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Subject[PATCH v2 bpf-next] bpf: fix cgroup bpf release synchronization
Date
Since commit 4bfc0bb2c60e ("bpf: decouple the lifetime of cgroup_bpf
from cgroup itself"), cgroup_bpf release occurs asynchronously
(from a worker context), and before the release of the cgroup itself.

This introduced a previously non-existing race between the release
and update paths. E.g. if a leaf's cgroup_bpf is released and a new
bpf program is attached to the one of ancestor cgroups at the same
time. The race may result in double-free and other memory corruptions.

To fix the problem, let's protect the body of cgroup_bpf_release()
with cgroup_mutex, as it was effectively previously, when all this
code was called from the cgroup release path with cgroup mutex held.

Also let's skip cgroups, which have no chances to invoke a bpf
program, on the update path. If the cgroup bpf refcnt reached 0,
it means that the cgroup is offline (no attached processes), and
there are no associated sockets left. It means there is no point
in updating effective progs array! And it can lead to a leak,
if it happens after the release. So, let's skip such cgroups.

Big thanks for Tejun Heo for discovering and debugging of this
problem!

Fixes: 4bfc0bb2c60e ("bpf: decouple the lifetime of cgroup_bpf from
cgroup itself")
Reported-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
---
kernel/bpf/cgroup.c | 19 ++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/cgroup.c b/kernel/bpf/cgroup.c
index c225c42e114a..077ed3a19848 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/cgroup.c
@@ -16,6 +16,8 @@
#include <linux/bpf-cgroup.h>
#include <net/sock.h>

+#include "../cgroup/cgroup-internal.h"
+
DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(cgroup_bpf_enabled_key);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cgroup_bpf_enabled_key);

@@ -38,6 +40,8 @@ static void cgroup_bpf_release(struct work_struct *work)
struct bpf_prog_array *old_array;
unsigned int type;

+ mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex);
+
for (type = 0; type < ARRAY_SIZE(cgrp->bpf.progs); type++) {
struct list_head *progs = &cgrp->bpf.progs[type];
struct bpf_prog_list *pl, *tmp;
@@ -54,10 +58,12 @@ static void cgroup_bpf_release(struct work_struct *work)
}
old_array = rcu_dereference_protected(
cgrp->bpf.effective[type],
- percpu_ref_is_dying(&cgrp->bpf.refcnt));
+ lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex));
bpf_prog_array_free(old_array);
}

+ mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex);
+
percpu_ref_exit(&cgrp->bpf.refcnt);
cgroup_put(cgrp);
}
@@ -229,6 +235,9 @@ static int update_effective_progs(struct cgroup *cgrp,
css_for_each_descendant_pre(css, &cgrp->self) {
struct cgroup *desc = container_of(css, struct cgroup, self);

+ if (percpu_ref_is_zero(&desc->bpf.refcnt))
+ continue;
+
err = compute_effective_progs(desc, type, &desc->bpf.inactive);
if (err)
goto cleanup;
@@ -238,6 +247,14 @@ static int update_effective_progs(struct cgroup *cgrp,
css_for_each_descendant_pre(css, &cgrp->self) {
struct cgroup *desc = container_of(css, struct cgroup, self);

+ if (percpu_ref_is_zero(&desc->bpf.refcnt)) {
+ if (unlikely(desc->bpf.inactive)) {
+ bpf_prog_array_free(desc->bpf.inactive);
+ desc->bpf.inactive = NULL;
+ }
+ continue;
+ }
+
activate_effective_progs(desc, type, desc->bpf.inactive);
desc->bpf.inactive = NULL;
}
--
2.21.0
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