lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jun]   [5]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[PATCH 13/15] x86/static_call: Add inline static call implementation for x86-64
From: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>

Add the inline static call implementation for x86-64. For each key, a
temporary trampoline is created, named __static_call_tramp_<key>. The
trampoline has an indirect jump to the destination function.

Objtool uses the trampoline naming convention to detect all the call
sites. It then annotates those call sites in the .static_call_sites
section.

During boot (and module init), the call sites are patched to call
directly into the destination function. The temporary trampoline is
then no longer used.

Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Julia Cartwright <julia@ni.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Jason Baron <jbaron@akamai.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@ACULAB.COM>
Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/62188c62f6dda49ca2e20629ee8e5a62a6c0b500.1543200841.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com
---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 3
arch/x86/include/asm/static_call.h | 28 ++++-
arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c | 6 +
arch/x86/kernel/static_call.c | 12 +-
include/linux/static_call.h | 2
tools/objtool/Makefile | 3
tools/objtool/check.c | 125 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
tools/objtool/check.h | 2
tools/objtool/elf.h | 1
tools/objtool/include/linux/static_call_types.h | 19 +++
tools/objtool/sync-check.sh | 1
11 files changed, 193 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/objtool/include/linux/static_call_types.h

--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -199,6 +199,7 @@ config X86
select HAVE_STACKPROTECTOR if CC_HAS_SANE_STACKPROTECTOR
select HAVE_STACK_VALIDATION if X86_64
select HAVE_STATIC_CALL
+ select HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE if HAVE_STACK_VALIDATION
select HAVE_RSEQ
select HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
select HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK
@@ -213,6 +214,7 @@ config X86
select RTC_MC146818_LIB
select SPARSE_IRQ
select SRCU
+ select STACK_VALIDATION if HAVE_STACK_VALIDATION && (HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE || RETPOLINE)
select SYSCTL_EXCEPTION_TRACE
select THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
select USER_STACKTRACE_SUPPORT
@@ -439,7 +441,6 @@ config GOLDFISH
config RETPOLINE
bool "Avoid speculative indirect branches in kernel"
default y
- select STACK_VALIDATION if HAVE_STACK_VALIDATION
help
Compile kernel with the retpoline compiler options to guard against
kernel-to-user data leaks by avoiding speculative indirect
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/static_call.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/static_call.h
@@ -2,6 +2,20 @@
#ifndef _ASM_STATIC_CALL_H
#define _ASM_STATIC_CALL_H

+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE
+
+/*
+ * This trampoline is only used during boot / module init, so it's safe to use
+ * the indirect branch without a retpoline.
+ */
+#define __ARCH_STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_JMP(key, func) \
+ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE \
+ "jmpq *" __stringify(key) "+" __stringify(SC_KEY_func) "(%rip) \n"
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE */
+
/*
* Manually construct a 5-byte direct JMP to prevent the assembler from
* optimizing it into a 2-byte JMP.
@@ -12,9 +26,19 @@
".long " #func " - " __ARCH_STATIC_CALL_JMP_LABEL(key) "\n" \
__ARCH_STATIC_CALL_JMP_LABEL(key) ":"

+#endif /* !CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE */
+
/*
- * This is a permanent trampoline which does a direct jump to the function.
- * The direct jump get patched by static_call_update().
+ * For CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE, this is a temporary trampoline which
+ * uses the current value of the key->func pointer to do an indirect jump to
+ * the function. This trampoline is only used during boot, before the call
+ * sites get patched by static_call_update(). The name of this trampoline has
+ * a magical aspect: objtool uses it to find static call sites so it can create
+ * the .static_call_sites section.
+ *
+ * For CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL, this is a permanent trampoline which
+ * does a direct jump to the function. The direct jump gets patched by
+ * static_call_update().
*/
#define ARCH_DEFINE_STATIC_CALL_TRAMP(key, func) \
asm(".pushsection .text, \"ax\" \n" \
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/kbuild.h>
+#include <linux/static_call.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
#include <asm/sigframe.h>
@@ -104,4 +105,9 @@ static void __used common(void)
OFFSET(TSS_sp0, tss_struct, x86_tss.sp0);
OFFSET(TSS_sp1, tss_struct, x86_tss.sp1);
OFFSET(TSS_sp2, tss_struct, x86_tss.sp2);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE
+ BLANK();
+ OFFSET(SC_KEY_func, static_call_key, func);
+#endif
}
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/static_call.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/static_call.c
@@ -10,16 +10,22 @@
void arch_static_call_transform(void *site, void *tramp, void *func)
{
unsigned char opcodes[CALL_INSN_SIZE];
- unsigned char insn_opcode;
+ unsigned char insn_opcode, expected;
unsigned long insn;
s32 dest_relative;

mutex_lock(&text_mutex);

