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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 00/10] klp-convert livepatch build tooling
On Fri, 14 Jun 2019, Petr Mladek wrote:

> On Thu 2019-06-13 16:48:02, Joe Lawrence wrote:
> > On 6/13/19 9:15 AM, Joe Lawrence wrote:
> > > On 6/13/19 9:00 AM, Miroslav Benes wrote:
> > >> Hi Joe,
> > >>
> > >> first, I'm sorry for the lack of response so far.
> > >>
> > >> Maybe you've already noticed but the selftests fail. Well, at least in
> > >> my VM. When test_klp_convert1.ko is loaded, the process is killed with
> > >>
> > >> [ 518.041826] BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 0000000000000000
> > >> [ 518.042816] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
> > >> [ 518.043393] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
> > >> [ 518.043981] PGD 0 P4D 0
> > >> [ 518.044185] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
> > >> [ 518.044518] CPU: 2 PID: 2255 Comm: insmod Tainted: G O K 5.1.0-klp_convert_v4-193435-g67748576637e #2
> > >> [ 518.045784] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.12.1-0-ga5cab58-prebuilt.qemu.org 04/01/2014
> > >> [ 518.046940] RIP: 0010:test_klp_convert_init+0x1c/0x40 [test_klp_convert1]
> > >> [ 518.047611] Code: 1b a0 48 89 c6 e9 a8 c0 f4 e0 0f 1f 40 00 0f 1f 44 00 00 53 48 c7 c7 00 30 1b a0 e8 5e 33 f6 e0 85 c0 89 c3 74 04 89 d8 5b c3 <48> 8b 35 5d ef e4 5f 48 c7 c7 28 20 1b a0 e8 75 c0 f4 e0 e8 6c ff
> > >> [ 518.049779] RSP: 0018:ffffc90000f37cc8 EFLAGS: 00010246
> > >> [ 518.050243] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000000000027de0
> > >> [ 518.050922] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000006 RDI: ffff88807ab54f40
> > >> [ 518.051619] RBP: ffffffffa01b1080 R08: 0000000096efde7a R09: 0000000000000001
> > >> [ 518.052332] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 00000000ffffffff
> > >> [ 518.053012] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff888078b55000 R15: ffffc90000f37ea0
> > >> [ 518.053714] FS: 00007febece1fb80(0000) GS:ffff88807d400000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> > >> [ 518.054514] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> > >> [ 518.055078] CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 000000007a56a000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
> > >> [ 518.055818] Call Trace:
> > >> [ 518.056007] do_one_initcall+0x6a/0x2da
> > >> [ 518.056340] ? do_init_module+0x22/0x230
> > >> [ 518.056702] ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0x96/0xa0
> > >> [ 518.057125] ? kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0x284/0x2e0
> > >> [ 518.057493] do_init_module+0x5a/0x230
> > >> [ 518.057900] load_module+0x17bc/0x1f50
> > >> [ 518.058214] ? __symbol_put+0x40/0x40
> > >> [ 518.058499] ? vfs_read+0x12d/0x160
> > >> [ 518.058766] __do_sys_finit_module+0x83/0xc0
> > >> [ 518.059122] do_syscall_64+0x57/0x190
> > >> [ 518.059407] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> > >> ...
> > >>
> > >> It crashes right in test_klp_convert_init() when print_*() using
> > >> supposed-to-be-converted symbols are called. I'll debug it next week. Can
> > >> you reproduce it too?
> > >
> > > Hey, thanks for the report..
> > >
> > > I don't recall the tests crashing, but I had put this patchset on the
> > > side for a few weeks now. I'll try to fire up a VM and see what happens
> > > today.
> > >
> >
> > Hmm, I haven't been able to reproduce using my original base (Linux 5.1-rc6)
> > or when rebased ontop of livepatching.git/master + 997a55f3fb6d("stacktrace: Unbreak stack_trace_save_tsk_reliable()")
>
> I stared into the code a bit but I did not find any bug. Let's hope
> that it was just some pre-vacation last minute mistake (system
> inconsistency or so ;-)

It was not and I do not understand it much, so there is a brain dump here.

I'll take test_klp_convert1.c as an example. When you compile it,
test_klp_convert1.klp.o (not-yet-converted kernel module) has these
relevant relocations.

Relocation section '.rela.text' at offset 0x1328 contains 27 entries:
Offset Info Type Symbol's Value Symbol's Name + Addend
0000000000000008 0000002800000002 R_X86_64_PC32 0000000000000000 saved_command_line - 4
000000000000009f 0000002800000002 R_X86_64_PC32 0000000000000000 saved_command_line - 4

When converted, test_klp_convert1.ko has

Relocation section '.rela.text' at offset 0x138 contains 22 entries:
Offset Info Type Symbol's Value Symbol's Name + Addend
000000000000009f 0000002600000002 R_X86_64_PC32 0000000000000000 .klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0 - 4

and

Relocation section '.klp.rela.vmlinux..text' at offset 0x1968 contains 1
entry:
Offset Info Type Symbol's Value Symbol's Name + Addend
0000000000000008 0000002600000002 R_X86_64_PC32 0000000000000000 .klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0 - 4

See? One of the relocations was not moved to the correct .klp.rela
section. The final module should have

Relocation section '.klp.rela.vmlinux..text' at offset 0x1928 contains 2
entries:
Offset Info Type Symbol's Value Symbol's Name + Addend
000000000000009f 0000002600000002 R_X86_64_PC32 0000000000000000 .klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0 - 4
0000000000000008 0000002600000002 R_X86_64_PC32 0000000000000000 .klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0 - 4

and no saved_command_line relocation in .rela.text.

It thus makes sense that there is a NULL pointer dereference. The code
accesses non-relocated symbol and boom.

So I made a couple of experiments and found that GCC is somehow involved.
If klp-convert (from scripts/livepatch/) is compiled with our GCC 4.8.5
from SLE12, the output is incorrect. If I compile it with GCC 7.4.0 from
openSUSE Leap 15.1, the output is correct.

If I revert commit d59cadc0a8f8 ("[squash] klp-convert: make
convert_rela() list-safe") (from Joe's expanded github tree), the problem
disappears.

I haven't spotted any problem in the code and I cannot explain a
dependency on GCC version. Any ideas?

Miroslav

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