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SubjectRe: [PATCH 04/25] vfs: Allow fsinfo() to be used to query an fs parameter description [ver #14]
On Mon, Jun 24, 2019 at 03:09:21PM +0100, David Howells wrote:
> Provide fsinfo() attributes that can be used to query a filesystem
> parameter description. To do this, fsinfo() can be called on an

Can you give a usecase for this?
Wouldn't it be more helpful if fsinfo() when used to query a filesystem
without a created or attached superblock could be used to query options
the underlying fs supports so that users know what they can fsconfig()?
(Maybe that's not possible because you'd already need to have a
superblock created or attached in this case.)

> fs_context that doesn't yet have a superblock created and attached.
>
> It can be obtained by doing, for example:
>
> fd = fsopen("ext4", 0);
>
> struct fsinfo_param_name name;
> struct fsinfo_params params = {
> .at_flags = AT_FSINFO_FROM_FSOPEN,
> .request = fsinfo_attr_param_name,
> .Nth = 3,
> };
> fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &name, sizeof(name));
>
> to query the 4th parameter name in the name to parameter ID mapping table.
>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> ---
>
> fs/fsinfo.c | 101 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h | 58 ++++++++++++++++++
> samples/vfs/Makefile | 2 +
> samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c | 138 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c | 14 ++++
> 5 files changed, 311 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c
>
> diff --git a/fs/fsinfo.c b/fs/fsinfo.c
> index c24701f994d1..9e2a25510b88 100644
> --- a/fs/fsinfo.c
> +++ b/fs/fsinfo.c
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> #include <linux/fsinfo.h>
> #include <linux/fs_context.h>
> +#include <linux/fs_parser.h>
> #include <uapi/linux/mount.h>
> #include "internal.h"
>
> @@ -223,12 +224,87 @@ static int fsinfo_generic_name_encoding(struct path *path, char *buf)
> return sizeof(encoding) - 1;
> }
>
> +static int fsinfo_generic_param_description(struct file_system_type *f,
> + struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> +{
> + const struct fs_parameter_description *desc = f->parameters;
> + const struct fs_parameter_spec *s;
> + const struct fs_parameter_enum *e;

nit: *s can probably be moved inside the first if() and *e into the second
if().

> + struct fsinfo_param_description *p = params->buffer;
> +
> + if (desc && desc->specs) {
> + for (s = desc->specs; s->name; s++) {}
> + p->nr_params = s - desc->specs;
> + if (desc->enums) {
> + for (e = desc->enums; e->name[0]; e++) {}
> + p->nr_enum_names = e - desc->enums;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return sizeof(*p);
> +}
> +
> +static int fsinfo_generic_param_specification(struct file_system_type *f,
> + struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> +{
> + const struct fs_parameter_description *desc = f->parameters;
> + const struct fs_parameter_spec *s;
> + struct fsinfo_param_specification *p = params->buffer;
> + unsigned int nth = params->Nth;
> +
> + if (!desc || !desc->specs)
> + return -ENODATA;
> +
> + for (s = desc->specs; s->name; s++) {
> + if (nth == 0)
> + goto found;
> + nth--;
> + }
> +
> + return -ENODATA;
> +
> +found:
> + p->type = s->type;
> + p->flags = s->flags;
> + p->opt = s->opt;
> + strlcpy(p->name, s->name, sizeof(p->name));
> + return sizeof(*p);
> +}
> +
> +static int fsinfo_generic_param_enum(struct file_system_type *f,
> + struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> +{
> + const struct fs_parameter_description *desc = f->parameters;
> + const struct fs_parameter_enum *e;
> + struct fsinfo_param_enum *p = params->buffer;
> + unsigned int nth = params->Nth;
> +
> + if (!desc || !desc->enums)
> + return -ENODATA;
> +
> + for (e = desc->enums; e->name; e++) {
> + if (nth == 0)
> + goto found;
> + nth--;
> + }
> +
> + return -ENODATA;
> +
> +found:
> + p->opt = e->opt;
> + strlcpy(p->name, e->name, sizeof(p->name));
> + return sizeof(*p);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Implement some queries generically from stuff in the superblock.
> */
> int generic_fsinfo(struct path *path, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> {
> + struct file_system_type *fs = path->dentry->d_sb->s_type;
> +
> #define _gen(X, Y) FSINFO_ATTR_##X: return fsinfo_generic_##Y(path, params->buffer)
> +#define _genf(X, Y) FSINFO_ATTR_##X: return fsinfo_generic_##Y(fs, params)
>
> switch (params->request) {
> case _gen(STATFS, statfs);
> @@ -240,6 +316,9 @@ int generic_fsinfo(struct path *path, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> case _gen(VOLUME_UUID, volume_uuid);
> case _gen(VOLUME_ID, volume_id);
> case _gen(NAME_ENCODING, name_encoding);
> + case _genf(PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description);
> + case _genf(PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification);
> + case _genf(PARAM_ENUM, param_enum);
> default:
> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> }
> @@ -342,10 +421,11 @@ static int vfs_fsinfo_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> }
>
> /*
> - * Allow access to an fs_context object as created by fsopen() or fspick().
> + * Allow an fs_context object as created by fsopen() or fspick() to be queried.
> */
> static int vfs_fsinfo_fscontext(int fd, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> {
> + struct file_system_type *fs;
> struct fs_context *fc;
> struct fd f = fdget(fd);
> int ret;
> @@ -354,12 +434,26 @@ static int vfs_fsinfo_fscontext(int fd, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
> return -EBADF;
>
> ret = -EINVAL;
> - if (f.file->f_op == &fscontext_fops)
> + if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops)