- insn = (unsigned long)tramp;
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE)) {
+ insn = (unsigned long)site;
+ expected = 0xE8; /* CALL */
+ } else {
+ insn = (unsigned long)tramp;
+ expected = 0xE9; /* JMP */
+ }

insn_opcode = *(unsigned char *)insn;
- if (insn_opcode != 0xE9) {
+ if (insn_opcode != expected) {
WARN_ONCE(1, "unexpected static call insn opcode 0x%x at %pS",
insn_opcode, (void *)insn);
goto unlock;
--- a/include/linux/static_call.h
+++ b/include/linux/static_call.h
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/static_call_types.h>

-#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL
+#if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL) && !defined(COMPILE_OFFSETS)
#include <asm/static_call.h>
extern void arch_static_call_transform(void *site, void *tramp, void *func);
#endif
--- a/tools/objtool/Makefile
+++ b/tools/objtool/Makefile
@@ -33,7 +33,8 @@ all: $(OBJTOOL)

INCLUDES := -I$(srctree)/tools/include \
-I$(srctree)/tools/arch/$(HOSTARCH)/include/uapi \
- -I$(srctree)/tools/objtool/arch/$(ARCH)/include
+ -I$(srctree)/tools/objtool/arch/$(ARCH)/include \
+ -I$(srctree)/tools/objtool/include
WARNINGS := $(EXTRA_WARNINGS) -Wno-switch-default -Wno-switch-enum -Wno-packed
CFLAGS += -Werror $(WARNINGS) $(KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS) -g $(INCLUDES) $(LIBELF_FLAGS)
LDFLAGS += $(LIBELF_LIBS) $(LIBSUBCMD) $(KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS)
--- a/tools/objtool/check.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/check.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@

#include <linux/hashtable.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/static_call_types.h>

#define FAKE_JUMP_OFFSET -1

@@ -584,6 +585,10 @@ static int add_jump_destinations(struct
/* sibling call */
insn->call_dest = rela->sym;
insn->jump_dest = NULL;
+ if (rela->sym->static_call_tramp) {
+ list_add_tail(&insn->static_call_node,
+ &file->static_call_list);
+ }
continue;
}

@@ -1271,6 +1276,24 @@ static int read_retpoline_hints(struct o
return 0;
}

+static int read_static_call_tramps(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *func;
+
+ for_each_sec(file, sec) {
+ list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ if (func->bind == STB_GLOBAL &&
+ !strncmp(func->name, STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_PREFIX_STR,
+ strlen(STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_PREFIX_STR)))
+ func->static_call_tramp = true;
+ }
+
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void mark_rodata(struct objtool_file *file)
{
struct section *sec;
@@ -1337,6 +1360,10 @@ static int decode_sections(struct objtoo
if (ret)
return ret;

+ ret = read_static_call_tramps(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
return 0;
}

@@ -2071,6 +2098,11 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtoo
if (is_fentry_call(insn))
break;

+ if (insn->call_dest->static_call_tramp) {
+ list_add_tail(&insn->static_call_node,
+ &file->static_call_list);
+ }
+
ret = dead_end_function(file, insn->call_dest);
if (ret == 1)
return 0;
@@ -2382,6 +2414,89 @@ static int validate_reachable_instructio
return 0;
}

