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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 0/6] mm / virtio: Provide support for paravirtual waste page treatment
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On 20.06.19 00:32, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> This series provides an asynchronous means of hinting to a hypervisor
> that a guest page is no longer in use and can have the data associated
> with it dropped. To do this I have implemented functionality that allows
> for what I am referring to as waste page treatment.
>
> I have based many of the terms and functionality off of waste water
> treatment, the idea for the similarity occurred to me after I had reached
> the point of referring to the hints as "bubbles", as the hints used the
> same approach as the balloon functionality but would disappear if they
> were touched, as a result I started to think of the virtio device as an
> aerator. The general idea with all of this is that the guest should be
> treating the unused pages so that when they end up heading "downstream"
> to either another guest, or back at the host they will not need to be
> written to swap.
>
> When the number of "dirty" pages in a given free_area exceeds our high
> water mark, which is currently 32, we will schedule the aeration task to
> start going through and scrubbing the zone. While the scrubbing is taking
> place a boundary will be defined that we use to seperate the "aerated"
> pages from the "dirty" ones. We use the ZONE_AERATION_ACTIVE bit to flag
> when these boundaries are in place.

I still *detest* the terminology, sorry. Can't you come up with a
simpler terminology that makes more sense in the context of operating
systems and pages we want to hint to the hypervisor? (that is the only
use case you are using it for so far)

>
> I am leaving a number of things hard-coded such as limiting the lowest
> order processed to PAGEBLOCK_ORDER, and have left it up to the guest to
> determine what batch size it wants to allocate to process the hints.
>
> My primary testing has just been to verify the memory is being freed after
> allocation by running memhog 32g in the guest and watching the total free
> memory via /proc/meminfo on the host. With this I have verified most of
> the memory is freed after each iteration. As far as performance I have
> been mainly focusing on the will-it-scale/page_fault1 test running with
> 16 vcpus. With that I have seen a less than 1% difference between the

1% throughout all benchmarks? Guess that is quite good.

> base kernel without these patches, with the patches and virtio-balloon
> disabled, and with the patches and virtio-balloon enabled with hinting.
>
> Changes from the RFC:
> Moved aeration requested flag out of aerator and into zone->flags.
> Moved boundary out of free_area and into local variables for aeration.
> Moved aeration cycle out of interrupt and into workqueue.
> Left nr_free as total pages instead of splitting it between raw and aerated.
> Combined size and physical address values in virtio ring into one 64b value.
> Restructured the patch set to reduce patches from 11 to 6.
>

I'm planning to look into the details, but will be on PTO for two weeks
starting this Saturday (and still have other things to finish first :/ ).

> ---
>
> Alexander Duyck (6):
> mm: Adjust shuffle code to allow for future coalescing
> mm: Move set/get_pcppage_migratetype to mmzone.h
> mm: Use zone and order instead of free area in free_list manipulators
> mm: Introduce "aerated" pages
> mm: Add logic for separating "aerated" pages from "raw" pages
> virtio-balloon: Add support for aerating memory via hinting
>
>
> drivers/virtio/Kconfig | 1
> drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c | 110 ++++++++++++++
> include/linux/memory_aeration.h | 118 +++++++++++++++
> include/linux/mmzone.h | 113 +++++++++------
> include/linux/page-flags.h | 8 +
> include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h | 1
> mm/Kconfig | 5 +
> mm/Makefile | 1
> mm/aeration.c | 270 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> mm/page_alloc.c | 203 ++++++++++++++++++--------
> mm/shuffle.c | 24 ---
> mm/shuffle.h | 35 +++++
> 12 files changed, 753 insertions(+), 136 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/memory_aeration.h
> create mode 100644 mm/aeration.c

Compared to

17 files changed, 838 insertions(+), 86 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/linux/memory_aeration.h
create mode 100644 mm/aeration.c

this looks like a good improvement :)

--

Thanks,

David / dhildenb

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