATCH_KEY:
+ return keyctl_watch_key(arg2, arg3, arg4);

default:
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
diff --git a/security/keys/gc.c b/security/keys/gc.c
index 634e96b380e8..b685b9a85a9e 100644
--- a/security/keys/gc.c
+++ b/security/keys/gc.c
@@ -135,6 +135,11 @@ static noinline void key_gc_unused_keys(struct list_head *keys)
kdebug("- %u", key->serial);
key_check(key);

+#ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS
+ remove_watch_list(key->watchers);
+ key->watchers = NULL;
+#endif
+
/* Throw away the key data if the key is instantiated */
if (state == KEY_IS_POSITIVE && key->type->destroy)
key->type->destroy(key);
diff --git a/security/keys/internal.h b/security/keys/internal.h
index 8f533c81aa8d..a7ac0f823ade 100644
--- a/security/keys/internal.h
+++ b/security/keys/internal.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <linux/task_work.h>
#include <linux/keyctl.h>
#include <linux/refcount.h>
+#include <linux/watch_queue.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>

struct iovec;
@@ -97,7 +98,8 @@ extern int __key_link_begin(struct key *keyring,
const struct keyring_index_key *index_key,
struct assoc_array_edit **_edit);
extern int __key_link_check_live_key(struct key *keyring, struct key *key);
-extern void __key_link(struct key *key, struct assoc_array_edit **_edit);
+extern void __key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key,
+ struct assoc_array_edit **_edit);
extern void __key_link_end(struct key *keyring,
const struct keyring_index_key *index_key,
struct assoc_array_edit *edit);
@@ -178,6 +180,23 @@ extern int key_task_permission(const key_ref_t key_ref,
const struct cred *cred,
key_perm_t perm);

+static inline void notify_key(struct key *key,
+ enum key_notification_subtype subtype, u32 aux)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS
+ struct key_notification n = {
+ .watch.type = WATCH_TYPE_KEY_NOTIFY,
+ .watch.subtype = subtype,
+ .watch.info = sizeof(n),
+ .key_id = key_serial(key),
+ .aux = aux,
+ };
+
+ post_watch_notification(key->watchers, &n.watch, current_cred(),
+ n.key_id);
+#endif
+}
+
/*
* Check to see whether permission is granted to use a key in the desired way.
*/
@@ -324,6 +343,15 @@ static inline long keyctl_pkey_e_d_s(int op,
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS
+extern long keyctl_watch_key(key_serial_t, int, int);
+#else
+static inline long keyctl_watch_key(key_serial_t key_id, int watch_fd, int watch_id)
+{
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* Debugging key validation
*/
diff --git a/security/keys/key.c b/security/keys/key.c
index 696f1c092c50..9d9f94992470 100644
--- a/security/keys/key.c
+++ b/security/keys/key.c
@@ -412,6 +412,7 @@ static void mark_key_instantiated(struct key *key, int reject_error)
*/
smp_store_release(&key->state,
(reject_error < 0) ? reject_error : KEY_IS_POSITIVE);
+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_INSTANTIATED, reject_error);
}

/*
@@ -454,7 +455,7 @@ static int __key_instantiate_and_link(struct key *key,
if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_KEEP, &keyring->flags))
set_bit(KEY_FLAG_KEEP, &key->flags);

- __key_link(key, _edit);
+ __key_link(keyring, key, _edit);
}

/* disable the authorisation key */
@@ -603,7 +604,7 @@ int key_reject_and_link(struct key *key,

/* and link it into the destination keyring */
if (keyring && link_ret == 0)
- __key_link(key, &edit);
+ __key_link(keyring, key, &edit);

/* disable the authorisation key */
if (authkey)
@@ -756,9 +757,11 @@ static inline key_ref_t __key_update(key_ref_t key_ref,
down_write(&key->sem);

ret = key->type->update(key, prep);
- if (ret == 0)
+ if (ret == 0) {
/* Updating a negative key positively instantiates it */
mark_key_instantiated(key, 0);
+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_UPDATED, 0);
+ }

up_write(&key->sem);

@@ -999,9 +1002,11 @@ int key_update(key_ref_t key_ref, const void *payload, size_t plen)
down_write(&key->sem);

ret = key->type->update(key, &prep);
- if (ret == 0)
+ if (ret == 0) {
/* Updating a negative key positively instantiates it */
mark_key_instantiated(key, 0);
+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_UPDATED, 0);
+ }

up_write(&key->sem);