Here you're fixing the error I pointed out in the other patch (I believe
[03/<max>].). Probably best to fix it in the original patch. ;)

> goto out_f;
> + fc = f.file->private_data;
> + fs = fc->fs_type;
> +
> ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
> if (fc->ops == &legacy_fs_context_ops)
> goto out_f;
>
> + /* Filesystem parameter query is static information and doesn't need a
> + * lock to read it, nor even a dentry or superblock.
> + */
> + switch (params->request) {
> + case _genf(PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description);
> + case _genf(PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification);
> + case _genf(PARAM_ENUM, param_enum);
> + default:
> + break;
> + }
> +
> ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex);
> if (ret == 0) {
> ret = -EIO;
> @@ -432,6 +526,9 @@ static const struct fsinfo_attr_info fsinfo_buffer_info[FSINFO_ATTR__NR] = {
> FSINFO_STRING (VOLUME_NAME, -),
> FSINFO_STRING (NAME_ENCODING, -),
> FSINFO_STRING (NAME_CODEPAGE, -),
> + FSINFO_STRUCT (PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description),
> + FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification),
> + FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_ENUM, param_enum),
> };
>
> /**
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h b/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h
> index a7a7c731d992..9d929d2f7eee 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h
> @@ -27,6 +27,9 @@ enum fsinfo_attribute {
> FSINFO_ATTR_VOLUME_NAME = 9, /* Volume name (string) */
> FSINFO_ATTR_NAME_ENCODING = 10, /* Filename encoding (string) */
> FSINFO_ATTR_NAME_CODEPAGE = 11, /* Filename codepage (string) */
> + FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_DESCRIPTION = 12, /* General fs parameter description */
> + FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_SPECIFICATION = 13, /* Nth parameter specification */
> + FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_ENUM = 14, /* Nth enum-to-val */
> FSINFO_ATTR__NR
> };
>
> @@ -216,4 +219,59 @@ struct fsinfo_fsinfo {
> __u32 max_cap; /* Number of supported capabilities (fsinfo_cap__nr) */
> };
>
> +/*
> + * Information struct for fsinfo(fsinfo_attr_param_description).
> + *
> + * Query the parameter set for a filesystem.
> + */
> +struct fsinfo_param_description {
> + __u32 nr_params; /* Number of individual parameters */
> + __u32 nr_enum_names; /* Number of enum names */
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Information struct for fsinfo(fsinfo_attr_param_specification).
> + *
> + * Query the specification of the Nth filesystem parameter.
> + */
> +struct fsinfo_param_specification {
> + __u32 type; /* enum fsinfo_param_specification_type */
> + __u32 flags; /* Qualifiers */
> + __u32 opt; /* Corresponding params have same ID here */
> + char name[240];
> +};
> +
> +enum fsinfo_param_specification_type {
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_NOT_DEFINED = 0,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FLAG = 1,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BOOL = 2,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32 = 3,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_OCTAL = 4,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_HEX = 5,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_S32 = 6,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U64 = 7,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_ENUM = 8,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_STRING = 9,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOB = 10,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOCKDEV = 11,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_PATH = 12,
> + FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FD = 13,
> + NR__FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC
> +};
> +
> +#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_VALUE_IS_OPTIONAL 0X00000001
> +#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_PREFIX_NO_IS_NEG 0X00000002