+static int create_static_call_sections(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec, *rela_sec;
+ struct rela *rela;
+ struct static_call_site *site;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ char *key_name;
+ struct symbol *key_sym;
+ int idx;
+
+ sec = find_section_by_name(file->elf, ".static_call_sites");
+ if (sec) {
+ WARN("file already has .static_call_sites section, skipping");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (list_empty(&file->static_call_list))
+ return 0;
+
+ idx = 0;
+ list_for_each_entry(insn, &file->static_call_list, static_call_node)
+ idx++;
+
+ sec = elf_create_section(file->elf, ".static_call_sites",
+ sizeof(struct static_call_site), idx);
+ if (!sec)
+ return -1;
+
+ rela_sec = elf_create_rela_section(file->elf, sec);
+ if (!rela_sec)
+ return -1;
+
+ idx = 0;
+ list_for_each_entry(insn, &file->static_call_list, static_call_node) {
+
+ site = (struct static_call_site *)sec->data->d_buf + idx;
+ memset(site, 0, sizeof(struct static_call_site));
+
+ /* populate rela for 'addr' */
+ rela = malloc(sizeof(*rela));
+ if (!rela) {
+ perror("malloc");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ memset(rela, 0, sizeof(*rela));
+ rela->sym = insn->sec->sym;
+ rela->addend = insn->offset;
+ rela->type = R_X86_64_PC32;
+ rela->offset = idx * sizeof(struct static_call_site);
+ list_add_tail(&rela->list, &rela_sec->rela_list);
+ hash_add(rela_sec->rela_hash, &rela->hash, rela->offset);
+
+ /* find key symbol */
+ key_name = insn->call_dest->name + strlen(STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_PREFIX_STR);
+ key_sym = find_symbol_by_name(file->elf, key_name);
+ if (!key_sym) {
+ WARN("can't find static call key symbol: %s", key_name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* populate rela for 'key' */
+ rela = malloc(sizeof(*rela));
+ if (!rela) {
+ perror("malloc");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ memset(rela, 0, sizeof(*rela));
+ rela->sym = key_sym;
+ rela->addend = 0;
+ rela->type = R_X86_64_PC32;
+ rela->offset = idx * sizeof(struct static_call_site) + 4;
+ list_add_tail(&rela->list, &rela_sec->rela_list);
+ hash_add(rela_sec->rela_hash, &rela->hash, rela->offset);
+
+ idx++;
+ }
+
+ if (elf_rebuild_rela_section(rela_sec))
+ return -1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void cleanup(struct objtool_file *file)
{
struct instruction *insn, *tmpinsn;
@@ -2407,12 +2522,13 @@ int check(const char *_objname, bool orc

objname = _objname;

- file.elf = elf_open(objname, orc ? O_RDWR : O_RDONLY);
+ file.elf = elf_open(objname, O_RDWR);
if (!file.elf)
return 1;

INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file.insn_list);
hash_init(file.insn_hash);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file.static_call_list);
file.c_file = find_section_by_name(file.elf, ".comment");
file.ignore_unreachables = no_unreachable;
file.hints = false;
@@ -2451,6 +2567,11 @@ int check(const char *_objname, bool orc
warnings += ret;
}

+ ret = create_static_call_sections(&file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ warnings += ret;
+
if (orc) {
ret = create_orc(&file);
if (ret < 0)
@@ -2459,7 +2580,9 @@ int check(const char *_objname, bool orc
ret = create_orc_sections(&file);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
+ }

+ if (orc || !list_empty(&file.static_call_list)) {
ret = elf_write(file.elf);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
--- a/tools/objtool/check.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/check.h
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ struct insn_state {
struct instruction {
struct list_head list;
struct hlist_node hash;
+ struct list_head static_call_node;
struct section *sec;
unsigned long offset;
unsigned int len;
@@ -49,6 +50,7 @@ struct objtool_file {
struct elf *elf;
struct list_head insn_list;
DECLARE_HASHTABLE(insn_hash, 16);
+ struct list_head static_call_list;
bool ignore_unreachables, c_file, hints, rodata;
};

--- a/tools/objtool/elf.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.h
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@ struct symbol {
unsigned int len;
struct symbol *pfunc, *cfunc, *alias;
bool uaccess_safe;
+ bool static_call_tramp;
};

struct rela {
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/include/linux/static_call_types.h
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _STATIC_CALL_TYPES_H
+#define _STATIC_CALL_TYPES_H
+
+#include <linux/stringify.h>
+
+#define STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_PREFIX ____static_call_tramp_
+#define STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_PREFIX_STR __stringify(STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_PREFIX)
+
+#define STATIC_CALL_TRAMP(key) __PASTE(STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_PREFIX, key)
+#define STATIC_CALL_TRAMP_STR(key) __stringify(STATIC_CALL_TRAMP(key))
+
+/* The static call site table is created by objtool. */
+struct static_call_site {
+ s32 addr;
+ s32 key;
+};
+
+#endif /* _STATIC_CALL_TYPES_H */
--- a/tools/objtool/sync-check.sh
+++ b/tools/objtool/sync-check.sh
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h
arch/x86/include/asm/inat.h
arch/x86/include/asm/inat_types.h
arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h
+include/linux/static_call_types.h
'

check()

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-06-05 15:24    [W:0.391 / U:6.424 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site