@@ -1033,15 +1038,17 @@ void key_revoke(struct key *key)
* instantiated
*/
down_write_nested(&key->sem, 1);
- if (!test_and_set_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &key->flags) &&
- key->type->revoke)
- key->type->revoke(key);
-
- /* set the death time to no more than the expiry time */
- time = ktime_get_real_seconds();
- if (key->revoked_at == 0 || key->revoked_at > time) {
- key->revoked_at = time;
- key_schedule_gc(key->revoked_at + key_gc_delay);
+ if (!test_and_set_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &key->flags)) {
+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_REVOKED, 0);
+ if (key->type->revoke)
+ key->type->revoke(key);
+
+ /* set the death time to no more than the expiry time */
+ time = ktime_get_real_seconds();
+ if (key->revoked_at == 0 || key->revoked_at > time) {
+ key->revoked_at = time;
+ key_schedule_gc(key->revoked_at + key_gc_delay);
+ }
}

up_write(&key->sem);
@@ -1063,8 +1070,10 @@ void key_invalidate(struct key *key)

if (!test_bit(KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED, &key->flags)) {
down_write_nested(&key->sem, 1);
- if (!test_and_set_bit(KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED, &key->flags))
+ if (!test_and_set_bit(KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED, &key->flags)) {
+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_INVALIDATED, 0);
key_schedule_gc_links();
+ }
up_write(&key->sem);
}
}
diff --git a/security/keys/keyctl.c b/security/keys/keyctl.c
index 3e4053a217c3..df909544db47 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyctl.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyctl.c
@@ -914,6 +914,7 @@ long keyctl_chown_key(key_serial_t id, uid_t user, gid_t group)
if (group != (gid_t) -1)
key->gid = gid;

+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_SETATTR, 0);
ret = 0;

error_put:
@@ -964,6 +965,7 @@ long keyctl_setperm_key(key_serial_t id, key_perm_t perm)
/* if we're not the sysadmin, we can only change a key that we own */
if (capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || uid_eq(key->uid, current_fsuid())) {
key->perm = perm;
+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_SETATTR, 0);
ret = 0;
}

@@ -1355,10 +1357,12 @@ long keyctl_set_timeout(key_serial_t id, unsigned timeout)
okay:
key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref);
ret = 0;
- if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_KEEP, &key->flags))
+ if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_KEEP, &key->flags)) {
ret = -EPERM;
- else
+ } else {
key_set_timeout(key, timeout);
+ notify_key(key, NOTIFY_KEY_SETATTR, 0);
+ }
key_put(key);

error:
@@ -1631,6 +1635,83 @@ long keyctl_restrict_keyring(key_serial_t id, const char __user *_type,
return ret;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS
+/*
+ * Watch for changes to a key.
+ *
+ * The caller must have View permission to watch a key or keyring.
+ */
+long keyctl_watch_key(key_serial_t id, int watch_queue_fd, int watch_id)
+{
+ struct watch_queue *wqueue;
+ struct watch_list *wlist = NULL;
+ struct watch *watch;
+ struct key *key;
+ key_ref_t key_ref;
+ long ret = -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (watch_id < -1 || watch_id > 0xff)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ key_ref = lookup_user_key(id, KEY_LOOKUP_CREATE, KEY_NEED_VIEW);
+ if (IS_ERR(key_ref))
+ return PTR_ERR(key_ref);
+ key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref);
+
+ wqueue = get_watch_queue(watch_queue_fd);
+ if (IS_ERR(wqueue)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(wqueue);
+ goto err_key;
+ }
+
+ if (watch_id >= 0) {
+ if (!key->watchers) {
+ wlist = kzalloc(sizeof(*wlist), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!wlist)
+ goto err_wqueue;
+ init_watch_list(wlist, NULL);
+ }
+
+ watch = kzalloc(sizeof(*watch), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!watch)
+ goto err_wlist;
+
+ init_watch(watch, wqueue);
+ watch->id = key->serial;
+ watch->info_id = (u32)watch_id << 24;
+
+ down_write(&key->sem);
+ if (!key->watchers) {
+ key->watchers = wlist;
+ wlist = NULL;
+ }
+
+ ret = add_watch_to_object(watch, key->watchers);
+ up_write(&key->sem);
+
+ if (ret < 0)
+ kfree(watch);
+ } else {
+ ret = -EBADSLT;
+ if (key->watchers) {
+ down_write(&key->sem);
+ ret = remove_watch_from_object(key->watchers,
+ wqueue, key_serial(key),
+ false);
+ up_write(&key->sem);
+ }
+ }
+
+err_wlist:
+ kfree(wlist);
+err_wqueue:
+ put_watch_queue(wqueue);
+err_key:
+ key_put(key);
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS */
+
/*
* The key control system call
*/
@@ -1771,6 +1852,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(keyctl, int, option, unsigned long, arg2, unsigned long, arg3,
(const void __user *)arg4,
(const void __user *)arg5);