> +#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_EMPTY_STRING_IS_NEG 0X00000004
> +#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_DEPRECATED 0X00000008
> +
> +/*
> + * Information struct for fsinfo(fsinfo_attr_param_enum).
> + *
> + * Query the Nth filesystem enum parameter value name.
> + */
> +struct fsinfo_param_enum {
> + __u32 opt; /* ->opt of the relevant parameter specification */
> + char name[252]; /* Name of the enum value */
> +};
> +
> #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FSINFO_H */
> diff --git a/samples/vfs/Makefile b/samples/vfs/Makefile
> index d3cc8e9a4fd8..3c542d3b9479 100644
> --- a/samples/vfs/Makefile
> +++ b/samples/vfs/Makefile
> @@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
> # List of programs to build
> hostprogs-y := \
> test-fsinfo \
> + test-fs-query \
> test-fsmount \
> test-statx
>
> @@ -10,5 +11,6 @@ always := $(hostprogs-y)
> HOSTCFLAGS_test-fsinfo.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
> HOSTLDLIBS_test-fsinfo += -lm
>
> +HOSTCFLAGS_test-fs-query.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
> HOSTCFLAGS_test-fsmount.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
> HOSTCFLAGS_test-statx.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
> diff --git a/samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c b/samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..7572411ddb7e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,138 @@
> +/* Test using the fsinfo() system call to query mount parameters.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
> + * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
> + * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> + * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
> + */
> +
> +#define _GNU_SOURCE
> +#define _ATFILE_SOURCE
> +#include <stdbool.h>
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <stdlib.h>
> +#include <stdint.h>
> +#include <string.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +#include <ctype.h>
> +#include <errno.h>
> +#include <time.h>
> +#include <math.h>
> +#include <sys/syscall.h>
> +#include <linux/fsinfo.h>
> +#include <linux/fcntl.h>
> +#include <sys/stat.h>
> +
> +#ifndef __NR_fsopen
> +#define __NR_fsopen -1
> +#endif
> +#ifndef __NR_fsinfo
> +#define __NR_fsinfo -1
> +#endif
> +
> +static int fsopen(const char *fs_name, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> + return syscall(__NR_fsopen, fs_name, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t fsinfo(int dfd, const char *filename, struct fsinfo_params *params,
> + void *buffer, size_t buf_size)
> +{
> + return syscall(__NR_fsinfo, dfd, filename, params, buffer, buf_size);
> +}
> +
> +static const char *param_types[NR__FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC] = {
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_NOT_DEFINED] = "?undef",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FLAG] = "flag",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BOOL] = "bool",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32] = "u32",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_OCTAL] = "octal",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_HEX] = "hex",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_S32] = "s32",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U64] = "u64",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_ENUM] = "enum",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_STRING] = "string",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOB] = "binary",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOCKDEV] = "blockdev",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_PATH] = "path",
> + [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FD] = "fd",
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + *
> + */
> +int main(int argc, char **argv)
> +{
> + struct fsinfo_param_description desc;
> + struct fsinfo_param_specification spec;
> + struct fsinfo_param_enum enum_name;
> +
> + struct fsinfo_params params = {
