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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 00/10] klp-convert livepatch build tooling
On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 01:36:37PM +0200, Miroslav Benes wrote:
>
> [ ... snip ... ]
>
> If I revert commit d59cadc0a8f8 ("[squash] klp-convert: make
> convert_rela() list-safe") (from Joe's expanded github tree), the problem
> disappears.
>
> I haven't spotted any problem in the code and I cannot explain a
> dependency on GCC version. Any ideas?
>

I can confirm that test_klp_convert1.ko crashes with RHEL-7 and its
older gcc. I added some debugging printf's to klp-convert and see:

% ./scripts/livepatch/klp-convert \
./Symbols.list \
lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert1.klp.o \
lib/livepatch/test_klp_convert1.ko | \
grep saved_command_line

convert_rela: oldsec: .rela.text rela @ 0x1279670 rela->sym @ 0x12791f0 (.klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0) offset: 0x3
convert_rela: oldsec: .rela.text rela @ 0x1279cd0 rela->sym @ 0x12791f0 (.klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0) offset: 0x9a
move_rela: rela @ 0x1279670 rela->sym @ 0x12791f0 (.klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0) offset: 0x3
main: skipping rela @ 0x1279cd0 rela->sym @ 0x12791f0 (.klp.sym.vmlinux.saved_command_line,0) (!must_convert)

I think the problem is:

- Relas at different offsets, but for the same symbol may share symbol
storage. Note the same rela->sym value above.

- Before d59cadc0a8f8 ("[squash] klp-convert: make convert_rela()
list-safe"), convert_rela() iterated through the entire section's
relas, moving any of the same name. This was determined not to be
list safe when moving consecutive relas in the linked list.

- After d59cadc0a8f8 ("[squash] klp-convert: make convert_rela()
list-safe"), convert_rela() still iterates through the section relas,
but only updates r1->sym->klp_rela_sec instead of moving them.
move_rela() was added to be called by the for-each-rela loop in
main().

- Bug 1: klp_rela_sec probably belongs in struct rela and not struct
symbol

- Bug 2: the main loop skips over second, third, etc. matching relas
anyway as the shared symbol name will have already been converted

The following fix might not be elegant, but I can't think of a clever
way to handle the original issue d59cadc0a8f8 ("[squash] klp-convert:
make convert_rela() list-safe") as well as these resulting regressions.
So I broke out the moving of relas to a seperate loop. That is probably
worth a comment and at the same time we might be able to drop some of
these other "safe" loop traversals for ordinary list_for_each_entry.

-- Joe

-->8-- -->8-- -->8-- -->8-- -->8-- -->8-- -->8-- -->8-- -->8-- -->8--

diff --git a/scripts/livepatch/elf.h b/scripts/livepatch/elf.h
index 7551409..57a8242 100644
--- a/scripts/livepatch/elf.h
+++ b/scripts/livepatch/elf.h
@@ -33,7 +33,6 @@ struct symbol {
struct list_head list;
GElf_Sym sym;
struct section *sec;
- struct section *klp_rela_sec;
char *name;
unsigned int idx;
unsigned char bind, type;
@@ -45,6 +44,7 @@ struct rela {
struct list_head list;
GElf_Rela rela;
struct symbol *sym;
+ struct section *klp_rela_sec;
unsigned int type;
unsigned long offset;
int addend;
diff --git a/scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c b/scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c
index b5873ab..50d6471 100644
--- a/scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c
+++ b/scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c
@@ -525,7 +525,7 @@ static bool convert_rela(struct section *oldsec, struct rela *r,

list_for_each_entry_safe(r1, r2, &oldsec->relas, list) {
if (r1->sym->name == r->sym->name) {
- r1->sym->klp_rela_sec = sec;
+ r1->klp_rela_sec = sec;
}
}
return true;
@@ -535,7 +535,7 @@ static void move_rela(struct rela *r)
{
/* Move the converted rela to klp rela section */
list_del(&r->list);
- list_add(&r->list, &r->sym->klp_rela_sec->relas);
+ list_add(&r->list, &r->klp_rela_sec->relas);
}

/* Checks if given symbol name matches a symbol in exp_symbols */
@@ -687,8 +687,11 @@ int main(int argc, const char **argv)
return -1;
}
}
+ }

- move_rela(rela);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(rela, tmprela, &sec->relas, list) {
+ if (is_converted(rela->sym->name))
+ move_rela(rela);
}
}

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