+ case KEYCTL_WATCH_KEY:
+ return keyctl_watch_key((key_serial_t)arg2, (int)arg3, (int)arg4);
+
default:
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
}
diff --git a/security/keys/keyring.c b/security/keys/keyring.c
index e14f09e3a4b0..f0f9ab3c5587 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyring.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyring.c
@@ -1018,12 +1018,14 @@ int keyring_restrict(key_ref_t keyring_ref, const char *type,
down_write(&keyring->sem);
down_write(&keyring_serialise_restrict_sem);

- if (keyring->restrict_link)
+ if (keyring->restrict_link) {
ret = -EEXIST;
- else if (keyring_detect_restriction_cycle(keyring, restrict_link))
+ } else if (keyring_detect_restriction_cycle(keyring, restrict_link)) {
ret = -EDEADLK;
- else
+ } else {
keyring->restrict_link = restrict_link;
+ notify_key(keyring, NOTIFY_KEY_SETATTR, 0);
+ }

up_write(&keyring_serialise_restrict_sem);
up_write(&keyring->sem);
@@ -1286,12 +1288,14 @@ int __key_link_check_live_key(struct key *keyring, struct key *key)
* holds at most one link to any given key of a particular type+description
* combination.
*/
-void __key_link(struct key *key, struct assoc_array_edit **_edit)
+void __key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key,
+ struct assoc_array_edit **_edit)
{
__key_get(key);
assoc_array_insert_set_object(*_edit, keyring_key_to_ptr(key));
assoc_array_apply_edit(*_edit);
*_edit = NULL;
+ notify_key(keyring, NOTIFY_KEY_LINKED, key_serial(key));
}

/*
@@ -1369,7 +1373,7 @@ int key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key)
if (ret == 0)
ret = __key_link_check_live_key(keyring, key);
if (ret == 0)
- __key_link(key, &edit);
+ __key_link(keyring, key, &edit);
__key_link_end(keyring, &key->index_key, edit);
}

@@ -1398,6 +1402,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_link);
int key_unlink(struct key *keyring, struct key *key)
{
struct assoc_array_edit *edit;
+ key_serial_t target = key_serial(key);
int ret;

key_check(keyring);
@@ -1419,6 +1424,7 @@ int key_unlink(struct key *keyring, struct key *key)
goto error;

assoc_array_apply_edit(edit);
+ notify_key(keyring, NOTIFY_KEY_UNLINKED, target);
key_payload_reserve(keyring, keyring->datalen - KEYQUOTA_LINK_BYTES);
ret = 0;

@@ -1452,6 +1458,7 @@ int keyring_clear(struct key *keyring)
} else {
if (edit)
assoc_array_apply_edit(edit);
+ notify_key(keyring, NOTIFY_KEY_CLEARED, 0);
key_payload_reserve(keyring, 0);
ret = 0;
}
diff --git a/security/keys/request_key.c b/security/keys/request_key.c
index 75d87f9e0f49..5f474d0e8620 100644
--- a/security/keys/request_key.c
+++ b/security/keys/request_key.c
@@ -387,7 +387,7 @@ static int construct_alloc_key(struct keyring_search_context *ctx,
goto key_already_present;

if (dest_keyring)
- __key_link(key, &edit);
+ __key_link(dest_keyring, key, &edit);

mutex_unlock(&key_construction_mutex);
if (dest_keyring)
@@ -406,7 +406,7 @@ static int construct_alloc_key(struct keyring_search_context *ctx,
if (dest_keyring) {
ret = __key_link_check_live_key(dest_keyring, key);
if (ret == 0)
- __key_link(key, &edit);
+ __key_link(dest_keyring, key, &edit);
__key_link_end(dest_keyring, &ctx->index_key, edit);
if (ret < 0)
goto link_check_failed;
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