> + .at_flags = AT_FSINFO_FROM_FSOPEN,
> + };
> + int fd;
> +
> + if (argc != 2) {
> + printf("Format: test-fs-query <fs_name>\n");
> + exit(2);
> + }
> +
> + fd = fsopen(argv[1], 0);
> + if (fd == -1) {
> + perror(argv[1]);
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + params.request = FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_DESCRIPTION;
> + if (fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &desc, sizeof(desc)) == -1) {
> + perror("fsinfo/desc");
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + printf("Filesystem %s has %u parameters\n", argv[1], desc.nr_params);
> +
> + params.request = FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_SPECIFICATION;
> + for (params.Nth = 0; params.Nth < desc.nr_params; params.Nth++) {
> + char type[32];
> +
> + if (fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &spec, sizeof(spec)) == -1) {
> + if (errno == ENODATA)
> + break;
> + perror("fsinfo/spec");
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +
> + if (spec.type < NR__FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC)
> + strcpy(type, param_types[spec.type]);
> + else
> + sprintf(type, "?%u", spec.type);
> +
> + printf("- PARAM[%3u] %-20s %3u %s%s%s%s%s\n",
> + params.Nth,
> + spec.name,
> + spec.opt,
> + type,
> + spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_VALUE_IS_OPTIONAL ? ",opt" : "",
> + spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_PREFIX_NO_IS_NEG ? ",neg-no" : "",
> + spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_EMPTY_STRING_IS_NEG ? ",neg-empty" : "",
> + spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_DEPRECATED ? ",dep" : "");
> + }
> +
> + printf("Filesystem has %u enumeration values\n", desc.nr_enum_names);
> +
> + params.request = FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_ENUM;
> + for (params.Nth = 0; params.Nth < desc.nr_enum_names; params.Nth++) {
> + if (fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &enum_name, sizeof(enum_name)) == -1) {
> + if (errno == ENODATA)
> + break;
> + perror("fsinfo/enum");
> + exit(1);
> + }
> + printf("- ENUM[%3u] %3u: %s\n",
> + params.Nth, enum_name.opt, enum_name.name);
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> diff --git a/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c b/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c
> index 8cce1986df7e..3c6ea3a5c157 100644
> --- a/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c
> +++ b/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c
> @@ -78,6 +78,9 @@ static const struct fsinfo_attr_info fsinfo_buffer_info[FSINFO_ATTR__NR] = {
> FSINFO_STRING (VOLUME_NAME, volume_name),
> FSINFO_STRING (NAME_ENCODING, name_encoding),
> FSINFO_STRING (NAME_CODEPAGE, name_codepage),
> + FSINFO_STRUCT (PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description),
> + FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification),
> + FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_ENUM, param_enum),
> };
>
> #define FSINFO_NAME(X,Y) [FSINFO_ATTR_##X] = #Y
> @@ -94,6 +97,9 @@ static const char *fsinfo_attr_names[FSINFO_ATTR__NR] = {
> FSINFO_NAME (VOLUME_NAME, volume_name),
> FSINFO_NAME (NAME_ENCODING, name_encoding),
> FSINFO_NAME (NAME_CODEPAGE, name_codepage),
> + FSINFO_NAME (PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description),
> + FSINFO_NAME (PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification),
> + FSINFO_NAME (PARAM_ENUM, param_enum),
> };
>
> union reply {
> @@ -514,6 +520,14 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
> }
>
> for (attr = 0; attr <= FSINFO_ATTR__NR; attr++) {
> + switch (attr) {
> + case FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_DESCRIPTION:
> + case FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_SPECIFICATION:
> + case FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_ENUM:
> + /* See test-fs-query.c instead */
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> Nth = 0;
> do {
> Mth = 0;
>

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