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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 0/6] mm / virtio: Provide support for paravirtual waste page treatment

David Hildenbrand writes:

> On 20.06.19 00:32, Alexander Duyck wrote:
>> This series provides an asynchronous means of hinting to a hypervisor
>> that a guest page is no longer in use and can have the data associated
>> with it dropped. To do this I have implemented functionality that allows
>> for what I am referring to as waste page treatment.
>> I have based many of the terms and functionality off of waste water
>> treatment, the idea for the similarity occurred to me after I had reached
>> the point of referring to the hints as "bubbles", as the hints used the
>> same approach as the balloon functionality but would disappear if they
>> were touched, as a result I started to think of the virtio device as an
>> aerator. The general idea with all of this is that the guest should be
>> treating the unused pages so that when they end up heading "downstream"
>> to either another guest, or back at the host they will not need to be
>> written to swap.
>> When the number of "dirty" pages in a given free_area exceeds our high
>> water mark, which is currently 32, we will schedule the aeration task to
>> start going through and scrubbing the zone. While the scrubbing is taking
>> place a boundary will be defined that we use to seperate the "aerated"
>> pages from the "dirty" ones. We use the ZONE_AERATION_ACTIVE bit to flag
>> when these boundaries are in place.
> I still *detest* the terminology, sorry. Can't you come up with a
> simpler terminology that makes more sense in the context of operating
> systems and pages we want to hint to the hypervisor? (that is the only
> use case you are using it for so far)

FWIW, I thought the terminology made sense, in particular given the analogy
with the balloon driver. Operating systems in general, and Linux in
particular, already use tons of analogy-supported terminology. In
particular, a "waste page treatment" terminology is not very far from
the very common "garbage collection" or "scrubbing" wordings. I would find
"hinting" much less specific. for example.

Usually, the phrases that stick are somewhat unique while providing a
useful analogy to server as a reminder of what the thing actually
does. IMHO, it's the case here on both fronts, so I like it.

>> I am leaving a number of things hard-coded such as limiting the lowest
>> order processed to PAGEBLOCK_ORDER, and have left it up to the guest to
>> determine what batch size it wants to allocate to process the hints.
>> My primary testing has just been to verify the memory is being freed after
>> allocation by running memhog 32g in the guest and watching the total free
>> memory via /proc/meminfo on the host. With this I have verified most of
>> the memory is freed after each iteration. As far as performance I have
>> been mainly focusing on the will-it-scale/page_fault1 test running with
>> 16 vcpus. With that I have seen a less than 1% difference between the
> 1% throughout all benchmarks? Guess that is quite good.
>> base kernel without these patches, with the patches and virtio-balloon
>> disabled, and with the patches and virtio-balloon enabled with hinting.
>> Changes from the RFC:
>> Moved aeration requested flag out of aerator and into zone->flags.
>> Moved boundary out of free_area and into local variables for aeration.
>> Moved aeration cycle out of interrupt and into workqueue.
>> Left nr_free as total pages instead of splitting it between raw and aerated.
>> Combined size and physical address values in virtio ring into one 64b value.
>> Restructured the patch set to reduce patches from 11 to 6.
> I'm planning to look into the details, but will be on PTO for two weeks
> starting this Saturday (and still have other things to finish first :/ ).
>> ---
>> Alexander Duyck (6):
>> mm: Adjust shuffle code to allow for future coalescing
>> mm: Move set/get_pcppage_migratetype to mmzone.h
>> mm: Use zone and order instead of free area in free_list manipulators
>> mm: Introduce "aerated" pages
>> mm: Add logic for separating "aerated" pages from "raw" pages
>> virtio-balloon: Add support for aerating memory via hinting
>> drivers/virtio/Kconfig | 1
>> drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c | 110 ++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/memory_aeration.h | 118 +++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/mmzone.h | 113 +++++++++------
>> include/linux/page-flags.h | 8 +
>> include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h | 1
>> mm/Kconfig | 5 +
>> mm/Makefile | 1
>> mm/aeration.c | 270 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> mm/page_alloc.c | 203 ++++++++++++++++++--------
>> mm/shuffle.c | 24 ---
>> mm/shuffle.h | 35 +++++
>> 12 files changed, 753 insertions(+), 136 deletions(-)
>> create mode 100644 include/linux/memory_aeration.h
>> create mode 100644 mm/aeration.c
> Compared to
> 17 files changed, 838 insertions(+), 86 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/memory_aeration.h
> create mode 100644 mm/aeration.c
> this looks like a good improvement :)

Christophe de Dinechin (IRC c3d)

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